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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014" : 6 Documents clear
Nutritional status of Indigofera zollingeriana forage at different level draught stress and cutting interval Herdiawan, Iwan; Abdullah, Luki; Sopandi, D
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.826 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1037

Abstract

The low rainfall and high temperature greatly affect the decline in production and quality of forage in general. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress namely: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval i.e. interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were nutrient content (crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), Gross energy, lignin, selulose, neutral/acid detergent fibre (NDF/ADF), in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility (IVMD/IVOMD), Ash, Ca and P) and anti-nutrient content (Tannin and Saponin). Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P<0.05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on CP, CF, energy, cellulose, lignine, NDF/ADF, IVMD and IVOMD, but not to ash, Ca, P, saponin and tannin content. Drought treatment significantly (P<0.05) decreased CP, energy, IVMD and IVOMD, but CF, lignin, cellulose, ND/ADF, IVDMD/IVOMD, saponin and tannin increases. Defoliation interval significantly (P<0.05) decreases on CP, CF, energy, lignin, cellulose, NDF/ADF, and IVDMD/IVOMD, but saponin and tannin content did not affected.
Prototype of A/Duck/Sukoharjo/Bbvw-1428-9/2012 subtipe H5N1 clade 2.3.2 as vaccine on local duck Indriani, Risa; Dharmayanti, NLPI
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.25 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1044

Abstract

A/Duck/Sukoharjo/Bbvw-1428-9/2012 virus subtipe H5N1 clade 2.3.2 as seed vaccine on local duck. AI H5N1 clade 2.3.2 vaccine containing 256 HAU per dose was formulated using adjuvant ISA 71VG Montanide ™. Six groups of one day old local duck were used in this study. Three groups (10 ducks per group) were vaccinated and 3 groups (9 duck per group) were served control. Vaccination was conducted when the duck were three weeks old of age using single dose. Three weeks after vaccination when the duck were challenged either with HPAI H5N1 clade 2.3.2, or HPAI H5N1 clade 2.1.3 virus at dose 106 EID50/ 0.1 ml by drops  intranasaly. Result showed that vaccination produced 100% protection compared to unvaccinated ducks againt HPAI subtipe H5N1 clade 2.3.2, and 100% protection againt HPAI H5N1 clade 2.1.3 (A/ck/wj/Subang-29/2007 and A/ck/wj/Smi-Part/2006), while unvaccinated ducks showed virus shedding on day 3 post infection. Key Words: Duck, Influenza, Clade 2.3.2, Vaccine, Clade 2.1.3
Profile of total protein, albumin, globulin and albumin globulin ratio in bulls Irfan, Ida Zahidah; Esfandiari, A; Choliq, C
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.757 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1040

Abstract

Determination of serum total protein concentration and main fractions (albumin and globulin) can be used as an important diagnostic tool in clinical biochemistry. Several factors can affect the concentration of total protein, albumin, globulin and albumin globulin ratio (A/G). The aim of this study is to obtain serum protein profiles, albumin, globulin and A/G ratio based on breed, age and BCS (body condition score). Blood samples from 160 bulls were collected. Blood chemistry were analyzed  by photometer principle using a commercial kit. There were significant (P<0.001) breed variation on total protein,  albumin, globulin and albumin globulin ratio. Significant age differences were observed on total protein and albumin concentration (P<0.001), while globulin concentration and A/G ratio were also significant (P<0.05). Amongs groups of BCS, significant difference was verified only in the albumin concentration (P<0.05).  The concentration of total proteins, albumins and globulins in the serum of the bulls are higher than standard values for cattle, while A/G ratio is lower. Key Words: Serum Protein Profiles, Bulls, Breed, Age, Body Condition Score 
Cryopreservation of Boer goat spermatozoa: Comparison of two freezing extenders based on post-thaw sperm quality and fertility rates Pamungkas, Fitra Aji; Batubara, Aron; ., Anwar
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.554 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1041

Abstract

Boer goat have recently been popularly used for cross breeding with local goats. However, it is currently considered a breed at very limited number with relatively high prices . In this context, the cryopreservation of spermatozoa is important because it could be conserved for a very long period of time. Egg yolk extenders are most commonly used for cryopreservation of goat sperm. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of two extenders to maintain sperm viability after cryopreservation. Semen from three male Boer goat aged about 2-3 years old was collected using artificial vagina and frozen with Tris and Triladyl extender. The results showed that percentage of motility, viability and membrane integrity of spermatozoa with Tris and Triladyl extenders at every stage of cryopreservation showed not significantly difference (P>0.05), except the percentage of sperm motility post thawing of Triladyl was higher than Tris extender (52.00±4.47% vs 47.50±2.74%, P<0.05). Cryopreserved semen in Tris extender provided the same fertility rates after cervical insemination compared to Triladyl (62.50% vs 60.00%). In conclusion, the Tris extender has the same capabilities to Triladyl in cryopreservation of Boer goat spermatozoa as to maintain sperm quality and fertility rates. Key Words: Boer Goat, Spermatozoa, Cryopreservation, Fertility 
Morphological profile and estimation of genetic distance of Simmental crossbred Agung, Paskah Partogi; Ridwan, M; ., Handrie; ., Indriawati; Saputra, F; ., Supraptono; ., Erinaldi
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.655 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1039

Abstract

Research was done to study the profile of morphological characteristics of Simmental cross cattle in West Sumatera on several age categories and estimating the genetic distance compared to Simmental pure breed based on morphological parameters. Several morphological parameters of the 82 of Simmental cross cattle in West Sumatera and the 23 of Simmental pure breed has been measured. To analyze morphological data and the genetic distance a discriminant analysis was done. Based on statistical tests (t-test), body length, body height, hip height, hip width, chest circumference, chest width, chest depth, head length, and head height had significant difference (P<0.05) between 24-60 months Simmental pure breed and Simmental cross cattle bulls. Based on the similarity phenotypic analysis, it is known that all subpopulations of cattle in this research had a relatively high value (73.68-78.57%). Chest depth was the highest different morphometric factor (0.910). Morphological distribution map indicated that the Simmental cross cattle (subpopulations Agam and Lima Puluh Kota) evenly distributed across all quadrants (I-IV) while the Simmental pure breed (subpopulations BIB Lembang and BIBD Tuah Sakato) distributed only in the I quadrants and II quadrants. The highest genetic distance was identified between cattle in Agam and BIBD Tuah Sakato while the lowest genetic distance was identified between cattle in Agam and Lima Puluh Kota. Based on phenogram tree structure, the observed Simmental cattle could be classified into 2 clusters, subpopulations of BIBD Tuah Sakato and BIB Lembang that represent Simmental pure breed configured their own cluster as well as a subpopulation of Agam and Lima Puluh Kota that represent Simmental cross cattle configured the others.
Evaluation, Productivity and Competition of Brachiaria decumbens, Centrosema pubescens and Clitoria ternatea as Sole and Mixed Cropping Pattern in Peatland’s Arsyadi, Ali; Luki, Abdullah; PDMH, Karti; MA, Chozin; DA, Astuti
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.3 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1036

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the productivity, competition indices and nutrient content of Brachiaria decumbens (grass), Centrosema pubescens and Clitoria ternatea (legumes) as sole and mixed cropping system in peatland in Pekanbaru, Indonesia from October 2011 to November 2012. The experiment was set up in randomized complete block design with five treatments and three blocks as replication. Five treatments compared: B. decumbens sole cropping (Bd), C. pubescens sole cropping (Cp), C. ternatea sole cropping (Ct), B..decumbens and C. pubescens mixed cropping (Bd+Cp) and B. decumbens and C..ternatea mixed cropping (Bd+Ct). The dry matter (DM) yield of B. decumbens was significantly (P<0.05) increased by mixed cropping. B. decumbens DM yield in C. pubescens intercrop increased by 147.9% and in C. ternatea intercrop increased by 74.1% compare to sole B. decumbens. Land equivalent ratio (LER) value range from 1.04 (Bd+Ct) to 1.58 (Bd+Cp). The crowding coefficient (K) value of B. decumbens in both mixed croping system was higher than K value of C. pubescens and C. ternatea. The total K value for Bd+Cp was higher than Bd+Ct. The competition ratio (CR) value of B. decumbens mixed cropping with C. pubescens and C. ternatea were.>1. The aggressivity (A) value of B. decumbens in both mixed cropping was positive. The crude protein (CP) content of B.decumbens did not significantly (P>0.05) increased by mixed cropping with legumes. Intercropping with B. decumbens significantly (P<0.05) decreased CP content of C. ternatea. Meanwhile neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and acid detergent fibre (ADF) content of B. decumbens did not decrease by intercropping with C.pubescens and C. ternatea. In conclusion, mixed cropping with C. pubescens and C. ternatea in peatland increased DM yield of B. decumbens. Mixed cropping with B. decumbens did not influence DM yield of C. pubescens and decreased DM yield and CP content of C..ternatea. Mixed cropping of B. decumbens with C. pubescens and B. decumbens with C..ternatea in peatland did not increase total DM yield of forage per unit area of land and nutrition contents of forage. B. decumbens was more competitive and dominant than C..pubescens and C. ternatea in peatland.

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