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Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July" : 10 Documents clear
JARING PENGAMAN SOSIAL DAN PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT Sumodiningrat, Gunawan
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Kondisi krisis moneter, ekonomi, dan kepercayaan yang terjadi di Indonesiadewasa ini, telah menimbulkan berbagai permasalahan sosial dan ekonomi. Salahsatunya terkait dengan meningkatnya pengangguran dan jumlah penduduk miskin,baik di perkotaan maupun di perdesaan yang disebabkan oleh adanya kesenjanganantarpenduduk, antarsektor dan antardaerah. Untuk itu, perlu adanya paradigma barudalam pembangunan nasional yang lebih menekankan pada optimalisasasi perananseluruh lapisan masyarakat dalam pembangunan nasional melalui strategi yangmemadukan pertumbuhan dan pemerataan secara berkelanjutan. Upaya ini dilakukanmelalui program jaring pengaman sosial dan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Makalah inimemfokuskan pada kajian literatur yang lerkait dengan program JPS danpemberdayaan masyarakat, serta berbagai upaya yang dapat dilakukan dalam rangkamemantapkan mekanisme pelaksanaannya.
WHAT MANAGERS SHOULD DO IN CONDUCTING AN ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE? A HUMAN ASPECTS APPROACH Sitalaksmi, Sari
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Pada saat ini perusahaqn-perusahaan Indonesia menghadapi trend ekonomiyang menurun dan instabilitas yang mempengaruhi operasi kesehariannya.Akibatnya, banyak perusahaan-perusahaan "dipaksa" untuk melakukan perubahanorganisational agar tetap survive. Pada beberapa kasus, manajer diharapkan untukmengambil kegiatan yang sesuai untuk menyiapkan dan membantu karyawan. Selainsebagai grup yang mudah rapuh dalam organisasi, karyawan juga memainkan perankritis untuk kesuksesan perubahan itu sendiri. Beberapa isu penting perludipertimbangkan manager dalam kaitannya untuk meningkatkan kesiapan dankesigapan akan perubahan itu, yaitu sifat dari perubahan, hubungan antaraperubahan organisational dan pembelajaran organisasi, respon karyawan terhadapperubahan, pendekatan terhadap proses perubahan, dan elemen-elemen kunci untukmenjadi pemimpin perubahan yang efektif.
ALIRAN-ALIRAN PEMIKIRAN ALTERNATIF DALAM AKUNTANSI Indriantoro, Nur
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper discusses the school of thinking within the accounting circle otherthan structural functionalism which is the mainstream. The other alternative schoolsdiscussed that influenced the accounting development are interpretivism, radicalstructuralism, radical humanism, and postmodernism.
KONFLIK INDONESIA-JEPANG DI DALAM PASAR OTOMOTIF: PENERAPAN ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) DAN GAME THEORY Jamli, Ahmad; Joesoef, Jose Rizal
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study stipulates the conflict between Indonesia and Japan due to seriousallegations of the National Car program that is seemingly to protect Indonesiandomestic automotive market. Being aware of potential new conflicts and assuming theprogram is still upheld, the nature and intensity of the conflict are describedquantitatively by applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in a non-zero sumgame framework. The AHP is used to find relative importance of strategies that arepossible to be implemented by Indonesia and Japan and to measure their payoffs.
CONTROL ISSUES IN MULTINATIONAL ORGANIZATION Achjari, Didi
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Globalisasi di dunia usaha bisnis meningkatkan peran penting pengendaliandi organisasi atau perusahaan multinasional karena perbedaan yang dimilikinyadibanding dengan yang lokal atau domestik. Perusahaan multinasional mempunyailingkungan usaha yang berbeda di dalam hal-hal tertentu, misalnya: cara merekaberkomunikasi untuk mengatasi perbedaan lokasi dan waktu, perbedaan carapengukuran kinerja di antara kantor cabang perusahaan, dan budaya yang akanmempengaruhi cara berinteraksi. Faktor-faktor tadi akan tampak dalam halpemilihan bentuk perusahaan, mekanisme pengendalian dan tingkat pengendalian didalam kantor cabang. Hal yang penting bagi perusahaan multinasional dalammemilih bentuk kerja sama adalah tingkat kepercayaan, dan tingkat pemahamannyaterhadap situasi dan kondisi kantor cabang atau anak perusahaan.
LOYALITAS PELANGGAN: SEBUAH KAJIAN KONSEPTUAL SEBAGAI PANDUAN BAGI PENELITI Dharmmesta, Basu Swastha
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Customer loyalty of a specific brand, also called brand loyalty, is expected toget more academic attention from scholars to investigate. This article describes andanalyses the concept of brand loyalty to the extent to which attitudinal andbehavioural approaches and structures become the loyalty domain. The structure ofloyalty shows elements comprising cognition, affect, conation, and action. Theseelements reflect loyalty categories. Techniques of loyalty measurement such as brandchoice sequence, proportion of purchase, brand preference, brand commitment,loyalty scale, and acceptance/rejection ratio are also elaborated. Customersatisfaction is not disregarded in the analysis since it closely relates to the concept ofbrand loyalty.
EKONOMI KERAKYATAN: SEKEDAR JARGON POLITIK Permono, Iswardono S.
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper examines the communal economy development in Indonesia byreviewing several related literatures developed by George and Shorey (1978), Wijaya (1987), Ranuwihardjo (1999), and Baswir (1999). This issue emanates since an ambiguous and pessimistic question still remains regarding what, why, how, whatpurpose, and for whom the communal economy is aimed to; nevertheless, economists agree that the issue only ends up as a political commodity in order to draw attention from civilians in the 1999 General Election in the country. Further, the literatures reviewed by the author suggest that there is no need to formulate a brand-new concept; rather, the issue should be covered only by empowering the concept of welfare economics as an analysis tool at the micro level. In vrder to establish this thought, the welfare economics should employ the Pareto Optimality (PO), of which prerequisites are: (1) The economy is in its production frontier, or it reaches its production efficiency, (2) Consumers is at their contract curve, or their consumption efficiency are established, (3) Technically, the slope of the preference curve at its contract-curve should equal with the slope of the production-frontier at certain point that represents a particular number of goods produced, or mathematically is represented by the following equation: MRSxy = MRTSxy. This paper concludes that today the communal economy still remains as a political jargon; however, a more important step is to establish triple-togetherness: co-ownership, co-determination, and co-responsibility.
MEMAHAMKAN AKUNTANSI DENGAN PENALARAN DAN PENDEKATAN SISTEM Suwardjono, Suwardjono
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Accounting equation is a useful tool for teaching accounting. However, itsinappropriate use at the beginning of introductory accounting course tends to inhibitstudents understanding of and reasoning for accounting process. It is difficult forstudents to link the accounting equation as an abstraction of reality with the realworld counterpart it represents. This difficulty is likely to block students reasoningfor accepting further materials presented to them. To avoid such a dysfunctionalbehavior, an alternative approach that makes more sense should be introduced inaccounting teaching and learning.In this article, to round up the earlier one (Suwardjono, 1999), the authorproposes and describes a system approach to introducing accounting to beginners.This alternative approach brings students to follow logically and conceptually a stepby-step process of developing accounting systems from the simplest or embryonic tothe most sophisticated and computerized ones. In each step, the underlying conceptsand reasoning for refining the systems are discussed along with the teachingstrategies and techniques of explaining them to students. The author believes that thisapproach will give more benefits to students especially to non accounting majorstudents.
FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION VS FINANCIAL REPRESSION: A SURVEY ON THEORETICAL LITERATURE AND EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE Sw, Marwan Asri
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Makalah ini menyajikan analisis mengenai liberalisasi dan represi finansialdengan melakukan tinjauan menyeluruh pada berbagai literatur teoretis dan empirisyang ernah dikembangkan. Sampai dengan tahun 1970, sistem represi finansial telahbanyak diterapkan pada banyak negara berkembang, terutama dalam bentuk ceilingsuku bunga. Namun demikian; kebijakan represi ini telah ditantang oleh kaumliberalis finansial yang dipelopdri oleh McKinnon (1973) dan Shaw (1973), yangberpendapat bahwa suku bunga riil ang tinggi akan meningkatkan tabungan danketersediaan dana yang dapat dipinjamkan. Liberalisasi finansial, yang bercirikanpenghilangan campur tangan pemerintah dalam penentuan tingkat suku bungaekuilibrium, merupakan syarat yang diperlukan bagi adanya pembangunan ekonomiyang cepat. Banyak studi yang telah dilakukan untuk menguji hipotesis liberalisasifinansial ini, baik yang hanya meliputi satu negara maupun banyak negara. Namundemikian, hasil yang diperoleh tidak selalu berhasil mendukung hipotesis yangdiajukan
PROFIL KINERJA FINANSIAL PERUSAHAAN-PERUSAHAAN YANG GO-PUBLIC DI PASAR MODAL ASEAN Machfoedz, Masud
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 14, No 3 (1999): July
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Almost all companies listed in ASEAN country capital markets have droppedtheir financial performance since the accounting year of 1997. In Indonesia, morethan sixty per cent of companies listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange did not or did notdare to publish their mandatory annual financial statements to avoid publishing theirpoor performance. The similar situation has also been felt by other ASEAN countrycapital markets. The question that was relevant to be raised: are the poor financialperformance of companies listed in the ASEAN country capital markets caused by thesudden crisis or by long experience of poor financial performance?This study intents to answer the above question, whether the crisis or longtimeof poor financial performance caused the company financial problems. Samples weretaken from companies listed in four major capital market of ASEAN, namely:Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Pooled time series data consist of 132data included in the sample for three year periods of 1993, 1994, and 1995 for 44companies. The parametric and non-parametric statistic methods q/"t-tests, WilcoxonRanks Sign Test, MANOVA, and Friedman K-Samples were used to test thehypothesis.The results indicate that Thailand has the weakest financial performance,followed by Indonesia, Singapore, and then Malaysia, when they are compared to theempirical standards of financial performance. This study used The standards offinancial performance that were introduced by Beaver (1966 and 1968), Altman(1968), and Zmejewski (1984). Intuitively, this study concluded that the poorfinancial performances have already long been suffered by companies listed inASEAN country capital markets before the monetary crisis. The crisis has just openedthe hidden problems.

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