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INDONESIA
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business
ISSN : 20858272     EISSN : 23385847     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business (JIEB) is open access, peer-reviewed journal whose objectives is to publish original research papers related to the Indonesian economy and business issues. This journal is also dedicated to disseminating the published articles freely for international academicians, researchers, practitioners, regulators, and public societies. The journal welcomes author from any institutional backgrounds and accepts rigorous empirical or theoretical research paper with any methods or approach that is relevant to the Indonesian economy and business content, as long as the research fits one of three salient disciplines: economics, business, or accounting.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May" : 14 Documents clear
PERSONALITY AND COGNITIVE FACTORS IN INFORMATION SYSTEM MIGRATION PROCESS Abdillah, Willy
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This study predict potential resistance of IT adoption from perspective of cognitive andpersonality. Research conducted on 30 employees of PT. Berau Coal and 54 employees ofPDAM Boyolali who are undergoing the process of migration of ERP and e-billing. Nonprobabilitysampling procedure was using in this research with purposive-judgmenttechniques. Primary data retrieved through a questionnaire with a closed question format.Hypothesis testing conducted using Partial Least Square with software applications2.0.M3 version SmartPLS.The results show only the cognitive factors have positively influence on intention toadopt ERP and e-billing. This finding reinforces that the development of IT adoptiontheory will lead to perceptual factors. Also, this finding indicates that the employees of PT.Beraucoal and PDAM Boyolali have great intentions to use IT in term of ERP and ebillingmigration process. Managerial implication and further researches are discussed.Keywords: Personality Factors, Cognitive Factors, Information Technology Acceptance,ERP and e-billing.
THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL CAPITAL ON LOAN REPAYMENT BEHAVIOR OF THE POOR (A Study on Group Lending Model (GLM) Application In Islamic Microfinance Institution) Sanrego, Yulizar D.; Antonio, M. Syafi’i
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Market failures in the financial system may be indicated by the absence of opportunitiesfor the poor to get financial services. This also happens in the practice of Islamicbanking. For this reason it is popping up a lot of non-market institutions - Islamic MicrofinanceInstitutions (IMFi) is one of them - which tried to cover up the weaknesses ofbanking practices. However, the development IMfi is not effective in alleviating povertyand not much different behavior from most banks. In turn, appear Islamic Microfinancebasedgroups in the hope of further empowering the poor and ensure that financialservices can be viable and able to repay their loans with three main approaches thatimplemented simultaneously; (1) spiritual approach (2) financial approach and (3) socialapproach. This study wanted to prove empirically that Islamic Microfinance -based groupscan ensure that the poor deserve to get financial services and are able to repay their loanon time. Using Structural Equation Model the study proved that Social Capital valueswhich embedded within the Islamic Microfinance-based groups influence the behavior ofthe poor in repaying their debts. As a policy recommendation, Islamic Bank shouldconsider to prefer Islamic Microfinance-based groups as partners in the realization oftheir linkage program for the poor so that poverty alleviation program can be optimallyimplemented.Keywords: Social Capital, Group Lending Model (GLM), Repayment Behavior
SELF EMPOWERMENT MODEL OF THE POOR IN IMPROVING SOCIAL WELFARE (Studies in the District of Alang-Alang Lebar Palembang, Indonesia) Rohima, Siti; Suman, Agus; Manzilati, Asfi; Ashar, Khusnul
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Poverty is a very complex problem. So many ways that has been done by the Governmentbut not yet provide optimal results. Any measures taken to overcome poverty oftenonly temporary. There needs to be alternative measures to alleviate poverty through theempowerment one. Self-empowerment for the poor in improving the standard of living andwelfareResearch studies conducted in the District of Alang-Alang Palembang. This study is aqualitative study using interaksionime symbolic approach. In interaksionime symbolic ofhuman behavior and interaction shown by the symbol and meaning, and should be able totranslate the meaning and significance of the symbol.This research suggests a model of self-empowerment of the poor through social capitaland internal self. In the self-empowerment, poor individuals may act as subjects ratherthan just the object of poverty reduction. Self-empowerment model in addition supportedby a good social capital is also supported by internal self. Internal to include prayer,effort, initiative and tawakal. Self-empowerment is done individually capable of affectingevery movement of the poor themselves are to change for improving the living standardsand the shackles of poverty, but it can provide motivation to work harder and improve theethical attitudes and work for productivity increases and is thus able to increase revenue.Empowerment supported by internal social capital and good self will bring individualcreativity in doing self-empowerment. This condition can increase income and improve thelives of poor and better than ever before so that poor people more prosperous and achievethe expected welfare.Keywords: Model, Self empowerment, poverty, social capital, internal self, welfare
DEVELOPING THE ENTREPRENEURSHIP INCUBATOR MODEL TO INCREASE STUDENTS INDEPENDENCE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP MENTALITY Suranto, Suranto; Rahmawati, Rahmawati
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This research aims to develop a model of entrepreneurial incubator for students inentrepreneurship learning. The model developed by the incubator includes: the empowermentof learners, the concept of problem, problem solution, through the structure of the incubatormodels doing, empowering, facilitating, and evaluating.This research was a research and development. The steps taken in the development ofthe model were: (1) designing a model, designing questionnaires, and validating themodel, by measuring the goodness of fit; (2) testing the model to measure the appliedmodel. In model validation, the data were collected from 130 students who got incubatortreatment selection using the simple random sampling technique. The instrument used fordata collection was a questionnaire. The data were analysied using the concept of SEM(Structural Equation Modeling). The method used in experimental field trials was the experimentalgroup and control group (pretest-posttest control group design). The subjectsof the tryout were 75 students of informatics engineering course who were not the subjectsof the incubator program (the control group) and 75 students of chemistry education,chemistry, mathematics education, mathematics, biology education, and biology were referredto as the experimental group (program subject to the incubator). The data werecollected through interviews and questionnaires. The data were analyzed using t-test trialsto find out a significant difference in the behavior of the experimental group and controlgroup.The results of the study of the entrepreneurship incubator model development is otherwisevalid according to the probability (p) 0.0685, Goodness of Fit Model (GFI) 0.8256,Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) 0.7706, Comparative Fit Index (CFI) 0.9883, andthe Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0.054. This model is consideredeffective because it can increase the independence of learners. The result of the confirmatoryanalysis (CFA) shows that each latent variable is proved to be formed by the manifestsof one dimension. The model is applied to have a positive impact on enhancing thestudents tendency in mental independence, after receiving treatment assistance incubators.Latent variable-power is reflected by the manifest: (a) the technical capabilities in writing,(b) awareness for entrepreneurship, (c) motivation for entrepreneurship, (d) the excess ofself to self-employed, (e) the lack of self to self-employed, (f) access to other party toentrepreneurship, and (g) networking for entrepreneurship. While professionals have amanifest latent variables: (a) believing in themselves to entrepreneurship, (b) being independentfor entrepreneurship, (c) being resilient and determined to entrepreneurship, (d)perseverance up to entrepreneurship, (e) writing creatively on entrepreneurship. Manifestvariables in the form of mental self-reliance has increased after the mentoring model ofentrepreneurial incubator. This suggests that the better the model of mentoring incubator,the better it will form a mental model of the entrepreneurial independence.Keywords: models of incubators, entrepreneurship, independence, students.
DETERMINANTS OF EMPLOYEES’ ATTITUDE TOWARD UNION MEMBERSHIP (Study Case In A Logistics Company In Indonesia) Dewantoro, Ranggapati Siswara; Sobri, Riani Rachmawati; Syaebani, Muhammad Irfan
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This research examines the determinants of employees’ attitude toward union membership.These factors are represented by job-related predictor such as; employees’ jobdissatisfaction, job stress, and consultative managerial style. Apart from these job-relatedpredictor variables, the cultural orientation played a role in this research such as;individualism and collectivism both horizontal and vertical. After performing resgressiontesting, the result shows that almost all variables are affecting employees’s attitude towardunion membership except horizontal collectivism variable.Keywords: work dissatisfaction, work stress, consultative managerial style, individualism,collectivism, employees’ attitude toward union membership
CONVERGENCE OF INCOME AMONG PROVINCES IN INDONESIA,1984-2008: A PANEL DATA APPROACH Kharisma, Bayu; Saleh, Samsubar
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This paper aims to analyze the income dispersion and test both absolute convergenceand conditional convergence of income among 26 provinces in Indonesia during 1984-2008 using static and dynamic panel data approach. Using the σ convergence analysisindicated that income dispersion measured by coefficient variation occurred in 1984-2008generally experienced fluctuation. Factors influencing income dispersion rate were theimpact of the economic crisis, the period of fiscal decentralization in Indonesia, the impactof the Bali bombing, impact of rising fuel prices in October 2005 and the earthquake inJogjakarta and Central Java. Dynamic panel data estimation with system GMM producedan efficient and consistent estimator to overcome the problems of instrument validity. Inaddition, it is also dedicated to minimize the risk of bias due to endogeneity problem.There was a strong indication of the existence of absolute convergence and conditionalconvergence among 26 provinces in Indonesia during 1984-2008. Thus, there wasevidence that the economy of poorer provinces tends to grow faster compared to the moreprosperous provinces, and this progress meant that there was a tendency to catch up.Based on the system GMM estimation, it is found that the provinces in Java havefasterspeed of convergence comparatively to those outside Java.Keywords: Income dispersion, absolute convergence, conditional convergence, systemGMM
SELF EMPOWERMENT MODEL OF THE POOR IN IMPROVING SOCIAL WELFARE (Studies in the District of Alang-Alang Lebar Palembang, Indonesia) Rohima, Siti; Suman, Agus; Manzilati, Asfi; Ashar, Khusnul
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.537 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6223

Abstract

Poverty is a very complex problem. So many ways that has been done by the Government but not yet provide optimal results. Any measures taken to overcome poverty often only temporary. There needs to be alternative measures to alleviate poverty through the empowerment one. Self-empowerment for the poor in improving the standard of living and welfare research studies conducted in the District of Alang-Alang Palembang. This study is a qualitative study using interaksionime symbolic approach. In interaksionime symbolic of human behavior and interaction shown by the symbol and meaning, and should be able to translate the meaning and significance of the symbol. This research suggests a model of self-empowerment of the poor through social capital and internal self. In the self-empowerment, poor individuals may act as subjects rather than just the object of poverty reduction. Self-empowerment model in addition supported by a good social capital is also supported by internal self. Internal to include prayer, effort, initiative and tawakal. Self-empowerment is done individually capable of affecting every movement of the poor themselves are to change for improving the living standards and the shackles of poverty, but it can provide motivation to work harder and improve the ethical attitudes and work for productivity increases and is thus able to increase revenue. Empowerment supported by internal social capital and good self will bring individual creativity in doing self-empowerment. This condition can increase income and improve the lives of poor and better than ever before so that poor people more prosperous and achieve the expected welfare.
DEVELOPING THE ENTREPRENEURSHIP INCUBATOR MODEL TO INCREASE STUDENTS INDEPENDENCE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP MENTALITY Suranto, Suranto; Rahmawati, Rahmawati
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.089 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6224

Abstract

This research aims to develop a model of entrepreneurial incubator for students in entrepreneurship learning. The model developed by the incubator includes: the empowerment of learners, the concept of problem, problem solution, through the structure of the incubator models doing, empowering, facilitating, and evaluating. This research was a research and development. The steps taken in the development of the model were: (1) designing a model, designing questionnaires, and validating the model, by measuring the goodness of fit; (2) testing the model to measure the applied model. In model validation, the data were collected from 130 students who got incubator treatment selection using the simple random sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire. The data were analysied using the concept of SEM (Structural Equation Modeling). The method used in experimental field trials was the experimental group and control group (pretest-posttest control group design). The subjects of the tryout were 75 students of informatics engineering course who were not the subjects of the incubator program (the control group) and 75 students of chemistry education, chemistry, mathematics education, mathematics, biology education, and biology were referred to as the experimental group (program subject to the incubator). The data were collected through interviews and questionnaires. The data were analyzed using t-test trials to find out a significant difference in the behavior of the experimental group and control group. The results of the study of the entrepreneurship incubator model development is otherwise valid according to the probability (p) 0.0685, Goodness of Fit Model (GFI) 0.8256, Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) 0.7706, Comparative Fit Index (CFI) 0.9883, and the Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0.054. This model is considered effective because it can increase the independence of learners. The result of the confirmatory analysis (CFA) shows that each latent variable is proved to be formed by the manifests of one dimension. The model is applied to have a positive impact on enhancing thestudents tendency in mental independence, after receiving treatment assistance incubators. Latent variable-power is reflected by the manifest: (a) the technical capabilities in writing, (b) awareness for entrepreneurship, (c) motivation for entrepreneurship, (d) the excess of self to self-employed, (e) the lack of self to self-employed, (f) access to other party to entrepreneurship, and (g) networking for entrepreneurship. While professionals have a manifest latent variables: (a) believing in themselves to entrepreneurship, (b) being independent for entrepreneurship, (c) being resilient and determined to entrepreneurship, (d) perseverance up to entrepreneurship, (e) writing creatively on entrepreneurship. Manifest variables in the form of mental self-reliance has increased after the mentoring model of entrepreneurial incubator. This suggests that the better the model of mentoring incubator, the better it will form a mental model of the entrepreneurial independence.
THE NEED FOR A NEW DEFINITION OF SUSTAINABILITY b.M.Z., Shaharir; M.b.A.K., Alinor
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.353 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.29761

Abstract

The present definition and scope of sustainability are reviewed by highlighting its various weaknesses including those that have been mentioned by Western scholars in development economics, ecological economics, environmental economics, and envirometrics. The emergence of a new field in the 1990’s, misleadingly named as eco-nomics, was to replace general economics. The presence of many forms of economics with new paradigms are purposely designed to improve development economics and at the same time to discuss and cope with the problems of sustainability. Our study on the nature and scope of sustainability was based on the history of the Malayonesian1 civilization and Islam, and practices of the present globalism. It has shown that not only is there a need to include an exhaustive environmental aspect (more than just the homo oeconomicus, flora and fauna) and a wider quantitative aspect (not just only statistics as well as other elements of mathematical science) but also to consider much more basic and important in the definition of sustainability. In this regard, we criticize the present mathematics used to measure sustainability. Other important aspects are the dimensions of knowledge and religion (with the emphasis on the importance of happiness) which we reclassify as two important components of culture which form our main focus of this paper. Examples of these new and classical elements of sustainability are partly based on our study inspired by relevant Malay inscriptions and manuscripts of direct and indirect effort of those in power and scholars of sustainability during the pre-Islamic and Islamic era of the Malayonesian civilization. In other words, our new definition of sustainability is proposed in order to improve the present definition and therefore involves the issue of interaction between beings, cultures and religions, together with a comprehensive value-laden mathematical science.
DETERMINANTS OF EMPLOYEES’ ATTITUDE TOWARD UNION MEMBERSHIP (Study Case In A Logistics Company In Indonesia) Dewantoro, Ranggapati Siswara; Sobri, Riani Rachmawati; Syaebani, Muhammad Irfan
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 28, No 2 (2013): May
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.82 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6225

Abstract

This research examines the determinants of employees’ attitude toward union membership. These factors are represented by job-related predictor such as; employees’ job dissatisfaction, job stress, and consultative managerial style. Apart from these job-related predictor variables, the cultural orientation played a role in this research such as; individualism and collectivism both horizontal and vertical. After performing resgression testing, the result shows that almost all variables are affecting employees’s attitude toward union membership except horizontal collectivism variable.

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