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INDONESIA
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business
ISSN : 20858272     EISSN : 23385847     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business (JIEB) is open access, peer-reviewed journal whose objectives is to publish original research papers related to the Indonesian economy and business issues. This journal is also dedicated to disseminating the published articles freely for international academicians, researchers, practitioners, regulators, and public societies. The journal welcomes author from any institutional backgrounds and accepts rigorous empirical or theoretical research paper with any methods or approach that is relevant to the Indonesian economy and business content, as long as the research fits one of three salient disciplines: economics, business, or accounting.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January" : 9 Documents clear
HUBUNGAN RESIKO DAN TINGKAT KEUNTUNGAN DALAM KONTEKS PORTOFOLIO PASAR MODAL INTERNASIONAL: PENGAMATAN TERHADAP BEBERAPA BURSA EFEK ASIA PASIFIK DAN SEKURITAS YANG DIPERDAGANGKAN DI BURSA EFEK JAKARTA SARTONO, AGUS; SUKASMANTO, SUKASMANTO
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

During the last five years, relationship between risk and profit in stockexchange markets in the Asia Pacific regions was found to be integrated with international stock exchange market portfolio, with the exception of Wellington-New Zealand stock exchange market. Annual analyses have shown that the relationship does not show a tendency to either become more integrated or more segmented, but instead tend to be fluctuating. From the point of view of Indonesian investors, relationship between risk and profit level in Asia Pacific stock exchange markets are more valued because the Rupiah is currently weak against all Asia Pacific currencies.In specific, analysis of portfolio, group according to risk levels, which are traded in Jakarta Stock Exchange demonstrates that in general relationship between risk and profit level does not occur in International and domestic stock exchange portfolios.
ECONOMIC OVERHEATING PERMONO, ISWARDONO SARDJONO
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

"Common causes of overheating directly traceable to cooling systems, are clogging or improper circulation of cooling air. Another cause of overheating is operations or excessive engine idling under extreme conditions of heat or altitute" (Lorry Johnson, Fix your Vb/fcauogen, the Good heart-MBcox Co, Ins 1983 pp. 239). Generally the term overheating is associated with car or motorised engines which have an excess of heat. In this case overheating is not about warming-up cars, since warming-up is done to keep a car working properly. Therefore overheating can be inferred as a problem to car engines as a result of malfunction in the circulation of cooling air, tuhich is signalled by excess engine head, ouer the warning line limit. This paper attempt to discuss "overheating" as a phenomenon in economics term.
EKONOMI ISLAM KONSEP DAN METODOLOGI KUNCORO, MUDRAJAD
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Pasar bebas dan globalisasi agaknya merupakan diktum yang selaludisebut dimana saja, kapan saja, dan siapa saja. Suka tidak suka, disadari atau tidak, siap atau tidak siap, gelombang globalisasi telah melanda semua negara tanpa kecuali. Globalisasi telah menyebabkan pergerakan dan mobilitas modal, barang dan jasa semakin tidak memiliki "bendera" dan lebih berdasarkan perhitungan rasional ekonomis. Ramalan Naisbitt dan Aburdene dalam buku laris megatrend 2000 kian menjadi kenyataan. Futurolog kondang ini menyoroti setidaknya ada dimensi 3F dalam globalisasi gaya hidup, yaitu makanan (Food), mode (Fashion) dan hiburan (Fun). Globalisasi dalam mkanan bisa Anda lihat dari menjamurnya restoran yang menawarkan cita rasa global, seperti hamburgernya-McDond, Kentucky Fred Chicken, California Fried Chicken, Pizza Hut. Mode pakaian dan mode rambut amat cepat ditiru oleh anak muda, hiburan berupa filem, misalnya, amat mudah dinikmati semua lapisan masyarakat akibat adanya stasiun TV swasta. Dari filem Mandarin "Siluman Ular Putih" , filem action gaya James Bond-007 dan filemIndia, semakin menggeser posisi filem nasional kita yang seakan menjadi orang asing di negerinya sendiri. Semua secara terpisah maupun simultan menunjukkan bahwa kita hidup dalam dunia yang semakin terintegrasi. Gejala globalisasi menjadi suatu keniscayaan. Suatu hal yang tidak dapat dihindari. Bahkan kecenderungan ini menimpa negara-negara yang tadinya mengisolasi diri terhadap dunia luar. Tidak terkecuali negara yang berbasis ideologinya maupun mayoritas penduduknya Islam. Pertanyaan yang akan dikaji lebih lanjut dalam artikel adalah : bagaimanakah ekonomi Islam menjawab gelombang globalisasi tersebut? Bagaimanakah konsep dan metodologi ekonomi Islam?
KEBIJAKAN PENANGGULANGAN INFLASI DI INDONESIA NOPIRIN, NOPIRIN
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper begins with a theoretical discussion on the causes of inflation.Inflation can occur as a result of rising aggregate demand (demands pull inflation) and upward shifting aggregate (costs push inflation). Aggregate demand consist of household expenses, government expenses andnet export, whereby those components are transformed as a result of monetary and finance policies, and balance of payment Inflation occurs when rising aggregate demands are not followed by rigidities in aggregate supplies. Budget deficits that are paid by printing of currencies without equal response from production will increase pressure for inflation. Deficit of balance of payment will lead to depreciation of domestic currency, which in the case of high volume of import industry will lead to rising pressure for inflation. Inflation pressure can also be caused by the increasing in aggregate supplies, as a result of rising production costs.Indonesias experience in overcoming inflation began with the phenomenon of uncontrolled inflation in the Old Order, where national budget deficit was financed by loans from Bank Indonesia. During the New Order, high inflation is overcome by the initiation of balanced budget programs and by encouraging production. The government stimulates foreign and domestic investment, as shown by the formulation ofUUPMA and UUPMDS in 1968. Besides monetary policies to counter inflation, the government also revives aggregate supplies by deregulating the production sector.
THE EFFECT OF ASYMMETRICAL INFORMATION AND RISK ATTITUDE ON INCENTIVE SCHEMES: A CONTINGENCY APPROAC HARTONO, JOGIYANTO; LS, BAMBANG RIYANTO
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper discusses several incentive models. Some models are only appropriate for risk neutral agents, but not for risk averse agents. For certain circumstances, a quadratic model is needed to replace a linear model The choice of which model is the appropriate one is the question addressed by this paper. Risk attitude and several aspects of asymmetric information will be discussed.
The Effects Of Corporate Support For Information Systems Development On The Performance Of The Accountant HAKEEM, NYENJE; INDRIANTORO, NUR
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study, investigated the interacting effects of Management Support for Information Systems (MSIS), User Involvement in Information Systems Development (ISD) and Perceived Information Systems Benefits (PISB) on the performance of the accountant. The data on the four variables was collected through mail surveys requesting accountants employed in different organisations to participate in the study. Thirtyeight responses were returned from a cross section of Indonesian Organisations. The data was analysed using multiple regression models and partial derivative analyses of the regression models. To support the hypotheses, the coefficient of the interaction term in the regression had to be significant and positive. If the coefficient of the interaction was found positive, the corresponding incremental r2 was considered statistically significant at the same probability level. The results confirmed that, the positive effects of User Involvement in Information System Development on the accountants performance will be higher when the level of Management Support for Information Systems is high. It also showed that Management Support for Information Systems had a positive mono-tonic effect on the performance of the accountant over the entire observed range of Perceived Information Systems Benefits and that the positive effects of User Involvement in Information Systems Development on the performance of the accountant will be higher when the level of Perceived Information Systems Benefits is high. This study,is unable to prove that, the positive effects of the combination between Management Support for Information Systems and User Involvement in Information Systems Development on the performance of the accountant will be higher when the levels of Perceived Information Systems Benefits are high. This means that any level of PISB will lead to positive effects in the performance of the accountant. This was no different from the observations made by interviewees.
INTEGRASI PASAR KEUANGAN INDONESIA DI ASEAN: PENDEKATAN FORWARD LOOKING JAVA, WIHANA KIRANA; DEKIAWAN, HERMADA
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper tries to analize the Indonesian financial integrated market inAsean, except Brunei and Vietnam. In this paper, integration expressed by the respond of interest rate to the forward discount/premium curs in the cross rate. In general economic actors judge his actual decision based on backward looking, but in this research, will analized the impact of society expectation for the future period to the actual decision. The forward looking method in this paper is using the co-integration approach and long term unit of F.CM (Error Correction Model) from the data performance. The outcome shows that the community performance in financial integrated market as showed by the interest rate respond to the forward curs, significantly. However, the impact is still relatively small. Forward looking significance indicates tiiat the actual condition is influenced by community expectation about the future.
POLA PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI MANUFAKTUR DI INDONESIA, 1976-1993 ARSYAD, LINCOLIN; DETAJANNA, ARYA
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper mainly analyses the growth of industrialisation in Indonesia.Industrialisation initially began with the protective strategy of import substitution industries, which eventually grew into export oriented manufacturing, especially in response to the drop in international oil prices (1986). The next analyzes leads to evaluating the extent of influence demonstrated by capital intensived industry and labor intensive industry in increasing national income during the period of 1976-1993- To be more spesific, both periods of 1974-1984 and 1985-1993 are analyzed base on the contribution of labor intensive industry to thegrowth of income and the contribution of capital intensive industry to import substitution industries- An additional protion on the growth pattern of compound industries will be outlined, citing cases from several countries, including analytical findings in Indonesia. In order to provide a clearer outlook of analytical findings in Indonesia, Industry indicator data will be classified into several groups. Another important part is significance testing of certain industries in taking advantage of economic scale using a set of tools, mainly the textile, paper, glass, cement, basic metal in addition to labor intensive industries in Indonesia. This paper will be ended with a conclusion which stresses requirements demanded in order to achieve a growth pattern in compound industries in a certain country along with the implications caused by the chosen policy.
PENGUKURAN KINERJA PERUSAHAAN DENGAN BALANCED SCORECARD: BENTUK, MEKANISME, DAN PROSPEK APLIKASINYA PADA BUMN Sudibyo, Bambang
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 12, No 1 (1997): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Balanced Scorecaid (BSC), sebagaimana dituturkan oleh penciptanya yaitu Robert S. Kaplan dan David P. Norton (Kaplan dan Norton, 19% A), bermula dari suatu penelitian satu tahun pada selusin perusahaan-Advanced Micro Devices, American Standard, Apple Computer, Bell South, CIENA, Conner Peripherals, Coy Research, Du Pont, Electronic Data Systems, General Electric, HewlettPachard, dan Shell Canada pada tahun 1990 disponsori oleh Nolan Norton Institute, lembaga penelitian milik KPMG. Penelitian itu berjudul "Measuring Performance in the Organization of the Future," dan David Norton, CEO dari Nolan Norton, bertindak sebagai ketua tim peneliti sementara Bob Kaplan menjadi konsultan akademisnya. Studi itu dimotivasi oleh keyakinan bahwa model pengukuran kinerja perusahaan melalui akuntansi keuangan tidak lagi memadai dan bahkan bisa menghambat kemampuan perusahaan menciptakan nilai ekonomis di masa yang akan datang. Motivasi ini tentu mengingatkan kita pada buku Johnson dan Kaplan berjudul "Relevance Lost (1987) yang menceritakan perkembangan akuntansi manajemen yang cenderung lebih memenuhi selera sofistikasi akademik daripada menjawab permasalahan rifl dalam bisnis. Temuantemuan dari studi itu diringkas dalam suatu attikel, Measures That Drive Performance! di Harvard Business Review (HBR) edisi Januari-Februari 1992 (Kaplan dan Norton, 1992).  Pengamatan lebih lanjut terhadap penerapan BSC di beberapa perusahaan menyadarkan Kaplan dan Norton bahwa BSC bisa dipakai lebih dari sekedar sebagai sistem pengukuran, melainkan juga untuk mengkomunikasikan strategi baru dan mengalign organisasi terhadap strategi baru itu. Observasi ini mereka tulis dalam artikel HBR lain dengan judul "Putting the Balanced Scorecard to Work," (Kaplan dan Norton, 1993). Pengamatan lebih lanjut terhadap penggunaan banyak ukuran dalam BSC yang satu sama lain dirangkai bersama oleh suatu serihubungan sebab-akibat mengantarkan mereka pada kesimpulan baru, yaitu bahwa BSC bisa dipakai untuk mengelok strategi. Tegasnya BSC adalah suatu sistem manajemen yang bisa dipakai sebagai kerangka sentral dalam berbagai proses managerial penting: penentuan gol individual dan tim, pemberian konpensasi, alokasi sumberdaya, perencanaan dan peranggaran, pemberian umpan balik strategis, dan pemberdayaan karyawan serta penumbuhan iklim belajar dalam organisasi. Perkembangan baru ini mereka laporkan dalam artikel HBR yang ketiga, "Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System (Kaplan dan Norton, 1996). Dan akhirnya, laporan yang paling komprehensif tentang BSC ini mereka tulis dalam buku monograf berjudul "The Balanced Scorecard (Kaplan dan Norton, 199 A), acuan utama penulis dalam penulisan makalah ini. Mereka berharap BSC masih akan berkembang lebih lanjut, terbukti dari pengakuan mereka bahwa monograf itu masih merapakan suatu progress report.

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