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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 19 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 1 (2000)" : 19 Documents clear
Effect of rice straw silage treated with rumen microbes of buffalo on digestibility and ecosystem of cattle rumen A, Thalib; Bestari, J; Widiawati, Y; Hamid, H; Suherman, D
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.142 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.172

Abstract

Treatment of rice straw silage with addition of buffalo rumen microbes was conducted to improve the ruminal digestion of rice straw in ongole cattle. Three fistulated cattles were each introduced to dietary treatment: I. Untreated rice straw (JPTP), II. Rice straw ensilaged with buffalo rumen microbes (SJPMR-Kr), and ID. Elephant grass (RG). All diets were formulated isonitrogeneous (14% crude protein) and fed to animals over a period of 4 weeks. After 4 weeks of feeding trial, rwnen fluid of the animals were evaluated to digest its own basal diet (as substrate). The results show that cumulative gas production resulting from the substrate fermented (96 hours) by rumen fluid from cattle fed diet II is 205% of the diet I and 151 % of the diet ID. Measurements of DMD of the substrates after the gas production procedure show the similar trend (ie. DM digestibilities for JPTP= 33%; SJPMR-Kr= 54% dan RG= 45%). Means of in sacco DMD (72 hours incubation) confirm the results of gas production (ie. in sacco DM Digestibilities for JPTP= 35%; SJPMR-Kr= 44% and RG= 39%). All results described between treatments are highly significant different (P<O.OI). Measurements of rumen ecosystems did not show differences between treated animals (P>0.05), except for total VFA (ie. JPTP= 0.52 mg Inri; SJPMR-Kr= 3,37 mg Inri and RG= 3.15 mg Inri).   Key words: Rice straw, silage, microbes, cattle and buffalo
Nutritive value of palm oil sludge fermentation by some incubation process I.A.B, Bintang; Sinurat, A.P; Purwadaria, T; Pasaribu, T
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.532 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.173

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of fermented palm oil sludge (PaS) incubated with different ways towards metabolic digestibility on dry matter,true metabolizable energy (TME) and protein digestibilities. A completely randomized design was used. Treatments consisted of unfermented pas (control) and fermented pas with and without enzymatic incubation proces, two levels of incubation temperatures (28°C and 32°C) and three levels of incubation times (3, 4 and 5 days). The digestibility studies were carried out in 46 layer. The results showed that the dry matter digestibility of P_S was not significantly affected by fermentation process neither by incubation times. TME was not affected by fermentation process and incubation times, but it was significantly affected by incubation temperatures during fennentation (P<0,05). Incubation temperatures at 3rC more significant than 28°C. Enzimatic process was more significant than without enzimatic process. True metabolizable energy was highly significantly affected by enzimatic process (P<O,OI). Protein digestibility was highly significantly affected by time and incubation process (P<O,Ol), but not significantly affected by temperatures incubation. It was concluded that fermentation process could improve the digestibility of palm oil sludge (paS). The best result obtained from incubation at 32°C for 3 days and continued by enzimatic process.   Key words: Fennentation, nutritive value, palm oil sludge
Characterization of introduced breed of sheep and pattenl of conservation of Sumatera thin tail (STT) sheep in North Sumatera D, Priyanto; Siregar, A.R; Handiwirawan, E; ., Subandriyo
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.6 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.174

Abstract

Sumatera thin tail (STT) sheep are highly adapted to the local environment, no seasonal reproductive activity, and highresistance to internal parasite, but they have small body size and low mature body weight. "On Fann research" to identify morphological characteristics of intoduced breed and STT sheep, as well as an altemative conservation pattem were conducted in two location, i.e. Pulahan village, Air Batu District, Asahan Regency as the potensial area for STT sheep and Pulo Gambar village, Galang District, Deli Serdang Regency as the development area of introduced breed of sheep. The approach of Agroecosystem analysis, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of STT and introduced breed of sheep as well as interview to the farmer that raised STT in order to get recommendation of conservation pattern were aplied. The study show that STT sheep were isolated from the other area, and the populations tend to decrease from year to year. Qualitative characteristics of STT indicated smaller linear body measurements than those of introducted breed of sheep at the same age. Qualitative characteristics indicated that STT possess dominance body color of light brown and white (50.93% vs 41.28%). The STT mostly have one body color pattern (61.75%). The dominance spotted pattem were 1-10% of the body (60.29%), while the dominance of the head color was light brown (48.40%). Conservation pattern of STT are through natural process, in which the farmers are directly conserved, therefore the farmers do not have opportunity to develop their sheep farming. Therefore the conservation pattern recomnendation for STT sheep are by defending the location as "in situ conservation" or "on farm conservation" and giving "compensation program" to fanner because STT sheep farming less benefit than those of introduced breed of sheep.   Key Word: Sumatera thin tail sheep, introduced breed of sheep, characterization, Conservation patter
The effects of inorganic and organic Zn, Cu and Mo supplementation to the in vitro digestibility of Elephant grass were studied in this trial. The in vitro trial used the TILLEY dan TERRY method modified by VAN SOEST with the incubation of the grass for 4 D, Yulistiani; Gallagher, J.R; Barneveld, R. Van
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.909 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.175

Abstract

chemical composition (nitrogen/N; neutral detergent tibre/NDF; acid detergent fibre/ADF; hemicellulose/HC; lignin and silica) and IVOMD (in vitro organic matter digestibility). Straws from eight varieties obtained from Yanco Agricultural Institute, Leeton, N.S.W. was used. Straws were cut into upper and lower part in equal length, then chopped. Chopped straw from each varieties and each part was treated with urea at 4% DM. The experiment used an 8x2x2 factorial design. Results showed that the chemical composition and IVOMD varied between varieties. Before treatment with urea, in all varieties the N content was higher in the upper (8.1-11.1 g/kg) than the lower part (5.8-8.3 g/kg). The IVOMD of the lower part was higher than that of the upper part except for lIb, and Yrl varieties. The IVOMD of the lower part untreated straw ranged from 325 - 498 g/kg whereas in the upper part it ranged from 325-439 g/kg. Urea treatment consistently increased the N content and IVOMD of both parts in all varieties. After urea treatment there was no significant difference in IVOMD between upper and lower part in any variety. The increase of IVOMD in response to urea treatment was higher when the original quality of straw is low where the increase IVOMD is 53% (from 325 to 499 g/kg). There was no consistent effect of urea treatment on the other chemical components. This study concluded that the urea treatment would be more beneficial for use with low quality rice straw.   Key words: Rice straw, variety, urea treatment, chemical composition, in vitro organic matter digestibility
The effects of inorganic and organic Zn, Cu and Mo supplementation to the in vitro digestibility of grass ., Supriyati; Yulistiani, D; Wina, E; Hamid, H; Haryanto, B
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.578 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.176

Abstract

The effects of inorganic and organic Zn, Cu and Mo supplementation to the in vitro digestibility of Elephant grass were studied in this trial. The in vitro trial used the TILLEY dan TERRY method modified by VAN SOEST with the incubation of the grass for 48 hours in sheep rumen liquor medium. Mineral added as fonn of organic and inorganic. The treatment of mineral inorganic supplementations were by adding single e1emen Cu, Zn and Mo and its combination. Mineral added was Zn (as chloride and sulphate salts) 5 ppm, Cu (sulphate salt) 0,1 ppm dan Mo (molybdate salt) 5 ppm, with 4 replicates. Meanwhile the organic minerals added were in the proteinate fonns. Parameter measured were in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD), in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD), pH, VF A total and NH3. Statistical analysis was done by using Complete Split splitsplot design. The supplementation increased pH value, VFA total, IVDMD and IVOMD value (P<0,05) and decreased NH3 value. The highest IVDMD and IVOMD values obtained at the mixture supplementation of mineral Zn (as Zn S04), Cu and Mo, from 58,31 became 69.73% and 52.22 became 62.55% respectively for IVDMD and NOMD. pH value increased from 6.48 to 7.05 and ammonia content decreased from 1,17 to 0,14%. The organic mineral supplementation, en-proteinate dan Zn-proteinate showed that the adding of Zn, Zn and Mo, Zn and Cu also the combination of Zn, Cu and Mo, resulted in IVDMD values as 70.29; 69.97, 64.12 and 63.93%. Further more IVDMD value at the supplementation of Cu and the combination of Cu and Mo were 65.08 and 60,49%. It can be concluded that the supplementation of minerals in the form of inorganic or organic could improve the IVDMD values   Key words: Three element, in vitro digestibility, sheep
Local Duck Fanning At Paddy Three Times Planting Areas ("IP Padi 300") A.R, Setioko; Iskandar, S; Raharjo, Y.C; Soedjana, T.D; Murtisari, T; Purba, M; Estuninngsih, S; Sunandar, N; Sarosa, D
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.582 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.177

Abstract

Most of duck husbandry in Indonesia is still run traditionally, herded in rice field or in the swampy area. This kind of husbandry seemed to be much preferred by farmers as they thought it was a simple and did not need high skill and high capital "IP padi 300" was a term of rice planting system tree times instead of twice in a year. This kind of changing might have significantly affected duck faming. The objective of the study was to observe the interactively effect of "IP padi 300" to duck husbandry at the same area. Two locations were choosen (Subang, West Jawa and Pemalang, Central Java) with 5 farmers at each location to be involved in the study. As many as 1200 laying pullet ducks were distributed to 10 farmers at two locations. The farmers were suggested to raise laying ducks with their own systems (fully intensive, semi intensive and fully herded) and were observed for 6 months. Biota was observed on both field and in the crop of the laying ducks. There was an interactive effect of "IP padi 300" and the duck farming on the same area. The availability of feed was increased on the "IP padi 300", which gave benefit to duck farming especially fue herded system, not to go far from owners home base. Whilst the benefit to "IP padi 300" was assumed to the reduction of pest and desease, which was frequently attacked the rice field. The production of egg from herded duck was very fluctuative due to the movement and feed availability in the rice field. Field biota in Subang and Pemalang was very much the same in profile, although "golden snail" was only found in Subang. Ducks crop content seemed to be very much similar with the profile of field biota, although rice grain was the most in the crop. Thus, it was found that field biota was not reduced by "IP padi 300", in fact it was rather increased.   Key words: IP 300, herded ducks, duck farming
The prevalence of Japanese-B-Encephalitis in different species in Indonesi I, Sendow; Bahri, S; Sarosa, A
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.881 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.178

Abstract

Japanese-B-Encephalitis (JE) is a zoonotic disease which is characterized by encephalitis, caused by JE virus. The situation of this disease has not been known in both animals and human in Indonesia. This paper reports serological finding using competitive - ELISA to evaluate 953 serum samples, comprised of chicken, ducks, cattle, goats, horses, dogs, pigs and human from different areas in Indonesia. The antibody against JE virus was detected in animals and human sera, with prevalence varied among species and location. Cattle showed the highest prevalence of reactor (51 %) while pigs, dogs and horses had the lowest reactor (11%,12% and ]4%). The highest prevalence of reactor in cattle was found in North Sumatera (86%) and the lowest was found in West Java (23%). In goat, the highest prevalence of reactor was found in West Kalimantan (59%) and the lowest was detected in South Sulawesi (14%). Antibody against JE virus was also detected in chicken with the highest prevalence in North Sumatera and West Kalimantan (44%) and the lowest was in South Sulawesi (36%). The highest percentage of reactor in pigs was detected in South Sulawesi (50%) and the lowest was detected in West Kalimantan (2%). In human, the highest prevalence of reactor was found in West Kalimantan (30%) and the lowest was fowld in Irian Jaya. This result provide more information for further research, therefor the JE cases in Indonesia and its social, economic and psychological impacts can be anticipated as earlyas possible.   Key words: Japanese-B-Encephalitis, antibody, animals, human, ELISA
Visceral manifestation of blackleg in animals L, Natalia
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.057 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.179

Abstract

Blackleg, an infectious disease caused by Clostridium chauvoei leads to sudden death in animals. Cases of blackleg in Bontang, East Kalimantan and Lampung recognized a different patterns of lesions produced by classical infection. It was called visceral blackleg. The classic form of the disease characterized by gross muscle lesions, while visceral manifestation of blackleg were found in this observation. The visceral manifestations of the disease is not commonly recognized. These two disease patterns caused by the same species of CI. chauvoei. The atypical lesions and laboratory findings characteristic of visceral manifestation of blackleg are described. In the group of animals in which outbreak is occuring, those affected are the individuals that are in the best physical condition. The relationship between physical condition and susceptibility to Cl. chauvoei infection need to be further investigated.   Key words: Blackleg, visceral type, Clostridium chauvoei
The pathogenesis of Pasteurella multocida local isolates in mice and chicken ., Supar; Setiadi, Yudi; ., Djaenuri; Kurniasih, Nina; Poerwadhikarta, Bhakti
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.361 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.180

Abstract

Avian cholera or fowl cholera is a bacterial disease caused by Pasteurella multocida strain of serogroup A, has been recognized as important disease in domestic poultry such as ducks and chicken. P. multocida strains derived from overseas and local isolates are stored as freeze dried and kept at the Research hlstitute for Veterinary Science (BALITVET) culture collection (BCC). Some of those bacteria are still alive and can be used as vaccine candidates. Each strain or isolate was activated in brain heart infusion broth containing foetal calf serum and incubated at 37°C then it was identitied by biochemical reactions. Field surveys Were conducted in Central Java and South Kalimantan to observe fowl cholera problems and sample collections for isolation of pathogens. Of the 14 of Pasteurella multocida strains or isolates from BCC, II strains (9 imported 2 local isolates) were still alive. In addition to this 2 isolates trom chicken and duck were viable. Seven out of 9 imported strains killed mice within 3 x 24 hours, similarly for the local isolates (BCC 299, 2331, DYI, DY2, 12TG, 15TG). However, the only BCC 2331 and DY2 isolates were able to kill two week old chicken witIlin 6 x 24 hours post inoculation. From this experiment indicated that the P. multocida local isolates (BCC 2,331 and DY2) are more pathogenic than that of imported strains. Two strains of imported P. multocida BCC 2331, 1362 and 6 local isolates (BCC 299, 2331, DYI, DY2, 12TG and 15TG would be selected for mono- and polyvalent vaccine candidates in the following experiments and the highly patogenic BCC 2331 and DY2 isolates would be used to challenge the vaccinated animals.   Key words: Pasteurella multocida local isolate, pathogenicity, vaccine against fowl cholera candidate
Pathogenesis of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) in cattle and buffalo: clinical signs, pathological changes, reisolation and detection of Pasteurella multocida using culture medium and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR} Priadi, Adin; Natalia, Lily
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.32 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v5i1.181

Abstract

In the study of the pathogenesis of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS), one cattle and one buffalo were infected subcutaneously with a dose of 4 x 108 colony forming units of Pasteurella multocida B:2 in the neck region. The post infection clinical findings were observed. During this observation period, bacterial isolation was carried out from heparinised blood and nasal swabs. The buffalo succumbed 2 hours earlier than the cattle.111e post mortem pathological changes in cattle and buffalo were similar but the lesions most severe in the buffalo. The prominent changes were observed in the lungs and bronchi of both animals. Bacterial reisolation and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for P. multocida were carried out trom various samples kept at room temperature without any preservative for 15, 35 and 59 hours after the death of the animals. After 59 hours, heavily contaminated samples were found in all organs except bone marrow. Reisolation of P. multocida trom these samples was difficult, however, the organism can still be identified by PCRTo improve the viability of Pasteurella multocida and reducing the growth of contaminants, transport medium containing selective antibiotics was developed. Amikacin and Gentamicin were good selective antibiotics to suppress other contaminating organisms.   Key words: Pathogenesis, Pasteurella multocida B:2, cattle and buffalo, selective medium, PCR

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