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Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business
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Search results for , issue " Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July" : 9 Documents clear
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERTUMBUHAN INDUSTRI, PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL TERHADAP KONSENTRASI INDUSTRI DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI JAWA TIMUR Santosa, Bambang Heru
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Objectives of the study is to analyze causal relationships among five variables. Thefirst three, development of industry influenced to the development of economy (economicgrowth), to concentration of industry, and to welfare. Second, concentration of industrypushed the economic growth. The third three, the international trade influenced toconcentration of industry, to economic growth, and to welfare. Finally, the impact ofeconomic growth to welfare.This analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM) and found that five of eightrelationships were significant and the rest were insignificant. First, development ofindustry negatively influenced concentration of industry. Second, international tradepushed concentration of industry. Third, concentration of industry also pushed economicgrowth. Fourth, international trade positively influenced economic growth. Finally, theeconomic growth positively influenced welfare. The development of industry wasinsignificant influence to the economic growth, and positively influenced to welfare. It isnegativite relation was caused by dispersion of the location of industry, so resulted loweconomies of scale. International trade was negatively influenced welfare.Policy implication obtained from the whole analyses, especially for the East JavaProvincial Government. In order to improve performance of the economy, it is suggestedemploying the Integrated Territory-provincial Planning based on comparative advantageamong regions.Keywords: industry; manufacturing; concentration; cultural regions; structural; Interdependency; territorial; integrated.
MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Evidence from Developing Countries Arsyad, Lincolin
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10.561 KB)

Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas sifat dan arti penting lembaga keuangan mikro (LKM) dalamJurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Indonesia, Vol 21 No.3 Tahun 2006pembangunan ekonomi. Bukti-bukti dari beberapa negara sedang berkembang (NSB) menunjukkanbahwa LKM telah berkembang tidak hanya sebagai lembaga keuangan per se tetapi juga sebagai alatpembangunan (development tools) di dalam mengentaskan kemiskinan. Lebih dari itu, bukti-bukti jugamenunjukkan pula bahwa LKM selain berperan penting sebagai lembaga perantara keuangan(financial intermediaries) yang mampu meningkatkan proses pendalaman sistem keuangan (financialdeepening) juga mempunyai dampak yang positif terhadap peningkatan pendapatan masyarakatmiskin, menciptakan lapangan kerja, dan meningkatkan tabungan masyarakat.Keywords: microfinance institutions; institutionist approach; welfarist approach; microfinance role
PERAN SEKTOR INFORMAL TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN DAERAH: PENDEKATAN DELPHI-IO DAN APLIKASI Widodo, Tri
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10.299 KB)

Abstract

This paper analyzes theoritically and empirically the role of informal sectors onthe local economic development. In general, the local governments do not put theinformal sectors as a focus of the local economic development. Regular data collectionregarding to the informal sectors is almost unavailable. This paper derives a method inanalysing the role of the informal sectors in local economy by combining quantitative(non survey) and qualitative (survey) method. Input-Output (IO) Table analysis isapplied. Survey (Delphi method) is conducted to get the information about thecontribution of the informal sectors. This information is used to derive the Input-OuputTable (IO*) which put into account the role of the informal sectors. Therefore, someparameters (multipliers and linkages) calculated from IO and IO* are compared. Thispaper applies the method to look at Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) as a case study.Some conclusions are withdrawn in the case of DIY: first, the informal sectors give apositive contribution to local economic development in terms of output, income,employment and sectoral linkages. Second, the role of informal sectors has to be limmitedin some certain level.Keywords: Informal sectors; Input-Output Analysis; Delphi Method
ATRIBUT PROYEK DAN MUDHARIB DALAM PEMBIAYAAN MUDHARABAH PADA BANK SYARI’AH DI INDONESIA Muhammad, Muhammad
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The research is concerned with the project and mudharibs’ attributes in the mudharabah financing in the Sharia Banks, Indonesia. The Study has been focused to search (1) the projects attributes might be considered by the banks in dealing with mudharabah financing; and (2) the mudharib’s attributes which will be financed by the banks. The study is basically explorative in nature. The study was conducted to 84 out of 89 Islamic or Sharia Rural Bank in Indonesia. 64 of respondents (76.19 percent) have returned the questionnaires. Certain numbers of banks’ managers were also interviewed deeply. The returned questionnaires were adequate to be examined statistically. The quantitative method is then applied to examine the factors considered statistically. The study has found that there are six attributes considered from the mudharabah projects point of view, which include the prospect of project, availability of collateral, healthiness of project, project’s financial statement, clarity of contract conditions, and conformity of time period. In regrad to mudharib attributes, the study has also concluded five characteristics which are considered important. They include the business capacity, (personal) collateral, mudharibs’ reputation and family background, and their business commitments.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERTUMBUHAN INDUSTRI, PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL TERHADAP KONSENTRASI INDUSTRI DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI JAWA TIMUR Santosa, Bambang Heru
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (26.24 KB)

Abstract

Objectives of the study is to analyze causal relationships among five variables. The first three, development of industry influenced to the development of economy (economic growth), to concentration of industry, and to welfare. Second, concentration of industry pushed the economic growth. The third three, the international trade influenced to concentration of industry, to economic growth, and to welfare. Finally, the impact of economic growth to welfare. This analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM) and found that five of eight relationships were significant and the rest were insignificant. First, development of industry negatively influenced concentration of industry. Second, international trade pushed concentration of industry. Third, concentration of industry also pushed economic growth. Fourth, international trade positively influenced economic growth. Finally, the economic growth positively influenced welfare. The development of industry was insignificant influence to the economic growth, and positively influenced to welfare. It is negativite relation was caused by dispersion of the location of industry, so resulted low economies of scale. International trade was negatively influenced welfare. Policy implication obtained from the whole analyses, especially for the East Java Provincial Government. In order to improve performance of the economy, it is suggested employing the Integrated Territory-provincial Planning based on comparative advantage among regions.
EFISIENSI RELATIF KANTOR PELAYANAN PAJAK BUMI DAN BANGUNAN (KP PBB) DI JAWA TIMUR (Studi di sepuluh KP PBB) Ismail, Munawar; Suharno, Suharno; Saputra, Putu Mahardika A.; Prasetya, Fery
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Efficiency is an ideal condition that all kinds of institution strive to achieve. Based on this argument, the study is therefore aimed at, first, evaluating the relative efficiency of Property-Tax Offices in East Java and, second, searching factors behind of the efficiency. The study found that there were only two Property-Tax Offices (i.e: Surabaya 1 and 3) that are qualified as efficient institution over periode of study (2002-2004). While Mojokerto Property-Tax Office was efficient only in 2004. Other finding was that operational cost, consisting of water, electricity and phone costs, was the most important source of inefficiency in all samples of Property-Tax Office in East Java.
MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Evidence from Developing Countries Arsyad, Lincolin
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10.561 KB)

Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas sifat dan arti penting lembaga keuangan mikro (LKM) dalam pembangunan ekonomi. Bukti-bukti dari beberapa negara sedang berkembang (NSB) menunjukkan bahwa LKM telah berkembang tidak hanya sebagai lembaga keuangan per se tetapi juga sebagai alat pembangunan (development tools) di dalam mengentaskan kemiskinan. Lebih dari itu, bukti-bukti juga menunjukkan pula bahwa LKM selain berperan penting sebagai lembaga perantara keuangan (financial intermediaries) yang mampu meningkatkan proses pendalaman sistem keuangan (financial deepening) juga mempunyai dampak yang positif terhadap peningkatan pendapatan masyarakat miskin, menciptakan lapangan kerja, dan meningkatkan tabungan masyarakat. 
PERAN SEKTOR INFORMAL TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN DAERAH: PENDEKATAN DELPHI-IO DAN APLIKASI Widodo, Tri
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10.299 KB)

Abstract

This paper analyzes theoritically and empirically the role of informal sectors on the local economic development. In general, the local governments do not put the informal sectors as a focus of the local economic development. Regular data collection regarding to the informal sectors is almost unavailable. This paper derives a method in analysing the role of the informal sectors in local economy by combining quantitative (non survey) and qualitative (survey) method. Input-Output (IO) Table analysis is applied. Survey (Delphi method) is conducted to get the information about the contribution of the informal sectors. This information is used to derive the Input-Ouput Table (IO*) which put into account the role of the informal sectors. Therefore, some parameters (multipliers and linkages) calculated from IO and IO* are compared. This paper applies the method to look at Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) as a case study. Some conclusions are withdrawn in the case of DIY: first, the informal sectors give a positive contribution to local economic development in terms of output, income, employment and sectoral linkages. Second, the role of informal sectors has to be limmited in some certain level.
ANALISIS PERILAKU INSTABILITAS PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA: APLIKASI VECTOR ERROR CORRECTION MODEL Irawan, Andi; Warjiyo, Perry
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 3 (2006): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

In general the aim of this study is to investigate short-run relationships among macroeconomy, international trade and agriculture in Indonesia. Under such circumstances, the specific goals of this research is to analyze which economic blocks that have most affected by instability, as well as producing instability in the economy. We apply the Vector Error Correction Model on monthly series data from 1993:01 to 2002:12. The main result of this study shows as follow: 1) that the asset financial and the commodity demand blocks the most producing instability in the economy. On the other hand, the export block producing the least instability to the economy. The finding suggest that government should concentrate attention on asset financial and the commodity demand blocks in stabilizing the economy, as they are major sources of instability of the economy. 2) To stabilize the commodity demand, it is also necessary to stabilize the financial market, as the assets demand block is the most contributor of the instability in the commodity demand block. In other words, money demand is the main source of instability. Because money supply is determined by government, the disequlibrium error measure the excess supply of money in the market. This suggest that monetary policy that reduces the disequlibrium error can help stabilize the economy.

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