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INDONESIA
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 19077505     EISSN : 24600601     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Kesmas: National Public Health Journal is on public health as discipline and practices related to preventive and promotive measures to enhance health of the public through scientific approach applying variety of technique. This focus includes area and scope such as biostatistics, epidemiology, health education and promotion, health policy and administration, environmental health, public health nutrition, sexual and reproductive health, and occupational health and safety.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017" : 8 Documents clear
Spatial Analysis of Determinants of Filariasis-Endemic Areas in West Sumatra Masrizal, Masrizal; Diana, Fivi Melva; Rasyid, Rosfita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.881 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1300

Abstract

West Pasaman District and Agam District are filariasis-endemic areas in West Sumatra with prevalence of 12.40 per 100,000 cases and 11.27 per 100,000 cases respectively. This study aimed to determine risk factors associated with the prevalence of filariasis and mapping the vulnerability of the area in West Sumatra. A case control study design was conducted in the West Pasaman District and Agam District. The study used a sample of 74 cases and 74 controls taken by simple random sampling for the case and purposive random sampling for control. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate, multivariate and spatial. The results in Agam District showed that variables associated relation with filariasis (p value < 0.05) were the level of knowledge, plantations, the paddy, the ceiling of the house. The most dominant risk factor was knowledge. Type of vector that was found was Culex. While in West Pasaman District, the variable associated with filariasis (p value < 0.05) was the use of mosquito nets, the habit of dressing, marshes, and ceiling. The most dominant risk factor was the ceiling of the house.
Husband’s Education Level and Alcohol Drinking Habit as Risk Factors of HIV Infection among Housewives in Pati District Aeni, Nurul; Westendorp, Annemarie
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.185 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1704

Abstract

Cases of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection in Pati District increase, particularly among housewives. The aim of this study was to analyse the risk factors of HIV infection among housewives in Pati District using case-control study design. The respondents were 90 housewives divided into case and control group. The case group consisted of 30 housewives living with HIV, while the control group comprised 60 housewives living in the similar area of the counterparts. The data collection was focused on demographic, sexual behaviour, and sociocultural variables possessed by housewives and their husbands. The study resulted that the risk factors of HIV infection among housewives based on bivariate analysis were housewife’s level of education, husband’s level of education, husband’s occupation, housewife’s sexual transmission disease (STD) record, husband’s STD record, husband’s participation in religious activities, and husband’s alcohol drinking habit. The risk factors that fitted to logistic regression model were education level and alcoholic behaviour of husbands that contributed to 29.1% HIV infection among housewives. In conclusion, the husband’s variables are proved having stronger and very significant correlation with HIV infection among housewives than housewife’s variables.
Increasing Use of Research Findings in Improving Evidence-Based Health Policy at the National Level Budiharsana, Meiwita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1096.984 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1905

Abstract

In February 2016, the Minister of Health decided to increase the use of research findings in improving the quality of the national health policy and planning. The Ministry of Health has instructed the National Institute of Health Research and Development or NIHRD to play a stronger role of monitoring and evaluating all health programs, because “their opinion and research findings should be the basis for changes in national health policies and planning”. Compared to the past, the Ministry of Health has increased the research budget for evidence-based research  tremendously. However, there is a gap between the information needs of program and policy-makers and the information offered by researchers. A close dialogue is needed between the users (program managers, policy makers and planners) and the suppliers (researchers and evaluators) to ensure that the evidence-based supplied by research is useful for  programs, planning and health policy.
Implementation of Cigarette Excise Policy against Cigarette Consumption Reduction among Adolescent in Kuningan, Indonesia Ramjani, Jani; Rahim, Fitri Kurnia; Amalia, Icca Stella; Putra, Wahyu Manggala
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (649.597 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1690

Abstract

Indonesia has the highest prevalence of smoking (50.68%) compared to other ASEAN countries. On January 1st, 2017, the Indonesian government raised cigarette excise taxes. The purpose of this study was to analysis the impact of cigarette excise increase on cigarette consumption among adolescents aged 17 to 25 years. The study design used cross-sectional survey. A total of 153 adolescents were recruited in this study through simple random sampling technique. Questionnaires and observation papers were used in this study. A face-to-face interview was conducted to fulfill the data collection through home visit for each respondent. The data were obtained during May – June 2017. This study used paired t test analysis. The number of cigarettes consumed by adolescent decreased significantly by two cigarettes per day after the increase in cigarette excise tax. There is a significant difference of the average cigarettes price based on the brand after the implementation of cigarette excise tax increase, the difference of cigarette price is IDR 200 per stick of cigarettes after excise tax increase. Increased cigarette excise taxes may affect the increasing of cigarette prices. Threfore, it could reduce the number of cigarette consumption.
Maternal Energy Intake at the Sixth Month as Dominant Factor of Exclusive Breastfeeding Success Sihite, Devi Suryanti; Fikawati, Sandra; Syafiq, Ahmad
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.028 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1470

Abstract

Breastfeeding mothers needed adequate energy intake to provide 6-month exclusive breastfeeding that is necessary for infant growth and development. This study aimed to investigate real intake at the first and sixth month of breastfeeding and determine the dominant factor affecting 6-month exclusive breastfeeding provision. The design of this study was cross-sectional conducted in March-April 2015 among 109 mothers with 6-12- month-old infant living and registered at integrated health care in Kalangan Primary Health Care area. Data were collected through interview using questionnaires. Breastfeeding mothers’ intake was asked using Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire. The study found that 6-month exclusive breastfeeding proportion was 22.9%. Mean energy intake of breastfeeding mothers declined from 2551 kcal/day in the first month of breastfeeding to 1718 kcal/day in the sixth month of breastfeeding. After controlled by other variables, energy intake in the sixth month of breastfeeding was found to be the most dominant factor affecting 6-month exclusive breastfeeding provision. Mothers with low energy intake at the sixth month of breastfeeding period were likely 9 times more to fail in providing 6-month exclusive breastfeeding compared to those with adequate energy intake.
Effect of Health Education on Community Participation to Eradicate Aedes aegypti-Breeding Sites in Buahbatu and Cinambo Districts, Bandung Elsa, Zahratul; Sumardi, Uun; Faridah, Lia
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (801.273 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1298

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is still a major public health problem in many regions in Indonesia including Bandung City. Community participation in implementing Eradication of Mosquito-Breeding Sites is still needed as it is considered the most effective method in controlling the dengue fever. This study aimed to determine the influence of health education towards community participation to eradicate mosquito-breeding sites, which was measured by knowledge level and larva index conducted in Bandung, specifically in two different locations with the highest and the lowest incidence rates of DHF. This study used quasi-experimental method. Samples were 100 people living in Cijawura and Cisaranten Wetan Subdistricts taken by using purposive sampling technique. Pre-test results showed that knowledge level of respondents in both subdistricts was significantly increasing (p value = 0.000) after health education was given. Container index (CI) and House index (HI) values in Cijawura Subdistrict were 13.2% and 26.7% respectively, then 9.6% and 28.4% respectively in Cisaranten Wetan Subdistrict. After the health education, CI value in Cijawura and Cisaranten Wetan Subdistricts significantly decreased (p value < 0.05), but HI value did not (p value > 0.05).
Equity Level of Health Insurance Ownership in Indonesia Hartono, Risky Kusuma
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (893.408 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1408

Abstract

Social health insurance from government program are expected to be able to reduce inequalities access to health services in the middle of rising of health care cost, while private health insurance is still limited for up and middle class population. This study aimed to analyze the equity level of health insurance ownership including social and private health insurance in Indonesia. This study examined the condition of Indonesia in the middle of entering National Health Insurance (NHI) era. This study used data of Indonesian Socio-Economic Survey 2012. Data were analyzed by using econometric approach through multinomial logit analysis. The results showed that the concentration index of social health insurance ownership was 0.615, which is smaller than private health insurance ownership (0.972). It means that Indonesia social health insurace ownership will be able to increase equity access to the health services especially for poor people (pro poor). Social health insurance ownership increases the use of the health services by people.
The Change in Mental Health Status of Indonesian Health Care Migrant Worker in Japan Nugraha, Susiana; Hirano, Yuko; Sumihisha, Honda
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 2, November 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.832 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.1698

Abstract

Under the Japan – Indonesia Economic Partnership Agreement, more than 1,000 of Indonesian health care workers have migrated to Japan. Social adjustment during the process of migration is linked to mental health changes. This study aimed to figure out the strongest predictor that influences the change in mental health status as a result of migration. Baseline data were collected in Jakarta in 2013 during pre-departure orientation. Follow-up study was conducted one year after the study participants migrated to Japan in 2014. Using longitudinal design, this study employed 92 participants consisting of nurse and certified care worker candidates. The multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to figure out the predictors that influence the change in mental health status. The prediction model expected to explain 39.9% of the change in mental health status, p value < 0.01, while sex (b = 0.201, p value <  0.05), economic conditions in pre-migration (b = -0.200, p value < 0.05), and the socio cultural adaptation competency (b = -0.238, p value < 0.05). This finding assumed that female candidates and those who have economic constraint in pre-migration stage, and those who have declining in socio-cultural adaptation competency tend to have lower mental health one year after the migration.

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