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Contact Name
Maizuddin
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Journal Mail Official
substantia.adm@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Jln. Lingkar Kampus, Kopelma Darussalam Banda Aceh, Aceh 23111
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Kota banda aceh,
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INDONESIA
Substantia
ISSN : -     EISSN : 23561955     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Education,
Substantia is a journal published by the Ushuluddin Faculty and Religious Studies of the State Islamic University (UIN) Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The scope of Substantia is articles of research, ideas, in the field of Ushuluddin sciences (Aqeedah, Philosophy, Islamic Thought, Interpretation of Hadith, Comparative Religion, Sociology of Religion and Sufism).
Articles 179 Documents
Ketidak-Mutlakan Laki-laki dalam Perwalian Nikah Menurut Persepektif Ulama Tafsir Aziz, Nasaiy
SUBSTANTIA Vol 14, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Marriage is legal action which needs basic principles that make it legally? valid. Of the basic principles of marriage, the existence of guardian always? becomes a complicated problem in the community. The majority of jurists argued that a woman should not marry himself or others. If she marry without a guardian, then the marriage null and void. However, differed with the majority of jurists Abu Hanifa argued that the female adult of normal intelligence has the right to perform the marriage ceremony without a guardian directly, both girls and widows. This is based on al-Baqarah verse 230; 232 and 234. In the third verse is attributed to the contract of women, this suggests that women have the right to perform marriages directly. Differences of opinion among the commentators that? occurs is due to the lack of texts that clearly states the problem of wali concept itself.
Transformasi NU di Indonesia: Upaya Menghilangkan Polemik di Tengah Perubahan Politik Hambali, Hartati &
SUBSTANTIA Vol 20, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract: This article looks at the power actors and the political elites, who always have a position, strategic and nominations in the course of the nation???s history, which often have the power to direct and designing the history of the nation. The emergence of a modernist discourse on Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) is very concerning. NU regarded as a political organization has no significant role to play down organizing political change and the substitution of elite political power actors directly. Because the domain of thinking than often become conservative, countrified, superstitious, think old-fashioned, opportunistic chameleon, inconsistent, corrupt, cultured syncretic and other. Internally, NU as experienced a ???stagnation of thought???. At the same time, it has not yet found a vision regarding the role and contribution of NU to Indonesia in the global context. Nu as an organization that has abundant millennial generations, certainly has a very strategic role in the effort to create a golden Indonesia 2045. Efforts are needed to explore things in the tradition that can support transformation. NU must be able to concentrate itself on taking care of people's problems in the social, community, education, health, empowerment, economic, religious, politics, and so on, which may be more fundamental for the Indonesian people. Abstrak: Artikel ini membahas aktor-aktor kekuasaan dan elit politik, yang selalu memiliki posisi, strategis, dan nominasi dalam perjalanan sejarah bangsa, yang sering memiliki kekuatan untuk mengarahkan dan merancang sejarah bangsa. Munculnya wacana modernis mengenai Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) sagatlah miris. NU dianggap sebagai organisasi politik tidak mempunyai peran yang signifikan untuk turut mengatur perubahan politik dan pergantian aktor-aktor kekuasaan dan elit-elit politik secara langsung. Hal ini dikarenakan ranah berfikir yang sering menjadi konservatif, kampungan, percaya takhyul, berfikir kuno, oportunis, berwatak bunglon dan plin-plan, korup, berbudaya sinkretis, dan lainnya. Secara internal NU seperti mengalami ???stagnasi pemikiran???. Pada saat yang sama, belum menemukan visi terkait bagaimana peran dan kontribusi NU terhadap Indonesia dalam konteks percaturan global. Nu sebagai organsasi yang memiliki generasi millennial berlimpah, tentu memiliki peran sangat strategis dalam upaya mewujudkan Indonesia emas 2045. Diperlukan ikhtiar untuk menggali hal-hal dalam tradisi yang bisa mendukung transformasi. NU harus mampu mengkonsentrasikan diri untuk mengurus persoalan-persolan umat di bidang sosial, masyarakat, pendidikan, kesehatan, pemberdayaan, ekonomi, keagamaan, politik dan sebagainya, yang mungkin lebih fundamental bagi bangsa Indonesia.
Karakteristik Tafsir Tarjuman Al-Mustafid Suarni, Suarni
SUBSTANTIA Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract: Tarjuman Tafsir al-Mustafid is one of the Quran interpretations written in Arab Jawi (an old Malay-style writing) which is considered as the earliest and the most complete Quran interpretation in Indonesia. This interpretation was written by Sheikh Abdur Rauf al-Singkili, during the reign of Queen Safiyatuddin. There are two views about the writing source of this interpretation, first as the translation of a Baidhawi interpretation and second as the translation of Jalalain and Al-Khazin books. The method applied in the writing of this interpretation can be analyzed from its interpretation and meaning. In term of its interpretation, this book used tahlili (analysis) as it explains the verses in sequence and their content from various aspects, while in term of its meaning it used ijmali (global) as its explanation is in accordance with the meaning of the verses it describes.Abstrak: Tafsir Tarjuman al-Mustafid adalah salah satu tafsir yang berbahasa Arab Jawi (Melayu) yang dianggap sebagai tafsir paling awal dan lengkap di Nusantara. Tafsir ini ditulis oleh Syekh Abdur Rauf al-Singkili, pada masa pemerintahan Ratu Safiyatuddin. Ada dua pandangan mengenai sumber penulisan tafsir ini adalah pertama sebagai terjemahan dari tafsir Baidhawi, kedua sebagai terjemahan dari kitab Jalalain dan Al-Khazin. Metode yang diterapkan dalam penulisan tafsir ini adalah dapat ditinjau dari sudut penafsiran dan makna. Dari sudut cara penafsiran adalah tahlili (analisis) karena menjelaskan ayat secara berurutan dan kandungan ayat dari berbagai aspek. Sedangkan ijmali (global) adalah karena menjelaskan maknanya sesuai dengan arti ayat yang dijelaskan.
Keadilan Berpoligami dalam Persepektif Psikologi Fajri, Azwar
SUBSTANTIA Vol 13, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Justness of polygamy in the Qur-an is only explained to the extent of satisfying the material needs without further explanation aboutits application. While the immaterial justice is impossible to be reached. From psychological outlook, the fulfillment of material justness is designed and planned by all parties involved until a form of just commitment can be reach. But still the immaterial justice cannot also be actualized, Although, implicitly some attempts have been made through committing together on the agreements that attentively respect on the agreements, neutral and keeping trust of each party.?
Filsafat menjadi Alternatif Pencegah Kerusakan Lingkungan Hardiansyah, Hardiansyah
SUBSTANTIA Vol 14, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Man destructs and exploits nature and environment without or with giving? attention to the hurt or broken body of earth. Man is not wise toward nature and? environment. Does Philosophy could prevent the destructions, as it serves man to? become wise? Since philosophy turn away from earthly life, the world then hesitates to consult to philosophy in solving urgent problems. Basically, phi- losophy and ecology serve cooperation that results a strong relation between? knowledge and philosophy in this century. Philosophy as an alternative will not? rule out knowledge and religion roles. However, they are always in dialog. Like a? cycles, there is a need to each other support and logic explanation and cooperation? in facing life problems. The Ecology?s wisdom that is found in local wisdom,? ascetics of knowledge, and philosophy?s ethic are useful to be alternatives to? prevent nature and environment from destruction.
Maqom dan Ahwal: Makna dan Hakikatnya dalam Pendakian menuju Tuhan Asnawiyah, Asnawiyah
SUBSTANTIA Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Religious teachings is important aspect for every person. The meaning of religious life for every adherent is to reach the highest degree before one?s God. There? are many ways to to perfect human?s spirit in order to reach the highest degree. In? Islam, human?s degree is different from one to another before the Creator. The degree is? called maqam, which illustrates one position or degree. To reach the highest maqam,? one has to pass through many stages. In the order side, Islamic mysticism knows the? term of ahwal. Dissimilarly from maqam, ahwal is God?s bestow to someone without need to great efforts. Since maqam is a position, which has to be reached by making? serious efforts, so the harder one sacrifices to pass through each maqam stage, the? nobler the one before the God.
Kekerasan atas Nama Aliran Sesat: Studi tentang Mobilisasi Isu Sesat dalam Kontestasi Elit Gampong Armia, Nirzalin; Nazaruddin, M.; Fuadi, Fuadi
SUBSTANTIA Vol 17, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

Misguided and misleading is the "magic" world that led to the emergence of a mass solidarity to destroy a group that have different religious understanding among people. However, the mass movement against a deviant group was is not actually based on the religious movement to defense of the purity of religious motives. In reality, the mobilization of certain groups motivated and based on protecting of various interests, such as political, economic and cultural image. Based on the study case conducted in Gampoeng? (village) Jambo In the District Plimbang Bireuen, it demonstrate the complex reality and aspcts behind the violence in the name of religion against groups considered deviant. This qualitative study found that mass anarchism action against groups accused Tengku Aiyub deviant in Gampoeng Jambo In Bireuen not motivated by misguided thinking. This reality prompted by suspicion village government elite towards Tengku Aiyub. His critical attitude towards the management of funds threatened the village elite. While, Tengku Aiyub fame as a martial arts teacher led to decreasing the number of pupils among other teachers. Beside, the lack of the ability of government officials to cease and desist early, causing mass anarchism action against Tengku Aiyub and led him and his followers died
Konsep Tawassul dalam Islam Nur, Faisal Muhammad
SUBSTANTIA Vol 13, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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The concept of tawassulpracticed by number of Muslims, which is based on the quranic and Sunnah teachings, is not new in Islam. Tawassul practiced by them does not believe in others than Allah. So that, if there is a tawassulin application believes to other than Allah it is a contradiction to Qur?an and Sunnah teachings. Tawassul practiced by muslim is different from that found in other religions such as Hindu, Budha, Shinto and others. Tawassul practiced by these religions adore their ancestors? spirit and believe that those spirits can fulfill all their needs.?
Peran AKal dan Kebebasan Bertindak dalam Filsafat Ketuhanan Mu'tazilah Analiansyah, Analiansyah
SUBSTANTIA Vol 15, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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Mu`tazilite is one of the Islamic theology schools. The school is quite? different from the other schools such as of the Sunnite and of the Shi`ite. Due to? its difference it is considered unique, mainly in the case of the role of intellect to? find the truth and the freedom human act. Consider to human freedom and the? power of intellect gifted by God, it is obliged to a Moslem to upgrade his intellect? in solving his problems of life, not solely dependent on the taqdir or God?s? determination. According to Mu`tazilte, through intellect, man is capable to? exploit natural sources for the human benefits as he likes rather than he depends? on the taqdir like a fatalistic point of view.
Konflik Agama di Indonesia Problem dan Solusi Pemecahannya Yunus, Firdaus M
SUBSTANTIA Vol 16, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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The perspective of religion by placing religion as a source of conflict has led to? various attempts to reinterpret and then find common ground at a certain level with the? hope to reduce conflicts among religious communities if there is mutual tolerance. On the? exoteric level, religions are different, but on the esoteric level, religions are not similar. All? religions are viewed as equally valid paths to God. However, in many ways, the reality? shows that the tension between the religious communities is closely related to factors that? are beyond the scope of religion. This is an important matter for all religious believers to? keep the peace among them.

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