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Contact Name
Ahmadi Riyanto
Contact Email
medpub@litbang.deptan.go.id
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ahmadi_puslitbangnak@yahoo.com
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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012" : 6 Documents clear
Nitrofurans residue in broiler chicken meat which analysed by an HPLC Widiastuti, Raphaella
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.72 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.694

Abstract

Furazolidone (FZD), furaltadone (FTD), nitrofurantoin (NFT) and nitrofurazone (NFZ) are veterinary drugs that belong to the nitrofurans (NFs) group and employed as feed additives for growth promotion and theurapetic treatment of gastrointestinal infections caused by Eschericia coli and Salmonella spp. The occurrence of NFs in animal products will end to cause health problem in human consumed such food. This research conducted to study the analysis of NF residues in chicken meat by a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and to study the occurrence of NFs residues in samples collected from traditional markets and supermarkets in Bandung, Bogor and Depok. The results of validation method on several parameters for each NF showed that the average of the relative standard deviation (RSD) from the precision study were 2.15 to 2.38%, the R2 values of the linearity study were 0.9964 to 0.9995; recoveries were 75.90 % to 91.50 % and the detection limits were 12.01 to 37.25 ng/g. The residual level of NFs for 42 field samples showed that 2 samples positive for NFZ (9.09 and 10.74 ng/g), 1 positive for NFT (10.46 ng/g), 4 positive for FTD (16.44 up to 27.21 ng/g) and none positive for FZD. Present results showed that analysis of NFs in broiler chicken meat can be done using an HPLC and the analysis results from field samples showed that these types of drugs were being used for broiler chicken production both as single and/or combination drugs, therefore it is necessary to raise public awareness to monitor the use of NF in livestock production in Indonesia. Kata Kunci: Detection, Residue, Nitrofurans, Chicken Meat, HPLC
Effect of Supplementations of Comin+ and Zn-biocomplex on the performances of Ettawa Crossbred goats ., Supriyati; Puastuti, W; Budiarsana, I-G.M; Sutama, I-K
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.925 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.695

Abstract

Digestibility of ruminant feeds is greatly determined by ruminal fermentation which in turn is greatly affected by micro-ecology of the rumen. Manipulation of micro-ecology such as supplementing with various yeasts or micro elements could improve digestibility of the feed. The effect of Comin+ (R1) and Zn-biocomplex (R2) alone or their combination (R3) on performance of Ettawa Crossbred kids, fed concentrate containing Aspergillus oryzae (R0) was studied. Twenty four Ettawa Crossbred kids (6-8 month of age; initial liveweights =16.63±2.10 kg) were divided into 4 groups. Feeds given were King grass (Pennicetum purpuroides) ad libitum and concentrate. The observations were carried out for 16 weeks with 2 weeks adaptation period and the experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 6 replications. The results showed that supplementations significantly (P < 0.05) increased total DM intakes from 685 g/d (R0) became 748, 711 and 858 g/d; and grass DM intakes from 304 g/d (R0) became 373, 331 and 479 g/d for R1, R2 and R3, respectively. Digestibilities of DM, NDF and DE/GE were not affected by supplementation, but supplementations significantly (P < 0.05) affected digestibilities of ADF and CP. Supplementation also significantly improved (P < 0.05) ADG from 65.18 g/d (R0) became 94.64, 83.04 and 90.77 g/d; and FCR from 10.51 (R0) became 7.82, 8.36 and 9.46 for R1, R2 and R3, respectively. It was concluded that supplementation of Comin+ (R1) gave the best growth performance of Ettawa Croosbred goats, where ADG and FCR improved by 45.20% and 34.40%. Key Words: Supplementation, Comin+ , Zn-biocomplex, Performances, Goats
Genetic Polymorphism of the Lactoferrin Gene in Dairy and Beef Cattles at National Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer Stations Anggraeni, Anneke; Mumpunie, G.E; Misrianti, R; Sumatri, C
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.428 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.691

Abstract

Lactoferrin (LTF) adalah gen pengontrol komponen protein susu dan memiliki karakteristik sebagai antimikrobial.  LTF pada susu berfungsi untuk mencegah diare, sedangkan pada sapi laktasi untuk mencegah mastitis pada ambing. Mempertimbangkan peran penting dari gen LTF, maka perlu dilakukan peningkatan kadar LTF dalam susu melalui seleksi pada taraf DNA. Polymorfisme genetik dari gen LTF diidentifikasi pada sapi perah dan potong dengan metoda Polymerase Chain Reaction - Restricsion Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), dengan enzim restriksi EcoRI. Genotyping dilakukan pada sapi perah Friesian Holstein (FH) total sejumlah 89 ekor, meliputi dari Balai Inseminasi Buatan Lembang (BIB Lembang) untuk 17 pejantan, Balai Besar IB Singosari (BBIB Singosari) untuk 32 pejantan, dan Balai embrio Transfer Cipelang (BET  Cipelang) pada 40 dara. Genotyping dilakukan pula pada sapi potong dara berasal dari empat bangsa, meliputi Limousin (14 ekor), Angus (5 ekor), Simmental (13 ekor) dan Brahman (5 ekor) dari BET Cipelang. Gen LTF|EcoRI pada sapi perah dan potong pengamatan menghasilkan dua tipe alel, yaitu alel A dan B. Kedua jenis sapi tersebut menghasilkan hanya dua genotipe, yaitu  genotipe AA dan AB, tanpa genotipe BB. Ini dapat menjadi hal yang baik karena genotipe AA dan AB dipertimbangkan berasosiasi dengan ketahan pada mastitis. Nilai-nilai dari heterozygositas observasi (Ho) dari gen ini lebih tinggi dibandingkan heterozigositas ekspektasi (He). Disimpulkan bahwa gen LTF|EcoRI memiliki variasi yang baik pada sapi perah dan sapi potong dari ketiga balai bibit nasional tersebut. Kata Kunci: Polymorfisme genetik, Friesian Holstein, gen Lactoferrin, PCR-RFLP
Potency of fiber rumen bacterial isolates from local buffalo inoculated into Frisian Holstein calves during preweaning period Prihantoro, Iwan; Evvyernie, D; ., Suryani; Abdullah, L; Yunitasari, N.S; Sari, A.P; Khairunisa, D; Haziq, A; Rahayu, N; Toharmat, T
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.773 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.696

Abstract

Fiber-digesting bacteria are the main rumen bacteria that play an important role in digesting feed. These bacteria are adapted to low quality forage from agricultural byproduct. The aim of these study was to determine the potency of fiber-digesting bacteria consortium obtained from buffalo rumen inoculated to Frisian Holstein calves during preweaning on feed consumption, utilization, mineral uptake and physiological status. This study used 14 isolates of bacteria obtained from collection of Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University. The experimental unit consisted of six Frisian Holstein calves at two week old with the average body weight of 38.00 ± 6.23 kg. Calves were inoculated by 20 ml of fiber-digesting rumen bacterial isolates [4.56 x 109 cfu/ml] every morning for four weeks. Experimental design used was based on a completly randomized design with three calves received the respective inoculation (treatment group) and three calves without any inoculation (control group). Data were analyzed statistically using t-test method with α = 0.05 and 0.01. The results showed that fiber-digesting bacteria (FDB) from rumen buffalo have adapted in the calves rumen since preweaning periode. Inoculation FDB increased the number of rumen bacteria, digestibility of protein and P uptake calves at eight weeks old. Increased feed intake, uptake of Mg and cobalt calves at 14 weeks old. Without causing any negative effects on ADG, physiological status and rumen fermentability. Key Words: Fiber-Digesting Bacteria, Nutrient Intake, Rumen Fermentability
Identification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) in Mono Amine Oxidase A (MAO-A) Gene as a genetic marker for aggressiveness in sheep Handiwirawan, Eko; Noor, Ronny R; Sumantri, C; ., Subandriyo; Inounu, I
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.692

Abstract

In the population, there are aggressive sheep in a small number which requires special management those specific animal house and routine management. The purpose of this study was to identify the variation of DNA marker SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) as a genetic marker for the aggressive trait in several of sheep breed. The identification of point mutations in exon 8 of MAO-A gene associated with aggressive behavior in sheep may be further useful to become of DNA markers for the aggressive trait in sheep. Five of sheep breed were used, i.e.: Barbados Black belly Cross sheep (BC), Composite Garut (KG), Local Garut (LG), Composite Sumatra (KS) and St. Cross Croix (SC). Duration of ten behavior traits, blood serotonin concentrations and DNA sequence of exon 8 of MAO-A gene from the sheep aggressive and nonaggressive were observed. PROC GLM of SAS Ver. 9.0 program was used to analyze variable behavior and blood serotonin concentrations. DNA polymorphism in exon 8 of MAO-A gene was analyzed using the MEGA software Ver. 4.0. The results show that the percentage of the aggressive rams of each breed was less than 10 percent; except for the KS sheep is higher (23%).  Based on the duration of behavior, aggressive sheep group was not significantly different with non aggressive sheep group, except duration of care giving and drinking behavior. It is known that concentration of blood serotonin in aggressive and non aggressive rams was not significantly different. The aggressive trait in sheep has a mechanism or a different cause like that occurs in mice and humans. In this study, aggressive behavior in sheep was not associated with a mutation in exon 8 of MAO-A gene. Key Words: Sheep, Aggressive, Exon 8 Of MAO-A Gene, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Morphological characteristics of forage crops indigofera zellongeriana at different levels drought stress and interval pruning Herdiawan, Iwan; Abdullah, L; Sopandie, D; Karti, P.D.M.H; Hidayati, N
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 4 (2012): DECEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.263 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i4.693

Abstract

The objectives of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of drought stress and defoliation interval on shoot and root morphologic characteristic of Indigofera zollingeriana. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress i.e: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval were interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were shoot, root dry weight, root/shoot ratio and root length. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P < 0,05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on shoot dry weight, while root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length was not. Drought treatment significantly (P < 0,05) decreased shoot, root dry weight, but increase of root/shoot ratio and root length. Defoliation interval significantly affected (P < 0,05) on shoot dry weight, but not on root dry weight, root/shoot ratio, and root length. Key Words: Indigofera zollingeriana, Drought Stress, Defoliation Interval, Shoot And Root Morphology

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