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Forum Agribisnis
ISSN : 22525491     EISSN : -
Forum Agribisnis adalah jurnal ilmiah sebagai forum komunikasi antar peneliti, akademisi, dan penentu kebijakan dan praktisi dalam bidang agribisnis dan bidang terkait lainnya. Tulisan bersifat asli berisi analisis empirik atau tinjauan teoritis dan review buku terbaru. Forum Agribisnis dikelola oleh Magister Sains Agribisnis Departemen Agribisnis FEM IPB. Jurnal diterbitkan pada bulan Maret dan September.
Articles
145
Articles
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN INVESTASI KAPAL KHUSUS ANGKUTAN TERNAK DI INDONESIA SKENARIO RUTE CELUKAN BAWANG-TANJUNG PRIOK-CIREBON

Wijaksani, Titik Triary ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Nurmalina, Rita ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Burhanuddin, Burhanuddin ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor )

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 2 SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Government had made the first livestock vessel investment in Indonesia, namely KM Camara Nusantara I (KM CN I) which was operationalizing since 2016. The livestock vessel supported beef cattle distribution from East Nusa Tenggara Province (NTT) to DKI Jakarta Province by route Tenau-Waingapu-Tanjung Priok-Cirebon. In addition the government makes another new 5 livestock vessels investment which is one of them planned for beef cattle distribution from Bali Province by Celukan Bawang Port to DKI Jakarta Province by Tanjung Priok Port. Livestock vessel investment required high cost up to Rp 58 billion per unit. Moreover the operational of KM CN I still subsidized by the government.  Therefore the objective of this study is to analyze livestock vessel investment by route scenario Celukan Bawang-Tanjung Priok-Cirebon on nonfinancial aspect, financial, economic and sensitivity analyses. Nonfinancial aspect analysis used descriptive method. Financial and economic analyses used Cost and Benefit Analysis (CBA), with shadow price for economic analysis. Sensitivity analysis used switching value method. Nonfinancial aspect analysis indicated the investment feasible. Financial analysis for livestock vessel return scenario to Celukan Bawang Port without cargo and carrying feed cargo are not feasible (NPV<0). Economic analysis for return scenario without cargo is not feasible (NPV<0), meanwhile for return scenario by carrying feed cargo is feasible (NPV>0, B/C Ratio>1, IRR 5.70% higher than discount rate, and Payback Period 13.84 years). Sensitivity analysis indicated the investment is feasible by minimum increase in the price of ticket fare 534.56% for return scenario without cargo and 410.12% by carrying feed cargo.

ANALISIS DAYASAING JAGUNG DI WILAYAH SENTRA PRODUKSI DI INDONESIA DENGAN PENDEKATAN POLICY ANALYSIS MATRIX (PAM)

Darmayanti, Ni Wayan Surya ( Program Magister Sains Agribisnis, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Winandi, Ratna ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, IPB ) , Tinaprilla, Netti ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, IPB )

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 2 SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

The objectives of this research are to analyze competitiveness and the impact of government’s policy of maize farming in several central productions in Indonesia. This research was conducted to analyze maize competitiveness using PAM (Policy Analysis Matrix) method. Data sample was conducted at four maize production centers, including East Java, Central Java, West Java, and South Sulawesi. The results show the forth centre have competitiveness. This showed by PCR values in some production areas less than 1 and for competitive advantage, indicated by DRCR values in production areas also less than 1. Analysis of the Government policy aspect, the government has been able to provide positive incentives for maize farming in North Jawa, Centre of Jawa and West Java. The impact of government policy on inputs and outputs simultaneously can provide a positive incentive to farmers at maize production sites in Java. But the government’s policy hasn’t been able to provide for output in Sulawesi Selatan.  The conclusion is the fourth centres of maize production have competitive and comparative advantage. Sulawesi Selatan has high comparative advantages, so Sulawesi Selatan has high  potential to improve maize farming.

ANALISIS PENDAPATAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENDAPATAN PENGRAJIN GULA AREN DI KABUPATEN REJANG LEBONG PROVINSI BENGKULU

Saragih, Novia Fitri Yanti ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Suharno, Suharno ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Harianto, Harianto ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor )

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 2 SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Palm sugar as a source of income is mostly produced by palm sugar producers who are in the village, depending on the population of existing palm trees. Available raw materials and prevailing prices affect income. This study aims to (1) analyze the structure of production costs and business income of palm sugar and (2) analyze the factors that influence the income of palm sugar producers in Rejang Lebong Regency, Bengkulu Province. The method used to analyze the cost structure is income analysis (π = TR - TC) by calculating the use of total costs (TC = TFC + TVC) used in once production process. Factors that influence palm sugar income are  price of palm sugar, number of productive trees, and yield of palm sugar. Primary data obtained from palm sugar prodicers using questionnaires and secondary data obtained from previous research. Analysis of factors that influence income using multiple linear regression analysis,  processed using the SPSS 16.0 Program. Research results show that the average income obtained by palm sugar craftsmen in Rejang Lebong District is Rp 150,374 / production. Palm sugar processing business is still feasible to be a business and profitable because the value of profitability obtained is 1.23. Factors that influence income significantly at the level of 95 percent in the form of prices and number of productive trees. Improvements in technological innovations and an increase in the population of palm sugar plants need to be improved to be able to increase the income of palm sugar’ producers in the Rejang Lebong Regency of Bengkulu Province.

ANALISIS ALTERNATIF STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN KOPERASI PRODUKSI SUSU

Zikri P, M Dahri ( Magister Bisnis, Sekolah Bisnis Institut Pertanian Bogor. Staf Pengajar Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Suparno, Ono ( Magister Bisnis, Sekolah Bisnis Institut Pertanian Bogor. Staf Pengajar Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Bantacut, Tajuddin ( Magister Bisnis, Sekolah Bisnis Institut Pertanian Bogor. Staf Pengajar Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor )

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 2 SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

The objective of the research is to analyze the strategic alternative to be implemented in the Bogor development of milk production cooperation. The analysis covered descriptive analysis, Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE), External Factor Evaluation (EFE), Internal-External (IE) matrix analysis, Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threat (SWOT). The results showed that the position of the cooperatives in quadrants V of the Internal-Eksternal (IE) matrix, the strategy of the cooperative should be hold and maintain where a strategy that is widely used in these cells is market penetration and product development. Managerial implication of alternative strategy that can be immplemented in the milk production cooperatives are improve the competitiveness of products, products promotion, promotion activities by socializing the importance of drinking milk, product diversification, improve the quality of milk, strengthening the modal through loan with the financial intitutions, coordinating with the government to get assistance in strengthening the cooperation and breeder, increasing the population of cattle through joint venture, expanding markets, improve production facilities, improve technology, develop the healthy partnership, improve the management of the maintenance of dairy cows.

ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI USAHATANI JAGUNG SERTA EFISIENSI TEKNIS DI KABUPATEN KUPANG

Rohi, Jullyo Gideon ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Winandi, Ratna ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Fariyanti, Anna ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor )

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 2 SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Corn (Zea mays L.) is a potential agribusiness commodity in meeting food needs. In the national economy, corn is the second largest contributor after rice in the food subsector. One potential area for corn production is Kupang Regency which has a lot of marginal lands (dry land). This study aims to determine the factors that influence the production and technical efficiency of corn farming in Kupang Regency. This study, using the Cobb-Douglas production function method, is a functional form of the corn production function in the study area and the Stochastic Frontier method is estimated using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) methods. The results showed that all the variables in the significant model were soil, seeds, Urea, KCL, SP36, pesticides and had signs that matched expectations. The study also found that farmers were technically efficient with an average of 75 percent and factors that had a significant influence on increasing technical personnel, namely age, formal education and income.

FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI HARGA SAHAM PERUSAHAAN PERKEBUNAN DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA TAHUN 2008-2016

Kurniyanto, Ifan Rizky ( Departemen Agribisnis, FEM IPB ) , Krisnamurthi, Bayu ( Departemen Agribisnis, FEM IPB )

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 2 SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Capital markets allows the plantation companies to obtain long-term sources of funding for business expansion. To Invest in the stock market investors require careful consideration of accurate information to determine the relationship of variables that cause the fluctuation of the company's stock price to be purchased. Knowing the influence of these variables, investors can choose a strategy to determine the right company as a place to invest. The purpose of this study is to analyze technically and fundamentally shares of plantation companies that have been listed on the BEI in period of 2008-2016. Research method using panel data and Ipot Ultima. The results of this study showed that through fundamental analysis it is known that ROA, Inflation, Exchange Rate, and BI Rate and AR1 have a significant influence (Pvalue <0.05) on stock prices while CR, DER, TOTA, PER, NPM have no significant effect on stock price plantation. Through technical analysis it is known that the movement of plantation company in MA 3025 is sideway.

ANALISIS RISIKO HARGA KOMODITAS SAYURAN UNGGULAN DI INDONESIA

Rahmawati, Astuti, Fariyanti, Anna

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 1 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 1 MARET 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Chilies, potatoes, shallots, and cabbage are five main vegetables that have high rates of production, but they also have high levels of price fluctuation. The purpose of this study was to analyze the levels of price risk and analyze alternative strategies needed to reduce the price risk of chilies, potatoes, shallots, and cabbage. The method of analysis that used in this research is ARCH/GARCH model, Value at Risk (VaR), and coefficient variation. The results showed that the price of chilies, tomatoes, and potatoes were influenced by price volatility and variants in previous periods. The price volatility and variants of shallots and cabbages were influenced by the prices of one and two previous periods. The calculation of VaR, which was based on the total capital in a one-day sale period showed that price risk of chilies, potatoes, shallots, and cabbage were at 4.077 persen, 3.078 persen, 5.240 persen, 6.879 persen, dan 3.980 persen. Based on coefficient variation showed that tomatoes had the highest price risk was at 0.428 while potatoes was found to have the lowest price risk was at 0.080. Shallot had the second highest price risk was at 0.195. Cabbage and chilies had the third and the forth highest price risk were  at 0.209 and 0.349. Alternative strategy to solve the price risk of vegetables need to be applied by traders, farmers, and government.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERILAKU WIRAUSAHA MOMPRENEUR (STUDI KASUS : KOMUNITAS BUNDA ONLINE)

Aina, Arifah Qurrotu, Suwarsinah, Heny Kuswanti, Burhanuddin, Burhanuddin

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 1 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 1 MARET 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Rapid development of mompreneur in Indonesia become economic potential. Join the community to become one of the characteristics that can strengthen the mompreneur in running the business Komunitas Bunda Online (KBO) is one of the active community of mompreneurs who provide support to their members. The purpose of this study to determine what factors affect the entrepreneurial behavior of mompreneurs, especially those who join the community The sample in this study were 41 respondents, selected using judgment sampling technique that is based on the criteria of owning a business and having at least one child. This study analyzes the influence of individual factors and external factors on entrepreneurial behavior with the approach of Partial Least Square (PLS). The result shows that the individual factor that has the most positive effect on the behavior is the achievement desire. External factors proved to positively affect the behavior in which the growth of e-commerce in Indonesia gives a strong influence.

BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS PERUSAHAAN PENGOLAH RUMPUT LAUT

Mahdi, Ammar Fathin, Baga, Lukman Mohammad

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 1 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 1 MARET 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Winner Perkasa Indonesia Unggul is a SME that sells product based on seaweed processing. The enterprise is trying to improve their business activity on seaweed processing products. The purposes of this research are to identify the existing business model at the enterprise, to evaluate the model, and to generate a new business model prototype with the Business Model Canvas method analysis. This research  is a case study on a company, and conducted in March-May 2016. The data used are primary data in the form of interviews and internal company data, while qualitative analysis used to evaluate the business model, and the SWOT analysis method used to help generating new business model prototype. The results of this research were two alternative of business model prototype for the enterprise’s development in the future. The first alternative is trying to classify new customer segment, and followed by creating the new value proposition. With the additional of new customer segment and the new value proposition, it caused the enterprise to extend the channels by optimalizing technologies, and eventually increase the revenue stream of the enterprise. The second alternative is trying to increase the customer relationship by creating the new value proposition. It will raise the opportunity to make an alliance or partnership for helping the business activity of the enterprise. However, the changes on some parts of the business model will affect the enterprise’s cost structure.

PERMINTAAN DAN PENAWARAN MINYAK GORENG SAWIT INDONESIA

Rambe, Khoiru Rizqy, Kusnadi, Nunung

Forum Agribisnis Vol 8, No 1 (2018): FA VOL 8 NO 1 MARET 2018
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

In the last 15 years, Indonesia palm-cooking oil price tend to increase significantly. The increase of palm-cooking oil price was driven by either its demand or supply. This study aimed to determine factors affecting of demand, supply, and Indonesia palm-cooking oil price. This research used time series data from 1990 to 2014. Simultaneous equation model was performed to analyse demand and supply of palm-cooking oil. The result indicated that income and population significantly influenced demand for palm-cooking oil. These implied that palm-cooking oil is categorized as normal good and staple food in Indonesia. While the price of palm-cooking oil, palm oil production, and real price of CPO Domestic significantly influenced supply of palm-cooking oil. Indonesia palm-cooking oil price was not significantly affected by its demand and supply.