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Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan (JTSL) dikelola oleh Jurusan Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang. Artikel dari hasil penelitian orisinil, dan review tentang aspek manajemen sumberdaya tanah dan lahan yang mencakup, kesuburan tanah, kimia tanah, biologi tanah, fisika tanah, pedologi, sistem informasi lahan, kualitas tanah dan air, biogeokimia, struktur dan fungsi ekosistem, serta rehabilitasi tanah dan lahan dapat dimuat dalam jurnal ini tanpa dipungut biaya. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan diterbitkan dalam satu volume setiap tahun. Setiap volume terdiri atas dua nomor yang diterbitkan pada bulan JANUARI dan JULI.
Articles
118
Articles
ESTIMASI KANDUNGAN UNSUR HARA KALIUM DAN MAGNESIUM PADA TANAMAN NANAS (Ananas comosus (L) Merr.) Menggunakan Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) DI PT. GREAT GIANT PINEAPPLE

Widitya, Lukman Mei, Sudarto, S, Putra, Aditya Nugraha, Okiyanto, Dwi

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Central Lampung is one of the areas that produce a lot of pineapple. Pineapple plants require potassium and magnesium nutrients to produce optimal fruit. The apparent appearance of chlorotic symptoms due to nutrient deficiency of potassium and magnesium makes it possible to be detected using aerial photographs. This study aimed to compare between Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (GNDVI), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and spectral values for predicting potassium and magnesium contents in pineapple plants. The result of regression test showed that GNDVI had the best relationship than NDVI and spectral values. The equation for predicting the potassium nutrient in pineapple plant was with the formula: K=3,342-1,501(GNDVI) with RMSE value 0,1634. The Estimation magnesium in pineapple plants, NDVI had a better relationship with magnesium than with GNDVI and spectral values. The equations for magnesium estimation in plants with NDVI were obtained by using the regression test, i.e.: Mg=0,083+0,288(NDVI) with RMSE of 0,0342. Paired T-test values of GNDVI with potassium (-1,007) and NDVI with magnesium (-1,048) showed that t count was smaller than t table (2,015) and the significance value of both was greater than alpha (α = 0,05). So it can be said that the value of estimation with the actual value in the field has no difference that significant.

FITOREMEDIASI AIR TERCEMAR TIMBAL (Pb) DENGAN Lemna minor DAN Ceratophyllum demersum SERTA PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Lactuca sativa

Munandar, Anjar Aris, Kusuma, Zaenal, Prijono, Sugeng, Irawanto, Rony

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

The pollution of water and soil caused by human causes environmental damage especially on agricultural land that resulted in the reduced growth and yield of plants. This research aimed to understand the ability of aquatic plants in accumulating lead (Pb) in water and its influence on lettuce growth. The treatments consisted of A1: Plant Lemna minor 2 ppm Pb, A2: Ceratophyllum demersum 5 ppm Pb, A3: Lemna minor 2 ppm Pb, A4: Ceratophyllum demersum 5 ppm Pb, A5: 2 ppm Pb without plants (control 1), and A6: 5 ppm Pb without plants (control 2). The results showed that the aquatic plants effectively decreased Pb concentration in water by 81.1% for Ceratophyllum demersum and by 75.5% for Lemna minor. The use of remediated water for watering lettuce resulted in affected growth and yield of lettuce.

INTEGRASI SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFI SISTEM PENDUGAAN KESESUAIAN LAHAN UNTUK EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN TEBU DAN ARAHAN PENGEMBANGAN PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN GARUT, JAWA BARAT

Almalia, Elsa, Soemarno, S, Sulaeman, Yiyi

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

To establish suitable lands for sugar cane plantation,  evaluation and suitability of existing land can be made using integration between Geographic Information System (GIS) and Land Suitability Assessment System (SPKL). This study was aimed to obtain the level of land suitability class in Garut regency, and arrange the direction of sugar cane plant development in Garut regency, West Java. The research activity was conducted in Geospatial Information and System Analysis Laboratory at Agricultural Land Resources Center Bogor and Garut Regency. All activities were carried out from April to August 2017. The research stages started from the preparation stage, data processing, field verification, determination of the land management and sugar cane cultivation development. Observation points were determined using purposive sample method based on the difference of limiting factors and accessibility. Results of SPKL program running and data merging on ArcGIS software showed that on sugar cane field in Garut Regency there are three results of land suitability evaluation according to moderately suitable (S2) marginally suitable (S3) and not suitable (N). The results of land suitability evaluation on sugar cane showed that the main limiting factor of growth were five types, i.e. drainage class (rc1), base  saturation (nr2), slope (eh1), average temperature (tc1), and soil depth (rc4). A total number of moderately suitable (S2) land for sugar cane in Garut is 131.558 ha, 514.633 ha for marginally suitable (S3) and 318.387 ha for not suitable (N).

ANALISIS KARAKTERISTIK LAHAN SEBAGAI DASAR PENGELOLAAN KEBUN JERUK MANIS (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) DI SELOREJO, DAU, KABUPATEN MALANG

Chintya, Norma Handa, Soemarno, S

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

In Selorejo village, one of the centers of citrus-production in Indonesia, there are differences fruit productivity in between citrus-farmers. The high productivity citrus gardens produced 55.6 t ha-1 year-1 and in the garden with low productivity produced 26,7 t ha-1 year-1. Differences in these fruit productivity are due to differences in application of fertilizer and crop-management systems. This research was conducted by field survey and laboratory analysis. There were two observation sites as samples of the high productivity gardens (KPT) and the low productivity gardens (KPR). Soil samples taken from each garden were analyzed of soil-CEC, soil C-organic, Base saturation, soil texture, and pH to evaluate suitability of soil at each locations. Results showed that nutrient was not a dominant factor affecting fruit productivity. It is known that almost all soil characteristics suggest the same criteria.The difference was in the C-organic value that was at KPT only 0.78, whereas in KPR C-organic value reached 1,0. The actual land suitability of KPT is S3ehnr and of KPR is S3eh. Based on results of this study can be concluded that soil C-organic, land-slope and crop-management determined productivity of citrus garden.

EFEK RESIDU KOMPOS DAN UREA DENGAN APLIKASI KOMPOS KOTORAN KAMBING TERHADAP KETERSEDIAAN DAN SERAPAN N,P, K SERTA HASIL TANAMAN OKRA (Abelmoschus esculentus) PADA TANAH TERDAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG KELUD

Atsari, Arinda Dining, Suntari, Retno

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Mount Kelud is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia. Ash volcanic that released by Mount Kelud has some nutrients needed for plant, but requires a weathering process so as to provide nutrients in the soil. The soil that affected by Mount Kelud was given the addition of compost and urea fertilizer has residual effect for the next plant growth. This research was conducted in greenhouse of Agriculture Faculty, Brawijaya University from January until June 2017. This research used a completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment consisted of A1: 2/3 soil residue (100% urea) + 1/3 goat manure compost; A2: 2/3 soil residue (100% chicken manure compost) + 1/3 goat manure compost; A3: 2/3 soil residue (100% cow manure compost) + 1/3 goat manure compost; A4: 2/3 soil residue (50% urea + 50% chicken manure compost) + 1/3 goat manure compost; A5: 2/3 soil residue (50% urea + 50% cow manure compost) + 1/3 goat manure compost. Variables of the observation were availability and uptake of NPK, plant height, number of leaves, number of pods, yield, and dry weight plant of okra. The results showed that compost residue and urea in the application of goat manure compost with ratio 2:1 had no effect in NPK availability on soil affected by Mount Kelud eruption. In plant’s parameter, there were effects on number of leaves at observation 12 weeks and P uptake, but no effect on N and K uptake, and okra’s yield.

APLIKASI FORMULA PUPUK HAYATI DAN KOMPOS PADA TANAH MARJINAL UNTUK PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN CABAI MERAH (Capsicum annum L.)

Arista, Ratny Witanti, Laili, Nur, Handayanto, Eko

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Rhizosphere bacteria isolated from the soil were screened and characterized based on their ability as PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) bacteria. The biofertilizer formula made from this bacteria was be applied to the marginal Ultisols collected from the Cibinong Science Center area and tested for its potential on the growth of red chili plants. The treatments tested were Formula 1, Formula 2, POH StartMik, inorganic fertilizer, and control. The results showed the ability of the formulas 1 and 2 to provide nutrients, especially P for the growth of red pepper plant. Formula 2 could increase P nutrient by 90.91 mg kg-1, provide available P by 86.0 mg kg-1 and PMEase enzyme activity was also available at 54.26 mg kg-1.

PENGARUH APLIKASI DAUN GAMAL (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp.) DAN BAKTERI ENDOFIT DIAZOTROF TERHADAP SERAPAN NITROGEN DAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN TEBU (Saccharum officinarum L.)

Damara, Vinalisa, Gustomo, Dias, Kusuma, Zaenal, Prijono, Sugeng

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Nitrogen (N) is very important element for the vegetative growth of sugarcane plants. Character N is easy to change shape and become unavailable. This research was aimed reduce the use of inorganic fertilizer, reduce the loss of N and increase N levels with utilizing gliricidia leaves and utilization endophytic diazotrophic bacteria or  fixes nitrogen bacteria. The research used a completely randomized design with six treatments, i.e.  B0i0: control (0% + 100% ZA + no added bacteria inoculation), B0i1: (0% + 100% ZA + added bacteria inoculation), B1i0 (25% + 75% ZA + no added bacteria inoculation), B1i1 (25% + 75% ZA + added bacteria inoculation), B2i0 (50% + 50% ZA + no added bacteria inoculation), B2i1 (50% + 50%  ZA + added bacteria inoculation) with 5 replication. Variable observations included test of bacterial compatibility, soil total N, NH4+, NO3-, N uptake on leves, plant height, number of leaves and number of tillers. The research results showed that bacteria applied successfully entered the leaf tissue. The treatments were not significant for soil total N, NH4+, N03-, N uptake and number of tillers but significant for plant height at 6 week after planting and number of leaves at 8 and 12 weeks after planting. The organic matter of gamal leaf and bacteria endophytic diazotrophic were able to substitute ZA (ammoniu sulphate) inorganic fertilizer on sugarcane crop at 12 weeks after planting.

PENGARUH PUPUK HAYATI BERBASIS MIKORIZA ARBUSKULA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN P TERSEDIA DAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN NANAS (Ananas Comosus (L.) Merr) PADA TANAH MASAM

Sutrisno, Dedi, Kusuma, Zaenal, Cahyono, Priyo

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to analyze the effect of mycorrhiza based biofertilizer on the availability of P on acid soils and pineapple plant growth. The research was conducted in green hause owned by PT. Great Giant Pineapple, Central Lampung District. The treatments were four doses of Rhizagold biological fertilizer (10, 30, 50, and 70 g / seeds), and 1 control (without Rhizagold biological fertilizer). Five treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design with three replications. Observations were done destructively five times to produce 75 units of experiments. The results showed that the application of mycorrhizal based biochemical fertilizers did not give significant effect on all pineapple plant growth parameters and did not give significant effect on soil pH parameter, P-total, only gave significant effect on P-available. A dose of 30 g seedlings-1 showed the best dose to increase P availability on soil.

PEMANFAATAN PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SERAPAN NITROGEN SERTA PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI SAWI (Brassica juncea L.) PADA TANAH BERPASIR

Febrianna, Monica, Prijono, Sugeng, Kusumarini, Novalia

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Mustard is a kind of vegetable that is favored by the public. Liquid organic fertilizer (LOF) mixture of leaves of gamal, chicken manure, and coconut water has a high nitrogen content, so they can increase the nitrogen needed by mustard planted on sandy soil. The purposes of this study were (i) to test the influence of nitrogen absorption LOF deployment against mustard plants, and (ii) to analyse the application influence of LOF deployment against the chemical properties of soil and growth and yield of mustard plant. This study used a randomized completely design with twelve treatments and three replicates. The treatments were as follows: without LOF or watering with tap water as a control (A0), LOF with watering every 2 days (I1), LOF withwatering every 4 days (I2), and LOF with watering every 6 days (I3), LOF 0% dose concentration (P0), LOF 50% dose concentration (P1), LOF 100% dose concentration (P2), and LOF 150% dose concentration (P3). The result showed that application of liquid organic fertilizer significantly affected pH, organic-C, total-N, Uptake of N, and towards growth and yield of mustard plant. The the best yield was in the I2P2 treatment

BIOKONSENTRASI DAN TRANSLOKASI LOGAM BERAT Cd PADA TANAMAN BAWANG MERAH DENGAN APLIKASI AMELIORAN

Handayani, Cicik Oktasari, Dewi, Triyani, Hidayah, Anik

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Onion is a strategic commodity with many benefits and high economic value. So the production and quality of onion quality must be improved, one of which is quality support is free from heavy metal content which can have direct effect to human health. One source of heavy metals in vegetables is obtained from fertilizer applications. This study aims to obtain information on bioaccumulation and translocation value of onion crops that have been given amelioran application. This research was conducted in shallot field at Igirklanceng Village, Sirampog Sub-district, Brebes Regency. The treatment is done in the field by utilizing biochar, compost, and biofertilizer. The results showed that the BCF> 1 score on the roots and stems of biochar treatment and biological fertilizer. TF value> 1 on stem in biochar treatment, biochar + biological fertilizer, biocompos + biological fertilizer, farmer treatment. BCF and TF values of tuber <1 in all treatments.