cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
,
INDONESIA
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 539 Documents
Evaluation and Management of the Pediatric Patients with Suspected Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases Hegar, Badriul; Vandenplas, Yvan
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 3, December 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Gastroesophageal reflux is a normal physiologic process occurring in healthy infants. Symptoms due to gastro-esophageal reflux diseases (GERD) are troublesome when they have adverse effects on the well- being of the patient. A thorough history and physical examination is generally sufficient to establish a clinical diagnosis of uncomplicated infant with gastroesophageal reflux. Poor weight gain is a warning sign. Irritability and regurgitation are associated with a wide range of physiologic and pathologic conditions. Heartburn or substernal burning is a reliable indicator for GERD in adolescents. Barrett esophagus does occur in children with severe chronic reflux. GERD is commonly cited as a cause of dysphagia; however, there are no strong pediatric data demonstrating this relationship. An etiologic role for reflux in reactive airways disease, such as asthma, has not been established. No test can determine whether reflux is causing recurrent pneumonia. Data showing the correlation between reflux and upper airway disease is weak, consisting mainly of case descriptions. Sandifer syndrome is an uncommon, but specific manifestation of GERD. Children with cerebral palsy are at particularly high risk of GERD. Similarly, children with certain genetic syndromes such as Cornelia de Lange and Down syndrome are prone to GERD. A higher prevalence of GERD and its complications has been reported in patients with a variety of chronic respiratory disorders including bronchopulmonary dysplasia and cystic fibrosis. GERD treatment is frequently administered to premature infants. However, the true prevalence of GERD is unknown. Keywords: gastroesophageal reflux diseases, infants, children
A Comparison of Efficacy between Rebamipide and Omeprazole in the Treatment of NSAIDs Gastropathy Suyata, Suyata; Bustami, Erita; Bardiman, Syadra; Bakry, Fuad
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 5, ISSUE 3, December 2004
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Gastropathy represent a disparity of gastric mucosal characterized by sub-epithelial bleeding and erosion. Gastropathy can be induced by non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), alcohol, stressor, and chemical agents with various sign and symptoms. NSAIDs-induced gastropathy is the second most common etiology of gastric ulcer and variceal haemorrhages. Aims: To investigate the effectivity of rebamipide compare with omeprazole in treatment of NSAIDs- induced gastropathy. Method: This triple blind randomized study was enrolled from January to June 2004 with 38 subjects who were recruited from outpatient and inpatient clinic in M Hoesin Hospital in Palembang. Subject was divided into two groups. Endoscopic examination was performed in every patients. Results: There was an improvement of symptom in rebamipide group (78.9%) and omeprazole group (79.0%) after treatment but it didn’t have significant difference statistically. Improvement of NSAIDs induced gastropathy after treatment between two groups have significant difference (P = 0.02), and improvement of gradation of gastropathy after treatment has significant difference (P = 0.007).There was no side effect of administration of rebamipide and omeprazole in each group. Conclusion: Rebamipide as effective as omeprazole in improvement of symptom. Omeprazole is more effective than rebamipide in improvement of NSAIDs induced gastropathy and is as safe as rebamipide in the treatment of NSAIDs induced gastropathy. Keywords: Gastropathy, NSAIDs, rebamipide, omeprazole
Risk Factors for the Occurrence of Erosive Esophageal in Patients with Dyspepsia Setyawati, Katharina; Abdullah, Murdani; Syam, Ari Fahrial
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 11, NUMBER 1, April 2010
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of erosive esophagitis tends to increase recently. It induces higher medical expense, loss of working time, and decreases quality of life. However the study on risk factors of erosive esophagitis scarcely reported in Indonesia. This study aimed to find the association between age, sex, smoking, alcohol drinking, body mass index, hiatal hernia, the use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), and drugs that decrease lower esophageal sphincter (LES) tone with the occurrence of erosive esophagitis in dyspeptic patients. Method: A case-control study was conducted on patients with dyspepsia who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy procedure and had been interviewed to determine risk factors for erosive esophagitis in July - September 2008. The association between risk factors and the occurrence of erosive esophagitis were analyzed using Chi-square, which subsequently revealed p < 0.25, this variable included in multivariate analysis. Result: There were 135 patients fulfilled criteria; 45 patients as cases and 90 patients as controls. The association was found between the occurrence of erosive esophagitis in dyspeptic patients and smoking more than 15 cigarette/day (OR 15.43; p = 0.00; CI 95% 4.77-49.88), the use of NSAID (OR 9.49; p = 0.00; CI 95% 2.77-32.53) and the consumption of drugs that decrease LES tone (OR 3.56; p = 0.02; CI 95% 1.26-10.02). Conclusion: Smoking more than 15 cigarettes/day, use of NSAID and drugs that decrease LES tone is a risk factors for the occurrence of erosive esophagitis. Keywords: erosive esophagitis, NSAID, smoking, drugs that decrease LES tone
The Efficacy of Low Dose Captopril Adjuvant for Natriuresis in Patient with Liver Cirrhosis with Ascites Who Have Received Furosemide and Spironolacton Suyatmi, Suyatmi; Suntoko, Bantar; Sumanto, F.; Hirlan, Hirlan
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, December 2001
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The ideal therapy for ascites in liver cirrhosis is a low sodium diet and a combination of furosemide and spironolacton. However, this still sometimes does not produce satisfactory Results, even after increasing the dose of the diuretic. Such failure occurs due to the influence of the Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone (RAA) system. Low doses of ACE inhibitors (captopril) should improve renal blood flow and increase filtration at the glomeruli, thus increasing natriuresis without causing haemodynamic imbalance. Study aim: To discover the natriuretic and diuretic effects of low dose captopril adjuvant in patients with liver cirrhosis who have received furosemide and spironolacton by measuring urinary sodium and 24-hour urine output. Materials and method: This study was conducted on in- and out- patients with liver cirrhosis and Ascites at the Dr. Kariadi Central Public Hospital, Semarang, who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study took place from June 1st, 1997 to March 31st, 1998, and included 40 cases of liver cirrhosis with ascites. Study design: Open comparative randomized clinical trial with permuted blocks. All of the patients received a low fat diet, 40 mg of furosemide, 3x50 mg of spironolacton for 2 weeks, and patients with a urinary sodium level was below 80 mEq/L were randomized into two groups: group A receiving 3 x 6.25 mg of captopril, and group B receiving standard therapy.  Results:  Variable            Pre- treatment       Post – treatment      p  Group A : Urinary sodium level (meq/L)   65.450 ± 16.577       109.950 ± 49.109     0.001 24-hour urine output (cc)     1138.750 ± 480.438     1381.250 ± 394.441    0.004 Group B: Urinary sodium level (meq/L)  68.30 ± 12.85         91.750 ± 64.04      0.103 24-hour urine output (cc)       1390 ± 448.27        1392.50 ± 713.46     0.988   The pre- and post- treatment Results for Group A were significantly different. The pre- and post- treatment Results for Group B were not significantly different. Conclusion: Low dose (3 x 6.25 mg) captopril adjuvant in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites who have received standard doses of furosemide and spironolacton could increase natriuresis and diuresis without causing haemodynamic imbalance.    Key words: Captopril, liver cirrhosis, ascites
Eosinophilic Esophagitis Pramana, T Yuli; Simadibrata, Marcellus
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 8 ISSUE 2 August 2007
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The frequency of eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) cases is increasing along with increased understanding among doctors about EE. In the beginning, EE is mostly found in children population. It was first reported in adults by Landres on 1978. The prominent EE symptoms in adults are dysphagia and solid food impaction. Endoscopic examination reveals mucous ring of esophagus, white plaque on the mucosa. The diagnosis is supported by positive result of eosinophils, which forms infiltration on the mucosaof > 20 eosinophils/ high power field in the distal or middle esophagus. Treatment by using diet and corticosteroid, either topical or systemic, shows adequate results. Immunomodulator treatment is promising, but it needs further investigation with larger sample. No consensus have been reached for EE, therefore it may affect the diagnosis, treatment and epidemiology data.   Keywords: esophagus, eosinophil, dysphagia, ring of esophagus
The Profil of Esophagogastroduodenoscopy for Elderly Patients at Kariadi Hospital Semarang Prasetyo, Agung; Indiarso, Didik; Djagat, Hery; Hirlan, Hirlan
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 13, NUMBER 1, April 2012
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The hospitalization and mortality rate for gastroduodenal ulcer in the elderly remain very high. It may be attributed to increase prescriptions for gastroduodenal damaging drugs, including the non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The aim of this study was to determine the profile of elderly patients’ characteristics who had undergone esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) at Kariadi Hospital. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in elderly patients with non-variceal EGD at Kariadi Hospital, Semarang between Januari 2009 and December 2010. Analysis statistic was performed using chi-square test, with SPSS version 19. Results: Among records for a total of 164 cases of eldery patients who had undergone EGD, 90 patients were enrolled in this study. There were 64 (71.1%) male patients and the most chief complaint was hematemesis (22.2%). The most common indication for EGD was upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding (55.6%). EGD results demonstrated that the most common finding was mild abnormalities (56.7%). Gastric ulcer was found in EGD results in 38.0% cases with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (PR = 5.5; 95% CI = 1.7-17.9; p = 0.002). Moreover, the gastric ulcer was also found in 42.3% among NSAIDs users (PR = 3.2; 95% CI = 1.2-8.6). Conclusion: Upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding is the most common indication for EGD in elderly patients at Kariadi Hospital, Semarang. The most EGD image was only mild abnormalities followed by gastric ulcer. In the study, upper gastrointestinal bleeding is associated with high incidence of gastric ulcer, which also correlated with high incidence of NSAIDs utilization. Keywords: elderly, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, co-morbidities
Correlation between Branched Chain Amino Acids to Tyrosine Ratio and Child Pugh Score in Liver Cirrhosis Patients Hasan, Irsan; Gani, Rino A; Akbar, Nurul; Noer, Sjaifoellah
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 6, ISSUE 1, April 2005
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The determination of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) to tyrosine ratio (BTR) was available in making differentiation of chronic hepatitis from liver cirrhosis, because there was a strong association between BTR and staging (fibrosis) scores. Branched chain amino acids to tyrosine ratio have a correlation with Fischer ratio and the examination is easier because it can be done by enzymatic assay. Materials and Methods: To evaluate the correlation between BTR and Child-Pugh score, we examined the amino gram of 52 liver cirrhosis patients consisted of 26 Child-Pugh A, 19 Child-Pugh B, and 7 Child-Pugh C. The examination of amino gram was done by High Pressure Liquid Chromatograph (HPLC) analyzer. Branched chain amino acids to tyrosine ratio were compared to Child-Pugh score, albumin, ammonia level, number connection test to Fischer ratio. Results: Significant differences in BTR among Child-Pugh A, B, C were observed (Child-Pugh A 7.75 + 1.2; Child Pugh B 6.0 + 1.23 and Child Pugh C 4.38 + 3.14 (p = 0.000)). Branched chain amino acids to tyrosine ratio had a weak correlation with albumin (r = 0.292; p = 0.036), ammonia level (r = 0.376; p = 0.006) and strong correlation with Fischer ratio (r = 0.818; p = 0.000). There was no significant correlation between BTR and number connection test. Conclusion: These results showed that the determination of the molar ratio of branched chain amino acids to tyrosine well reflected the severity of liver cirrhosis and it can be used as a substitute of Fischer ratio. Keywords: Branched chain amino acids, tyrosine, liver cirrhosis
The Role of Fecal Occult Blood Test in Screening of Colorectal Cancer and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Simadibrata, Marcellus
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 11, NUMBER 1, April 2010
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are a quite common colon disease in the world. The World Gastroenterology Organization (WGO) recommends screening test to detect colorectal cancer, i.e. fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and colonoscopy. Diagnosis of CRC is established based on a good history taking, clinical manifestation, physical examination and laboratory examination. Other supporting laboratory tests include routine laboratory test of hemoglobin for detecting anemia, examination of bleeding stool either macroscopically or microscopically. Radiographic examination, either colon in loop or colonoscopy (if such modalities are available), shall be performed to confirm the occurrence of cancer mass in the colon. Moreover, biopsy examination is carried out to obtain the histopathological feature of tumor mass or the type of cancers. WGO has made a guideline for CRC screening, which consists of 6 cascades, which depend on the risk of colorectal cancer and local facilities available. There are several kinds of FOBT, but the most frequently used include three methods, i.e.: the FOBT guaiac base/traditional, the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and the FOB + transferrin rapid test (OT 102c & OT 103c). FIT and FOB + transferrin rapid test have a quite high sensitivity and specificity in detecting the lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding caused by colorectal cancer and IBD. Keywords: FOBT, colorectal cancer, IBD
Development and Application of Endoscopy Goh, K L
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, December 2001
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

.
Emergency Abdominal Surgery in Patient with Liver Cirrhosis Cahyono, JB Suharjo B
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 8, ISSUE 3, December 2007
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The number of patients with cirrhosis who require surgery is increasing. Therefore, it can be expected that a growing number of patients with cirrhosis will undergo surgery. Patients with cirrhosis are at particularly at high risk for morbidity and mortality due to the stress of surgery and the effects of general anesthesia. The risk for morbidity and mortality are influenced by the type of surgery and the extent of liver dysfunction. In patient with cirrhosis who undergo emergent abdominal surgery the mortality rate may reach 50%. The Child-Pugh score is used to predict perioperative morbidity and mortality rates for patients undergoing intra-abdominal surgery. The mortality rate patient with Child Classification A was 10%, Child Classification B was 31% and Child Classification C was 76%. So, an approach to perioperative risk assessment, evaluation, and management of the cirrhosis patients who is a surgical candidate is very crucial. We reported a case of an elderly male patient with liver cirrhosis who would undergo emergent abdominal surgery. Keywords: liver cirrhosis, emergency surgery, child pugh classification

Page 1 of 54 | Total Record : 539


Filter by Year

2000 2019


Filter By Issues
All Issue Vol 20, No 2 (2019): VOLUME 20, NUMBER 2, AUGUST 2019 Vol 20, No 1 (2019): VOLUME 20, NUMBER 1, APRIL 2019 Vol 19, No 2 (2018): VOLUME 19, NUMBER 2, August 2018 Vol 19, No 3 (2018): VOLUME 19, NUMBER 3, December 2018 Vol 19, No 2 (2018): VOLUME 19, NUMBER 2, August 2018 Vol 19, No 1 (2018): VOLUME 19, NUMBER 1, April 2018 Vol 18, No 3 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 3, DECEMBER 2017 Vol 18, No 2 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 2, August 2017 Vol 18, No 1 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 1, April 2017 Vol 17, No 3 (2016): VOLUME 17, NUMBER 3, December 2016 Vol 17, No 2 (2016): VOLUME 17, NUMBER 2, August 2016 Vol 17, No 1 (2016): VOLUME 17, NUMBER 1, April 2016 Vol 16, No 3 (2015): VOLUME 16, NUMBER 3, December 2015 Vol 16, No 2 (2015): VOLUME 16, NUMBER 2, August 2015 Vol 16, No 1 (2015): VOLUME 16, NUMBER 1, April 2015 Vol 15, No 3 (2014): VOLUME 15, NUMBER 3, December 2014 Vol 15, No 2 (2014): VOLUME 15, NUMBER 2, August 2014 Vol 15, No 1 (2014): VOLUME 15, NUMBER 1, April 2014 VOLUME 14, NUMBER 3, December 2013 VOLUME 14, NUMBER 2, August 2013 VOLUME 14, NUMBER 1, April 2013 VOLUME 13, NUMBER 3, Desember 2012 VOLUME 13, NUMBER 2, August 2012 VOLUME 13, NUMBER 1, April 2012 VOLUME 12, NUMBER 3, December 2011 VOLUME 12, NUMBER 2, August 2011 VOLUME 12, NUMBER 1, April 2011 VOLUME 11, NUMBER 3, December 2010 VOLUME 11, NUMBER 2, August 2010 VOLUME 11, NUMBER 1, April 2010 VOLUME 10, NUMBER 3, December 2009 VOLUME 10, ISSUE 2, August 2009 VOLUME 10, ISSUE 1, April 2009 VOLUME 9, ISSUE 3, December 2008 VOLUME 9, ISSUE 2, August 2008 VOLUME 9, ISSUE 1, April 2008 VOLUME 8, ISSUE 3, December 2007 VOLUME 8, ISSUE 1, April 2007 VOLUME 8 ISSUE 2 August 2007 VOLUME 7, ISSUE 3, December 2006 VOLUME 7, ISSUE 2, August 2006 VOLUME 7, ISSUE 1, April 2006 VOLUME 6, ISSUE 3, December 2005 VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, August 2005 VOLUME 6, ISSUE 1, April 2005 VOLUME 5, ISSUE 3, December 2004 VOLUME 5, ISSUE 2, August 2004 VOLUME 5, ISSUE 1, April 2004 VOLUME 4, NUMBER 1, April 2003 VOLUME 4, ISSUE 3, December 2003 VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, August 2003 VOLUME 3, NUMBER 3, December 2002 VOLUME 3, NUMBER 2, August 2002 VOLUME 3, NUMBER 1, April 2002 VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, December 2001 VOLUME 2, NUMBER 2, August 2001 VOLUME 2, NUMBER 1, April 2001 VOLUME 1, NUMBER 1, December 2000 More Issue