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JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI
Jurnal Agroteknologi diterbitkan Fakultas Pertanian dan Peternakan Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau. Jurnal ini mengakomodir artikel/karya ilmiah meliputi agronomi, tanah, hama dan penyakit, teknologi benih, pemuliaan, teknologi hasil pertanian, agroindustri, dan sosial ekonomi pertanian. Naskah yang dimuat dapat berupa hasil penelitian, telaah/tinjauan literatur, penelitian singkat (short communication) dan gagasan penting dalam bidang pertanian.
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114
Articles
PENGARUH PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR UNITAS SUPER ASAL Chromolaena Odorata TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PADI HITAM (Oryza sativa L.)

Munir, Jamilah, Kurniawan, Beben, Zahanis, Zahanis

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to know the influence of concentration and interval of Liquid organic manure (LOM) Unitas Super  (US) form Chromolaena odorata on growth and yield of black rice (Oryza sativa L.). The experiment was conducted from October 2016 to March 2017 in Lubuk Minturun Urban Village, Koto Tangah Sub-district, Padang. The experiments were arranged in Completely Randomized Design, with 6 doses of POC Unitas Super (US) (v/v) with water, ie; 0 ml L-1 (F1); 50 ml L-1, 1 time a week (F2), 50 ml L-1, 1 time 2 weeks (F3), 100 ml L-1, a weekly (F4), 100 ml L-1, 1 time every 2 weeks (F5); 150 ml L-1 POC US, 1 time every 3 weeks (F6), and 3 replications. The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) 5% real level. If the treatment had a significant effect, it was continued with LSD test of 5% real level. Parameters observed include; Plant height, the maximum number of tillers and productive, flowering age, harvest, panicle length, the number of grains per panicle, weight of 1000 seeds, the weight of dry grain per hectare, percentage of empty grain and harvest index. The experimental results proved that there was an influence of LOM Unitas Super treatments on maximum tillers, empty grain, panicle length and dry grain harvest, and some other parameters were not significance. The conclusion was the giving of 50 ml L-1 POC Unitas Super given every week is the best treatment. The highest rice yield reached 6.79 tons ha-1 dry milled grain, with harvest index reached 0.49.  

KERENTANAN BERAS DARI PADI LOKAL DATARAN TINGGI ACEH TERHADAP HAMA PASCAPANEN Sitophilus oryzae L. (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE)

Hendrival, Hendrival, KHAIDIR, KHAIDIR, AFZAL, AULIA, RAHMANIAH, RAHMANIAH

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The selection rice of resistant to pests S. oryzae can be done through the utilization of local paddy germplasm. The study aims to determine the level of resistance of local upland rice Aceh to against pest infestation S. oryzae. The results showed that the local paddy rice from upland Aceh has a level resistance from resistance until moderately to susceptible to pest infestations S. oryzae. The rice from varieties Depet classified in the category-resistant, while varieties Putih, Toa, and Bontok classified in the moderate category. Local rice upland Aceh from varieties Pulo Aceh and Tajuk classified in the category of moderate to susceptible to pest attack S. oryzae during storage rice. Results of correlation analysis showed that resistance rice local upland Aceh affected by moisture content (r = 0.864*; P<0.05). Results of correlation analysis showed that positive correlation non significant between resistance with characteristic dimensions of rice such as length (r = 0.106; P> 0.01), negative correlation non significant with wide (r = -0.339; P>0.01), and a positive correlation non significant with ratio (r = 0.167; P>0.01). The content of protein and moisture content of the rice had a positive correlation with the population of adult S. oryzae (moisture content: r = 0.928**; protein: r = 0.884** P<0.01), the percentage of perforated rice (moisture content: r = 0.872* P<0.05; protein: r = 0.945** P<0.01), and the percentage of rice powder (moisture content: r = 0.912**; protein: r = 0.951** P<0.01) during storage

EMISI CO2 PADA PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) YANG DITUMPANGSARIKAN DENGAN TANAMAN PANGAN FASE BERBEDA DI TANAH MINERAL

Misbahuddin, Muhammad, Aryanti, Ervina, Purnamasari, Endah, Permanasari, Indah, Irfan, Mokhamad, Arminudin, Ahmad Taufiq

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Land changes become oil palm plantations accused of contributing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) included in the mineral soil, therefore it is very important to gather information in mineral soil CO2 emissions to support mitigation and adaption to climate change. This purpose of this research determine the CO2 emissions in the oil palm plantations planted crops in the vegetative stage and generative phase, as well as to determine the ratio of CO2 emissions in the oil palm plantations planted crops in the vegetative stage and generative phase. This research was conducted in November 2015 to February 2016 in Subdistrict of Tambang, District of Kampar, Province Riau. The method used in this research was Random Block Design with four treatments and replications. The treatments were oil palm-bera, oil palm-corn, oil palm-soy bean, oil palm-intercropping corn soy bean. The research showed that CO2 emissions in the oil palm plantation intercropped with crops (corn and soybeans) in the vegetative phase showed no significantly different. Comparison large of CO2 emissions indicated oil palm-corn vegetative phase.

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI ETHEPON TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN MENTIMUN VARIETAS LOKAL DAN ANTARA (Cucumis sativus L.)

Hera, Novita, Syarif, Zulfadly, Chaniago, Irawati

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Research on the effect of giving various concentration ethepon to growth and production of cucumber was conducted in Nagari Kacang Kecamatan X Koto Singkarak, Solok, West Sumatra, from June to August 2008. The objectives of the study were (1) get interaction between several concentrations of ethephon with cucumber varieties, (2) obtaining the best ethepon concentration, (3) and knowing cucumber varieties that have better production. Factorial-factored experiments in Randomized Block Design with 2 factors and 3 groups. The first factor of ethepon concentration consisted of five levels 0, 100, 200, 300, 400 ppm. The second factor is cucumber varieties of Local and  Antara varieties. Observed variables: plant length, number of branches, when first male flowers appear, when the first female flowers appear, the number of male flowers, the number of female flowers, the number of straight fruit, the number of fruit is not straight, the fruit weight is straight, fruit weight is not straight. Providing ethepon concentration with crop varieties has an effect on growth and production of cucumber , that is when the first male flowers appear (hst). Provision of ethepon concentration of 200 ppm showed a better effect on the number of female flowers, the number of straight fruit, and the weight of the fruit straight. Factor varieties, singularly different to plant length variables, when the first female flowers appear, the number of straight fruit, the number of crooked fruit, the weight of the fruit straight, and the weight of the bent fruit. Local varieties show better production than Antara varieties.

KETERSEDIAAN P, SERAPAN P DAN SI OLEH TANAMAN PADI GOGO (Oryza sativa. L) PADA LAHAN ULTISOL YANG DIAPLIKASIKAN SILIKAT DAN PUPUK FOSFAT

Zulputra, Zulputra, Nelvia, Nelvia

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The research was conducted from  August 2014 to Januari 2015 in the Ultisol Land, Pematang Berangan Village, Rokan Hulu Regency, Riau Province. The study aims to determine the availability of P, P and Si uptake by upland rice plants granting silicate and phosphate fertilizer on Ultisol land. The form of this research is experimental factorial completely randomized design consist of two factors. The first factor is silicate consists of four levels (0, 50, 75, and 100 kg SiO2/ha), while the second factor is phosphate fertilizer consists of four levels (0, 36, 54, and 72 kg P2O5/ha), each combination was repeated three times. The results showed that administration of silicates and phosphates increase the availability of P, P and Si uptake of upland rice crop. Giving of 100 kg SiO2 and 36 kg P2O5 per hectare increase  uptake of P and Si, each respectively increased by 208 % and 218 % compared without silicates and phosphates fertilizer.

APLIKASI KOMPOS TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT DAN DOLOMIT PADA MEDIUM SUB SOIL INCEPTISOL TERHADAP BIBIT KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) DI PEMBIBITAN UTAMA

Amri, Al Ichsan, Armaini, Armaini, Amindo Purba, Mazmur Rahmat

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is determining the effect of some  treatment combinations and to determine the combination of best compost bunches empty palm oil and dolomite that could support growth seeds palm oil plantations in a main nursery. This research has been conducted in the experimental field, Agriculture Faculty, University of Riau from April to July 2015. The research used Completely Randomized Design Factorial that consisting of two factors. The first factor is giving compost bunches empty palm oil : (37,5, 75 and 112,5 g/polybag).  The  second  factor  is  giving  lime  dolomite  (CaMg  (CO3)2) : (9, 18 and 30 g/polybag).   Each combination made three replications and two plants. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and the means were tested with Duncan 5%. The research results show that combination of compost bunches empty palm oil and dolomite had show the real effect on the increase in diameter hump of seedlings , but the effect not real on the parameters height of seedlings,increase number of leaves, volume roots, ratio crown rootsand and dry weight of seedlings. Combination compost bunches empty palm oil 112,5 g/polybag and dolomite 18 g/polybag showed better results for the growth of palm oil seedlings.

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Permanasari, Indah

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

PERBEDAAN BATANG BAWAH DAN MASA PENYIMPANAN ENTRES TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN OKULASI BIBIT JERUK SIAM MADU (Citrus nobilis)

Wahyudi, Eko, Permanasari, Indah, Aryanti, Ervina

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Agustus 2017
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research had been conducted from December to March 2015 at Horticultural Seed Center, Marpoyan, Pekanbaru. The study aimed to determine the effect of the type of rootstock and the storage period of buds as well as the interaction between both of them towards  its growth. This study was conducted experimentally by using completely randomized factorial design (CRFD) consisting of two factors and seven replications. The first factor was type of rootstock (B1: Japanese Citroen, B2: Rough Lemon) and the second factor was storage period of buds (M0: directly grafted, M1: 1-day storage period, M2: 2-day storage period, M3: 3-day storage period). Parameters measured were growth percentage of buds, bud burst time, length of buds, number of leaves and diameter of buds. The results showed that the Rough Lemon rootstock had a significant effect on the number of leaves, length of buds, bud burst time, diameter of buds and equally effect on the growth percentage of buds. Storage period of the buds did not significantly affect the growth of the grafted Siam Madu citrus seedlings.. The interaction between the type of rootstock and the storage period of buds only occurred in the bud burst time only.

KERAGAMAN VIABILITAS BENIH 20 GENOTIPE PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.)

Noflindawati, Noflindawati, Budiyanti, Tri, Fatria, Dewi

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Agustus 2017
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Germination  problems in the commerce in general are the seeds will experience a period save on condition of sub optium.The seeds that have high viability and vigor which is expected to be passed on to seed derivatives that are genetically seed quality can be maintained. The study aims to determine the diversity of physiological seed quality of 20 genotypes of papaya collection Tropical Fruit Research Institute. Research conducted at the KP Sumani Balitbu Tropika 2015. Materials: 20 genotype papaya seeds. Research using a randomized block design with three replications treatment of 20 genotypes of papaya. Results of the study showed germination of 20 genotypes of papaya tested ranged from 33-93%, vigor index among 11-81%, the maximum growth potential of among 16-100%, and the plant fresh weight ranges from 0.5 - 15 g. Genetic diversity germination, the seeds of papaya is very high. Characters germination, vigor index and wet weights, the character is inherited as too high the heritability

ENUMERASI DAN ANALISIS BAKTERI TANAH DI HUTAN LARANGAN ADAT RUMBIO (Enumeration And Bacteria Analysis of Soil on The Larangan Adat Rumbio Forest)

Fitrah, Rahmi, Irfan, Mokhammad, Saragih, Robbana

JURNAL AGROTEKNOLOGI Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Agustus 2017
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

One of indicator of soil fertility is the population level of microbial in the soil. This research aims to determine the number of bacterial populations in the soil on yhe Larangan Adat Rumbi Forest with different levels of depth. This research has been carried out on January-February 2015 in the Laboratory of Pathology, Entomology and Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences of State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau. The method that was used namely observation method by taking soil samples on the Larangan Adat Rumbio Forest then calculated the number of colonies of bacteria and analyze the morphology of the bacteria that was obtained macroscopically and microscopically. Parameters measured were pH of soil, the population of bacteria, bacterial morphology, gram stain, and bacterial cell shape based on soil depth of 0-10 cm, 11-20 cm, 21-30 cm. Observations carried out two stages macroscopic and microscopic observation. The results showed the soil pH on the Larangan Adat Rumbio Forest was 4,11. Total population of bacteria at depth of 0-10 cm namely 3,0 x 109 CFU, then at a depth of 11-20 cm namely of 2,2 x 109 CFU and at depth of 21-30 cm namely 1,6 x 108 CFU. The Results of purification of culture was obtained six isolat two coccus and four bacil consisting of five gram negative bacteria and one gram positive. Need to do further research on bacteria identification to genus or species level.