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Contact Name
Ahmadi Riyanto
Contact Email
medpub@litbang.deptan.go.id
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ahmadi_puslitbangnak@yahoo.com
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Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 21 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1, No 3 (1995)" : 21 Documents clear
Utilization of tree legume forages as protein sources of beef cattle ration Manurung, Tambak
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (579.999 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.25

Abstract

A study was conducted in Balai Penelitian Temak Bogor, for evaluating the use of tree legume as the main source of protein for growing cattle . The study was conducted for 17 weeks using 15 Ongole-crossed bull calves with body weight 77-138 kg . The study was carried out in randomized block design with 5 treatments and 3 replications . Five dietary treatments consist of lamtoro, glirisidia, caliandra, beefkwik and urea with 1496 crude protein and 6396 total digestible nutrient (TDN). Parameters measured were feed consumption, nutrients digestibility, nitrogen retention, weight gain and feed and protein efficiency . The results showed that the tree legume rations had higher (P<0.01) dry matter, organic matter, crude protein and TDN consumption than the beefkwik and urea, but the nutrient digestibilities were lower especially for caliandra (P<0.01) . Caliandra also had lower nitrogen retention than the others . Average daily gain of cattle fed with lamtoro and glirisidia were higher (P<0.01) than that of caliandra, but between lamtoro and glirisidia didnt show the significant different . Caliandra and beefkwik produced different average body weight gain (P<0.01) . Beefkwik produced higher feed and protein efficiency than tree legume ration especially as compared with caliandra (P<0 .01) but among tree legumes, glirisidia produced higher feed and protein efficiency than the caliandra (P<0.01) . It is concluded that glirisidia was the best forage as protein source for growing calves. Key words : Tree legume, protein, beef cattle
Effect of maturation periods and leukaemia inhibitory factor on in vitro bovine embryo development Margawati, Endang Tri
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (612.166 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.26

Abstract

The period of in vitro maturation,~20 vs 24 hours) with of without supplementation of :,~uk_ni;ia inhib toryy factor (LIF) (0, 500, 1000 or 2000 U/ml) was studied on bovine embryo development in vitro in a 2 x 4 factotial experiment w id oestgnoo i, a randomized block design . A total of 870 bovine oocytes were used . Besides embryo development, cell numbers of blastocysts v. : ;re also co , mted in order to study the quality of the embryos . Oocytes were matured in a modified TCM199 medium containing 10 ug/nil of FS-14 and LP., I 1~ t1L rstradiol, fertilized in TALP and cultured in SOF/AABSA medium. There was no interaction between maturation periods and LIF doses on embryo development (P>0 .05). Maturation periods, however, affected (P<0.05) blastocyst rates but did not for cleavage o, oocytes and the percentage of oocytes that developed into blastocysts . LIF doses during in vitro maturation did not affect embryo development (P>0 .05) . Cell numbers of blastocysts were also not affected by maturation periods and LIF doses (P<0 .05), however 20 h in vitro maturation and supplementation of LIF doses tended to increase the cell numbers. This study suggests that 20 h maturation increases blastocyst rates and that supplementation with LIF during maturation does not affect the quality of embryos produced in vitro. Key words : in vitro fertilization, oocyte, cleavage, blastocyst, cell numbers of blastocyst
Gender relations on goat-farm household in Central Java, Indonesia Handayani, Sri W.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (663.873 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.27

Abstract

This paper represents an attempt to examine gender relations in goat-farm households in Central Java . Guided by theory of farm household in which labor for household activities is supplied and organized based on gender and age differences of the household members . The study was conducted at Klirong village, sub-district Kebumen, Central Java in May 1995 . Twenty-four families who owned goats were chosen and divided into two groups based on the ownership to land . Participant observation method were used to collect information on the time spent for household maintenance activities, agricultural activities and on/off farm activities by household members . The results indicated that gender appears to be the primary determinant of labor and time allocation in two types of farm households . Since goat production is secondary economic activities for both type of households, therefore, the responsibility to take care of was allocated to the children, especially male children, while adults -- man and woman -- engage in the primary economic activities such as agricultural activities and selling labor for on/off farm activities . Key words: Gender relations, goat-farm households, participant observation method
Nutritive value of fermented coconut meal and its inclusion in ration of male ducklings Sinurat, A.P.; Setiadi, P.; Purwadaria, T.; Setioko, A.R.; Dharma, Jinadasa
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (818.249 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.28

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the metabolizable nutrients of fermented and non-fermented coconut meal for ducks. The study was also followed by a feeding trial on male ducklings. Assay on the metabolizability of nutrients (energy, protein, dry matter, and phosphorus) of the feedstuffs were conducted by total collection method. Results of the study showed that the metabolizable-energy, protein, dry matter and phosphorus of non-fermented coconut meal were 1,667 Kcal/kg, 31 .3%, 60% and 23%, as compared to 2,473 Kcal/kg, 36.3%, 63.2% and 36.1% for the fermented coconut meal, respectively. The feeding trial was designed to study the tolerance of ducklings to fermented or non-fermented coconut meal at 0, 10, 20 and 30% in the diet . Results showed that non-fermented coconut meal can be included in the diet of ducklings up to 30% with no growth depression . The use of fermented coconut meal at 10%, 20% or 30% depress growth of ducklings at early stage of growth (until 5 weeks of age), with no effect on feed consumption. The growth depression, however was not observed at older age. Based on the final body weight and feed conversion ratio it is recommended that the fermented coconut meal should not be included more than 20% in the diet of male ducklings . Keywords: Coconut meal, fermentation, ducks
The effect of concentrate supplement feed during prepartum and pre-weaning on the performances of piglets kept by small holders Pasaribu, Tiurma; Silalahi, M.; Aritonang, D.; Manihuruk, K.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (476.224 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.29

Abstract

An experiment has been conducted to study the effect of concentrate feeding supplement on the performances of piglets . Fourty two sows kept individually were used in the experiment. Treatments were assigned to 3x2 factorial completely randomized design consisting of breed (local, crossed and exotic) and feeding (with and without concentrate diets). The experiment results shown that number of piglets at birth and weaning and liveability of piglets had no different between all treatments (breed and feeding supplement) . The average weight gain of piglets at birth litter and at weaning, growth rate, feed consumption along suckling per head or per kg weaning pig have different results between breed and feeding approved . Key words: concentrate, prapartum, lactation and piglets performance
Antibody tits: detection of swollen head syndrome using indirect ELISA test Pardede, Lies; Ginting, Ngekep
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (376.463 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.30

Abstract

Indirect enzyme-linked inununosorbent assay (ELISA) was standardised using vaccine strain to detect antibody respons raised to swollen head syndrome (SHS) . This technique can be used as an alternative serologic test due to its quickness, simple and relatively cheap. Besides, it would be suitable as a preliminary test before using serum neutralisation test (SNT) for reassuring diagnosis which takes time and costly for developing poultry industries. Key words: Antibody titre ; swollen head syndrome ; indirect ELISA
Lateral vaccination against Newcastle disease in broilers : Effect of ratio and density ., Darminto
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (692.216 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.31

Abstract

Ratio (50%, 33% or 20% of directly vaccinated and in-contact vaccinated birds) and density (5 birds, 10 birds or 15 birds per square meter) for the effectiveness of lateral transmission of in-contact vaccination against Newcastle disease (ND) were evaluated in this study . The antibody patterns and the protection against challenge virus were used as criteria. Generally, antibody responses induced by direct vaccination showed higher titres compared to those induced by the in-contact vaccination, but at two week after the second vaccination, the differences were not significant. At the in-contact vaccinated birds, no significant difference (P>0 .05) was observed in the pattern of antibody development by ratio . However, group of vaccinated birds with the ratio of 20% tended to have lower protection . The results of the evaluation of density demonstrated that there was no effect of density (P>0 .05) to the pattern of antibody development, although the higher density seemed to have the higher protection. However, the density of 15 birds/m2 increasing the susceptibility to the other diseases. Based on the data obtained in this research, it could be concluded that (1) the optimal ratio for the effective lateral transmissibility is 33%, and (2) the optimal density for the effective lateral transmissibility is 10 birds/m2. Key words : Newcastle disease, in-contact vaccination, broilers
The comparative study of antigenic protein characters of field isolates Brucella abortus cells with electrophoresis and immunoblotting Techniques Sudibyo, Agus; Pasaribu, Facriyan H; Wibawan, I.W.T.; Setiawan, Endhie
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.656 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.32

Abstract

Live vaccine of Brucella abortus strain 19 has been used for prevention and eradication of brucellosis in cattle . The information of the use of this vaccine in Indonesia is still limited, while the effectivity, bacteriological and serological aspects of the vaccine are not much evaluated yet. The objective of this research is to study the differences of protein cell wall antigenicity profiles between B. abortus strain 19, strain 544 and field isolates. Protein cell wall was prepared by sonicafion of B. abortus S19, S544 and B. abortus field isolates biotype l, 2 and 3 . Antiserum against these B. abortus was prepared in cattle . Futhermore, the distribution of protein band was determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), while protein antigenic profiles was examined by immunoblotting . The result showed that there was no significant different amongs protein cell wall of these B. abortus. From the antigenicity profiles exhibited that cattle vaccinated with B. abortus S19, no antibody was detected against protein less than 30 kDa. The other side natural infected or experimental infected cattle with B. abortus biotype 1 field isolate, antibody was detected until protein which has molecular weight about 15 kDa. Key words: Brucella abortus, antigenic protein, immunoblotting
Evaluation of antibody responses of cattle and buffaloes to Clostridium perfringens type A vaccine using ELISA Natalia, Lily
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (407.282 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.33

Abstract

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to detect specific antitoxin Clostridium perfringens type A. It was based on the use of purified alpha toxin of Clostridium perfringens type A as the coating antigen, which was then linked to specific alpha antitoxin . Horse raddish peroxidase labelled IgG was used as the conjugate, and 2,2-azino-bis (3- ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) as the substrate . The ELISA was used to evaluate vaccination results on cattle and buffaloes against enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type A. Key words: ELISA, Clostridium perfringens type A antitoxin, vaccination
Distribution of Escerichia coli serotype OIKi, 02Kt, and O7sK8o in poultry in Indonesia Poernomo, Sri; Juarini, E.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (531.243 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i3.34

Abstract

Fowl colibacillosis or colisepticaemia is commonly caused by Eschercia coli serotypes OIKI, 02Kt, and O7sKgo . To understand the distribution of these three serotypes of E. coli in poultry breeding farms in Indonesia, samples were collected from surveyed areas of Jakarta, Bogor, Tengerang, Bekasi and Sukabumi, West Java, Central Java, East Java, Bali, North Sumatera, Lampung, West Kalimantan and South Sulawesi . A total of 2,454 samples which consisted of 1,413 organs of sick birds, 398 feed, 336 drinking water and 307 litter, were collected throughout the surveyed areas . The specimens were then examined bacteriologically toward the presence of E. coli . As many as 950 E. coli isolates consisting of 85 (9 .0%) OIKI ; 489 (51 .5%) 02KI ; 101 (10.6%) 078K8o, and 275 (28.9%) of other serotypes were isolated from the samples . Key word : Escherichia coli, colibacillosis, chicken

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