cover
Contact Name
Ahmadi Riyanto
Contact Email
medpub@litbang.deptan.go.id
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
ahmadi_puslitbangnak@yahoo.com
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota bogor,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003" : 9 Documents clear
Isolation and Screening of Microbes for The microorganism used as probiotics must be bio-safety, could be cheaply and easily Purwadaria, Tresnawati; Kompiang, I Putu; Darma, Jinadasa; ., Supriati; Sudjatmika, Emi
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.605 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.376

Abstract

produced, and suitable with the environment of the digestive track. Isolation was carried out from commercial culture (containing mixture of Bacillus spp.), digestive tract (proventriculus, small intestine and large intestine) of local and broiler chickens, and commercial yoghurts (fermented milk). Neutral and acidic nutrient agars (NA) were used as the media at room temperature and in the aerobic or anaerobic conditions. Separate colonies were isolated, stained with Gram and spore staining and observed under the microscope. The bacteria which were Gram positive bacillus and can form spores were further identified. Eight different species of Bacillus spp.: B. laterosporus, B. coagulans, B. alvei, B. circulans, B. brevis B. bodius, B. pasteurii, and B. macroides were isolated from the commercial mixture. From the digestive tracts of local and broiler chickens, 13 bacteria and 2 yeasts were isolated, while 5 yeast were obtained from two commercial yoghurts. Those bacteria were facultative aerobic and only grew in neutral condition and not in acidic condition (pH 4.5), while the yeast were either facultative anaerobic also can grow in pH neutral and 4.5. The ability of each isolates to grow in the media containing mixture of minerals and glucose, sucrose or molasses were evaluated. Incubation was carried out in the shaker incubator at 40°C, 150 rpm for 48 hours. Dry matter of the biomass was determined as the growth parameter. All isolates of bacteria and yeast can grow in the substrate containing glucose, sucrose and molasses. Variance analyses show that there were interactions between kind of bacteria and carbon source or between kind of yeast and carbon source (P<0.05). Three isolates of bacteria that had highest production of biomass were B. coagulans on sucrose (the third for molasses), Sp. 9 on glucose, and B. apiarius on sucrose (the sixth on molasses). B. apiarius isolated from digestive tract of local chicken will be useful to be developed as probiotics. The highest production of yeast was the control Saccharomyces cerevisiae on three sugars. Between the isolates from digestive tract of local chicken, Toluraspora delbrueckii AL-15 produced 13.8x10-1mg/ml biomassa on molasses.   Key words: Poultry probiotics, bacterial and yeast isolates, glucose, sucrose, molasses
Histopathological changes in naive and sensitised goats caused by Sarcoptes scabiei infestation Tarigan, Simson
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.949 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.381

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to compare the histopathological changes in naïve and sensitised goats caused by Sarcoptes scabiei infestation. Thirty goats were allocated evenly into 5 groups. Groups 1, 2 and 3 goats were sensitised once, twice and thrice, respectively; whereas groups 4 and 5 were left unsensitised or naïve. Sensitisation was done by infesting the animals with the mite, then 7 week afterwards the animals were completely cured from the mange. After the sensitisation, all, except group 5, goats were infested on both auricles each with approximately 2000 life mites. Biopsies were collected from each group at 2 day then at weekly intervals from 1 to 7 weeks following infestation. The samples were routinely processed, paraffin blocked, and tissue sections were stained with Haematoxyllin and Eosin (H & E), Giemsa, Carbol Chromatrope, and Gram’s when indicated. Lesions in the naïve goats developed progressively characterised by thick parakeratotic crusts honeycombed with tunnels containing large number of mites. Lesions in sensitised goats, which were different qualitatively to those in naïve goats, developed rapidly characterised by copious amount of serocellular exudates in and on the surface of the epidermis, and marked oedema and cell infiltrations in the dermis. Dermal infiltration by eosinophils, which was rare in naïve goats, was apparently an important feature in the sensitised goats. Lesions developed in the sensitised goats were interpreted to be the manifestation of cutaneous anaphylaxis. Resistance or protective immunity against mite reinfestation developed in the sensitised goats is supposedly attributed to this anaphylactic responses.   Key words: Sarcoptes scabiei, naïve, sensitised, histopathology, eosinophils, cutaneous anaphylaxis, protective immunity
Effectivity of various concentration of lactose in Tris extender on liquid semen viability of Saanen bucks Tambing, Surya Natal; Sutama, I-K; Arifiantini, R.I
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.484 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.377

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine the best concentration of lactose in Tris extender in maintaining liquid semen viability of Saanen bucks stored at 5°C. Four heads of Saanen bucks of 2-4 years old were used as semen source. Semen was collected once a week using an artificial vagina. Variance analysis was conducted based on completely randomized design with three treatments, i.e 30, 60, and 90 mM lactose (L30, L68 and L90). Duncan test was used to observe the different between treatment. Results indicated that the mean percentage of motility, live sperm, intact plasma membrane, and intact acrosomal cap of liquid semen in treatment L30 (70.83; 78.20; 79.56 and 81.20% respectively) were significantly higher (P<0.05) than treatment L60 (67.08; 73.73; 75.01 and 76.87% respectively) and treatment L90 (61.50; 71.88; 69.08 and 71.33% respectively). After storage for 48 hours at 5°C apparently the mean percentage of motility, live sperm, intact plasma membrane and intact acrosomal cap in treatment L30 were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those of in treatment L60 and L90. Decreasing percentage of motility, live sperm, intact plasma membrane, and intact acrosomal cap during storage at 50C from 0 until 48 hour in treatment L30 (42.83; 19.75; 40.84 and 39.00% respectively) were significantly lower (P<0.05) than those of in treatment L60 (55.41; 23.06; 50.14; and 50.90% respectively) and treatment L90 (54.83; 29.93; 50.14 and 50.97% respectively). It was concluded that supplementation 30 mM lactose in Tris extender could maintain liquid semen viability in Saanen bucks.   Key words: Saanen bucks, lactose, liquid semen
Isolation and identification of infectious laryngotracheitis virus from outbreaks at Lipa City, Batangas, Philippines Saepulloh, Muharam; Rovira, Hope G
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.106 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.382

Abstract

Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an acute, highly contagious respiratory disease of poultry characterized by respiratory disorder such as coughing with blood exudate from the trachea. The disease is caused by Herpesvirus of the family Herpesviridae and subfamily of Alphaherpesvirus. ILT is worldwide distribution and has been reported to be present in the Philippines since 1980. Since then, confirmation of subsequent outbreaks were not reported. Isolation was conducted from nine commercial layer chicken farms located at Lipa City, Batangas from May to July 2002. Tracheal and lung extracts were processed and inoculated into embryonated chicken eggs by chorio-allantoic membrane (CAM) inoculation. Five samples produced typical pock lesions in CAM after the second passage. Lesions observed were yellowish pocks with opaque edges, distributed throughout the CAM. A vaccine strain of the virus used as the positive control also produced similar pock lesions. Serological confirmation using the Agar Gel Immunodiffusion (AGID) test showed sharp precipitation lines reacting to a standard reference ILTV antisera (anti-NS175). All five isolates produced lines of precipitate identity among themselves and the positive control. This study confirms that the 2002 disease outbreak in the commercial layer chicken farms in Lipa City, Batangas was due to the ILTV.   Key words: Infectious laryngotracheitis virus, agar gel immunodiffusion, isolation, pocks lesion, identification, CAM
The effect of glutathione addition in sperm diluent on the quality of bovine chilled semen Triwulaninngsih, Endang; Situmorang, P; Sugiarti, T; Sianturi, R.G; Kusumaningrum, D.A
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.224 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.378

Abstract

This study has been conducted at the Laboratory of Physiology Reproduction, Research Institute for Animal Production (RIAP), Ciawi-Bogor, West Java. Sperms were collected from FH bulls with body weight 613 kg (FH-1) and 480 kg (FH-2) twice a week. Briefly after quality evaluation, semen was diluted in Tris-Citrate buffer medium, containing egg yolk (20% v/v) and (4% v/v) glycerol to get spermatozoa concentration of 50 x 106 per ml. Sperm diluents were added with glutathione (GSH) with doses of 0.0; 0.5; 1.0 and 1.5 mM as treatments A, B, C and D respectively. The diluted semen was then cooled from 35 to 5°C using a cooling machine for 60 minutes then stored in the refrigerator (5°C). Recorded parameters were the survivability of spermatozoa by evaluating the percentage of motile and live, the condition of acrosome and plasma membrane. Data were analysed by completely randomised design with the general linear model (GLM) procedure. The characteristics of collected semen were normal. Viability of spermatozoa stored at 5°C for 0, 1, 4 and 8 days shown by intact acrosomal were 74.42; 69.27; 57.80 and 42.58% for A, B, C and D respectively. Those data were significantly different (P<0.01). Motility, live and intact plasma membrane were 46.72; 52.34; 53.44 and 51.09%; 63.59; 69.11; 68.64; and 66.89%, and 66.01; 69.75; 68.38 and 68.44% for treatment A, B, C and D respectively. Additional 0.5 mM GSH gave the highest (P<0.01) motility, live and intact plasma membrane of sperm. Therefore, it is concluded that the effect of addition 0.5 mM of GSH to the sperm diluents can improve the viability of spermatozoa and possibly protect the spermatozoa from free radical damage.   Key words: Glutathione, viability, spermatozoa
Characteristics of reproductive performance of Garut rams Rizal, Muhammad; Toelihere, M.R; Yusuf, T.L; Purwantara, B; Situmorang, P
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.46 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.383

Abstract

Basic information on reproductive potency of Garut rams is necessary in order to identify the capacity of rams in producing chilled or frozen semen. Eight Garut rams (three to five years old) were used in this study. The male sexual behaviors were observed and semen was collected once a week using artificial vagina. Semen quality was evaluated and its potency to produce frozen semen was calculated. Results of this study indicated that first, second, and third ejaculations were at the 29, 87 and 176th seconds, respectively. Fresh semen volume, sperm concentration, motility, intact acrosomal cap, and intact plasma membrane were 0.99 ml, 3224 million/ml; 76.67; 86.13 and 87.73%, respectively. Protein value, fructose, vitamin C, vitamin E, sodiu, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphor, chloride, and mangan in seminal plasma of fresh semen were 4140, 180, 3.2, 24, 180, 117, 9, 6.12, 60, 104, and 5 mg/ml, respectively. Measurement of head length, width, and length of sperm tail were 6.59, 3.99, and 42.65 μm, respectively. Length and width measurement of right and left testes, and scrotal circumference were 12.71, 6.5, and 32.36 cm, respectively. Capacity of each Garut rams to produce frozen semen from three consecutive ejaculations are 35.88 mini straw with the cencentration of 200 million motile sperm per 0.25 ml.   Key words: Reproductive characteristics, Garut rams  
Comparative study of the productivity of Madura Cattle and Its crossbreed with Limousin in Madura island Kutsiyah, Farahdilla; ., Kusmartono; Susilawati, Trinil
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.635 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.379

Abstract

problem and potential of crossbreed cattle at Madura island. Survey and direct field observation were conducted in Pamekasan. Data were descriptively analyzed or using correlation-regression, and t-test and indicated that service per conception (S/C) and calving rate (CR) of Madura cattle (n=34) and crossbreed (n=38) were 1.464 and 1.986; 58.8 and 52.6% respectively. Average birth weight (n = 17), weaning weight (n = 15) and ADG (average daily gain) pre weaning (n = 15) on calf of Madura cattle were 19.78 ± 1.224 kg; 119.53 ± 9.772 kg; 445 ± 48.53 g/day. Average birth weight (n = 17), weaning weight (n = 14) and ADG pre weaning (n = 14), on calf of crossbreed offspring were 27.60 ± 1.298 kg; 171.47 ± 31.055 kg; 678 ± 146.03 g/day. It is concluded that reproductive performance of Madura cattle was greater than their crossbreed, whereas production performance on calf of crossbreed offspring was greater than calf of Madura cattle. It is suggested that good quality and continuous supply of local feed must be maintained to prevent the negative effect for their growth.   Key words: Madura cattle, Limousine cattle, crossbreed, productivity
Response of broilers on the diet containing fermented palm oil sludge stored at various length of time Bintang, I.A.K; Sinurat, A.P; Purwadaria, T
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.024 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.375

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the response of broilers on the diet containing fermented palm oil sludge with Aspergillus niger stored at different length of time. The research was carried out in Research Institute for Animal Production Ciawi, Bogor. The experiment was conducted based on completely randomized design using 245 day old broiler chicks with 5 replicates. They were allotted to 7 diets containing one control without palm oil sludge (R0), 5 and 10% of fresh-fermented palm oil sludge (LSF) (R1 and R2), 5 and 10% of LSF stored at room temperature for 2 months (R3 and R4) and stored for 3 months (R5 and R6). Diets were fed ad libitum for 5 weeks. Feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, and carcass yields were observed as parameters. Results showed that no parameters were significantly affected by the treatments. It is concluded that 10% of fermented palm oil sludge could be included in diet of broilers even after three months storage at room temperature.   Key words: Broiler, fermented palm oil sludge, storage period
Comparison of sequences of hypervariable region (HVR) subunit S-1 gene of field isolate I-37 infectious bronchitis virus with Connecticut serotype Dharmayanti, N.L.P Indi; Indriani, Risa; ., Darminto
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.798 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v8i2.380

Abstract

Infectious Bronchitis is a contagious and acute respiratory disease in chickens caused by infectious bronchitis virus (IBV).Antigenic differences in IBV are associated with changes in the sequence of the spike glycoprotein (S). The subunit S1 which demonstrates more sequence variability than S-2 have been identified as hypervariable region (HVR-1 and 2). There were several IB virus field isolates included I-37 have been identified in Indonesia by serum neutralization method. However, gene sequence variation in HVR subunit S-1 had not yet been identified. Isolate I-37 was close to the serotype Connecticut 46 (Conn 46). The aim of this study is to identify sequence variation of HVR subunit S-1 gene of isolate I-37 produced by Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and sequencing. Several procedures were carried out in the study including virus titration, propagation and was concentrated from the allantoic fluid infected with IBV. Then, RNA was extracted for RTPCR. urther the product was sequnced and its homology with IBV references from GenBank was compared by GenMac version 8.0. Result showed that isolate I-37 produced 515 bp of amplification product. Isolate I-37 and Conn 46 are same serotype, yet their HVR subunit S-1 nucleotides and amino acids (protein) differ by 6.9% and 15.6% respectively. It might be concluded that isolate I-37 was variant of Conn 46.   Key words: Sequences variation, IBV, I-37 field isolate, HVR subunit S-1 gene

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 9


Filter by Year

2003 2003


Filter By Issues
All Issue Vol 24, No 3 (2019): SEPTEMBER 2019 Vol 24, No 2 (2019): JUNE 2019 Vol 24, No 2 (2019): JUNE 2019 Vol 24, No 1 (2019): MARCH 2019 Vol 23, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER 2018 Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018 Vol 23, No 2 (2018): JUNE 2018 Vol 23, No 1 (2018): MARCH 2018 Vol 22, No 4 (2017): DECEMBER 2017 Vol 22, No 3 (2017): SEPTEMBER 2017 Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017 Vol 22, No 1 (2017): MARCH 2017 Vol 21, No 4 (2016): DECEMBER 2016 Vol 21, No 3 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016 Vol 21, No 2 (2016): JUNE 2016 Vol 21, No 1 (2016): MARCH 2016 Vol 20, No 4 (2015): DECEMBER 2015 Vol 20, No 3 (2015): SEPTEMBER 2015 Vol 20, No 2 (2015): JUNE 2015 Vol 20, No 1 (2015): MARCH 2015 Vol 20, No 4 (2015): DECEMBER 2015 Vol 20, No 3 (2015): SEPTEMBER 2015 Vol 20, No 2 (2015): JUNE 2015 Vol 20, No 1 (2015): MARCH 2015 Vol 20, No 1 (2015) Vol 19, No 3 (2014): SEPTEMBER 2014 Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014 Vol 19, No 4 (2014): DECEMBER 2014 Vol 19, No 4 (2014) Vol 19, No 3 (2014): SEPTEMBER 2014 Vol 19, No 3 (2014) Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014 Vol 19, No 2 (2014) Vol 19, No 1 (2014): MARCH 2014 Vol 19, No 1 (2014) Vol 18, No 4 (2013): DECEMBER 2013 Vol 18, No 4 (2013) Vol 18, No 3 (2013): SEPTEMBER 2013 Vol 18, No 3 (2013) Vol 18, No 2 (2013): JUNE 2013 Vol 18, No 2 (2013) Vol 18, No 1 (2013): MARCH 2013 Vol 18, No 1 (2013) Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012 Vol 17, No 4 (2012) Vol 17, No 3 (2012): SEPTEMBER 2012 Vol 17, No 3 (2012) Vol 17, No 2 (2012): JUNE 2012 Vol 17, No 2 (2012) Vol 17, No 1 (2012): MARCH 2012 Vol 17, No 1 (2012) Vol 16, No 4 (2011): DECEMBER 2011 Vol 16, No 4 (2011) Vol 16, No 3 (2011): SEPTEMBER 2011 Vol 16, No 3 (2011) Vol 16, No 2 (2011): JUNE 2011 Vol 16, No 2 (2011) Vol 16, No 1 (2011): MARCH 2011 Vol 16, No 1 (2011) Vol 15, No 4 (2010): DECEMBER 2010 Vol 15, No 4 (2010) Vol 15, No 3 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010 Vol 15, No 3 (2010) Vol 15, No 2 (2010): JUNE 2010 Vol 15, No 2 (2010) Vol 15, No 1 (2010): MARCH 2010 Vol 15, No 1 (2010) Vol 14, No 4 (2009): DECEMBER 2009 Vol 14, No 4 (2009) Vol 14, No 3 (2009): SEPTEMBER 2009 Vol 14, No 3 (2009) Vol 14, No 2 (2009): JUNE 2009 Vol 14, No 2 (2009) Vol 14, No 1 (2009): MARCH 2009 Vol 14, No 1 (2009) Vol 13, No 4 (2008): DECEMBER 2008 Vol 13, No 4 (2008) Vol 13, No 3 (2008): SEPTEMBER 2008 Vol 13, No 3 (2008) Vol 13, No 2 (2008): JUNE 2008 Vol 13, No 2 (2008) Vol 13, No 1 (2008): MARCH 2008 Vol 13, No 1 (2008) Vol 12, No 4 (2007): DECEMBER 2007 Vol 12, No 4 (2007) Vol 12, No 3 (2007): SEPTEMBER 2007 Vol 12, No 3 (2007) Vol 12, No 2 (2007): JUNE 2007 Vol 12, No 2 (2007) Vol 12, No 1 (2007): MARCH 2007 Vol 12, No 1 (2007) Vol 11, No 4 (2006): DECEMBER 2006 Vol 11, No 4 (2006) Vol 11, No 3 (2006): SEPTEMBER 2006 Vol 11, No 3 (2006) Vol 11, No 2 (2006): JUNE 2006 Vol 11, No 2 (2006) Vol 11, No 1 (2006) Vol 10, No 4 (2005): DECEMBER 2005 Vol 10, No 4 (2005): DECEMBER 2005 Vol 10, No 4 (2005) Vol 10, No 3 (2005): SEPTEMBER 2005 Vol 10, No 3 (2005) Vol 10, No 2 (2005): JUNE 2005 Vol 10, No 2 (2005) Vol 10, No 1 (2005): MARCH 2005 Vol 10, No 1 (2005) Vol 9, No 4 (2004): DECEMBER 2004 Vol 9, No 4 (2004) Vol 9, No 3 (2004): SEPTEMBER 2004 Vol 9, No 3 (2004) Vol 9, No 2 (2004): JUNE 2004 Vol 9, No 2 (2004) Vol 9, No 1 (2004): MARCH 2004 Vol 9, No 1 (2004) Vol 8, No 4 (2003): DECEMBER 2003 Vol 8, No 4 (2003) Vol 8, No 3 (2003): SEPTEMBER 2003 Vol 8, No 3 (2003) Vol 8, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003 Vol 8, No 2 (2003) Vol 8, No 1 (2003): MARCH 2003 Vol 8, No 1 (2003) Vol 7, No 4 (2002): DECEMBER 2002 Vol 7, No 4 (2002) Vol 7, No 3 (2002): SEPTEMBER 2002 Vol 7, No 3 (2002) Vol 7, No 2 (2002): JUNE 2002 Vol 7, No 2 (2002) Vol 7, No 1 (2002): MARCH 2002 Vol 7, No 1 (2002) Vol 6, No 4 (2001): DECEMBER 2001 Vol 6, No 2 (2001): JUNE 2001 Vol 6, No 1 (2001): MARCH 2001 Vol 6, No 4 (2001): DECEMBER 2001 Vol 6, No 4 (2001) Vol 6, No 3 (2001): SEPTEMBER 2001 Vol 6, No 3 (2001) Vol 6, No 2 (2001): JUNE 2001 Vol 6, No 2 (2001) Vol 6, No 1 (2001): MARCH 2001 Vol 6, No 1 (2001) Vol 5, No 4 (2000): DECEMBER 2000 Vol 5, No 3 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000 Vol 5, No 2 (2000): JUNE 2000 Vol 5, No 1 (2000): MARCH 2000 Vol 5, No 4 (2000): DECEMBER 2000 Vol 5, No 4 (2000) Vol 5, No 3 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000 Vol 5, No 3 (2000) Vol 5, No 2 (2000): JUNE 2000 Vol 5, No 2 (2000) Vol 5, No 1 (2000): MARCH 2000 Vol 5, No 1 (2000) Vol 4, No 4 (1999): DECEMBER 1999 Vol 4, No 3 (1999): SEPTEMBER 1999 Vol 4, No 2 (1999): JUNE 1999 Vol 4, No 1 (1999): MARCH 1999 Vol 4, No 4 (1999): DECEMBER 1999 Vol 4, No 4 (1999) Vol 4, No 3 (1999): SEPTEMBER 1999 Vol 4, No 3 (1999) Vol 4, No 2 (1999): JUNE 1999 Vol 4, No 2 (1999) Vol 4, No 1 (1999): MARCH 1999 Vol 4, No 1 (1999) Vol 3, No 4 (1998) Vol 3, No 3 (1998) Vol 3, No 2 (1998) Vol 3, No 1 (1998) Vol 2, No 4 (1998) Vol 3, No 4 (1998) Vol 3, No 3 (1998) Vol 3, No 2 (1998) Vol 3, No 1 (1998) Vol 2, No 4 (1998) Vol 2, No 3 (1997) Vol 2, No 3 (1997) Vol 2, No 2 (1996) Vol 2, No 1 (1996) Vol 2, No 2 (1996) Vol 2, No 1 (1996) Vol 1, No 3 (1995) Vol 1, No 2 (1995) Vol 1, No 1 (1995) Vol 1, No 3 (1995) Vol 1, No 2 (1995) Vol 1, No 1 (1995) More Issue