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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017" : 6 Documents clear
Ultrasonography of udder parenchymal tissue of Murrah and Swamp buffalo calves Ulum, Mokhamad Fakhrul; Raudlowi, Hammada; Krisnan, Rantan
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.348 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1629

Abstract

The examination of udder through a parameter such as parenchymal tissue (PAR) and mammary fat pads (MFP) can be used to evaluate health status and the development of mammary gland. This research was conducted to evaluate the PAR and MFP of Murrah (n=4) and Swamp (n=4) buffalo heifer calve udder using brightness-mode ultrasonography transcutaneously. Eight buffalo consisted of Murrah (n=4) and Swamp (n=4) buffalo aged of six months old reared at Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production, Ciawi, Bogor were used this study. Ultrasonography imaging was performed on the udder nipple for the four quarters: left front, left back, right front, and right back. The ultrasonography image was evaluated and then assessed for score, echogenicity and PAR area on MFP. The results showed that sonogram PAR was aniconic to hypoechoic, while the MFP was hypoechoic to hyperechoic. Even though there was a variation in the four quarters of udder, Murrah buffalo calve had the highest (P>0.05) value of score, echogenicity, and PAR area compared to the Swamp buffalo.
The growth of local white muscovy growth during starter and grower period Susanti, Triana; Purba, Maijon
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.951 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1615

Abstract

Livestock animals with relatively fast growth and great body weight are potential as a producer of meat. In Indonesia, the local muscovy, especially the feathered white is one of the meat-producing livestock. However, an analysis of the growth on local white muscovy is still rarely done. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the point of inflection as growth variables, thus simplifying the preparation of development programs of local white muscovy. A total of 168 of the local unsex white muscovy were examined for their growth since the DOD until 112 days of age. The data of growth i.e. body weight individually examined in every two weeks. The data were analyzed using Gompertz model. The result obtained was the growth equation of local white Muscovy based on the model of Gompertz: Y=2591.3*exp (-3.8636*exp-0.0272*t). Based on these equations, the point of inflection of the local white muscovy occurred at the age of 50 days with a weight of 953.29 g. The maximum body weight gain achieved was 2591.30 g. It is conclude that the growth of local white muscovy was relatively slow, but the body weight was very heavy.
Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of SenSi-1 Agrinak chicken ., Hasnelly; Iskandar, Sofjan; Sartika, Tike
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (521.351 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1605

Abstract

One of local chicken breeds develop in Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production (IRIAP) is local SenSi-1 Agrinak chicken. This new improved local-meat-type breed was released with Ministry Agriculture Decree Number 39/Kpts/PK.020/1/2017 on 20th January 2017. SenSi-1 Agrinak was originally selected from native Sentul chicken breed obtained from Ciamis district in West Java Province. Selection criteria were two feather colors of grey or black spotted white (pucak), which were applied to both males and females. Pea-comb type was also one criterion for males, applied at the age of 10 weeks. Live weight at the age of 10 weeks with the selection intensity of 25% was applied to each generation of males chicken. Selection proceeded for six generations. Selection program was carried out under standard feed formulae containing around 17% crude protein with 2850 kcal ME/ kg, and containing other nutrients following the ones recommended for modern chicken of White Leghorn. Observation was conducted on each of about 2000 young chickens of grey and of Pucak SenSi-1 Agrinak both males and females age of 10 and 84 weeks. Results showed that grey SenSi-1 Agrinak chicken in total population, had: i) Grey feather color distribution of 55.51% in males, and 60.77% in females; ii) Yellow shank color of 52.51% in males, and 33.33% in females; iii) Pea type comb of 90.98% in males, and 89.23% in females; iv). Ten weeks live weight of 886.38+142.93 g/bird in males, and 739.17+ 118.87 in females. Pucak SenSi-1 Agrinak chicken in total population, had: i) Pucak feather color of 75.65% in males, and 8330% in females; ii) Yellow shank color of 51.91% in males, and 36.59% in females; iii) Pea type comb of 91.55% in males, and 92.28% in females; iv) Ten weeks live weight of 908.76+ 130.98 g/bird in males, and 750.53+ 110.56 g/bird in females. Whilst for grey SenSi-1 Agrinak male chicken after selection had live weight at 10 weeks old of 1015+107 g/bird, and for Pucak SenSi-1 Agrinak male chicken was 1051+76 g/bird. This initial performance information for those two breeds of considerably improved local chicken can be used as the base of information for SenSi-1 Agrinak breed for male line of meat type of local chicken breeding.
Evaluation of LipL32 ELISA for detection of bovine leptospirosis in West Java ., Sumarningsih; ., Susanti; Tarigan, Simson
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (398.598 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1610

Abstract

The current diagnosis of leptospirosis, micro Agglutination Test (MAT) and isolation, is expensive, impractical and technically demanding. This study was aimed at developing an ELISA based on recombinant LipL32 as a practical, inexpensive test for Leptospirosis. The DNA encoding LipL32 was isolated from Leptospira pomona, inserted into pRSET-C plasmid then expressed in E.coli BL21 as a poly-histidine-tagged protein. The amount of LipL32 protein, which was purified from the supernatant of lysed cells by a Ni-NTA column, was 1mg/l culture. This purified LipL32 was used as the coating antigen at 5µg/ml. The accuracy of ELISA was evaluated based on ROC analysis, by comparing the ELISA and MAT results of 517 bovine sera. Result in this study showed that the area under curve (AUC) was 0.853, which categorised the LipL32 ELISA as a “moderately accurate” test and indicates that the ELISA was able to differentiate positive and negative Leptospirosis serum. The result also showed ELISA LipL32 could detect serum positive MAT to Hardjo, Grippotyphosa, Tarrasovi, Rachmati and Bataviae. The optimal cut off for OD ELISA determined based on ROC curve was 0.504, and it showed sensitivity and specificity of ELISA LipL32 relative to MAT were 86.0% and 69.5%, respectively. Overall, the result in this study showed that ELISA LipL32 can be used as a rapid test for identification of anti-Leptospira antibodies in bovine.
Supplementation of inorganic and organic zinc mixtures in feed of Boerka goats fed by oil palm fronds Ginting, Simon P.; ., Antonius; Simanihuruk, Kiston
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.034 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1798

Abstract

Zinc is an element of many enzymes and hormones having very important physiological functions in the body so that it influences the production and reproduction of animals including the activity of the rumen microflora in degrading fiber in a diet. The aim of this study was to improve the performances of goats offered oil palm fronds based diets through the supplementation of 35 ppm of Zn in the form of inorganic (ZnO) and organic zinc (Zn-methionine). Thirty mature male crossing Boer x Kacang (Boerka) goats were divided into five groups and randomly allocated to one of the five feed treatments as follows: P1: complete feed based on the palm oil fronds (Control), P2: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (100% Zn0), P3: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (75% Zn0 + 25% Zn-methionine), P4: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (50% Zn0 + 50% Zn-methionine), P5: P1 + 35 ppm Zn (25% Zn0 + 75% Zn-methionine). The experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design of six replications. Increasing the proportion of Zn methionine in the mixtures elevated feed consumption, and the highest feed intake was observed in goats received 75% Zn-methionine/25% ZnO. Daily body weight gains was only affected (P<0.05) by the 75% Zn-methionine/25% ZnO supplement. The concentration of Zn in the blood increased significantly (P<0.05) when Zn methionine was added and it increased steadily as the proportion of Zn methionine greater in the mixtures, but the VFA compositions of the rumen were not affected (P>0.05) by Zn supplementation. It is concluded that the performances of goat fed complete diets based on the oil palm fronds could be improved by supplementation of inorganic and organic Zn mixture.
Serotype detection, molecular characterization and genetic relationship study on Pasteurella multocide local isolate Prihandani, Sri Suryatmiati; Noor, Susan M; Kusumawati, Asmarani
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 22, No 2 (2017): JUNE 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.334 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i2.1630

Abstract

Pasteurella multocide is a bacteria that causes snoring disease or Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) in Indonesia with high mortality and morbidity in heterogeneous species including cattle as a source of animal products with high economic value. The complexity of conventional and biochemical identification is a major obstacle in the detection of this disease because P. multocide has five serotypes A, B, D, E and F, while serotype B is the leading cause of HS cases in Asia including Indonesia. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a research that can determine the serotype and molecular characterization and genetic study of five isolates of P. multocide from Lampung and Kupang by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique. After PCR was performed on specific genes, capsular genes, 16S rRNA genes, sequencing and analysis using Bioedit, BLASTn, CLUSTALW and MEGA7.0.25, it was found that the five isolates were divided into two serotype groups: A and B. Isolate P. multocide (code: PMc) from Lampung is high homolog with ATCC isolate 12945, so it can be used as a positive control serotype A in the detection of other P. multocide isolates with PCR. Whereas, isolate P. multocide from Kupang can be used as positive control of serotype B because it is identical to P. multocide PMTB2.1 (CP007205.2) from Malaysia that is isolated from buffalo infected by HS.

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