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Contact Name
Ahmadi Riyanto
Contact Email
medpub@litbang.deptan.go.id
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ahmadi_puslitbangnak@yahoo.com
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Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
ISSN : 08537380     EISSN : 2252696X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
JITV (Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science),  ISSN: 0853-7380 E-ISSN: 2252-696X is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD). The aim of this journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of animal and veterinary science. It was first published in 1995. The journal has been registered in the CrossRef system with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) prefix 10.14334.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 1,588 Documents
Effect of Electrical Stimulation on Physical and Organoleptic Properties of Muscovy Duck Meat Hafid, Harapin; Napirah, A; Sarifu, SM; Rahman, .; Inderawati, .; Nuraini, .; Hasnudi, .
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.04 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i4.1914

Abstract

This research was aimed to study the effect of electrical stimulation period on physical and organoleptic properties of Muscovy duck meat. This research used 20 female Muscovy ducks, 1.5-2 years of age. The ducks were divided into 5 groups treatments for 4 replications. The treatments were period of electrical stimulation: 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 minutes. The result showed that period of electrical stimulation did not affect (P>0.05) cooking loss but significantly affected (P<0.05) the tenderness, color, flavour, aroma, pH, and juiciness of duck meat. The best treatment was 20 minutes stimulation.
Estimating Breeding values for milk production and mastitis traits for Holstein cattle in Egypt Faid-Allah, Eslam
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.317 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i4.1845

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the sires and dams genetically for milk production and mastitis traits in Egyptian 12 herds of Holstein cattle using Best Linear Unbiased Prediction via MTDFREML program. The data was obtained from a commercial farm called Dena, located in Cairo-Alex Desert Road (80 Km), Menofia, Egypt. Data included 4791 cows, 4227 dams and 248 sires that represented the period from 2007 to 2014. Estimating breeding values for milk production traits as cumulative milk yield at 90 days (90-DM), cumulative milk yield at 180 days (180-DM), cumulative milk yield at 270 days (270-DM), cumulative milk yield at 305 days (305-DM), and number of mastitis infection around the season of lactation (MAST). The averages of the 90-DM, 180-DM, 270-DM, 305-DM and MAST were 3026.3±655.1 kg, 5873.3±1081.1 kg, 7891.1±2692.2 kg, 9611.2±1897.9 kg, and 0.712±1.2 time/parity, respectively. Estimates of heritability for the previous traits were 0.11±0.016, 0.15±0.014, 0.18±0.012, 0.22±0.015, and 0.09±0.029, respectively; genetic variance were 47206.2 kg, 175300.6 kg, 1304654.4 kg, 792411.6 kg and 0.12 time/parity, respectively; and phenotypic variance were 429147.6 kg, 1168670.6 kg, 7248079.9 kg, 3601870.9 kg, and 1.35 time/parity, respectively. The EBV values as average, SD, (Min: Max) for sires were 0.0±0.179 (-0.4: 0.66) for MAST, 0.0±86.176 (-263.1: 245.4) for 90-DM, 0.0±227.523 (-600.3: 800.3) for 180-DM, 0.0±413.48 (-323.3: 1277.7) for 270-DM and 0.0±440.26 (-1280.9: 1565.1) for 305-DM. Also, The EBVs for dams were 0.0±0.055 (-0.14: 0.45) for MAST, 0.033±26.24 (-142.8: 103.0) for 90-DM, 0.074±76.81 (-360.2: 289.6) for 180-DM, -0.045±139.66 (-591.9: 529.2) for 270-DM and 0.266±154.1 (-666.3: 617.6) for 305-DM. These results provide that the selection of sires and dams will improve the traits of milk production and mastitis in this herd because of the wide differences in genetic potential among sires and dams.
Serum Biochemical, Hormonal and Fatty Acid Profiles During the Late Gestation of Pregnancy Ketosis in Boer Cross Goats Affan, A. A.; Amirul, FMA; Ghani, AAA; Annas, S; Zamri-Saad, M; Hassim, HA
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (565.317 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i4.1922

Abstract

Pregnancy ketosis has been recognized as one of the common metabolic disease affecting goat’s meat and milk production. For the present study, sixteen (n=16) individuals of pregnant does at day 80 of pregnancy had been used. A total of 8 does were categorized as control group (healthy pregnant goats), were fed on Napier grass and goat concentrate with water ad libitum, and another 8 does were considered as treatment group which categorized as ketosis based on the clinical signs and presence of ketone body in urine. Blood sample were collected from all goats for biochemical profiles analysis which were glucose, Beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), free fatty acid (FFA), calcium, electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride), liver enzyme and hormonal levels (cortisol and insulin). Three does from each group were slaughtered and liver samples were collected for fatty acid profiles study. In this study, the BHBA, FFA, calcium, amino aspartate transferase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) and cortisol hormone were significantly higher in pregnancy ketosis goats as compared to control group. Meanwhile, the concentration of glucose, sodium, potassium, chloride and insulin hormones were lower in pregnancy ketosis goats as compared to control. Furthermore, the fatty acid composition in blood plasma of pregnant goat with ketosis showed higher level of palmitic, stearic and oleic acid, while in liver, palmitic, oleic and linoleic acid was found higher.
Improvement of Viability of Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium longum with Several Encapsulating Materials using Extrusion Method Widaningrum, .; Miskiyah, .; Indrasti, D; Hidaya, HC
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 23, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (448 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v23i4.1547

Abstract

Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium longum are probiotics commonly applied as dry starter for food system. Drying process in the production of dry starter can reduce the number of probiotics, therefore they are necessary to be encapsulated. Aim of this research was to obtain best encapsulating material for both probiotics. Encapsulation technique used in this research was extrusion with maltodextrine-alginate, sago starch-alginate, corn starch-alginate, and control of treatment skim milk-alginate (w:w) as encapsulating materials.  The four encapsulating materials significantly affected the value of viability, encapsulation efficiency, number of cell in wet beads and dry beads, number of survival cell during drying process, and number of survival encapsulated cell in simulated acid and bile salt conditions. Based on viability of L. casei and B. longum, beads matrix characteristic, number of cell in wet beads and dry beads, and number of survival cells during drying process, maltodextrine-alginate was better than sago starch-alginate and corn starch-alginate, but was not as good as skim milk-alginate (control of treatment) as encapsulating material. Viability (number) of L. casei and B. longum in dry beads of maltodextrine-alginate were 4.69±0.08 log CFU/g and 5.32±0.21 log CFU/g, while number of L. casei and B. longum in dry beads of skim milk-alginate were higher 5.08±0.07 log CFU/g and 6.20±0.16 log CFU/g. L. casei more resistant than B. longum against acidic (low pH) environment. In the presence of 0.3% bile salt, L. casei and B. longum encapsulated with skim milk-alginate increased as much as 2.75±0. 02 and 1.61±0.04 log cycles, respectively.
Adjustment factors of birth weight and four postnatal weights for type of birth and rearing, sex of lambs and dam age ., Subandryo; Vogt, D.W
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1154.744 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.1

Abstract

Many factors contribute to variation in lamb weights . Factors such as age of lamb, sex, type of birth and rearing, and ewe age at lambing obscure genetic differences among lambs . Variation associated with these factors make selection for increased weight less effective . To improve selection response, selection must be based on genotypic rather than environmentally induced superiority . It is well-documented that corrections for classifiable sources of variation render selection and culling more accurate, thereby increasing rates of genetic improvement . The objective of this study were to develop within breed adjustment factors for post-natal lamb weights . Field records from Suffolk and Dorset lambs collected in the U.S . National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP) from 1986 through 1989 were used to develop within-breed birth/rearing type, lamb sex, and dam age adjustment factors for birth weight (BW) and 30-d (W3o), 60-d (Woo), 90-d (W9o), and 120-4 (Wtm) weights. Data were analyzed using general linear models . Within breed and age group adjustment for lamb-age differences were suggested because growth rates vary among breeds and among the four postnatal lamb-age groups . Within-breed multiplicative adjustment of the five traits for the effects of birth/rearing type, lamb sex and dam age were suggested because variances of these factors were significantly (P<0.01) heterogenous   Key words: Sheep, adjustment factors, birth weight, postnatal weights
Productive performance of sheep under intensification program using a twice yearly lambing schedule Putu, I. Gede
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.061 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.2

Abstract

A total of 350, three to four year old Daldale ewes were allocated into two treatment groups balanced for age and liveweight. Group TY was joined twice yearly (April-May and September-October) and group OY was joined once yearly (April-May). Three percent of fertile rams fitted with ewe marking crayons and harnesses were used in each group during the six weeks joining period. The productive performance were recorded during three years period. The average raddling rate, lambing rate and number of lambs born per ewe in the TY group were signicantly higher than those of the OY group (P<0.05). However, birth weight, weaning weight and pre-weaning growth rate of the lambs born from the TY group were significantly lighter than those of the OY group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference on wool production between the TY and OY groups (P>0.05). Total weaning weight of lambs horn from both the TY and OY groups for the first, second and third year of research were 2.29 vs 2.49 tons, 2.50 vs 2.63 tons and 1.43 vs 2.34 tons, respectively. It was concluded that the Daldale ewes showed a high proportion of oestrual activity in all year round indicating their suitability for the use in the intensification of sheep husbandry. However, the twice yearly lambing program is still need further research particlularly in selecting breed and other supporting factors.   Key words : Sheep, productive intensification, twice yearly lambing
The effect of feeding gliricidia on reproductive and productive performances of Javanese Fat-tailed sheep ., Supriyati; Budiarsana, I.G.M; Saefudin, Yosep; Sutama, I. Ketut
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.05 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.3

Abstract

The effect of feeding gliricidia on reproductive and productive performances of Javanese Fat-tailed (JFT) sheep was studied.Thirty-two 1FT ewe lambs (ahmtt 4-5 months of age and liveweight of 12-14 kg) were randomly divided into four treatment groups . They were given free access of King grass (Pennisetttnt putrtoreophoides) dan gliricidia (Gliricidia sepiwn, Jaeq) leaf with ratio 100:0% (Group A= control), 75 :25% (Group B), 50 :50% (Group C), and 0:100% (Group D) . All groups were suplemented with concentrate (GT03, Indofeed) at 1008/head/day. Forages were given 2 .5-3% (dry-matter) of liveweight . Results showed that feeding gliricidia 25-100% of the total forages increased dry matter intake by 5.3-19 .9% and crude protein 39 .3-142 .1 % . But NDF consumption decreased 36 .9-8 .4%. Higher nutrient intake was reflected into an increase in growth-rate which associated with an increase inovulation rate (16.7-116 .7%) and pregnancy rate. "Ova wastage" decreased markedly (33.4-50.3%) in the groups given gliricidia 50-100%, though coumarine (anti-nutrient) consumption increased to 40 .78/head/day . Lanths from the gliricidia supplemented groups grew faster and had heavier weaning weights than those of control group . It was rmu luded that feeding gliricidia up to 1(10% as forages and concentrate GT03 at 100g/head/day gave positive effect on growth-rate, relinxluclive and productive erformauces in the first breeding of JFT sheep. Key words: Sheep, gliricidia, reproduction
The utilization of NDCP (natural defluorinated calcium phosphate) in broiler ration as compared with dicalcium phosphate Sinurat, A.P.; Dharsana, R.; Pasaribu, T.; Panggabean, T.; Habibie, A.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (518.487 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.4

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the utilization of local rock phosphate or natural defluorirutted calcium phosphate (NDCP) as phosphorus source for broilers by using the imported dicalcium phosphate (DCP) as a reference . The study was designed by formulating 6 experimental diets which consist of 2 phosphorus sources (DCP dan NDCP) and 3 dietary total P levels (0 .55 ; 0.65 and 0 .75%) . Each diet was fed to 60 chickens (10 replicates with 6 birds each) from three day old to 6 weeks of age . Parameters observed were feed consumption, body weight gain, mortality, Ca and P retention, and ash content of tibia bones . Results showed that dietary phosphorus levels (0 .55 to 0 .75 %) did not significantly affect body weight gain, feed consumption, and mortalities . However, better feed conversion ratio was obtained when dietary phosphorus level was 0 .55% . The NDCP treated birds could significantly gain heavier weight compared with those received DCP, although this improvement was also followed by an increase in the feed consumption . The relative biological value of phosphorus in NDCP was 101 `7n . It is concluded that NDCP can he used in broilers diet to replace DCP as phosphorus source . Key words : Rock phosphate, NDCP, broiler
Dairy farming production factors in Garut and Bogor Muljadi, Agus; Saleh, Achmad
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (474.232 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.5

Abstract

Dairy farming in West Java is still dominated by small scale. The research focussed on production factors of dairy fanning which are influencing the farmers income from selling milk . The research was carried out in 1993 via survey to 30 respondents in Garut and Bogor. The results showed that the profit earned per month from dairy farming was Rp 130,331 and Rp 118,449 in Garut and Bogor, respectively . Return to labor from dairy farming was Rp. 4.56 in Bogor and Rp. 4.38 in Garut. The production factors positively affecting the income of the farmers from selling milk were cost for barn, concentrate feed, animal health care and artificial insemination, labor, and number of lactating cows . In addition, several production factors such as cost for forages, retribution cost, and number of male calf were proven negatively affecting the income of the Canners from selling milk . Therefore, thrive related production factors should be considered in developing small scale dairy farming, not only from availability of inputs but also from institutional aspect . Key words : Production factor, milk, dairy cows
Epidemiological study of brucellosis and its effect on reproduction failures in dairy cattle in DKI Jakarta Sudibyo, Agus
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.858 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v1i1.6

Abstract

The purposes of this research were to observe prevalence, distribution and reproduction failure evidence of dairy cattle brucellosis in DKI Jakarta . To determine the group of cattle infected with Bntcella abortus, senim and milk samples were carried out . At the beginning, bulk of milk samples were collected from containers . Futhermore, the blood samples were simple randomly collected on cattle that were suspected positive brucellosis in the milk ring test . Those serum samples were tested by using rose bengal plate and complement fixation test . Questioner data in relation with on any reproductive failures, such as abortion, premature dead and born weak, were gathered from farmer within 8 consecutive month period . The result indicate that screening of brucellosis using milk ring test based on bulk milk sample was effective tools to determine the infected group of cattle . The average prevalence of brucellosis in DKI Jakarta area was 4 .5 %. Distribution of brucellosis prevalence were 8 .5% at Setiabudi, 2 .3% at Mampang Prapatan, and 2 .9% at Pasar Minggu . Brucellosis was found at least 201 cattle from 38 dairy cattle farm in DKI Jakarta . Brucellosis was caused abortion about 62 .5% dairy cattle and this value was significantly different than that of uninfected cattle (P<0.05) . Brucellosis also cause stillbirth around 9 .8% and born weakness 15 .2% . The widely distributed and high prevalence brucellosis of dairy cattle in DKI Jakarta was influenced by uncontrol of cattle movement and high abortion cases rate . Keywords : Brucellosis, epidemiology, dairy cattle, DKI Jakarta

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