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Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business
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Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business (GamaIJB) is a peer-reviewed journal published three times a year (January-April, May-August, and September-December) by Master of Management Program, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada. GamaIJB is intended to be the journal for publishing articles reporting the results of research on business, especially in the context of emerging economies. The GamaIJB invites manuscripts in the various topics include, but not limited to, functional areas of management, accounting, international business, entrepreneurship, business economics, risk management, knowledge management, information systems, ethics, and sustainability.
Articles
506
Articles
International Financial Reporting Standards Foreign Direct Investment in Asean Countries

Yousefi Nejad, Maryam, Ahmad, Azlina, Md Salleh, Mohd Fairuz, Abdul Rahim, Ruzita

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 3 (2018): September-December
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows. FDI has been identified as an economic consequence of IFRS. However, thus far, few studies have examined this issue in developing countries and there are no studies which have examined IFRS-FDI in ASEAN countries. In order to fulfill this objective, this study hypothesizes that IFRS is positively associated with FDI inflows. The hypothesis was empirically tested using a sample consisting of the ten ASEAN countries from 2001 to 2016, using a bias corrected Least Square Dummy Variable (LSDVC), and Ordinary Least Square (OLS). The results of the LSDVC and OLS analyses indicate that IFRS is positively associated with FDI inflows. Normally after the adoption of a new standard such as IFRS, regulators, practitioners and academicians would be interested in understanding the consequences. Therefore, this study contributes to the understanding of the economic consequences of IFRS. This study also provides evidence regarding the outcomes of IFRS, from the aspects of FDI inflows’ enhancement. Therefore, the outcomes of this study may be useful for adopter and non-adopter countries to understand the economic consequences of IFRS. The findings may also provide important inputs to policy makers of non-adopter countries who are contemplating the adoption of IFRS. The positive relationship between IFRS and FDI inflows provides evidence that IFRS is an important determinant of FDI inflows, and eventually economic growth.

MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS OF THE COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION IN THE ERA OF SHARING ECONOMY

mayasari, iin, Haryanto, Handrix Chris

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 3 (2018): September-December
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the motivational factors of collaborative consumption in the era of the sharing economy, as a part of consumers’ behavior by online media platforms. Collaborative consumption is about people’s willingness to share and to collaborate to meet certain needs. The study used the qualitative method with interviews for the data’s collection. The context of the study was using consumers who had experience of using Airbnb, Go-Jek, and selling their product via online media. Twenty-four respondents were obtained for the interviews. The length of each interview was approximately 1.5 hours. The analysis of this shifting consumption across its different facets provided an analysis of the motivational aspect of sharing resources, and the change in consumer consumption patterns. The motivational research examined the underlying reasons for consumers to act, and to undertake collaborative consumption; home sharing and selling second-hand goods were analyzed from the perspectives of their economic aspects, utility reasons, social orientation, emotional aspects, ecological aspects and personal values.

Gold VS Bond: What Is the Safe Haven for the Indonesian and Malaysian Capital Market?

Robiyanto, Robiyanto

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 3 (2018): September-December
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study scrutinizes the potency of gold and bonds as safe haven assets for the Indonesian and Malaysian capital markets, because some previous studies have been undertaken in established market settings. The research period for this study was from June 2008 to September 2016. The quantile regression technique was used to analyze the data. The results of this study indicated that gold did not have a role as a safe haven for the Indonesian capital market, but did have a role as the safe haven for the Malaysian capital market. This study also found that Indonesian government bonds, Malaysian government bonds, and Malaysian corporate bonds could not act as safe haven assets. In contrast, corporate bonds in Indonesia had the potency to perform the function of a safe haven for stocks on the Indonesian Stock Exchange. 

Determinants of Labor Productivity in Emerging Markets: Evidence from Pre- and Post-Financial Crisis Mexico

Kang, Young-Hee, Na, Kyunga

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 3 (2018): September-December
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Although the global financial crisis of 2008 had tremendous effects on global businesses, its impact on firm performance in emerging markets is unknown. To develop this knowledge, this study explores the factors that influenced labor productivity in emerging markets before and after the crisis. Using a sample of 2,061 Mexican firms that were collected by the World Bank in 2006 and 2010, this study investigates the relationships of bribery, informality, and corporate governance to labor productivity. The results show that, before the crisis, informality and foreign ownership were positively associated with labor productivity. On the other hand, after the crisis, bribery and informality are negatively related to labor productivity, while foreign ownership and external auditing make positive impacts on labor productivity. The findings imply that businesses need to improve the quality of their corporate governance and decrease bribery. Governments of emerging markets need to reduce the levels of informality.

Does a deposit insurance scheme induce moral hazard among bankers? Evidence from an experiment with bankers

Sahadewo, Gumilang Aryo, Purwanto, Bernardinus Maria, Pradiptyo, Rimawan

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 3 (2018): September-December
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The implementation of a deposit insurance scheme entails a trade off. On one hand, as shown in theoretical and empirical studies, a deposit insurance scheme reduces the likelihood of a bank run. On the other hand, a deposit insurance scheme induces moral hazard among bankers that may lead to bank failures. We rigorously test the effect of different deposit coverage limit and the implementation of a differential premium treatment on bankers’ behaviors in the deposit and credit market. We do so by designing a laboratory experiment that involves real bankers as participants. We find that the coverage limit treatments do not have any effect on deposit rate offer. Nevertheless, we find that a high deposit coverage limit induces smaller banks to have a higher share of risky projects. This is evidence of moral hazard particularly among small banks.

Perceived Fairness, Emotions, and Intention of Fast Food Chain Restaurants Customers in Indonesia

Budiyanti, Hety, Patiro, Shine Pintor Siolemba

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 2 (2018): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study aims to investigate interrelationships among perceived service fairness, emotions, and behavioral intentions in a fast food chain restaurant context. we use terms that are commonly use on the study of fairness or justice perception. This study uses purposive sampling and the survey method to generate our sample which consists of 800 respondents from big cities in Indonesia, namely: Jakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, Medan, and Makassar. The data are analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results show different roles for each fairness perception in relation to peoples’ emotions and behavioral intentions, based on the Mehrabian-Russel model. Three fairness variables (price fairness, outcome fairness and interactional fairness) have positive and significant effects on customers’ positive emotions, while, procedural fairness does not influence the formation of a positive emotion. Furthermore, a positive emotion has a positive influence on a customer’s behavioral intention. Data collected in this study are limited to the context of the restaurant industry, therefore, precaution must be taken when generalizing these results to other industries. The results of this study can serve as guidelines for managers in the restaurant industry to develop effective and efficient strategies for ensuring their services’ perceived fairness and its impact on both customers’ retention rates and the companies’ financial gains.

Financial Flexibility as an Investment Efficiency Factor in Asian Companies

Cherkasova, Victoria, Kuzmin, Evgeny

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 2 (2018): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study explores the impact of a company’s financial flexibility on the effectiveness of its investments.The number of companies that have financial flexibility was calculated with the application of thespare debt capacity method. The research identifies the impact of financial flexibility on investment activity and on the level of suboptimal investments. The data from 1,736 companies in theAsian region, during the 2005-2015time period, are presented. The Asian region has unique institutional, economic and commercial environments that present a great basis for this paper. The results of the research reveal that financially flexible companies spend more on their investment expenditure and conduct more effective investment policiesby reducing the level of over- and underinvestment. Financial flexibility helps companies to make effective investments during a crisis period, but the difference in the flexibility between developed and developing countries and between large and small companies was not observed.

Modeling of Stochastic Volatility to Validate IDR Anchor Currency

Nugroho, Didit Budi, Mahatma, Tundjung, Pratomo, Yulius

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 2 (2018): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study aims to assess the performance of stochastic volatility models for their estimation of foreign exchange rate returns volatility using daily data from Bank Indonesia (BI). The model is then applied to validate the anchor currency of Indonesian rupiah (IDR). Two stylized facts are incorporated into the models: A correlation between the previous returns and their conditional variance, and return errors following four different error distributions namely Normal, Student-t, non-central Student-t, and generalized hyperbolic skew Student-t. The analysis is based on the application of daily returns data from nine foreign currency selling rates to IDR from 2010 to 2015, including the AUD, CHF, CNY, EUR, GBP, JPY, MYR, SGD, and USD. The main results are: (1) Mixed evidence of positive and negative relationships between the return and its variance were found, especially significant correlations being found for the IDR/AUD, IDR/CHF, IDR/JPY, IDR/SGD, and IDR/USD returns series; (2) the model with the generalized hyperbolic skew Students t-distribution specification for the returns error provides the best performance; and (3) anchoring the IDR to established hard currencies is more appropriate than anchoring it to other currencies.

Mediation Effects of Subjective Norms on the Relationship between Career Advancement and Job Characteristics and Knowledge Sharing Behavior among the Tanzanian Healthcare Professionals

Balozi, Mohamed Abbasi, Othman, Siti Zubaidah, Isa, Mohd Faizal Mohd

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 2 (2018): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper intends to examine the mediating effects of subjective norms on the relationship between career advancement and job characteristics and knowledge sharing behavior. Based on the social exchange theory, we establish a research model which contains job and organizational factors. We distributed 650 questionnaires, but only 439 questionnaires were returned and usable. The hypotheses were tested using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The study examines knowledge sharing behavior and its determinants. The results reveal that career advancement, job characteristics and subjective norms are positively and significantly related to knowledge sharing behavior. The findings depict that subjective norms have a partial positive and significant mediating effect on knowledge sharing behavior. This paper intends to identify knowledge sharing behavior and its determinants in Tanzanian healthcare institutions and among healthcare professionals. This is because there are only a few such studies in the context of Tanzania; therefore, this study offers a theoretical foundation for future studies and practical implications for administrators and practitioners.

Exploring Stakeholders’ Support in an International Equity Placement Strategic Alliance

Wandebori, Harimukti, Steenhuis, Harm-Jan, Groen, Aard J.

Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 20, No 2 (2018): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

An International Equity Placement Strategic Alliance (IEPSA) is a strategic alliance of shared ownership between partners of different nationalities. In 1998, the Indonesian government initiated the IEPSA to privatize its State-Owned Enterprises (SOE). Problems arose due to the lack of stakeholders’ support, although it was able to improve the performance of the SOE. Variables within the stakeholders’ support and the relationship among stakeholders were the keys to bring the IEPSA into prevalence; they comprised of its transparency, share price, the degree of the internal relationship, fulfilment of the budget deficit, company restructuring, unprecedented moment, restricted shares in the market, the existence of the floor price, and the plan for the IEPSA. The research reveals that the dimensions of the share price and the degree of the internal relations are the required bases for the government to formulate and implement a strategy to secure the stakeholders’ support (involvement) using the matrix of a general strategy to secure their support.

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