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WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora
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Published by Universitas Brawijaya
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Jurnal WACANA mempublikasikan makalah ilmiah hasilpenelitian dan kajian-kajian ilmiah dalam lingkup humaniora dan social studies, seperti antropologi, kajian-kajian bisnis, kajian komunikasi, corporate governance, kriminologi, kajian lintas budaya, demografi, studi ekonomi pembangunan, kajian pendidikan dan etika, geografi sosial, kajian manajemen teknologi informasi, hubungan industrial, hubungan internasional, kajian hukum, kajian media, sains politik, kajian dinamika populasi, kajian psikologi, kajian administrasi publik, kesejahteraan sosial, kajian agama dan linguistik
Articles
296
Articles
The Disclosure of Islamic Ethics in Islamic Banks

Imamia, Tsumma Lazuardini, Noor, Iswan, Manzilati, Asfi

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 22, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This research is aimed to acknowledge the disclosure of Islamic ethics in sharia banking business practices. Islamic banks have a different concept of understanding compared to a conventional bank in implementing the practices of collecting and channeling funds. Islamic economic system has stipulated mandatory regulations in every financial transaction of Islamic banks. Finding the balance on implementing business practices and religious orders have become the primary consideration of Islamic banks. The social responsibility as a higher priority has constructed Islamic banks with different ethical identity in contrast to the one conventional bank has. Having the ethical identity grants Islamic banks with a distinguishable unique characteristic. For  the Islamic banks, the compatibility of Islamic ethics in its practices becomes one of the strengths in thriving among the highly competitive banking industry. This research is a textual analysis which discusses Islamic ethics on Islamic banks business. The methodology applied in this research is qualitative descriptive. Based on the findings, it is revealed that sharia banking in Indonesia has not yet been ideal in implementing Islamic ethics in its business practices. Islamic banks show the presence of similarity between Islamic and conventional banks in terms of service behavior.

The Influence of Work-Life Balance on Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, and Turnover Intention

Sitorus, Detson Ray Halomoan, Raharjo, Kusdi, Kusumawati, Andriani Kusumawati

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This research aims to examine the influence of work-life balance on the employees’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention in the banking industry. Theres a total of 142 questionnaires collected from branch offices and 13 BRI unit offices in Malang. The demographic features were briefly discussed in terms of frequency and percentage. For the analysis of data, descriptive and inferential statistics have been used. Structural equation modeling (SEM) has been used for inferential statistics to measure the degree between independent variables and the dependent variables. The results of this study clearly demonstrate that work-life balance, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment have a negative impact on the turnover intention. Work-life balance, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment have an important relationship in minimizing the turnover intention among the employees in the organization.

The Effect of Capital Structure and Ownership Structure on Financial Performance and Dividend Policy on Manufacturing Companies in the Indonesia Stock Exchange

Hanim, Samira, Suhadak, Suhadak, Nuzula, Nila Firdausi

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This study aimed to examine the effect of capital structure and ownership structure on financial performance and dividend policy. The study involved the manufacturing companies listed on IDX from 2012 to 2016. The data were analyzed by applying PLS (Partial Least Square). Research method used in this research was explanatory research using purposive sampling. The results of this study were: Capital Structure had a positive significant effect on Financial Performance, Capital Structure had non-significant effect on Dividend Policy, Ownership Structure had a positive significant effect on Financial Performance, Ownership Structure had non-significant effect on Dividend Policy, and Financial Performance had a positive significant effect on Dividend Policy.

Legal Ratio of Income Tax Regulation Towards Transfer of Rights on Land and Building

Wilamarta, Stephanie, Sudarsono, Sudarsono, Budiono, Abdul Rachmad, Sugiri, Bambang

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Regulations concerning income tax on rights and land in the form of buying and selling, grants and inheritance, are regulated in law number 36 of 2008, Government Regulation number 34 of 2016 and Circular of Director General of Tax number SE-20 / PJ / 2015. Some of the regulations that are considered not fulfilling the element of justice, so there is a need for research to find out about the income tax. land and buildings in the form of buying and selling, grants and inheritance focusing on the principles of justice and certainty law. The method used in This research is normative legal research using four methods of approach, namely legislation approach, conceptual approach, historical approach, and comparative approach. The results showed that justice in tax was regulated by the Government Regulation Number 79 of 1994 in conjunction with Government Regulation Number 79 of 1999 specifically regulates the imposition of Income Tax income from the transfer of rights to land and buildings with the final tariff, so that for transactions that are losing (without additional economic capability) will still be subject to income tax. The income tax collection is on income from the right, because it does not fulfill the convenience of convenience taxation, namely the imposition of tax on the transfer of rights to land transactions, especially Income Taxes. tax collection based on profit or gross income less costs (Pay as you earn).

The Existence of Female Politicians in Denpasar Disaster Management

Sucitawathi P, I.G.A.AG Dewi, Dewi, Ni Luh Yulyana

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explain the role of female politicians in disaster management in Denpasar City. The disaster category taken in this study consists of some major disasters which severely damage public facilities and harm the community such as fire, flood, tornado and earthquake. The role of female politicians is not expected to always focus on political issues, but also requires active involvement in addressing social problems, especially disasters because disaster response in disaster management does not only require community contributions but also government contributions.The specific target to be achieved is to find out how far the level of active participation of female politicians in disaster management in Denpasar City. The involvement of female politicians is considered on pre-disaster, disaster, and post-disaster response. The female politicians referred to in this study are the regional house of representatives,  the cadres, and the administrators of political parties in Denpasar City. In addition, this study aims to determine the policy model formulated by female politicians in handling disasters in Denpasar City, along with their role in helping the female victims.The method used in this study consists of primary data and secondary. The primary data is obtained from the observations, interviews, and documentation whereas the secondary data is obtained from the internet, literature and scientific journals. The research stage starts from 1) Collecting data and information from the government through Regional Disaster Management Agency, the regional house of representatives, cadres and the administrators of political parties in Denpasar City. 2) Collecting data and information from people who have been the victims of disasters and those who live in the vicinity of the disaster site by distributing some questionnaires.

Analysis on Acceleration of Development in Sumenep Regency Within the Perspective of Human Development

Cahyasari, Erlita

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

In order to improve community’s welfare, the government of Sumenep Regency seeks to do sustainable development. The acceleration of development carried out gives emphasis on human development. There are three indicators in human development; they are (1) longevity, which consists of Life Expectancy of Birth and Infant Mortality Rate; (2) educational achievement, which includes Adult Literacy Rate and the Mean Years of Schooling, and (3) access to resources, which includes Gross Regional Domestic Product. This writing aims to describe and analyze the acceleration of development in Sumenep Regency within the perspective of human development. This research uses descriptive method with secondary data. Results of the study indicate that the indicators (longevity, educational achievement, and access to resources) experience increases and decreases during the period of 2010 and 2016.

Effect of Fundamental Factors and Demographic Informations on Personality and Investment Decision

Sisbintari, Ika, Suhadak, Suhadak, Ragil, Siti, Nuzula, Nila Firdausi

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Investment decision making is a process that involves investor psychology. Many events in capital market are anomalies that traditional finance cannot explain. Researchers in finance field then turn to non-economic aspects of investor psychology which causes behavioral finance to emerge. In principle, behavioral finance is a study of three fields of science, namely finance, psychology and sociology. This study aims to (1) test and explain the effect of fundamental factors on investment decision; (2) test and explain the effect of demographic informations on personality; (3) test and explain the effect of personality on investment decision; (4) test and explain the effect of demographic informations on investment decision. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire with a response rate of 72.4% (of the 500 questionnaires sent, 362 returned questionnaires that could be analyzed). Data analysis used Generalized Structured Component Analysis (GeSCA). The results showed that (1) fundamental factors had a significant effect on investment decision; (2) demographic informations had a significant effect on personality; (3) personality had a significant effect on investment decision; (4) demographic informations had a significant effect on investment decision.

The Impact of Transformational Leadership Style, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Work Satisfaction on A Galuh Protank Logistics Group’s Employees’ Performance

Setyaningrum, Retno Purwani

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This research is aimed to study the influence of transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) implementation on employee performance and aimed to study the influence of transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) implementation on job satisfaction and the subsequent effect of job satisfaction on employee performance. Employee performance is the primary factor in the achievement of company goals. This research will answer these problems: (1) Does transformational leadership affect employee performance? (2) Does job satisfaction affect employee performance? (3) Does transformational leadership affect employee performance as mediated by employee job satisfaction? (4) Does the OCB affect employee performance? (5) Does the OCB affect employee performance as mediated by employee job satisfaction? This research follows a quantitative approach using data that was gathered through questionnaires. The population of this research are Galuh Protank Logistics Group employees. Forty-eight employees were respondents. SEM-PLS Warps test was used to analyze the data. The research results indicate that the influence of transformational leadership and OCB on employee performance is significant, but the influence of job satisfaction on employee performance is not significant.  The research results indicate that the influence of transformational leadership and OCB on employee job satisfaction is significant.Keywords: Employee performance, Job satisfaction, Organization Citizenship Behavior, Transformational leadership style

Implementation of Sumbawa’s Regent Decree No 801 on The Formation of 2016 Moyo Festival Executive Committee in Order to Encourage Economic Creativity and Society Innovation (Study at Youth, Sports and Tourism Agency of Sumbawa Regency)

Sanapiah, Muhammad Ariy Dermawan, Suryono, Agus, Hakim, Luqman

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Implementation of Sumbawa’s Regent Decree No 801 on the Formation of 2016 Moyo Festival Executive Committee in order to Encourage Economic Creativity and Society Innovation. A great amount of either natural riches or Indonesian culture is a very promising tourism potential. One of the regions owning a good potential is Sumbawa Regency. Tourism potential owned by this regency then draws the government’s attention to able to manage and develop it. The national regulation related to tourism is regulated in Law No 10/2009 on Tourism. Sumbawa Regency alone issued a policy to develop the tourism called Sumbawa’s Regent Decree No 801 on the Formation of 2016 Moyo Festival Executive Committee. Moyo Festival had a purpose to be able to increase the tourist visit and the promoted Sumbawa Regency so that it could encourage economic creativity and society innovation. The research results showed that the implementation of Moyo Festival was not optimal yet to increase the tourist visit and the promoted Sumbawa. Besides, the encouragement to the economic creativity was not optimal either.

Policy Imlementation of Conflict Mitigation (Study on Implementation of Regional Regulation No 2/2013 on Disaster Mitigation in Poso Regency of Central Sulawesi Province)

Kalembiro, Risaldy, Haryono, Bambang Santoso, Hermawan, Romy

WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This research aims to analyze the Policy Implementation of Conflict Mitigation in Poso Regency which adopted the Regulation of Central Sulawesi Province Governor No 2/2013 on the Implementation of Disaster This research used descriptive research type with qualitative approach. To analyze, the writer used Implementation Model of Van Metter and Van Horn (1975). The research finding was in order that Poso City became a safe, peaceful and tranquil city with Sintuwu Maroso as a slogan. Besides, the government also formed Sub District Integrated Team in order to mitigate the conflict such as the formation of Interreligious Harmony Forum (FKUB), National Reform Forum (FPK) and Society Early Alertness Forum (FKDM). However, the formation of sub district forum was not maximal yet because there were forums in sub districts which were not formed yet. The next problem was the recovery fund which was not on target yet. The government was not open yet either in giving any deep information related to the conflict mitigation. Nevertheless, the entire elements related to the conflict mitigation continued to make any effort as maximal as possible to reduce the available conflict intensity in Poso Regency. The conclusion of the research was that the policy implementation of conflict mitigation had not run maximally yet and the Regional Government did not own the permanent Regional Regulation related to the conflict mitigation.