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Contact Name
Ahmadi Riyanto
Contact Email
medpub@litbang.deptan.go.id
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Journal Mail Official
ahmadi_puslitbangnak@yahoo.com
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Location
Kota bogor,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018" : 6 Documents clear
Blood profile of implantation stainless steel 316L local implant material on rat femoral bone Gustian, .; Soehartono, H.; Jujur, N.; Wargadipura, A.H. S.; Noviana, D.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.577 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i3.1836

Abstract

This study was aimed to obtain information regarding complete blood count (CBC) profile of post implantation of stainless steel (SS) 316L as an Indonesian local product of non-degradable metal implant. Thirty adult male rat, aged approximately 12 weeks were divided into 3 groups, i.e. control group without implantation, implant group with import SS316L and implant group with Indonesian national local SS316L that developed by Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT). The implant groups were given implants by inserting it between femoral bone and biceps femoris muscle. On the control group, defect was made on bone without inserting an implants material. Examination of the systemic response was done with CBC before and 30 days after implantation. The analysis of red blood cells amount, haemoglobin level, haematocrite value, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), total white blood cell and its differentiation from each group did not show significant differences. In conclusion, stainless steel 316L of import and national local product showed non-negative effects on blood profile.
Effectiveness of bioactive combinations of several plant substances to inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. Pasaribu, T.; Sinurat, A. P.; Wina, E.; Purwadaria, T.; Haryati, T.; Susana, I.W. R.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.867 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i3.1851

Abstract

The use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) has been banned as feed additives in many countries, therefore the alternatives need to be found.  An in vitro experiment  was conducted to study the potential of combination of some plant extract to inhibit growth of pathogen bateria that normally occur in the poultry gastro intestinal tract.The combination of three plants bioactives (liquid smoke of cashew shells of Anacardium occidentaleor CLS, Phyllanthus niruri L. extract (EM), and Synzygium aromaticum extract (EDC) were formulated and evaluated for its effectiveness to inhibit growth of Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. in vitro.The mixtures (KE) were then made in 3 different concentrations, i.e. 100 % KE, 50% KE, and 25% KE and studied their effectiveness to inhibit growth of E. coli or Salmonella sp. using microplate reader method. The results showed that the higher the concentration of the bioactive combination (KE100) the higher the ability to inhibit the growth of E. coli or Salmonella sp. The combination of bioactive substances CAM, EM, and EDC more effectively than Zn-bacitracin antibiotics to inhibit the growth of E. coli and Salmonella sp. The optimum concentration of KE with the similar effectiveness as the AGP was 25%. It was concluded that the combination of CAM, EM, and EDC was able to inhibit the growth of E. coli and even capable to eliminate the presence of Salmonella sp. In the biological assay, a combination of CAM, EM, and EDC either extract or powder form, high dose, medium or low does not affect the weight of the spleen, bursa fabricius, and blood profile. The best combination of CAM, EM, and EDC extracts to decreases the total bacterial population and E. coli was middle dose ie 0.0625% (extract) and 0.625% (powder). Likewise for live weight gain that was a good dose of extract or powder form can replace antibiotics. It was concluded that combinations of CAM, EM, and EDC had potential as a substitute for AGP in poultry feed, especially chickens.
Nutrition quality and microbial content of buffalo, cow, and goat milk from West Sumatera Melia, S.; Yuherman, .; Ferawati, .; Jaswandi, .; Purwanto, H.; Purwati, E.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (135.817 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i3.1594

Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the quality of fresh milk physically, chemically and microbiologically obtained from cow, goats and buffalo in West Sumatra. The research method applied was laboratory experimental to analyze nutritional value, the number of aerobic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria, isolating and identifying lactic acid bacteria. Results showed that the nutritional value of milk had meet the requirements of Indonesian National Standardization, but the total colony of aerobic bacteria was above the allowed threshold of 1 x 106 CFU/ml. In addition, each sample had a total colony of varied lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The lowest total LAB value obtained in cows milk was 0.84±0.18 x107 CFU/ml, in contrast to buffalo milk and goat milk which had a higher total LAB of 36.8±17.57 x107 CFU/ ml and 57.25±8.89 x107 CFU/ml. However, all the colonies showed almost identical morphology of LAB isolates. It is concluded that fresh milk from West Sumatra contains LAB therefore sanitation control is still needed during handling of milk.
Blood Biochemical Components and Progesterone Hormone on Day of Estrus in Crossbred Cattle in Egypt Mourad, R. S.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (158.764 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i3.1855

Abstract

Deficiencies or excess minerals such as P, Cu, and Zn are associated with subnormal fertility and anoestrus conditions in cows. This study was conducted in a veterinary unit in Menufiya, Egypt.  Eighteen head of crossbred cows were randomly selected at random at estrus time (estrus group) and as a control 14 head of crossbred cows were selected from newly-calving dams at about 6-12 hours after calving (control group). The aim of this study was to use the components of biochemistry and progesterone hormone on estrus day of crossbreeding cattle in Egypt.  The information from this study will be used to confirm estrus time to improve mating percentage. In blood plasma, the concentrations of all biochemical components and progesterone concentrations in estrus animals are higher than control cows except globulin. The results showed that blood plasma from control animal obtained Mg, Ca / P ratio, Co, Cu, Zn, Se, and Mo concentration is higher than estrus cattle. On the other hand, blood plasma concentrations of Na, K, Ca, P, Mn, and Fe are higher in estrus cattle. The progesterone concentration of estrus cattle is lower during summer than in winter. In estrus cows, higher plasma macro-elements were found in winter than in summer except for K, Ca and Ca/P ratio.  On the other side of estrus cattle, all trace elements of blood plasma are higher in winter than in summer except Zn, Mn, Se, and Fe.
Aflatoxin M1 in fresh dairy milk from small individual farms in Indonesia Widiastuti, R.; Anastasia, Y.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.066 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i3.1789

Abstract

This present study was aimed to investigate the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) residue in fresh dairy milk collected from small dairyl farms. A total of 104 samples of fresh cows milk were collected in Pengalengan-Bandung and Sukabumi (West Java province), and Tanggamus (Lampung province) in April and September 2012. All samples were analyzed by a high performance liquid chromatography and detected with fluorescence detector after extraction with organic solvents. Contamination of AFM1 was found on 1.96% (1/51) from the samples collected in April 2012 at concentration of 1.20 ng/L and 39.63% (21/53) from the samples collected in September 2012 at concentration of 1.20 ng/L 1.0 – 34.1 ng/L. Those positive samples were obtained from Pangalengan and Sukabumi, but none for those samples collected from Tanggamus both on collection time April nor September 2012. In those positive samples for AFM1, there is no sample contained AFM1 above the maximum level (ML) regulated in Indonesia (500 ng/L or 0.5 µg/L). Low contamination levels of AFB1 in the range of 0.38 to 6.64 µg/kg found in supplemental feed samples from the same sampling time and locations. The findings of AFM1 contamination in raw fresh milk from this study caused no harm to the consumers. However, regular monitoring on the presence of AFM1 in dairy milk and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in dairy cattle feed is necessary to ensure the protection of human health.
Ultrasonographic and vaginal cytological diagnostics of the Queen Pertiwi, A. P.; Tumbelaka, L.I.T. A.; Ulum, M. F.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (848.458 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i3.1809

Abstract

Ultrasonography is a diagnostic method to image the conditions of reproductive organs and it could be supported by vaginal cytology to identify the activities of the ovaries by the types of vaginal exfoliate cells. The aims of this study was to observe reproduction organ through ultrasonography with supportive diagnostic with vaginal cytological assessment. A total of 10 individual queens were used in this study and then grouped into intact group (n=5) and spayed (ovariohysterectomy) group (n=5) based on the anamneses or their medical history. The vagina, cervix, uterus body and horns, and ovaries were imaged and measured by ultrasound. Vagina, uterine body and horn seem as pipe-like structures with hyperechoic outer lines. The lumen in uterine body and horn seem as a hyperechoic structure. The ovaries seem as round- or oval-shaped structures with anechoic follicles. The corpus luteal has thick wall and seen as anechoic in its centre part. The corpus albicans seems as a hyperechoic structure. The vagina of spayed queens seemed more corrugated than those intact queens. The cervix is seen as a hyperechoic structure linking the vagina and uterine body. Exfoliate vaginal epithelial cell types were then also be identified and counted on each queens. The results of vaginal cytology showed that proestrus occured in 3 intact queens, late metestrus in 1 intact and 3 spayed queens, anestrus in 1 spayed queen, and unidentifiable estrus stage in 1 intact and 1 spayed queens. Moreover, the morphology of cervix and uterine was affected by the activity of ovary.

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