Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 25032178     EISSN : -
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research (JBTR) is an open access, international peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on: clinical medicine, molecular medicine, tropical medicine, infectious diseases, cardiovascular medicine, molecular biology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, biochemistry, and pharmacotherapy with particular interest on the link between clinical and basic research called translational research.
Articles 11 Documents
Profile of Hypospadias Cases in Central Java, Indonesia

Maritska, Ziske, Ariani, Mahayu Dewi, Juniarto, Achmad Zulfa, Faradz, Sultana MH, Santosa, Ardy

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Background: Hypospadia is believed to be a multifactorial disease.  The risk factors that may induce the formation of hypospadias are environmental factors, endocrine disruptors, and genetic factors. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of hypospadias patients who visited the Center for Biomedical Research (CEBIOR), Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia.Methods: This study is an observational study, using patients’ medical record in CEBIOR from 2010 to 2012. The hypospadias cases were classified into syndromic, isolated and severe hypospadias based on their phenotype. The history of pregnancy, birth characteristics, and family history of the patients were described.Results: There were 120 cases of hypospadias, consisted of 48.33% severe hypospadias, 41.67% mild isolated hypospadias and 10% syndromic hypospadias. There were 38.33% hypospadias cases whose mothers were being exposed to repellant usage and 39.17% cases whose fathers were smoking. Forty (33.33%) probands’ mothers were aged above 35 years old when they gave birth to their affected son.Conclusion: Majority of hypospadias cases were severe and mild isolated. Environtmental factors including maternal age more than 35 years old, use of repellant, and smoking fathers were found in this study.  

Expression Of Ttf- 1 And Ck- 7 In The Diagnosis Of Pleural Effusion Cytology Suspected Lung Adencarcinoma

Prasetiyo, Patricia Diana, Pawitra, Ika, Wijaya, Indra

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Background : Lung cancer is the mayor disease that cause death worldwide including Indonesia especially Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) consisting of adenocarcinoma, squamus carcinoma (SqCCA) and large cell carcinoma. Incidency of lung adenocarcinoma continues to rise recently about 40% of all NSCLC.Methods : Descriptive observational study design. The study population included the patients who were hospitalized at Kariadi central hospital in Semarang and had thorax X-ray or CT scan of thorax with a diagnosis of suspected lung malignancy, at the period of January 2012 – 2013. The variables assessed are expression of TTF-1 and CK-7.Result : A total of 20 samples subjected to Pearson correlation test with result of p value = < 0,001 and r = 0,867. Presentation of the highest expression TTF-1 in the all study sample is Adenocarcinoma 73,3% and highest expression CK-7 is also Adenocarcinoma 68,6%.Conclusion : Immunocytochemistry of TTF-1 and CK-7 can be used to determine Adenocarcinoma malignancy on cytological sample of suspected malignant pleural effusion

Anti-Inflammatory Potential Of Takokak (Solanum Torvum) Ethanol Extract In Rats Exposed To 7,12-Dimethylbenz[A]Anthracene (Dmba)

Rahman, Nur, Marliyati, Sri Anna, Martua Damanik, Muhammad Rizal, Anwar, Faisal

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Background: Takokak fruit (Solanum torvum) is a type of eggplant containing solasodin, solamargin, solasonin and other phytochemicals components with anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of takokak ethanol extract on TNF-α, IL6, and SOD levels.Methods: Experimental factorial study design, with the effect of takokak extract concentration factor (0, 400 and 800 mg/kgBW), takokak extract administration time factor including preventive (weeks 1-7) and curative (weeks 6-12) administration, and necropsy factor (necropsy in weeks 12 and 16). The data obtained included rats body weight, TNF-α, IL-6 and SOD levels.Results: The result showed that the interaction between takokak concentration and handling has significant effect on the increase of TNF-α levels (p=0.003) and the decrease of IL-6 levels (p=0.000). Interaction between takokak concentration, handling and necropsy has significant effect on the increase of SOD levels (p=0.010).Conclusion: Takokak ethanol extract has significant effect on the increase of TNF-α, and SOD levels, and the decrease of IL-6 levels.

Development of The Stem of Jatropha multifida Linn as A New Antimalarial through Erythrocytes Test on Mus musculus Infected by Plasmodium berghei

Sundaryono, Agus, Ruyani, Aceng, Sari, Rika Partika

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Introduction : Jatropha multifida Linne is known as Betadin plant by the Bengkulunese. The stem extract of J. multifida has antibacterial activity. This study examined the potential of stem extract of J. multifida to be developed as an anti-malarial drugs through trials in M. musculus whose erythrocytes infected by Plasmodium berghei.Methods : Phytochemical test of the stem of J. multifida to test the flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids and steroids. The stem extract of J. multifida obtained by maceration with 96% ethanol. 30 M. musculus divided 6 groups, each consist of 5 animals. P0 is the negative control groups that were not infected by P berghei. P1 is the positive control groups that were only infected by P berghei, P2 is a comparison groups that were infected with P berghei and chloroquine, groups P3, P4, and P5 were infected by P berghei and treated with stem extract of J multifida with consecutive doses 0.028 g / kgbw, 0.056 g / kgbw and 0.084 g / kgbw. After 24 hours, the number of erythrocytes was observed with hemocytometer then was counted the number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei using a microscope at 1000x magnification.Results :The stem extract of J. multifida at doses of 0.028 g/kgbw, 0.056 g/kgbw and a dose of 0.084 g/kgbw were able to increase the number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei in M. musculus, respectively an average of 9.135million cell eritrosit/mm3, 7.618 millioncell eritrosit/mm3, and 9.856 millioncell eritrosit/mm3. The ability of stem extract of J. multifida in increasing the number of erythrocytes uninfected with P berghei was much higher than the malaria drug chloroquine diposphat. On one way ANOVA analysis of Fcount ( 13,2 ) > Ftable (2.76 ) , with (α = 0.05), there are noticeable differences in the provision of treatment. The increasing number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei was due to the content of flavanol glycosides in J multifida stem. Flavanol glycosides was expected to form Flvanolglycosides-heme complex that could inhibit the formation of P berghei parasites HemazoinConclusion:The stem extract of J. multifida could be developed as a potential anti-malarial drugs since it could increase the number of uninfected erythrocytes by P berghei in M. musculus. Its ability was much higher than the malaria drug chloroquine diposphat

JAK2 V617F Analysis in Indonesian Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Patients

Saktini, Fanti, Santosa, Santosa, Faradz, Sultana MH

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Background : Three subtypes of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs): Polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) showed overlapping phenotype. There has been no specific cytogenetic marker identified in these subtypes. JAK2 V617F mutation prevalence in Caucasian MPNs was first reported as 97% in PV, 57% in ET, and 50% in PMF.Objective: This study was done to define the prevalence of JAK2 V617F mutation and to identify cytogenetic markers in MPNs.Methods : The study design was cross-sectional. Patients who were admitted to Dr. Kariadi Hospital with clinical diagnosis of MPNs were referred for bone marrow cytogenetic analysis in Telogorejo Hospital. JAK2 V617F mutation was tested for using Amplification Refractory Mutation System Polymerase Chain Reaction (ARMS-PCR) from peripheral blood vein. Clinical data were secondary data retrieved from hospital medical records.Results :  There was no cytogenetic abnormality found in all MPNs patients. The prevalence of JAK2 V617F mutation in MPNs patients was 73,68%. Mutation prevalence distribution in each subtypes were 100% in PV, 63,6% in ET and 100% in PMF. Conclusion : Chromosomal abnormality was not found using conventional cytogenetic analysis. More sensitive methods might elucidate submicroscopic chromosomal abnormalities in these patients. The prevalence of JAK2 V617F mutation was comparable with studies in Caucasian. It is recommended that JAK2 V617F testing should be incorporated in the management therapy of MPNs in Indonesia.

Frequency of MTHFR GENE C677T polymorphism for non-syndromic autism spectrum disorder patients

Laksono, Bremmy, Maskoen, Ani Melani, Winarni, Tri Indah, Taufik, Syarief, Faradz, Sultana MH

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 1, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Background: The folate metabolism is a pathway that may involve in the non-syndromic Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme has a key role in folate metabolism. The C677T polymorphism of MTHFR gene could reduce the effectiveness of the enzyme.Objectives: To evaluate the frequency of MTHFR geneC677T polymorphism for non-syndromic ASD patients.Method: Thirty-four DNA samples were taken from each group. PCR mixture was consisted of 1µL DNA, 2.5µL PCR buffer, 0.5µL dNTP, 1.5µL MgCL2, 0.125µLTaqenzyme, 0.5µLofforwardandreverseprimerandaquabidesttoreach a volume of 25 µL. The PCR profiles were initiation 95ºC for 5 min, denaturation 94ºC for 1min, annealing 55ºCfor 45 seconds, and elongation 72ºC for30 seconds. The cycles were done in 35 times an dfinal elongation was at 72ºC for 5min. The PCR product was 198bp, and then digested by the Hinfl enzyme for 16hours at 37°C, and visualized using2%agarosegeland then electrophoresed for 30 minutes at 100 volts.Result: Non-syndromic ASD samples showed none had homozygote mutant type (677TT), 3 (8.8%) samples had heterozygote (677CT)and 31 (91.2%) samples had wild type (677CC). Meanwhile, normal control showed only 1 (2.9%)sample had homozygote mutant type(677TT), 9 (26.5%) samples had heterozygote (677CT)and 24 (70.6%) samples had  wild type (677CC).Conclusion: The frequency of MTHFR geneC677T polymorphism in patients with non-syndromic ASD and controls are not significantly different.

Marfan Syndrome, A Review

Pals, Gerard

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (553.588 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v4i2.3560

Abstract

Marfan syndrome is named after the French pediatrician Antoine Bernard-Jean Marfan who described in 1896 a girl with arachnodactyly and long limbs1. The patient also had congenital contractures of the elbows and would not fulfill the current criteria for Marfan syndrome. She probably was suffering from a condition that we now call contractural arachnodactyly, caused by mutations in the FBN2 gene.The clinical features of Marfan syndrome affect many systems of the body. The most obvious are the skeletal features, long limbs, tall stature, long thin fingers (arachnodactyly or spider fingers). The skeletal features can be scored objectively as: arm span more than 1.05 x body length; wrist sign (thumb and index finger can encircle the wrist of the other hand with at least one digit overlap) and thumb sign (when making a fist around the thumb, one digit of the thumb sticks out). The main neurological symptom is dural ectasias. The most severe symptoms are cardiovascular: mitralis valve prolapse, aortic dilatation and thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections, which may lead to sudden death5. However, I noticed in discussions with patients that they often consider the ocular symptoms, severe myopia and lens luxation, the worst for themselves, because the latter may lead to blindness.

A rare case of trisomy 18 with split-hand/split-foot malformation (SHFM)

Sihombing, Nydia Rena Benita, Purwanti, Asri, Utari, Agustini

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (857.779 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v4i2.3578

Abstract

Background: Trisomy 18 is one of the most prevalent chromosomal aberrations in newborns, with characteristic features of internal organs such as heart and kidney abnormalities, as well as craniofacial and musculoskeletal anomalies. We present a rare case of trisomy 18 with atypical features of split-hand/split-foot malformation (SHFM).Case Presentation: A four-months-old baby was brought to hospital with dyspnea and history of multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). Abnormalities found including brachycephaly, facial dysmorphisms, split hands and split feet. Other anomalies were atrial and ventricular septal defects, umbilical hernia, and right lung atelectasis. Based on physical examination and additional workups, SHFM was suspected. Genome-wide array analysis revealed gain on entire chromosome 18. Only few cases of trisomy 18 with SHFM have been reported, with split feet as the most findings. Conclusion: This case represents SHFM as a unique limb involvement in patient with trisomy 18, a valuable finding to be taken into account in trisomy 18 features. Careful examination and diagnosis as well as subsequent genetic counseling are granted, and routine cytogenetic analysis is vital as a first-tier diagnostic workup on patient with MCA.

Factors Affecting Parents Acceptance towards Children with Familial Intellectual Disability (ID)

Gusrianti, Elsa, Winarni, Tri Indah, Faradz, Sultana MH

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (637.079 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v4i2.3659

Abstract

Background: Familial intellectual disability (ID) is a condition where two or more family members are affected ID, which may influence the whole family well-being. Children with intellectual disability often receive negative response from the society, which may trigger different reactions from the parents, such as denial or neglect of their child. Besides, most parents give more attention and provide the best care for their children. Factors that may influence parents’ acceptance towards children with familial ID are social support, religious coping, supporting facilities, family income, education, mothers’s age, and other significant factors.Objective: This study was aimed to analyze factors that affect parents’ acceptance towards children with familial intellectual disabilities (ID).Methods: This was an analytic observational study with cross sectional approach. Data were collected using interview with 20 mothers of familial intellectually disabled children including demographic data, pedigree construction, using Parental Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ), Brief Arab Religious Coping Scale (BARCS), Social Support Questionnaire Short Form (SSQSR) and Supporting Facilities Questionnaires. Data was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression.Results: Parents’ acceptance was significantly affect by social support (p<0.05), while religious coping, supporting facilities, family income, education, and mothers’s age did not significantly influence parents’ acceptance (p >0.05).Conclusion: Social support has influenced parent’s acceptance of their familial ID Children

Malaria, hepatitis B and HIV /AIDS, and their co-infection among Patients Visiting Health Centres in Akure, Nigeria

Afolabi, Olajide Joseph, Aremo, A, H, Oluwabunmi, Itansanmi, I, I, Anuoluwa

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (467.586 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jbtr.v4i2.3457

Abstract

Co-infection is the simultaneous infection of host by multiple pathogenic species, which may co-exist together or not. In this study, the co-infection of malaria, HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B was investigated, using four different locations in Akure, Ondo State. Blood samples were aseptically collected from the left thumbs of 500 respondents using sterile lancets. Thin and thick smear of the blood samples were observed for malaria parasites using X100 magnification of the light microscope. Hepatitis B and HIV/AIDS were tested using diagnostic test kits. The results show that highest prevalence of malaria was observed in Oba-Ile (82.09%) among age group 31-40 years (92.72%).  The lowest prevalence was found in Ala-Ajagbusi (73.17%) among age group 21-30 years (70.03%). Highest prevalence of hepatitis (7.06%) was observed in Orita-Obele while the lowest prevalence was observed in Ala- Ajagbusi (4.88%).  HIV/AIDS infection was found Orita-Obele (1.76%, n=3) and Ala-Ajagbusi (2.44%, n=2). The results further show that all the individuals that tested positive to hepatitis B virus and HIV also tested positive to malaria. Also, 3 of the 5 individuals infected with HIV/AIDS tested positive to hepatitis B virus.  Similarly, malaria, hepatitis B virus and HIV cohabit in 2 individuals; 1 in age group 21-30 years and 1 in age group 31-40 years. Coinfection of malaria with hepatitis and HIV/AIDS suggests that malaria is an opportunistic infection among the hepatitis and AIDS patients. This calls for prompt malaria treatment among the immunocompromised patients. More so, there should be adequate and consistent public health advocacy programs, to enlighten the populace about malaria, hepatitis B and HIV/AIDS in order to completely mitigate the disease spread in the area.

Page 1 of 2 | Total Record : 11