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Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : -     EISSN : 25499793     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan (JTSL) dikelola oleh Jurusan Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang. Artikel dari hasil penelitian orisinil, dan review tentang aspek manajemen sumberdaya tanah dan lahan yang mencakup, kesuburan tanah, kimia tanah, biologi tanah, fisika tanah, pedologi, sistem informasi lahan, kualitas tanah dan air, biogeokimia, struktur dan fungsi ekosistem, serta rehabilitasi tanah dan lahan dapat dimuat dalam jurnal ini tanpa dipungut biaya. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan diterbitkan dalam satu volume setiap tahun. Setiap volume terdiri atas dua nomor yang diterbitkan pada bulan JANUARI dan JULI.
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Articles 137 Documents
POTENSI Cyperus kyllingia Endl. UNTUK FITOREMEDIASI TANAH TERCEMAR MERKURI LIMBAH TAMBANG EMAS Sugiono, Cynthia Monica; Nuraini, Yulia; Handayanto, Eko
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Small-scale gold mining activities in Sekotong District of West Lombok Regency started in 2009. Gold is recovered through a two-stage process of amalgamation and cyanidation. Tailing is discharged to land with no concern for contaminants. Phytoremediation could cost-effectively replace traditional mercury remediation strategies. The objective of this study was to elucidate the potential of Cyperus kyllingia Endl for phytoremediation of soil contaminated with mercury of gold amalgamation and cyanidation tailings in conjunction with ammonium thiosulphate to phytoextract mercury. The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Soil Brawijaya University and in a shade house located in the area of ​​Dermo, Sengkaling. Samples of tailings-uncontaminated soil were mixed with samples of tailings with the proportion of 30%: 70% (w/w). At harvest shoots and roots were analyzed for mercury concentration in treatments, Tailing (tailings cyanidation and amalgamation), ligand ( 0, 4, and 8 g/kg ). The results showed that Cyperus kyllingia was a potential local species for phytoremediation of mercury contaminated soils as this plant was able to take up mercury of 122,53 mg/kg (shoot) and 77,9 mg/kg (shoot). Based on TF (translocation factor) value that was < 1, it is a potential species for phytostabilization. Addition on 8 g ammonium thiosulphate / kg planting media enhanced mercury taken up by plant as much as 71,18%. Key words: mercury , phytoremediation, ligand
PENGARUH PENANAMAN SENGON (Paraserianthes falcataria) TERHADAP KANDUNGAN C DAN N TANAH DI DESA SLAMPAREJO, JABUNG, MALANG Khalif, Ulyan; Utami, Sri Rahayu; Kusuma, Zaenal
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Landuse change are suspected to be one responsible to soil fertility decline on Slamparejo, Jabung, Malang. Efforts done by local farmers to deal with these problems are plantation of P. falcataria trough a reforestation program around 2003-2004. The benefits of the program are still need to be assessed so that this research was done (1) to compare the soil quality between P. falcataria-planted field and no P.falcataria field by the parameters of soil organic matter content and available N, (2) to study the relationship between organic matter input and soil organic matter content and available N, and (3) to identify factors affecting N availability post-P. falcataria plantation.This research used randomized block design with 5 treatments (annual crop field, 3 and 6 years P. falcaria plantation field, agroforestry field with P. falcataria + coffee + talas plantation, and ex-P. falcataria-planted field. Soil were sampled compositely by 3 replication from 0-20 cm depth. Litter were sampled from a 0.5m2 sub-plot of each treatment.Results showed that P. falcataria plantations enhance soil fertility indicated by increased soil organic matter input to 10.6 times (monoculture) and 17.6 times (agroforestry) control, increased soil organic matter content by 1.5 times (monoculture) and 2.3 times (agroforestry) control, increased total N of 1.6 times (monoculture) and 2.4 times (agroforestry) control, increased ammonium by 1.7 times (monoculture) and 3.2 times (agroforestry) control, and increased nitrate by 2.4 times (monoculture) and 3.9 times (agroforestry) control. The increased soil N content of P. falcataria-planted field were caused by higher soil organic inputs compared to those with no P. falcataria plantation. Nitrogen availability affected by soil texture but have no relationship with soil pH. However, agroforestry fields showed higher pH, organic C, total N, and available N than monoculture P. falcataria fields. Measured soil chemical properties showed no significant change by the increase of P. falcataria age, moreover, they declined down towards control on ex-P. falcataria plantation. This indicates that reforestation would only give a temporary soil quality enhancement.Key words: Regreening, Paraserianthes, Agroforestry, Soil organic matter, nitrogen total
MANFAAT BIOMASA TUMBUHAN LOKAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERSEDIAAN NITROGEN TANAH DI LAHAN KERING MALANG SELATAN Dewi, Erlisa Karmila; Nuraini, Yulia; Handayanto, Eko
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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A research that was aimed to study the possible use of Mucuna pruriens, Psophocarpus tetragonolubus, Phaseolus lunatus, Dolichos lablab biomass as sources of local organic matters to improve soil fertility, and growth of maize on a Typic Tropaquent of South Malang. Six treatments, i.e. Mucuna pruriens, Psophocarpus tetragonolubus, Phaseolus lunatus, Dolichos lablab, Urea, and Control (no added legume biomass and fertilizers), were arranged in a Randomized Block Design with three replicates. Results of the study showed that the highest increase of soil N was due to addition of Phaeseolus, followed by Dolichos, Mucuna, and Psophocarpus. Application of Dolichos, Phaseolus, Psophocarpus and Mucuna could substitute 66%, 36%, 30% and 28% of N supplied by urea, respectively. The percentage of N urea recovered by maize was only 23,60%, while Dolichos and Phaseolus treatments resulted in 29,60% and 24,80% N recovery.Key words: plant residue, organic materials, nitrogen revovery
HUBUNGAN SIFAT FISIK TANAH, PERAKARAN DAN HASIL UBI KAYU TAHUN KEDUA PADA ALFISOL JATIKERTO AKIBAT PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK (NPK) Prasetyo, Adi; Utomo, Wani Hadi; Listyorini, Endang
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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A Alfisol in South Malang regency many used to intensive on farming with dominant commodity is cassava. Farmers seldom cultivate cassava continuously, the continuous cropping of cassava leads to fast depletion of major nutrients especially N and K and will require fertilizer supplement to give stable yield. Farmers not applied organic fertilizer cause to this soil poor organic materials. The research in first year with organic and inorganic fertilizers can repair soil physics dan tuber yield of cassava.The object of this research was to study the effects of organic fertilizer application to change of soil physics and relation to root system of cassava, and to study the effect of fertilizer application to tuber yield of cassava in the second year.Field observations arranged in a Randomized Block Design of 10 treatment and 3 replications, in Jatikerto, Malang Regency. This research took time on September 2005 until Juli 2006. Observation parameter includes bulk density, particle density, soil porosity, aggregate stability, root system (Lrv and Drv) and tuber yield of cassava. Obtained data tested by using F test (5%), level 5% Duncan test, Orthogonal Contrast test, linear regression and correlation test.Research result is the application of organic fertilizer showed significant difference able to increase the soil porosity and decrease the bulk density. Organic and anorganic combination application higher to tuber yield of cassava when compared to only organic or anorganic fertilizer application. The influence of organic manure addition on repair soil physics show very real difference to root system. Correlations between bulk density with Lrv (r = -0.728*), Lrv with tuber yield (r = 0.706*).Key words: soil phisycs, fertilizer, tuber yield and root system
STUDI TINGKAT PERKEMBANGAN TANAH PADA TOPOSEKUEN GUNUNG ANJASMORO, KABUPATEN MALANG, JAWA TIMUR Putra, Singgih Waskita; Prabowo, Abdul Mukri; Rayes, Mochtar Lutfi
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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In 1984, The Indonesian Government and The Netherlands established a project to characterized land and soil conditions of Kali Konto Watershed that highly human populated, due the planning procedure for forest land management model report. Few years after the project, several lands on the area were cultivated intensively due the commercial purposes. The research objectives were: 1) to observe and identify the physical land conditions on Mount Anjasmoro toposequence; 2) to study the soil morphological changes, especially during the land use changes, and 3) define the soils development within the last 20 years. A field research was established in September 2005, in the same location of 1984 research, which depended on landform variations, 5 pedons were taken, known as: KK 28 (Volcanic hill, upper slope), KK 27 (Volcanic colluvial valley, middle slope), KK 39 (Inter volcanic plain, lower slope), KK 40 (Intervolcanic plain, lower slope) and KK 41 (Inter volcanic plain), have been analyzed accurately included soil description and soil sampling. Soil profile descriptions and laboratory analysis showed that every pedons on the Anjasmoro toposequence were changed. Soil morphology changed during the land uses conversion and intensive land cultivations. Land use on KK 28 has changed from natural forest to agricultural dry lands for about 15 years, and the soil classification changed from Typic Hapludands to Andic Dystrudepts. KK 27 has the unchanged land use, which is as an agroforestry land, but has the soil classification changing, Andic Hapludolls to Typic Hapludolls. KK 39 has the land use changing, which only in addition of grass under growth of the main vegetations. Land use changing in KK 39 has the unchanged soil classification, which is Fluventic Hapludolls. KK 40 not only has the unchanged land use, but also soil classification, which is mix garden land for the land use, and the soil classification is Typic Argiudolls. KK 41 has the unchanged land use, which as rice fields, but has the soil classification changing, which is Typic Hapludalfs to Fragic Oxyaquic Hapludalfs
KAJIAN SIFAT FISIK TANAH PADA BERBAGAI UMUR TANAMAN KAYU PUTIH (Melaleuca cajuputi) DI LAHAN BEKAS TAMBANG BATUBARA PT BUKIT ASAM (PERSERO) Malau, Ruth Saurmaria; Utomo, Wani Hadi
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Mining activities have an impact on the ground in the form of a high content of heavy metals, soil density increased due to the use of heavy equipment, a process of reversal and mixing top soil and sub soil, as well as poor aeration and drainage. One way to do PT Bukit Asam (Persero) to overcome it by doing reclamation using Cajuputi plant (Melaleuca cajuputi). Cajuputi plants have a high level of adaptation can improve soil physical properties such as texture, porosity, saturated hydraulic conductivity, moisture content, bulk density, specific gravity, pH and C-Organic. This study was conducted to determine the effect on the development of reclaimed land in the physical properties at area coal post mining and determine the effect of age Cajuputi reclamation plant (Melaleuca cajuputi) to changes in the physical properties of the soil. On the difference in age of the plant 1 year, 3 years and 5 years, and there are 5 replicates. Texture has increased in the sand at 19.3%, porosity and saturated hydraulic conductivity increases proportional to the levels of C-organic soil. Bulk density and density decreased. Value acidity decreased, but no real effect on the t test between the age of the plant reclamation. The decline also occurred at the level of the water content caused increasing age of root crops will be easier to absorb water in field capacity and the addition of organic matter to add the activity of organisms in the soil and plant litter to protect ground water from direct blows.
STUDI KERAGAMAN DAN KERAPATAN NEMATODA PADA BERBAGAI SISTEM PENGGUNAAN LAHAN DI SUB DAS KONTO Sagita, Liliana; Siswanto, Bambang; Kurniatun, Hairiah
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Maintaining litter thickness on agricultural land is one of key factor for maintaining diversity of nematode. Litter on soil surface is energy source of decomposer which will be consumed by bacterivore nematode. Higher litter input gives benefit to crop through maintaining diversity of non parasite nematode, improving soil porosity and soil moisture which important to control plant parasite nematode and achieve a sustainable crop production. The research was conducted to study diversity and abundance of nematodes in various landuse system and effect of different soil temperature and water content of various landuse system to nematode`s diversity and it`s abundance. Soil sampling on nine landuse system (degraded forest, bamboo forest, coffee multistrate, Gliricidia shade coffee, mahoghany plantation, pine plantation, Aghatis plantation, grassland and annual crop). Nematodes were extracted by sieving-centrifugation with sugar method. The soil nematodes were grouped into order and generic level including plant parasitic and non-paracitic. The result show that the diversity (number of taksa) and abundance of soil nematode in Konto watershed were high with a total of 44 taksa nematode genera and a total number ranged 334-910 individuals/300 cc of soil. The nematode`s diversity was decreased from 44 genera in degraded forest to 24 genera in Gliricidia shade coffee. The diversity and abundance of nematodes was not linked to variation of water content, but were correlated to plant vegetation and clay content. Diversity of Free-living nematodes was closely correlated with plant diversity (R2 = 0,69) and litter biomass (R2 = 0,32). While plant parasitic nematodes was closely correlated and significant with clay content (R2 = 0,62).Key words: nematodes, diversity, landuse system
PENGARUH KEMIRINGAN BATAS HORISON TERHADAP WAKTU PELONGSORAN PADA TANAH DOMINAN DEBU DAN LIAT Wibowo, Sandy Budi; Widianto, W; Sudarto, S
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
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Landsliding duration is the time span between saturated soil condition and landslide in seconds. It is a parameter to describe failure process. Horizon boundary declivity is a broad in horizon boundary formed an angle toward the horizontal and assumed parallel with slope surface.Landsliding duration can be measured by way of landslide simulation to saturated soil sample through artificial rain with 50 mm hour-1 intensity up to landslide. Soil sample taken as a whole by pipe. This treatment consisted of 40o and 70o horizon boundary declivity and repeated 10 times. Soil sampling conducted at 4 locations divided by 2 locations with silt domination and 2 locations with clay domination. Beside that, qualitative observation performed of process and mass movement as well.The result of observation has shown that landsliding duration at 40o horizon boundary declivity is slower than 70o. Gravitation forces has characteristic of holding soil mass at 40o horizon boundary declivity, but at 70o horizon boundary declivity it will cause landslide. Medium texture will landslide faster than fine texture at 40o horizon boundary declivity. But at 70o horizon boundary declivity both of medium and fine texture will landslide together. Due to that 70o horizon boundary declivity dominated by gravitation force that pull soil mass to the downslope. While at 40o horizon boundary declivity, soil physics nature is still have a role, where fine texture have characteristic of sticky and medium texture have a quality of slick.Translational slides happen at 70o horizon boundary declivity so many times. While topples usually happen at 40o horizon boundary declivity. This cause of at 40o horizon boundary declivity soil physics nature still have a role of landslide, while at 70o horizon boundary declivity gravitation forces pull soil mass more dominant. But if it related with texture, translational slides usually happen at medium texture and topples happen at fine texture so many times. Landslide process at fine texture is preceded by cracks forming ended by topples. While landslide process at medium texture is preceded by smooth erosion on soil surface and soil liquefaction at upper side of horizon boundary because of the water is not able to penetrate beneath horizon.Key words: lansliding duration, horizon boundary declivity, texture
PENGGUNAAN Caladium bicolor, Paspalum conjugatum, dan Comelina nudiflora UNTUK REMEDIASI TANAH TERCEMAR MERKURI (Hg) LIMBAH TAILING TAMBANG EMAS SERTA PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN JAGUNG (Zea mayz L.) Triadriani, Lia Nova; Handayanto, Eko; Utami, Sri Rahayu
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Tailings, waste material from gold processing, contain heavy metals that are toxic such as mercury (Hg). One of the negative impacts is causing contamination of soil, developed through the accumulation of heavy metals. Phytoremediation is an alternative technology, using plant to clean heavy metal contaminated soil. A research, using Caladium bicolor, Paspalum conjugatum and Commelina nudiflora was then conducted as phytoremediation for contaminated soil. The research was conducted in the greenhouse using a randomized block design (RBD) with 3 factors and 3 replications. The first factor was percentage of tailings in the soil (10% and 20%). The second factor was the type of phytoectractor plants (C. bicolor, P. conjugatum and C. nudiflora). The third factor was the use of organic matter (with and without organic matter). The study was conducted in two steps, namely 1) phytoremediation, using C. bicolor, P. conjugatum, and C. nudiflora; 2) evalution of corn growth after phytoremediation. The results showed that Hg content in the soil containing 10% tailings (T1) was twice less than in the soil containing 20% tailings (T2). The addition of organic matter increased the potential for Hg absorption and consequently reduced content of Hg in the soil. C. bicolor, P. conjugatum and C. nudiflora decreased Hg content in the soil, and hence potentially used for phytoremediation. Of the three plants, C. nudiflora showed the highest Hg absorption. Decreasing content of Hg in the soil improved corn growth, as indicated by increasing height, number of leavs and dry weight.Keyword: Mercury (Hg), Hyperacumulator, Phytoremediation
IMPLEMENTASI PEMELIHARAAN LAHAN PADA TANAMAN UBIKAYU: PENGARUH PENGELOLAAN LAHAN TERHADAP HASIL TANAMAN DAN EROSI Harrys, Moh.; Utomo, Wani Hadi; Prijono, Sugeng
Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Land degradation in the Cassava causing damage to land, especially land due to the loss of part of the place. The loss of this part of the land causes a decrease in soil productivity, loss of the elements required burly plants, infiltration rate and water holding ability of soil is reduced, and the land use of opium. This condition will result in halted plant growth and decrease harvest. Various kinds of soil conservation activities has long been introduction by the government. However, results are still unsatisfactory. Not many farmers who adopt conservation technology, the government introduced the land, and land degradation continues.This research is to learn how different the various technical maintenance of the nature of the soil, the plants, and erosion and find out the pattern of land the right to increase the plant Cassava. Reduction in erosion rate occurred as a result of improvements to the land and the nature of plant growth.Research conducted in the Garden Experiments Brawijaya University in Malang. Ordo Alfisols including land, land and cycle 6 - 8%. Maintenance of land is done with the form of organic manure, and soil processing. Results of research shows that, technical maintenance of good soil is able to increase plant growth. As a result of improvements to decrease the growth of plants and limpasan level erosion surface. In the election technology, farmers choose tumpangsari treatment combination of manure and gulud as possible options.Keyword: land husbandry, cassava, land management, crops, erosion.

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