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Contact Name
Ahmadi Riyanto
Contact Email
medpub@litbang.deptan.go.id
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ahmadi_puslitbangnak@yahoo.com
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Location
Kota bogor,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 21 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1, No 1 (1995)" : 21 Documents clear
Adjustment factors of birth weight and four postnatal weights for type of birth and rearing, sex of lambs and dam age ., Subandryo; Vogt, D.W
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1154.744 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.1

Abstract

Many factors contribute to variation in lamb weights . Factors such as age of lamb, sex, type of birth and rearing, and ewe age at lambing obscure genetic differences among lambs . Variation associated with these factors make selection for increased weight less effective . To improve selection response, selection must be based on genotypic rather than environmentally induced superiority . It is well-documented that corrections for classifiable sources of variation render selection and culling more accurate, thereby increasing rates of genetic improvement . The objective of this study were to develop within breed adjustment factors for post-natal lamb weights . Field records from Suffolk and Dorset lambs collected in the U.S . National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP) from 1986 through 1989 were used to develop within-breed birth/rearing type, lamb sex, and dam age adjustment factors for birth weight (BW) and 30-d (W3o), 60-d (Woo), 90-d (W9o), and 120-4 (Wtm) weights. Data were analyzed using general linear models . Within breed and age group adjustment for lamb-age differences were suggested because growth rates vary among breeds and among the four postnatal lamb-age groups . Within-breed multiplicative adjustment of the five traits for the effects of birth/rearing type, lamb sex and dam age were suggested because variances of these factors were significantly (P<0.01) heterogenous   Key words: Sheep, adjustment factors, birth weight, postnatal weights
Productive performance of sheep under intensification program using a twice yearly lambing schedule Putu, I. Gede
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.061 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.2

Abstract

A total of 350, three to four year old Daldale ewes were allocated into two treatment groups balanced for age and liveweight. Group TY was joined twice yearly (April-May and September-October) and group OY was joined once yearly (April-May). Three percent of fertile rams fitted with ewe marking crayons and harnesses were used in each group during the six weeks joining period. The productive performance were recorded during three years period. The average raddling rate, lambing rate and number of lambs born per ewe in the TY group were signicantly higher than those of the OY group (P<0.05). However, birth weight, weaning weight and pre-weaning growth rate of the lambs born from the TY group were significantly lighter than those of the OY group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference on wool production between the TY and OY groups (P>0.05). Total weaning weight of lambs horn from both the TY and OY groups for the first, second and third year of research were 2.29 vs 2.49 tons, 2.50 vs 2.63 tons and 1.43 vs 2.34 tons, respectively. It was concluded that the Daldale ewes showed a high proportion of oestrual activity in all year round indicating their suitability for the use in the intensification of sheep husbandry. However, the twice yearly lambing program is still need further research particlularly in selecting breed and other supporting factors.   Key words : Sheep, productive intensification, twice yearly lambing
The effect of feeding gliricidia on reproductive and productive performances of Javanese Fat-tailed sheep ., Supriyati; Budiarsana, I.G.M; Saefudin, Yosep; Sutama, I. Ketut
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.05 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.3

Abstract

The effect of feeding gliricidia on reproductive and productive performances of Javanese Fat-tailed (JFT) sheep was studied.Thirty-two 1FT ewe lambs (ahmtt 4-5 months of age and liveweight of 12-14 kg) were randomly divided into four treatment groups . They were given free access of King grass (Pennisetttnt putrtoreophoides) dan gliricidia (Gliricidia sepiwn, Jaeq) leaf with ratio 100:0% (Group A= control), 75 :25% (Group B), 50 :50% (Group C), and 0:100% (Group D) . All groups were suplemented with concentrate (GT03, Indofeed) at 1008/head/day. Forages were given 2 .5-3% (dry-matter) of liveweight . Results showed that feeding gliricidia 25-100% of the total forages increased dry matter intake by 5.3-19 .9% and crude protein 39 .3-142 .1 % . But NDF consumption decreased 36 .9-8 .4%. Higher nutrient intake was reflected into an increase in growth-rate which associated with an increase inovulation rate (16.7-116 .7%) and pregnancy rate. "Ova wastage" decreased markedly (33.4-50.3%) in the groups given gliricidia 50-100%, though coumarine (anti-nutrient) consumption increased to 40 .78/head/day . Lanths from the gliricidia supplemented groups grew faster and had heavier weaning weights than those of control group . It was rmu luded that feeding gliricidia up to 1(10% as forages and concentrate GT03 at 100g/head/day gave positive effect on growth-rate, relinxluclive and productive erformauces in the first breeding of JFT sheep. Key words: Sheep, gliricidia, reproduction
The utilization of NDCP (natural defluorinated calcium phosphate) in broiler ration as compared with dicalcium phosphate Sinurat, A.P.; Dharsana, R.; Pasaribu, T.; Panggabean, T.; Habibie, A.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (518.487 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.4

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the utilization of local rock phosphate or natural defluorirutted calcium phosphate (NDCP) as phosphorus source for broilers by using the imported dicalcium phosphate (DCP) as a reference . The study was designed by formulating 6 experimental diets which consist of 2 phosphorus sources (DCP dan NDCP) and 3 dietary total P levels (0 .55 ; 0.65 and 0 .75%) . Each diet was fed to 60 chickens (10 replicates with 6 birds each) from three day old to 6 weeks of age . Parameters observed were feed consumption, body weight gain, mortality, Ca and P retention, and ash content of tibia bones . Results showed that dietary phosphorus levels (0 .55 to 0 .75 %) did not significantly affect body weight gain, feed consumption, and mortalities . However, better feed conversion ratio was obtained when dietary phosphorus level was 0 .55% . The NDCP treated birds could significantly gain heavier weight compared with those received DCP, although this improvement was also followed by an increase in the feed consumption . The relative biological value of phosphorus in NDCP was 101 `7n . It is concluded that NDCP can he used in broilers diet to replace DCP as phosphorus source . Key words : Rock phosphate, NDCP, broiler
Dairy farming production factors in Garut and Bogor Muljadi, Agus; Saleh, Achmad
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (474.232 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.5

Abstract

Dairy farming in West Java is still dominated by small scale. The research focussed on production factors of dairy fanning which are influencing the farmers income from selling milk . The research was carried out in 1993 via survey to 30 respondents in Garut and Bogor. The results showed that the profit earned per month from dairy farming was Rp 130,331 and Rp 118,449 in Garut and Bogor, respectively . Return to labor from dairy farming was Rp. 4.56 in Bogor and Rp. 4.38 in Garut. The production factors positively affecting the income of the farmers from selling milk were cost for barn, concentrate feed, animal health care and artificial insemination, labor, and number of lactating cows . In addition, several production factors such as cost for forages, retribution cost, and number of male calf were proven negatively affecting the income of the Canners from selling milk . Therefore, thrive related production factors should be considered in developing small scale dairy farming, not only from availability of inputs but also from institutional aspect . Key words : Production factor, milk, dairy cows
Epidemiological study of brucellosis and its effect on reproduction failures in dairy cattle in DKI Jakarta Sudibyo, Agus
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.858 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.6

Abstract

The purposes of this research were to observe prevalence, distribution and reproduction failure evidence of dairy cattle brucellosis in DKI Jakarta . To determine the group of cattle infected with Bntcella abortus, senim and milk samples were carried out . At the beginning, bulk of milk samples were collected from containers . Futhermore, the blood samples were simple randomly collected on cattle that were suspected positive brucellosis in the milk ring test . Those serum samples were tested by using rose bengal plate and complement fixation test . Questioner data in relation with on any reproductive failures, such as abortion, premature dead and born weak, were gathered from farmer within 8 consecutive month period . The result indicate that screening of brucellosis using milk ring test based on bulk milk sample was effective tools to determine the infected group of cattle . The average prevalence of brucellosis in DKI Jakarta area was 4 .5 %. Distribution of brucellosis prevalence were 8 .5% at Setiabudi, 2 .3% at Mampang Prapatan, and 2 .9% at Pasar Minggu . Brucellosis was found at least 201 cattle from 38 dairy cattle farm in DKI Jakarta . Brucellosis was caused abortion about 62 .5% dairy cattle and this value was significantly different than that of uninfected cattle (P<0.05) . Brucellosis also cause stillbirth around 9 .8% and born weakness 15 .2% . The widely distributed and high prevalence brucellosis of dairy cattle in DKI Jakarta was influenced by uncontrol of cattle movement and high abortion cases rate . Keywords : Brucellosis, epidemiology, dairy cattle, DKI Jakarta
A study on the infection rate of coccidia and distribution of coccidiosis of village chickens in South and East Kalimantan ., Salfina; Hamdan, A.; Partoutomo, S.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (445.833 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.7

Abstract

The infection rate of coccidia and distribution of coccidiosis of village chickens were studied in South Kalimantan (the districts of Hulu Sungai Tengah, Hulu Sungai Selatan, Tanah Laut, and Tapin) and East Kalimantan (the districts of Pasir) . Six hundred and thirty one fecal and intestinal content of clinically infected young and adult birds were sampled, and microscopically and morphologically examined againts the Eimetia species . The result indicated that the average infection rate was 39 .3% where 40 .7% for young and 38 .5% for adult birds with an opg (oocyst per gram) ranging from 40 to 8,200 . Seven species of Eimetia were identified, i .e . E. tenella 23 .6%, E. maxima 13 .6%, E. necattix 11 .3%, E. acervtdina 6 .7%, E. mitis 3 .6%, E. mivati 2.2%, and E. brvnetti 0 .8% . Infection rate of E. tenella was the highest either in South Kalimantan or in East Kalimantan than the other species, while E. brttnetti was the lowest . Key words : Village chicken, infection rate, coccidiosis
A study on the pathogenesis of Trypanosoma evansi in buffaloes, Holstein Friesian and Ongole cattle Partoutomo, S.; Soleh, M.; Politedy, F.; Day, A.; Wilson, A.J.; Copeman, D.B.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (897.547 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.8

Abstract

A study on the pathogenesis of Trypanosoma evawi was carried out in 5 buffalo calves and 5 buffalo adults, 6 Holstein-Friesian calves and 6 Holstein-Friesian adults, and 6 Ongole calves and 6 Ongole adults, each ofwhich was divided into 3 infected and 2 uninfected buffalo calves and adults, and 3 infected and 3 uninfected calves and adults of Holstein Friesians and Ongoles. None of infected animals showed acute clinical signs along the course of the observation period, however roughness of the hair and skin, emaciation, weakness and loss of weight gains were the common clinical signs. Clinical signs of calves were more severe than adults, and those of buffaloes were more severe than cattle . Gross pathological changes were not specific . The mortality rate was 2/3 in buffalo calves, 1/3 in Holstein-Friesian calves and 1/3 in Ongole calves . None of infected adults died of infection. Buffaloes had longer and higher parasitemia than Holstein-Friesians or Ongoles. Erythrocyte counts of infected animals decreased to lower levels than controls, however they fluctuated in the normal values . Haemoglobin and PCV values of infected animals were significantly lower than those of non-infected controls, and those of calves were more severe than adults, and those of buffaloes were more severe than cattle . Infections resulted in loss of weight gains which was the greatest in buffaloes then followed by Holstein-Frisians and finally Ongoles. Key words: Trypanosoma etnnsi, pathogenesis, buffalo, Holstein Friesian cattle, Ongole cattle
The use of Wonnolas in controlling gastrointestinal nematode infections in sheep under traditional grazing management in Indonesia ., Beriajaya; Estuningsih, S.E.; ., Darmono; Knox, M.R.; Stoltz, D.R.; Wilson, A.J.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (653.332 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.9

Abstract

Blocks containing 3% phenothiazine in solidified molasses (Wonnolas, Animeal Australia Ltd .) were tested to control gastrointestinal nematode infections and the effect on mineral status in sheep in villages in Cirebon, Indonesia. Two hundred and thirteen Javanese Thin Tail sheep which were grazed during the day and housed at night were divided into two groups on the basis of location . One group was allowed in an access to Wonnolas blocks when penned for 24 weeks while the other group remained untreated. The bodyweight was recorded and faecal samples were collected for egg counts and larval culture every four weeks. Sera and saliva samples were collected from 20 adult sheep in each group at weeks 0, 12 and 24 for mineral analysis by AAS and colorimetry. The results indicated that the mean egg counts of the treated group decreased from 576 epg to 123 epg and the percentage of sheep producing viable larvae decreased from 50% to 24%. In contrast egg counts of the control group increased from 768 epg to 4,840 epg and the percentage of sheep producing viable larvae increased from 65% to 84% over the same period . In the treated group the number of Haenronchus larvae declined significantly (36% to <6 %) and at the end of the trial Tiichostrongylus larvae predominanted in larval cultures (>80%) . Mineral analysis revealed deficiencies in sodium and copper, low levels of zinc and normal levels of potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus . Wormolas had a significant effect on sodium and zinc status but not on copper although sufficient levels of this element were available. Comparison of bodyweight gains showed a significantly (P<0.05) higher rate of increase in the treated animals. Key words : Phenothiazine, molasses, nematodiasis, mineral status, sheep
Pathological features of malignant catarrhal fever in rabbits with a secondary infection of Encephalitozoon cuniculi Damayanti, Rini
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (677.736 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.10

Abstract

Thirty rabbits were used in this study: 22 were infected and eight were used as controls . Fourteen rabbits were inoculated with blood taken from Ongole (Bos indices) cattle or buffalo naturally infected with malignant catarrhal fever (MCF). Another eight rabbits were inoculated with lymphoblastoid cell liras which contain Ovine Herpesvirus-2 (OHV-2), the causal agent of sheep-associated MCF. Various degrees and distributions of histological changes were observed and resembling the lesions developed in MCF. However 17 infected rabbits (77.3%) with non-suppurative meningoencephalitis, eight of them (47.196) were associated with the detection of Encephalhozoon cuniculi histologically . Key words: MCF, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, rabbits

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