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Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : 25499793     EISSN : -
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan (JTSL) dikelola oleh Jurusan Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang. Artikel dari hasil penelitian orisinil, dan review tentang aspek manajemen sumberdaya tanah dan lahan yang mencakup, kesuburan tanah, kimia tanah, biologi tanah, fisika tanah, pedologi, sistem informasi lahan, kualitas tanah dan air, biogeokimia, struktur dan fungsi ekosistem, serta rehabilitasi tanah dan lahan dapat dimuat dalam jurnal ini tanpa dipungut biaya. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan diterbitkan dalam satu volume setiap tahun. Setiap volume terdiri atas dua nomor yang diterbitkan pada bulan JANUARI dan JULI.
Articles
137
Articles
PENGARUH APLIKASI KOMPOS DAN MIKORIZA ARBUSKULAR PADA TAILING TAMBANG EMAS TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN SERAPAN FOSFOR TANAMAN BUNGA MATAHARI

Ashofie, Izhar, Prasetya, Budi

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Tailings are waste (sludge) generated from various mining activities. Abundance of tailings can be a very serious problem in soils. One method that can be used to anticipate chemical hazard is phytoremediation using hyperaccumulator. Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is one of the hyperaccumulator plants. In the other way, using compost to support macro and microelements for plants in phytoremediation activities can improve the physical and chemical of soil properties. Beside of using hyperaccumulator plants and compost, inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) can also be used to improve plant growth. The aim of this was to explore the effects of application of compost and mycorrhizal spores of Glomus sp. to gold mine tailing on sunflower growth, and P uptake. This study used a completely randomized design factorial consisting of two primary factors. The first factor was planting media composition (M) consisting of five levels and the second factor was the mycorrhizal spore numbers (S) consisting of three levels. The results showed that the composition of planting media (25% tailings : 75% compost) and the addition of 50 mycorrhiza spores increased plant height up to 45.67 cm (42.87%), and the leaves number 9.34 (72.97%), and able to increase P uptake 2.9 g plant-1 (45,79%).

EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN PADI PADA SAWAH IRIGASI DI KECAMATAN JUNREJO KOTA BATU

Fernando Sareh, Abel Fabyan, Rayes, Mochtar Luthfi

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Rice is the most important food crop because most of the Indonesian population uses rice (processed rice grains) as a staple food to meet nutritional needs. Junrejo District is the main center for rice cultivation (irrigated rice fields) in Batu City. There is a variation in the production of irrigated rice in the District of Junrejo, so it is necessary to evaluate the suitability of the land to assess the potential or class of land suitability for the purpose of land use. The conditions for growing existing plants are not in accordance with the facts of production in the field, so it is necessary to modify the conditions for growing rice. The purpose of this study was to evaluate land suitability of rice on irrigated rice fields in Junrejo District of Batu. The characteristics of the land measured were pH H2O, organic-C, total-N, available-P, exchangeable-K, cation exchange capacity, base saturation, and soil texture. Land characteristics that have been analyzed were then matched. Modification of new plant growth requirements used the Boundary Line and Production Results equation. The results showed that the land suitability classes for each land mapping unit (LMU) in Junrejo District were as follows: S2 for  LMU 1, and S3 for LMU 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13. The liming factors for each LMU were availability of nutrients (total-N, available-P, exchangeable-K), as wells as organic-C content and base saturation.

PENGARUH METODE KONSERVASI PADA TANAMAN KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis gueneensis Jacq) TERHADAP STATUS UNSUR HARA N, P, K DAN C-ORGANIK TANAH

mico saputra, whin themas, Rauf, Abdul, Sabrina, T.

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Umumnya pada suatu lahan khususnya wilayah Sumatera masih minim kandungan N, P, K serta C-organik tanah. Upaya dalam mengatasi hal tersebut diperlukan tindakan secara serius salah satunya dengan menggunakan metode konservasi yang didasari penambahan bahan organik dengan pemberian kompos yang dapat memperbaiki sifat kimia tanah; N-total, P-tersedia dan K-total serta biologi tanah seperti C-organik. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Petak Terpisah (RPT)/Split Plot Design dengan 2 faktor dan 4 ulangan sebagai berikut: Faktor I tahun tanam (Petak Utama) terdiri dari 2 taraf perlakuan, yaitu: T1: 5 tahun tanam dan T2: 20 tahun tanam serta Faktor II metode konservasi (anak Petak) terdiri dari 3 taraf, yaitu: K1: Konvensional, K2: Piringan Cekung + Kompos dan K3: Rorak Individu + Kompos. Pengambilan sampel tanah dilakukan secara vertikal dengan membedakan bidang tempat dari titik koordinat yang telah ditentukan dengan 1 titik kedalaman 0-60 cm. Sampel tanah dianalisis di Laboratorium PT. Socfin Indonesia dan di Laboratorium Central Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan metode konservasi pada perlakuan konvensional (K1) adalah perlakuan terbaik khususnya dalam memperbaiki dan meningkatkan sifat kimia dan biologi tanah. Hal ini dibuktikan pada interaksi perlakuan konvensional (K1) tahun tanam 20 tahun, yang terlihat pada nilai P-tersedia sebesar 60,83 mg/kg. 

PENERAPAN SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFI DALAM PENDUGAAN SEBARAN DAERAH RAWAN LONGSOR DI KECAMATAN NGARGOYOSO, KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

Muhammadi, Reza, Rayes, Mochtar Luthfi, Nita, Istika

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Ngargoyoso Sub-district is one of the areas that have the potential of landslides. To find out and observe landslide hazard, it is necessary to identify and mapping the area. This study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 at nine villages in Ngargoyoso sub-district. The method of the study was scoring of rainfall, slope, land use, geology, permeability, texture and effective depth of soil. The landslide-prone area were classified into three classes, i.e., low, medium, and high of landslide-prone. Low landslide-prone class had characteristics of flat slope with land uses are in the form of settlement, plantation, rice field and moor. The dominant areas are located in the land mapping units of 1,3,4,5 and 9 in Dukuh, Nglegok and Puntukrejo Villages. Medium landslide-prone class had characteristics of steep to very steep slope with land uses are in the form of forest/plantation, settlement, shrubs and rice field. The dominant areas are the in the land mapping units of 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14 and 15, that dominant in Girimulyo, Kemuning, Jatirejo and Nglegok Villages. High landslide-prone class had characteristics of steep slopes to very steep slopes with land uses of forest/plantation land use, shrubs, and rice fields. High landslide-prone class was dominant in Berjo, Ngargoyoso and Segorogunung Villages that are in te land mapping units of 6,7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 15 and 16. The validation result of landslide-prone area map showed the accuracy level of 85.71%.

PENGARUH PEMUPUKAN PADA LAHAN GAMBUT TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK TANAH, EMISI CO2, DAN PRODUKTIVITAS TANAMAN KARET

Fitra, Salma J, Prijono, Sugeng, Maswar, M

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

The limited availability of productive agricultural land causes the development of agriculture leading to the marginal lands, one of which is peat land. Peat land is land with soil that is rich in organic matter (C-organic >18%), and relatively has low level of fertility. Based on the characteristics of peat, fertilization needs to be done to support plant growth. One of the plant that can grow and adapt on peat land is rubber plant. Fertilization can also potentially increase the process of decomposition of peat so that can increase CO2 emission which is one of the greenhouse gases.The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of fertilization on peat land to soil characteristics, CO2 emission, and rubber plant productivity. This study used a randomized block design with four treatments and four replications. The treatments were P0 (control/base fertilizer Urea, SP-36, and KCl), P1 (control + cow manure), P2 (control + borax fertilizer), and P3 (control + cow manure + borax fertilizer). The results showed that fertilizer with combination of control and cow manure (P1) significantly affected the soil chemical characteristics such as CEC, N total, K-exch, and P availability. The P1 treatment also tended to increase the increasing of stem circumference for 9 months period. However, in the other parameters such as soil bulk density, ash content, pH, base saturation, base cations exchangeable (Ca, Mg, Na), C-organic, CO2 emission, and latex production, showed that fertilization combination treatment did not give any significant differences. In general, fertilization treatment with the combination of control and cow manure (P1) had the best effect of improving soil chemical characteristics.

PENGARUH RESIDU UREA DAN KOMPOS DENGAN APLIKASI KOMPOS KOTORAN KAMBING TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA TANAH DAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN OKRA PADA TANAH TERDAMPAK LETUSAN GUNUNG KELUD

Ulumuddin, Akhmad Sihab, Suntari, Retno

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

A study that was aimed at elucidating the effect of Urea and compost residue with application goat manure compost on soil chemical properties and growth of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) on soil impacted by eruption of Mount Kelud, was conducted in a glasshouse. Treatments tested in this study were applications of residue urea and compost with application of goat manure (1/3 weight planting media) A1: 2/3 residual soil (100% urea); A2: 2/3 residual soil (100% poultry manure compost) A3: 2/3 residual soil (100% cow manure compost); A4: 2/3 residual soil (50% urea + 50% poultry manure compost); A5: 2/3 residual soil (50% urea + 50% cow manure compost). The five treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design with three replicates.  The results showed no significant effect on soil chemical properties of pH, C-organic, and CEC of the Mount Kelud eruption-impacted soil at 4 and 8 weeks after incubation (WAI), except for C/N ratio at 4 WAI. However, urea and compost residues with application goat manure had significant effect on plant height at 4, 6, and 8 weeks after planting (WAP), and number of leaves at 8 WAP. A3 (2/3 residual soil 100% cow manure compost + 1/3 goat manure) gave the highest number of leaves (13) at 8 WAP, and A5 (2/3 residual soil 50% urea + 50% cow manure compost + 1/3 goat manure), and gave the highest of plant height respectively with 28,83 cm; 47,33 cm; 55,17 cm at 4, 6, and 8 WAP.

PENILAIAN RESIKO KONTAMINASI LOGAM BERAT DI LAHAN SAWAH DAN TANAMAN PADI DI DAS BRANTAS, KABUPATEN JOMBANG

Handayani, Cicik Oktasari, Sukarjo, Sukarjo, Hidayah, Anik

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Risk assessment of heavy metal contamination is carried out on Pb, Cd, Fe, Cr, Cu, Co, Mn, and Zn metals in four wetland zoning areas in Jombang Regency and determining potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks to the community. The soil and rice samples from the four rice field zones were destructed by wet ashing method and measured by AAS. The concentration of heavy metals in the soil is Fe> Mn> Zn> Cu> Pb> Co> Cr> Cd. The concentration of heavy metals in the rice is Fe> Mn> Zn> Cu> Cr> Co> Pb> Cd. The ability to transfer heavy metals from soil is to rice Zn> Mn> Cr> Co> Pb> Fe> Cu> Cd, respectively. The daily intake of each heavy metal through rice consumption is Pb (0.003), Cd (0), Fe (0,165), Cr (0.011), Cu (0.013), Co (0.008), Mn (0.072), and Zn (0.074) in mg / (kg.day). Hazard Quotient Pb value is greater than 1, while CR (Cancer Risk) for Cr is greater than 10-4. The potential for total non-carcinogenic risk ranged from 1.82 to 3.79, while the potential carcinogenic risk ranged from 4,5.10-3-6,4.10-3. Long term exposure to heavy metals through rice consumption may pose a potential carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risk to local people. 

EFEK APLIKASI KOMPOS SAMPAH DAN KOTORAN KAMBING TERHADAP SERAPAN UNSUR HARA KALIUM DAN HASIL TANAMAN BAWANG MERAH PADA TANAH TERDAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG KELUD

Pradana, Bagas Septya, Suntari, Retno

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

The soil containing volcanic ash from Mount Kelud was contain nutrients in the form that was not available for the soil, so that the soil diffficult to process. One of the efforts to solve that is by organic matter application that can improve availability of nutrient in the soil and improve plant growth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of compost application on potassium uptake, and yield of onion on Mount Kelud eruption-impacted soil. This study used a randomized block design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments tested were K0 = 100% inorganic fertilizer; K1= 100% goat manure compost; K2= 100% garbage compost; K3= 50% inorganic fertilizer + 50% goat manure compost; and K4= 50% inorganic fertilizer + 50% garbage compost. The results showed that application of waste compost and goat manure compost significantly affected sodium uptake, but it did not significantly affect potassium uptake compared to inorganic fertilizer application. Furthermore, application of waste compost and goat manure compost significantly affected plant height  and number of leaves, but it did not significantly affect number of tillers, number of bulbs, diametre of bulbs, fresh weight of bulbs and dry weight of bulbs of red onion plant, compared to inorganic fertilizer application. Application of 20 t goat manure compost ha-1 gave the highest number of leaves (67), and plant height (49.77 cm).

PENGARUH BIOCHAR SEKAM PADI DOSIS TINGGI TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK TANAH DAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN JAGUNG PADA TYPIC KANHAPLUDULT

Widyantika, Syafitri Dewi, Prijono, Sugeng

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Typic Kanhapludult is an acid dry soil which has soil pH  of less than 5,5, low orgaic matter (<1%), bulk density of more than >1,3 g cm-3, low total pore space, and low pore water, that are not optimal for supporting plant growth. Provision of biochar to the soil can increase soil organic matter content for improving soil physical properties and plant growth. The objectives of this study that was conducted in the glasshouse of Indonesian Soil Research Institute, was to quantify the effect of rice husk biochar on some of soil physical properties, and vegetative growth of maize in a Typic Kanhapludult. The results showed that application of biochar with high doses significantly decreased soil bulk density, increased total pore space, and increased available water pores. Application of rice husk biochar had no significant effect on permeability, as well as rapid drainage pore, and slow drainage pore. Provision of rice husk biochar with higher doses than control on Typic Kanhapludult that improved soil physical properties improved vegetative growth of maize as  shown by significant increases in plant height, fresh biomass and dry biomass of the crop.

PERBAIKAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN JAGUNG PADA ULTISOL MENGGUNAKAN ABU TERBANG BATUBARA DAN KOMPOS TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT

Wilujeng, Retno, Handayanto, Eko

Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

The potential of Ultisols, especially in East Kalimantan for the development of food crop agriculture is faced with constraints on phosphorus availability due to low soil pH and high solubility of aluminum (Al). The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of a combination application of coal fly ash (CFA) and oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) on the availability of phosphorus in an Ultisol from East Kalimantan and its impact on the production of maize. The combination of CFA and OPEFB consisted of seven treatments with three replications. The research was carried out in two steps. The first experiment (incubation in the laboratory), was carried out under non-leaching condition for 42 days. Parameters observed included soil pH, available soil P, total soil P, and soil exchangeable Al. The second experiment (growth experiments in a glasshouse), was were carried out by growing maize plants with the same treatment as for experiment 1. The plant height and leaf area were observed every week. At the harvest time (age 12 weeks), dry weight of shoots and roots, maize weight with cobs, and maize weight without cobs were observed. The results of soil incubation showed the decrease in the soil exchangeable Al- level, the increase in soil total-P, and soil available-P. The combination application of CFA and OPEFB did not have a significant impact on soil pH, and soil organic-C. The results of the glasshouse experiment showed that CFA and OPEFB were not significantly different in the parameters of plant height, leaf area of 12 weeks, weight of shoots and roots, maize weight with cobs, and maize weight without cobs.