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JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya)
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IMPLIKATUR PERCAKAPAN WACANA POJOK LAMPUNG POST DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA Mujiasih, Mujiasih; Rusminto, Nurlaksana Eko; Hilal, Iqbal
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 2, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : FKIP Unila

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This research was conducted to describe conversational implicature of Pojok Lampung Post newspaper June 2012 edition and this implication toward learning Bahasa Indonesia in senior high school. Research method was descriptive qualitative. Research’s result was conversational implicature of Pojok Lampung Post with nonliteral-direct speech act to criticize common issues; literal-indirect speech act to soften criticism, request, and prohibition towards goverment’s policy for issues that have been clearly revealed; and nonliteral-indirect speech act to criticize political issues that the truth has been revealed to the public and he believes the readers know the facts and have no difficulty in understanding the purpose that he wanted to convey. The result of the research can be implicated to learning Bahasa Indonesia in senior high school as learning material in every language skill.Penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan implikatur percakapan pada kolom Pojok Lampung Post edisi Juni 2012 dan implikasinya terhadap pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di SMA. Metode penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini berupa implikatur percakapan pada Pojok Lampung Post dengan tindak tutur langsung tidak literal untuk mengkritik kebijakan penguasa dalam isu yang bersifat umum; tindak tutur tidak langsung literal untuk memperhalus kecaman, permintaan, dan larangan terhadap kebijakan penguasa yang belum jelas terungkap; dan tindak tutur tidak langsung tidak literal untuk mengkritik isu-isu politik yang kebenarannya telah terungkap kepada publik dan redaktur meyakini pembacanya mengetahui fakta tersebut dan tidak mengalami kesulitan dalam memahami maksud yang hendak ia sampaikan. Hasil penelitian ini dapat diimplikasikan ke dalam pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di SMA sebagai materi pembelajaran dalam setiap keterampilan berbahasa.Kata kunci: implikatur percakapan, pembelajaran bahasa, tindak tutur.
UNSUR SERAPAN DALAM NOVEL 5 CM KARYA DONNY DHIRGANTORO DAN IMPLIKASINYA Prabawati, Nurrokhmah; Munaris, Munaris; Agustina, Eka Sofia
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 7 (2013)
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Loan words mean words from origin language that become part of another language and used like their own language. Novel 5 cm by Donny Dhirgantoro was used in this research. Reads novel well to know which words were loan words was the technique that used. Loan words were absorbed by three ways, such us loan words that doesnt need to change by EYD because the words was absorp in long time, loan words that havent absorp yet into Indonesian language so the words have to write based real language form, and loan words that phoneme and spells were based of EYD. Based on curiculum of 1994 and 2004, loan word were learned in indonesian language subject. Even on next curiculum it doesn’t there, but we can still write loan words well based the way of EYD.Unsur serapan adalah kata-kata dari bahasa asal yang menjadi bagian bahasa lain dan digunakan seperti bahasa sendiri. Novel 5 cm karya Donny Dhirgantoro dipakai penulis dalam penelitian ini. Teknik yang digunakan adalah membaca novel dengan baik untuk mengetahui mana unsur serapan. Unsur serapan dalam novel diserap dengan kaidah EYD: unsur yang sudah lama terserap dalam bahasa Indonesia tidak perlu diubah ejaannya, unsur asing yang belum sepenuhnya terserap dalam bahasa Indonesia sehingga pengucapan dan ejaannya mengikuti cara asing, dan unsur yang pengucapan dan penulisannya disesuaikan dengan kaidah bahasa Indonesia. Implikasi penelitian ini adalah kurikulum 1994 dan 2004, istilah serapan diajarkan dalam pelajaran bahasa Indonesia. Meskipun pada kurikulum selanjutnya tidak diajarkan, namun kaidah penulisan unsur serapan masih dirasakan sampai sekarang.Kata kunci: implikasi, novel, unsur serapan.
GEJALA BAHASA SISWA KELAS X DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA Pratiwi, Ika Agustina; Widodo, Mulyanto; Samhati, Siti
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
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This study is aimed at describing the linguistic phenomena among students at the first year of senior high school in academic year 2013/2014 and the implication toward Indonesian learning. The method is descriptive qualitative. The data collecting technique are observation, interviews, and recordings. Based on data analysis, it was found that there are fourteen linguistic phenomena: (1) afaresis, (2) syncope, (3) apocope, (4) paragoge, (5) the linguistic phenomena of language adaptation, (6) the substitution of prefix, (7) the substitution of simulfix, (8) the substitution of sufix, (9) the removal of phonemes, (10) irregularity, (11) the use of the particle, (12) contraction, (13) acronyms, and (14) abbreviation. The implication in Indonesian learning was using Indonesian appropriately as a tool to get the practical purpose and solve problem in a life and also to do social relationship honestly and politely.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan gejala bahasa siswa kelas X SMA tahun pelajaran 2013/2014 dan implikasinya terhadap pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data yaitu teknik pengamatan, wawancara, dan rekaman. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, ditemukan 14 gejala bahasa, yaitu (1) afaresis, (2) sinkop, (3) apokop, (4) paragog, (5) gejala adaptasi bahasa, (6) subtitusi prefiks, (7) subtitusi simulfiks, (8) subtitusi sufiks, (9) penghilangan fonem, (10) ketidakteraturan, (11) penggunaan partikel, (12) kontraksi, (13) akronim, dan (14) singkatan. Implikasi dalam pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia yaitu menggunakan bahasa Indonesia yang baik dan benar sebagai sarana untuk mencapai tujuan praktis dan menyelesaikan berbagai masalah dalam kehidupan.Kata kunci: gejala bahasa, implikasi pembelajaran, siswa.
PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA TEKS BERITA SISWA KELAS XI SMA YAYASAN PEMBINA UNILA BANDARLAMPUNG Hasanah, Uswatun; Samhati, Siti; Widodo, Mulyanto
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 3 (2013)
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This research will be discussed about how the studying process of news text reading XI grade students. The aim of this research is to describe studying process of news text reading on students. This focused on the planning practicing, evaluating studying of news text reading. The method of this research is qualitative descriptive method. The data source is from news text reading activity. The data collecting technique are observing teacher’s and students’ activity, video recording, interview. And the data analyzing technique use flow models. The analysis includes three activities, data reduction, data presentasion, conclusion. The result of this research are lesson plan of news text reading students based on assessment learning plan instrument, implementation learning of news text reading based implementation process instrument of learning by teacher, students’ activity based on observation instruments. This research uses performance assesment technique as the evaluation.Masalah yang dibahas penelitian ini bagaimanakah proses pembelajaran membaca teks berita siswa kelas XI. Masalah penelitian bertujuan mendeskripsikan proses pembelajaran membaca teks berita siswa SMA , difokuskan pada perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi pembelajaran membaca teks berita. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Sumber penelitian kegiatan pembelajaran membaca teks berita siswa. Teknik pengumpulan data observasi aktivitas siswa, guru, rekaman video, wawancara. Teknik analisis data penelitian analisis data model alir. Analisis mencakup tiga kegiatan, reduksi data, penyajian data, penarikan kesimpulan. Temuan-temuan penelitian rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran membaca teks berita siswa kelas XI, berdasarkan Instrumen Penilaian Perencanaan Pembelajaran, pelaksanaan pembelajaran membaca berita berdasarkan Instrumen Proses Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran oleh guru, aktivitas siswa berdasarkan Instrumen Observasi Aktivitas Siswa. Evaluasi digunakan pembelajaran membaca teks berita yakni teknik penilaian unjuk kerja.Kata kunci: instrumen, pembelajaran, teks berita.
TUTURAN BERTANYA SISWA PADA KEGIATAN BELAJAR MENGAJAR DI TK DAN PEMBELAJARAN NYA Alifia Azka, Ratu Farry; Rusminto, Nurlaksana Eko; Widodo, Mulyanto
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 5 (2013)
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The Issues that was discussed in this study was the students asking speech in the teaching and learning process in the kindergarten and its implication to the language learning in kindergarten. The research design was descriptive qualitative. Source of the data in this research was the students of Al-Karim Kindergarten School. Data collecting technique that was used in this research was field note technique. The result showed that asking speech was done in two ways: directly and indirectly. Direct asking speech was used to express asking speech act. Indirect asking speech consisted of, asking speech act as the expression of informing, instructing, asking, begging and refusing speech act. The result of the research implicated to the language learning in Al-Karim Kindergarten school that was as the reference for the teacher to use asking speech in the teaching and learning process.Masalah yang dibahas dalam penelitian ini adalah tuturan bertanya siswa pada kegiatan belajar mengajar di TK dan implikasinya pada pembelajaran bahasa di TK. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Sumber data pada penelitian ini siswa/siswi TK Al–Karim School. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik pengamatan dan teknik catatan lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tuturan bertanya dilakukan dengan dua cara, yakni bertanya langsung dan bertanya tidak langsung. Tuturan bertanya langsung digunakan untuk mengekspresikan tindak tutur bertanya. Tuturan bertanya tidak langsung terdiri atas, tuturan bertanya sebagai ekspresi tindak tutur memberitahukan, memerintah, meminta, memohon, menolak. Hasil penelitian ini berimplikasi pada pembelajaran bahasa di TK Al Karim School yang berupa referensi bagi guru untuk menggunakan tuturan bertanya dalam kegiatan belajar mengajar.Kata kunci: direktif, konteks, tindak tutur, tuturan.
STRUKTUR PARAGRAF PADA KARANGAN SISWA KELAS XI IPA 1 SMA NEGERI 12 BANDARLAMPUNG Atidhira, Ayu; Agustina, Eka Sofia; Munaris, Munaris
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 9 (2013)
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The purpose of the research is to describe the structure of paragraph in students essay of class XI IPA1 at Senior High School 12 Bandarlampung in the year of 2012/2013. The method applied is descriptive qualitative method. The structure paragraph applied is the first structure paragraph which consists of  topic sentence and supporting details that consist its sentences. The second structure paragraph consists topic sentence, direct supporting details and indirect supporting details which consist of  39 sentences. The third structure paragraph consists  topic sentence, some direct supporting details, and one of supporting details has indirect supporting details which consists seven sentences. The fourth structure paragraph consists topic sentence, some direct supporting details and each of the supporting details has indirect supporting details which consist four sentences.Tujuan penelitian adalah mendeskripsikan struktur paragraf pada karangan siswa kelas XI IPA 1 SMA Negeri 12 Bandarlampung Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Struktur paragraf  yang digunakan, yaitu struktur paragraf  pertama yang terdiri atas kalimat topik dan kalimat pengembang langsung berjumlah 45 penggunaan. Pada struktur paragraf kedua yang terdiri atas kalimat topik, kalimat pengembang langsung, dan kalimat pengembang tidak langsung berjumlah 39 penggunaan. Struktur paragraf ketiga terdiri atas kalimat topik, beberapa kalimat pengembang langsung, dan salah satu kalimat pengembang langsung itu memiliki kalimat pengembang tidak langsung berjumlah 7 penggunaan. Struktur paragraf keempat terdiri atas kalimat topik, beberapa kalimat pengembang langsung, dan masing-masing kalimat pengembang langsung itu memiliki kalimat pengembang tidak langsung berjumlah 4 penggunaan.Kata kunci: karangan siswa, paragraf, struktur.
KEMAMPUAN MENULIS KARANGAN DESKRIPSI SISWA KELAS X SMA PELITA BANGUN REJO LAMPUNG TENGAH TAHUN PELAJARAN 2010/2011 widiawati, cici; widodo, mulyanto; karomani, karomani
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Kata (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya)
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The Problem in this research was the abilyty to write a description of the high school students of class X Bangun Rejo Pelita High Scholl Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011. This study aims to describe about the students skills in writing essays description.The method used in this reseach is a method of description. The population in this study were high school students of class X Pelita High School of Bangun Rejo Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011, amounting to 153 students spread over 4 classes. Samples were taken 15% of each class, so that the sample amounted to 23 students drawn randomly. The data is taken through a written test. Test such as essay writing task description with the experience they have.The results showed that mean score of the overall results of essay writing skills test descriptions Pelita high school students class X Bangun Rejo Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011 is 63,5% classified enough. The average capacity of each aspect are (1) the background of the title selection category excellent93,4%, (2) the accuracy of the posts with 60% categorized enough title, (3) similarity of the writing object category less 47,74%, (4) creating the impression readers categorized less 57,39%, (5) uncategorized outline less 58,28%, (6) a description of the facts in the sentence category enough 71,30%, (7) development of a sentence to paragraph 40,87% less uncategorized, (8) the preparation of a compotions paragraph description of 78,26% categorizedgood, (9) 44,35% effective sentence categorized less, (10) 77,39% categoryzed vocabulary good, (11) 70,43% categorized spelling enough, (12) the use of punctuation 69,57% categorized enough. From the results of the study can also be seen that the background for the selection of titles aspects are at the highest percentage is 93,4% and in the category of very good.Based on these results it can be concluded that the ability to write a description of the high scholl students of class X Pelita Bangun Rejo Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011 clasified as category enoughwith 63,5% and the percentage of outages drift interval 60%-74%.Keywords:Ability to Write, EssayDescription, Grade Student X.
PEMANFAATAN MEDIA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MENYUSUN TEKS EKSPOSISI SISWA KELAS VII Rahma, Sabrina Aulia; Widodo, Mulyanto; Suliani, Ni Nyoman Wetty
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
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The research problem is how the teaching media is utilized in the learning of composing the expository text at the VII grade SMP Negeri 3 Pringsewu. The aim of this research is to describe the teaching media utilized in the learning of composing the expository text at the VII grade of SMP Negeri 3 Pringsewu. This research uses qualitative descriptive as the methodology of the research, in collecting the data is using of reduction data, showing data, and verification. The result of this research shows that in the teaching composing the exposition text, teacher utilizes audio visual media and media from book by applying scientific approach through monitoring, asking, understanding, trying and communicating.Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimanakah pemanfaatan media dalam pembelajaran menyusun teks eskposisi siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Pringsewu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan pemanfaatan media dalam menyusun teks eksposisi siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Pringsewu.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif, pengambilan data pada penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan perekaman.Analisis data dilakukan melalui tahapan reduksi data, penyajian data, dan verifikasi.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam membelajarkan menyusun teks eksposisi, guru memanfaatkan media audio visual dan media cetak dengan menerapkan pendekatan saintifik melalui kegiatan mengamati, menanya, menalar, mencoba, dan mengomunikasikan.Kata kunci: media, pendekatan, teks eksposisi. 
PEMBELAJARAN MEMAHAMI TEKS CERITA PENDEK SISWA KELAS VII SMPN 2 BANDARLAMPUNG Handiawati, Yunita; Agustina, Eka Sofia; Rusminto, Nurlaksana Eko
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
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The purpose of this research was to describe the learning process in understanding short story text of students class VII SMPN 2 Bandarlampung academic year 2013/2014. The research used descriptive qualitative method. The result of the research showed that teacher had done three steps in learning, they were planning, implementing, and assessing. All the indicators in the learning plan had been completed by the teacher in lesson planning. Implementation of learning that included teacher and students activity consisted of pre-activity, main activity, and post activity had been done by the teacher. Learning activity was done by observing, asking, collecting information, associating, and communicating activities. The teacher assessed by using written test and practice test by giving a task to the students to present the conclusion from the content of short story text.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pembelajaran memahami teks cerita pendek siswa kelas VII SMPN 2 Bandarlampung tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan guru sudah melakukan tiga tahap dalam pembelajaran, yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan penilaian. Semua indikator dalam perencanaan pembelajaran telah dipenuhi guru dalam RPP. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran yang meliputi aktivitas guru dan siswa terdiri atas kegiatan pendahuluan, inti, dan penutup telah dilaksanakan guru. Kegiatan pembelajaran dilakukan melalui kegiatan mengamati, menanya, mengumpulkan informasi, mengasosiasi, dan mengomunikasikan. guru menilai dua aspek, yaitu sikap dan pengetahuan. Guru melakukan penilaian dengan tes tertulis dan tes unjuk kerja dengan menugasi siswa menyampaikan simpulan dari isi teks cerpen.Kata kunci: memahami, pembelajaran, teks cerita pendek.
PENGGUNAAN EJAAN PADA SKRIPSI MAHASISWA PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN SEJARAH UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG TAHUN 2012 Pratiwi, Valentia; wetty, ni nyoman; samhati, siti
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Kata (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya)
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Main problem which occured in this reaserch is using spelling for the students’ thesis of Lampung University in teacher training and education faculty of history education study program in 2012 and successfully to be conducted. The purpose of  reasearch is to describe about what is right and error in using spelling for the students’ thesis of Lampung University in teacher training and education faculty of history education study program in 2012. The reasercher used qualitative describing method in collecting the data. The sources in this reaserch is the students’ thesis of teacher training and education faculty of history study program for March period in 2012, and amounted about nine papers. Data was gained by documentary technique which held by the researcher in several weeks. In analyzing, data went to the theories of Miles and Huberman which stated by three steps are (1) reduction, (2) application, and (3) conclusion or verification. The result of this research told about 5.890 people or 93% was right in using spelling for their thesis and 429 others or 7% was still error in the written of theirs. In using spelling, it must be constructed by capital and italic letters, derivation words, suffix –di, numbering and count, using full-stop, and comma.Key Words: spelling, using the letter, writing the word, and panctuation.

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