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Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)
Published by Universitas Andalas
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Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (JPI) "Indonesian Journal of Animal Science". Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (JPI) diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Andalas, sebagai media publikasi hasil penelitian, pengkajian dan pendalaman literatur tentang ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi di bidang peternakan dan kehewanan. JPI diterbitkan untuk menyempurnakan dan melanjutkan Jurnal Peternakan dan Lingkungan (JPL) yang telah ada semenjak bulan Oktober 1994. JPI diterbitkan tiga kali dalam setahun pada bulan Februari, Juni dan Oktober. Tulisan/karya ilmiah yang diterima belum pernah dipublikasikan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan untuk dipublikasikan di jurnal lain.
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Articles 256 Documents
Analisis Efisiensi Teknis Usaha Penggemukan Sapi Potong di Kabupaten Agam Provinsi Sumatera Barat Indrayani, I; Nurmalina, R; Fariyanti, A
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.844 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.1.286-296.2012

Abstract

The domestic beef cattle producers have supplied only 70 percent of the national need. Demand of the beef cattle has not been accompanied by an increasing of supply response. One of the major problems in beef cattle farming is its low productivity that might be caused by its low efficiency of input use. Therefore, this study aims are (1) to estimate the factors that influence the production of beef cattle fattening, (2) to analyze the level of technical efficiency of beef cattle fattening. The stochastic production frontier is used to estimate production function. The results showed that quantity of concentrate, dummy of cattle’s age, and dummy of livestock ownership significantly influence production. The average value of the farm technical efficiency is 0.764 ranging from a minimum of 0.478 to a maximum of 0.996.
Kualitas Fisik Daging Sapi Peranakan Simmental dengan Perlakuan Stimulasi Listrik dan Lama Pelayuan yang Berbeda Rusdimansyah, Rusdimansyah; Khasrad, Khasrad
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (187.477 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.3.454-460.2012

Abstract

This research was conducted to observe the influence of electric stimulation and chilling period on meat of Simmental cross. This experiment used factorial design with 5 blocks. The first factor was electric stimulation (with and without electric stimulation), the second factor was chilling period (0, 12 and 24 hours). Around 7.5 kg Simmental cross meat (Tricep brachii) from 5 head were used on this research. The observed variables were pH, cooking loss and tenderness. The results showed that there was no interaction of electric stimulation and chilling period (up to 24 hours) on all of observed variables. Electric stimulation treatment was significant improved tenderness of Simmental cross beef but it was not significant on pH and cooking loss. There was significant influenced of chilling period on pH, cooking loss and tenderness of Simmental cross beef.
Adaptasi Legum Pohon yang Diinokulasi dengan Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskular (FMA) Saat Cekaman Kekeringan Sowmen, S.; Abdullah, L.; Karti, P. D. M. H.; Soepandi, D.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 16, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.259 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.16.1.46-54.2014

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi mekanisme adaptasi tanaman legum pohon (Desmodium sp dan Leucaena leucocephala) yang diinokulasi dengan fungi mikoriza arbuskular (FMA) terhadap cekaman kekeringan. Penelitian ini dirancang menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) pola faktorial, faktor pertama adalah inokulasi FMA (tanpa inokulasi dan inokulasi dengan FMA), faktor ke-2 adalah kekeringan (disiram setiap hari, cekaman kekeringan). Parameter penelitian ini adalah kandungan air tanah (KAT), potensial air daun (PAD), kadar air relatif daun (KARD), dan bobot kering tanaman. Data dianalisis dengan analisis sidik ragam (ANOVA), jika terdapat pengaruh terhadap peubah yang diukur maka akan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Tidak ada pengaruh interaksi (P>0,05) antara inokulasi FMA dengan cekaman kekeringan terhadap KAT, KARD, dan bobot kering tanaman ke-2 jenis legum pohon. Cekaman kekeringan menurunkan KAT, PAD, KARD dan bobot kering total pada tanaman legum pohon.
Studi Kualitatif Pertumbuhan Populasi Kambing Paket Bantuan Kebijakan Crash Program dan Faktor – Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya Di Kampung Sekendi Distrik Teminabuan Kabupaten Sorong Selatan Sraun, T
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (277.393 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.2.392-397.2012

Abstract

Distribution of crash program-based local goat as an object of agriculture policy of Crash Program implemented in 1995, and it has done throught the members of Sekendi community village at district of Teminabuan of South Sorong regency as targeted group. The program aim is increasing of the goat population as the goal and the cattle population as the subject. Village of Sekendi was chosed as visited sites. This research showed that the population growth of goat decreased which both the population of goat and farmer population dropped by 73.68% and 66.67%, respectively. Uncertaintly of socio-economic and feeding ration, reproduction and management are factors determining population growth of goat. The failure of crash program based-goat failed to achieve the goal.
Morfometri Kokon Attacus atlas Hasil Pemeliharaan di Laboratorium Endrawati, Y.C; Fuah, A.M
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.03 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.1.337-342.2012

Abstract

Attacus atlas is one of the wild silkworms which is originated from Indonesia, which has economic value and high potency to be developed especially at the cocoon stage. These potential aspects for future developed include row material of silk fabrics, cosmetics, medical, and engineering materials. However, this potential has not been matched by productions level. Attacus atlas still live in nature with only 10% of cocoon production rate. In this study, A. atlas was reared in the laboratory to determine the different characteristics of Attacus atlas cocoon between rearing enviromntment as compared to which in nature. The results showed that the characteristics of the cocoon varies and influenced by humidity and temperature environments, place and behavior during making cocoon. Whole cocoon weight average of 6.37±1.07 g/cocoon, weight of floss (0.23±0.09 g/cocoon or 5.82±3.86%), weight of shell cocoon (0.62±0.35 g/cocoon or 11.95±3.38%), weight of pupa (3.77±1.99 g/cocoon or 71.74±9.42%), length of cocoon (54.30±5.74 mm), the diameter of the cocoon (22.26±2.60 mm posterior, 25.65±2.38 mm medial and 22.92±2.45 mm anterior), the cocoon circumference (70.42±7.48 mm posterior, 80.70±10.69 mm medial and 72.19±12.81 mm anterior).
Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Peternakan Sapi Potong di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan Suresti, A; Wati, R
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.764 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.1.249-262.2012

Abstract

The main objectives of this research were identifying internal and external factors in developing beefcattle and giving to determined strategies for the developing beefcattle implemented in Pesisir Selatan. A survey was conducted in 6 sub distric in Pesisir Selatan and the sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The data were analized using Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE), External factor Evaluation (EFE) and SWOT. The result showed that strategy that could be implemented in developing beefcattle was optimalization land function, increasing the beefcattle population, integrated farming areas, increasing agriculture production,giving better servicer on financial institutional for society optimalization.
Analisis Potensi Wilayah Dharmasraya Untuk Pengembangan Sapi Potong dan Kaitannya Dengan Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Ediset, Ediset; Heriyanto, E
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.693 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.3.425-432.2012

Abstract

The research was goals : 1) To be able Dharmasraya potency for developing beef cattle farming. 2) To be able existing condition attempt cattle live stock and the relationship means empowerment society economy. Approach research was secondary data analysis and survey. Sample all of cattle live stock which breeding cattle live stock intensively, taking sample by cluster random sampling. Respondent was choose by simple random sampling, primary data was collected by interview directly and questioner and secondary data collect from relevant agency. Then both of data were analyzed qualitative and quantitative. Proceed of research showed Dharmasraya has potency for developing cattle live stock could view from : 1) Aspect of natural resources region such as land available. 2) Region social culture aspect such as number of breeder, education of breeder and tradition of breeding of live stock. 3) Board aspect such as monetary, government administration, information and technology. Existing condition breed of live stock that indicated to empowerment society economy which viewed based on marketing aspect and absorbing employee. Based on proceed of researched we could concluded that Dharmasraya had good potent for developing live stock, and breed existing condition for cattle live stock that indicated for empowerment society economy.
Skrining Senyawa Metabolit Steroid sebagai Hormon Reproduksi Ternak pada Tanaman Katuk dan Jantung Pisang Putranto, H. D.; Ginting, S. M.; Nurmeliasari, .; Yumiati, Y.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 16, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.293 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.16.1.20-25.2014

Abstract

Indonesia memiliki banyak plasma nutfah berupa tanaman yang berpotensi untuk difungsikan sebagai bahan pakan ternak baik yang diposisikan sebagai bahan pakan utama ataupun suplemen dengan tujuan tertentu. Tanaman katuk (Sauropus androgynus) dalam beragam bentuk dan formulasi telah disuplementasikan untuk meningkatkan status reproduksi ternak. Sedangkan jantung pisang telah lama dipergunakan oleh beberapa kalangan masyarakat guna memperbaiki status reproduksi. Pada penelitian ini beberapa bagian tanaman katuk dan beberapa jenis jantung pisang diuji kandungan senyawa steroidnya (skrining) menggunakan metode Simes et al. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tanaman katuk positif mengandung senyawa metabolit steroid (+) baik dari bagian daun (+), batang (+) serta campuran daun dan batang (+). Sedangkan jantung pisang raja, srindit, batu dan jantan seluruhnya negatif mengandung senyawa metabolit steroid (-). Dari hasil skrining fitokimia dapat disimpulkan bahwa tanaman katuk mengandung senyawa metabolit steroid yang berperan penting pada biosintesa hormon steroid ternak betina sedangkan jantung pisang tidak mengandung senyawa metabolit steroid.
Efek Pemberian Temu Putih (Curcuma zedoaria) terhadap Kualitas Susu Sapi Perah Penderita Mastitis Subklinis Susanti, H; Nurdin, E
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.141 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.2.368-372.2012

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of Curcuma Zedoaria on milk composition of sub-clinical mastitis dairy cow. Concentrate was prepared by mixing level of curcuma zedoaria powder. Nine heads of sub-clinical mastitis dairy cows were divided into three groups. The first group were as a control, the second group were treated with 0.02% of Curcuma zedoaria according to body weight , and likewise the third group were treated 0.04% of Curcuma zedoaria. Data were analyzed with Variance analysis in a completely randomized design. The result showed that there were no significant effect of using different levels of Curcuma Zeoaria. The quality of milk in term of fat, protein, dry matter were satisfied for the quality standard of milk.
Kualitas Fermentasi Silase Ransum Komplit Berbasis Hasil Samping Jagung, Sawit dan Ubi Kayu Lendrawati, Lendrawati; Nahrowi, Nahrowi; Ridla, M
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.328 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.1.297-303.2012

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate fermentation quality of complete feed silage based on corn, palm and cassava by products. Each complete feed was ensiled separately in 50 litres silo and were opened 6 weeks after ensiling. The silage products were evaluated in terms of physical (colour, smell, and presence of moulds), chemical (pH, N-amonia content, WSC loss and dry matter loss) and microbial properties (number of lactic acid bacteria). The data was analyzed by using Completely Randomized Design with three treatments and six replications, followed by LSD test. The result showed that all complete feed silage treatments were having good quality. Fermentation quality of silage was affected with  kind of complete feed silage (P<0.05). In general, all of treatments had good fermentation quality of silage, because it have lower pH, ammonia content, WSC loss and dry matter also. It is concluded that quality fermentation of complete feed silage based on corn, palm and cassava by products had good quality and can be recomended as ruminant feeding. 

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