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Al-Tahrir
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Core Subject : Religion, Education,
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Articles 163 Documents
Tujuan Pendidikan dalam Perspektif Al-Quran
AL-TAHRIR Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v11i2.34

Abstract

Al-Quran as a guidance to life for Muslims does not give details about the ins and outs of education. However, there are several terms related to educational issues in this holy books. This article tries to get a complete sketch of the nature and purpose of education in Islam by discussing the meaning of these terms according to the language experts and education thinkers, so that the opinions of mutual support among them will be used as the basis to draw the conclusion. This paper comes to the conclusion that the terms tarbiyah, ta ’lim, ta ’dib, tazkiyah and tahdhib give the message about the nature of education and its aims. The purpose of education in the perspective of the Qur’an is focused in three points. First, to achieve complete human being in the pillars of his life. Second, to build a comprehensive human dimension of religion, culture, and science. Third, to make human beings resposible of their function as servants of God and inheritors of the Prophet. The very nature of some of these goals is to achieve a true Muslim characterized with the notion of rah}matan li al-’a> lami>n. Thus, the purpose of Islamic education in the Qur’an is not merely the transfer of knowledge, but is also the the transfer process of value. This purpose is also related to effort to establish the h}abl min Alla>h, h}abl min al-na>s, and h}abl min al- ’a> lam, that is the good relation with God, mankind, and the nature.
Menimbang Kembali Pendekatan Kajian Keislaman di Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam
AL-TAHRIR Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v11i2.39

Abstract

Insight on the progress of the PTAI (Institute of Islamic Studies) in Indonesia so far involves many things; the disorder of epistemological basis of the PTAI, the direction of global policy in structuring the curriculum, the recruitment of stakeholders, then standardization of the quality of graduates, and institutional holder. One thing that seems to be the consensus among observers is the lack of quality of PTAI’s graduates. However, so far there is no consensus among the thinkers, policy makers as well as the PTAI’s functionaries about how to solve this problem. In the midst of diversity discourse about it, stood out a solution that is much in demand by PTAI’s functionaries, namely the transition of institutional status, from the STAIN to the IAIN, and over from the IAIN to UIN. This paper tries to trace the historical roots of the founding the PTAI in Indonesia to find their main tasks. Results of the search was used as a foothold to reflect on the PTAI’s performance today. This paper finds that since their establishment, Islamic higher education institutions is to bring two tasks, namely as a religious institution and as a scientific institution. In the course of history, sometimes these two tasks go hand in hand, but often both were at opposite position. At one point, Islamic studies at the PTAI took the tendency of normative idealistic-theological approach abandoning the academic approach. Then in the last few decades came the openness, which presented the empirical and academic study of Islam. This paper concludes that the transformation or institutional reform of the PTAI’s status is not the answer to the problem of Islamic studies, but the more important is realignment of the structure of sciences in the PTAI which is the foundation for the interdisciplinary study on Islamic dogmas. The quality of graduates is expected to be flown with a firm decision, whether PTAI will be academic, preaching, or practical-pragmatic interests institutions.
Problem dan Solusi Pengembangan Perbankan Syariah Kontemporer di Indonesia Subandi, Subandi
AL-TAHRIR Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Ekonomi Syariah
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v12i1.44

Abstract

Contemporary development of the national banking today is being a serious international spotlight. Since national economic crisis, the national banking is often unable to compete with foreign banks in Indonesia. On its symptoms, a national banking customers are coming from an average of lower middle class. This condition was not even able to raise the welfare of Indonesian people to be better life to just get out of the shackles of ‘poverty’. Especially Islamic banking in Indonesia, the beginning of its presence is expected to be the main solution to the problem of poverty in this state, but it also can not do much. It refers to data from Bank Indonesia, the Islamic banking business unit transactions in Indonesia in 2008 has increased to Rp. 24 trillion that is equivalent to 1.8 percent. But in fact, it is just superficial, because it is basically only able to contribute at 2:98, when compared with conventional banking. The large gap that happened is caused by three main issues: the legality aspects, human resources aspects, and aspects of less innovative marketing strategies. To solve the problems needs some strategies namely; improving the quality of service and professionalism, products innovation, qualified human resources, etc.
Eksistensi DPS dalam Memoderasi Pengaruh Pembiayaan, Kinerja Keuangan dan Pengungkapan CSR pada Bank Umum Syariah di Indonesia Masykuroh, Ely
AL-TAHRIR Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Ekonomi Syariah
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v12i1.49

Abstract

The research was conducted as motivated by previous research related to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Previous researchfound mixed results seen from factors that influence the level of disclosure of CSR such as size, leverage, profitability (financial performance), board composition and ownership structure. The results of these findings is the space to do the test again to make the development or change in methodology. While the results of related research in Islamic banks are financing gap (lack). To the researchers intend to analyze whether the financial effect on the financial performance of Islamic banks as well as the extent to which the existence of the Syaria Supervisory Board moderating relationship. After that study also examines whether financial performance (profitability) affect the disclosure of CSR by entering the variable composition of the Council to moderate the relationship. Methodology that differentiates it from previous research, the supervisory board who previously used as a moderating variable became an independent variable by using Islamicity Disclosure Index and analysis tool using the Moderation Regression Analysis. The results showed no significant effect of financing, profitability and CSR Disclosure, and the role of DPS was also moderate the influence of the relationship between financing and profitability, but the Board of Commissioners did not moderate the influence of the relationship between profitability and CSR disclosure
Refleksi Filosofis atas Teologi Islam Mengenai Lingkungan dan Pelestariannya Roswantoro, Alim
AL-TAHRIR Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Filsafat dan Teologi Islam
Publisher : STAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v12i2.54

Abstract

The writing tries to explore the theologically islamic ideas of ecology and then philosophically reflects it in order to disclose the fun­damental significance. This effort is encouraged by some phenomena of natural damages which increasingly extend causing the global warming and climate change threatening the life of the earth. Islamic theology of environment and its protection is conceptualized through theological sources of Islam, i.e., the verses of the Qur’an and the tradition, and then the writer tries to find out its meaning and completes it with some inter­pretations of muslim thinkers concerning it. After obtaining the meaning­ful understanding of islamic ecology, finally the article intends to reflect or contemplate it philosophically. The result of the reflection or the con­templation is that islamic ecology is not merely natural ecology, but also religious ecology which is the substance is the theomorphic nature of the human existence.
Serat Suluk babaraning Ngelmi Makrifat Wasiyat Kala Kanjeng Nabi Kilir Saddhono, Kundharu Saddhono
AL-TAHRIR Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Tasawuf
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v13i1.4

Abstract

Abstract: Suluk (mysticism or sufism) is a mystical world that isvery personal in terms of peace of mind and spiritual needs. Inshort, mysticism can be defined as the love of the Absolute (divine).Material object in this study is a single manuscript titled SeratSuluk Babaring Ngelmi Makripat Wasiat Kala Kanjeng Nabi Kilir(SSBM), the literature describes the knowledge of the ProphetKilir makrifat legacy (read: Khidhr) to Sunan Kalijaga or SyekhMelaya. Khidhr was a prophet who told in the Qur’an (al-Kahfi:60-82). In this study, researcher focused on two things: attitudesin SSBM and their relevance for society in the modern era. Thisresearch is a form of qualitative research that concentrates on theanalysis of text. Reading of the text is done in two ways: heuristicsand hermeneutics. The results showed that the fibers text SSBM anuanced Islamic religious literature belonging to Java popular.However, the expertise of the poets of the past in working-knowledgeliterature making such knowledge in a kind of text into knowledgethat seems real local wisdom and Java knowledge is not just theresult of acculturation.
Kesatuan Agama-agama dan Kearifan Perennial dalam Perspektif Tasawuf Armia, Armia
AL-TAHRIR Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Tasawuf
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v13i1.10

Abstract

Abstract: All religions, if we try to find their core teachings, we will find the same messages, namely the realization of peace, goodness, and happiness to mankind. No religion teaches violence and savagery. This confirms that theologically religion is very much interested in the realization of human well-being in life. Thus, peace must be a meeting point for all religions to implement in social life. This paper explored the Sufi’s view of the nature of God, religion, and the perennial wisdom based on the principle of spirituality and love (mahabbah).
Pembaruan Hukum Pencatatan Perkawinan di Indonesia Perspektif Maqasid Shariah Masruhan, Masruhan
AL-TAHRIR Vol 13, No 2 (2013): Hukum Islam
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v13i2.15

Abstract

Abstract: The role of marriage registration (recording) is important particularly in maintaining and protecting the rights of individuals to prove the marriage implementation. Registration of marriage, therefore, is governed by various related rules or regulation. Unfortunately, the registration of marriage is only as a normative one. Meanwhile, most Muslims do not obey the law of marriages arranged by the state because the law is ambiguous, having multi interpretations and difficult to implement. In fact, there are many negative effects emerging from marriage under the hands such as not getting the marriage certificate, and husband, wife and their children not being able to perform civil legal action against the genetic father who has left them. Therefore, marriage under the hand must be prevented with preventive, curative and anticipative measures. In order to produce a law that can respond to the changing demands of time, place, conditions and welfare of the spouses, the maqa>s}id al - shari>ah approach (the purpose of the law) is eligible to apply . Therefore, the government should change the law of registration of marriages that are not relevant to the state of society so that society will feel suitable with the legal registration of the marriage.
Suicide Terrorism: Menelusuri Justifikasi Fikih dalam Literatur Jihad Kontemporer Rusli, Rusli
AL-TAHRIR Vol 13, No 2 (2013): Hukum Islam
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v13i2.20

Abstract

Abstract: This paper deals with the issue of suicide terrorism or suicidal bombing which has been used as a serious tactic by terrorist organizations or radical and puritan religious movements. The motive behind this kind of action varies greatly, ranging from religious, cultural, political, to social issues. In the literatures on jiha>d, there are various points of view regarding the legality and validity of suicidal attack. First, those who allow this act and regard it as a part of the tactic and strategy of jiha>d, such as radical islamist movements (Salafi-jiha>dists). Second, those who allow it on several conditions, such as Salafi-intellectual (salafiyyah ‘ilmiyyah) and Salafi-reformists (salafiyyah is}la>hiyyah). Third, those who prohibit this act absolutely, such as Salafi-wahha>bists (salafiyyah wahha>biyyah), who based their arguments on the assumption that this is regarded as the act that is prohibited in Islam, and there is no legal precedence in the history of Islamic law that allows the attack to civil people (women, children, and old men) and non-military targets.
Tafsir Tarbawi Sebagai Paradigma Qurani dalam Reformulasi Pendidikan Islam Mudlofir, Ali
AL-TAHRIR Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : IAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/al-tahrir.v11i2.35

Abstract

As a complete way of life for of Muslims, the Qur’an gives guidelines about education, in addition to the theology and the law. The history of thought of Muslims presented several paradigms of interpretation of the Qur’an, rangefrom the strictfundamentalist to the liberal. Thisfact indicates that the demands of Muslims to the sciences of the Qur’an and the results of them always arouse throughout the history. Even the enthusiasts ofstudy the Qur’an in the contemporary era insist that the Qur’an gives the widespread possibilities of meanings and themes. Taking into account the contemporary demands to education, it does not matter with using any paradigm of interpretation, but the choice to use a thematic method (al-tafsir al‑mawdu ‘i) is the most appropriate choice. Thematic method will generate a thorough understanding of the concept of Islamic education, and this is the right way to establish the discipline of Qur ’anic educational exegesis (al-tafsir al-tarbawi). In essence, thinkers on Islamic education should continuously develop elaboration of the concept ofIslam which views human beings have the their potential to achieve the perfection by integrating the innate factors and the environmental ones.

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