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Tutik Sriyati
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ijfr.forda@gmail.com
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Kota bogor,
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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
ISSN : 23557079     EISSN : 24068195     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research (IJFR) was first published as Journal of Forestry Research (JFR) on November 2004. The last issue of JFR was Volume 10 Number 2 published on December 2013. The Journal of Forestry Research has been accredited by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences since 2008. The last accreditation was on 21 June 2013 (accredition number: 538/AU3/P2MI-LIPI/06/2013) which will be valid until 2016. IJFR will be issued in one volume every year including two issues which will be delivered every April and October. This journal is published by Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA), Indonesia.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 428 Documents
ANATOMICAL PROPERTIES AND FIBER DIMENSION OF PRICKLY ACACIA (Acacia nilotica L.) FROM BALURAN NATIONAL PARK Krisdianto, Krisdianto; Damayanti, Ratih
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex. Delile growing in Baluran National Park has dramatically altered the ecological balance of grasslands and thereby threatens the existence of local biodiversity. Prickly acacia is able to spread rapidly and remains uncontrollable. Baluran National Park authorization has been struggling to control this prickly acacia trees. One possible action that can be taken to encounter this problem is allowing wood based industries, and local people take advantages of this nilotica timber utilization. This paper studies the anatomical properties and fiber dimensions of nilotica timber and discusses the possible utilization of  nilotica timber.   This timber is characterized by dark brown heartwood which is clearly distinct from reddish brown color of sapwood. The denser cell wall shows attractively streaked in tangential surfaces. The length of  wood fiber decreases from pith toward periphery portion. Longitudinally, higher stem has shorter fiber. Nilotica wood has second class quality of fiber, which means its fiber is moderately thick with narrow lumen diameter. Due to small log diameter and branches, the nilotica timber is not recommended for construction material. The timber is suitable for carved and turnery products. Nilotica timber is suitable for charcoal manufacture and fuel wood due to its high calorific value.
GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION OF CHLOROPLAST DNA HAPLOTYPES IN Acacia aulacocarpa A. Cunn. ex Benth Widyatmoko, Anthonius Y.P.B.C.; Shiraishi, Susumu
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 10, No 1 (2013): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

The geographic  variation  of chloroplast  DNA (cpDNA)  haplotypes  of Acacia aulacocar pa was investigated among 18 natural populations. These populations represent the geographical range of the species in New Guinea Island and Queensland. Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) was used for the analysis. Two non-coding regions of cpDNA, the intron region of the trnL gene and the intergenic spacer region between the trnP and trnW genes, were analyzed, and four haplotypes (A, B, C, and D) were recognized. The haplotype distribution corresponded with the geographic distribution of the populations.  Based on four cpDNA haplotypes, the eighteen populations were divided into three groups: New Guinea Island, Northern  Queensland  and Southern Queensland.  Haplotype  C was observed only in the New Guinean populations, while the other three haplotypes (A, B, and D) were found in Queensland only. All of these three haplotypes were observed in Southern Queensland, whereas haplotype B was found only in the Northern Queensland populations. The cpDNA haplotype diversity of this species seemed to be highest in southern Queensland.
THE EFFECT OF HEAT TREATMENT ON THE DURABILITY OF BAMBOO Gigantochloa scortechinii Kamarudin, Norashikin; Sugiyanto, Krisdianto
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

Bamboo signifies as one of the fastest growing plants and it can be used for various products. Intropical countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia, bamboo is abundantly available at reasonable prices, therefore it is used for numerous purposes. However, as lignocellulosic material, bamboo is susceptible to fungal and insect attacks. Heat treatment is an option to improve bamboos durability. The objective of this study was to improve the durability of bamboo using hot oil palm treatment. A Malaysian grown bamboo species, Buluh Semantan (Gigantochloa scortechinii), as a study material was soaked in hot oil palm for various temperatures and soaking time, before being inoculated with the basidiomycete Coriolus versicolor in an agar block test. The results demonstrated that the longer the heating time, the more improved the durability of bamboo. Altering the temperature in the palm oil treatment produced varying results. Bamboo blocks that heated in hot oil palm at 100°C for 60 minutes shows considerably less weight eduction that indicates less fungal attack. Overall, the higher the temperature, the better the durability of bamboo. Please indicates what the meaning of heat treatment in this experiment, it is not clear.
EFFECT OF ACTIVATED CHARCOAL ADDITION ON FORMALDEHYDE EMISSION OF MEDIUM DENSITY FIBERBOARD Darmawan, Saptadi; Sofyan, Kurnia; Pari, Gustan; Sugiyanto, Krisdianto
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 7, No 2 (2010): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

The manufacturing of medium density fiberboard (MDF) using dry forming process for interior purpose requires extensive amount of thermo-setting urea formaldehyde (UF) adhesive. Unfortunately, this adhesive brings about formaldehyde emission from the resulting MDF, which was potentially harmful to human beings. The use of activated charcoal can be effective to reduce such emission. As the relevance, this research aimed to investigate the effect of activated charcoal addition to the MDF pulp on formaldehyde emission from the MDF. The fibers for the MDF-mat forming were the pulp procured from the MDF factory, resulting from the thermo-mechanical pulping (TMP) conducted on the mixed mangium wood (Acacia mangium) and rubber wood (Hevea brasiliensis) in 3:1 (w/w) proportion, respectively.  Such mixed TMP pulping was also done in the factor y.  The bonding between TMP pulp fiber during mat forming was assisted by the use of UF adhesive.  Prior to the MDF mat forming , was added to the resulting TMP pulp-fibers activated charcoal in  various amount, 2%, 4% and 6% based on fiber mass as well as based on UF adhesive mass. The activated charcoal was prepared by carbonizing candle nut shell into charcoal followed by activation process using phosphate solution.  Meanwhile the forming of MDF mat employed air-dr y process. As the control, MDF forming with UF adhesive was performed without addition of activated charcoal. It turned out that the activated charcoal-added MDF exhibited effective reduction in formaldehyde emission and significant improvement in physical and mechanical properties, i.e. lower thickness swelling , and greater MOR , MOE and internal bond, compared to the control MDF. The use of activated charcoal at 4% based on the adhesive mass seemed to be the optimum amount.  Physical and mechanical properties of the activated charcoal added MDF could mostly meet the JIS specification.
DOMINANT HEIGHT AND SITE INDEX MODELS FOR Acacia mangium Willd. PLANTATION Krisnawati, Haruni; Wang, Yue; Ades, Peter K.; Wild, Ian W.
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 6, No 2 (2009): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

ANALYSIS OF USING EFFICIENT LOGGING TOOLS AT PT. PURWA PERMAI IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN Suhartana, Sona; Yuniawati, Yuniawati
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

A high log demand that often exceeds its supply capability should be overcome by using appropriate logging  tools. Numerous  kinds and types of logging  tools require  a well planning in their utilization. Number of tools which are greater or fewer than what is actually needed can be disadvantageous  for a company. In relevant to these aspects, a study was carried out at a timber estate in Central Kalimantan  in 2007. The aim of the study was to find out an efficient number  of tools used for logging  in a timber  estate. The analysis was based on the target and realization of the company’s log production. The result revealed that: (1) Optimum number of logging tools depended on production target,  i.e. 41 units  of chainsaws  for felling,  42 units  of farm tractors  for skidding,  9 units of loaders for loading and unloading, and 36 units of trucks for transportation; (2) Number  of logging tools as obtained from all activities  in the field was fewer than that from  the analysis based on production target and realization. This condition  indicated that number of logging tools used in the company was not yet efficient.
THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF HYDROLOGICAL SERVICES IN MENDALAM SUB WATERSHED, KAPUAS HULU REGENCY, WEST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA Roslinda, Emi; Yuliantini, Yuliantini
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

Forest ecosystem supports almost all of  the needs of  human being through its contribution of  tangible and intangible values.  Currently, the intangible values have gained less attention than the tangible values that cause  underestimation of  the total value of  the forest conversion into other more tangibly profitable usages, and miss-management of  the forest. One of  the important intangible values is the hydrological value that has been hardly calculated until now.  This research the intangible values of  water for household, transportation, agriculture and fishing in Mendalam Sub Watershed, Kalimantan. The economic values calculated based on market prices, opportunity costs and consumer’s surplus methods. The results showed that based on the    opportunity cost method the economic values of  the hydrological services was about Rp 8,043,706,237.50 per year. Meanwhile, the economic values of  the hydrological services based on the consumer’s surplus method gave lower value than the former method, i.e. Rp 8,031,351,664.60 per year. This study showed that the economic value of  the hydrological services was very high, which has not been included in the calculation yet. However, without trees there would be no forest and all other values included water value would not exist. Consequently, current forest management should put forest ecosystem as important to consider.
GENETIC VARIATION OBSERVED IN COMPOSITE SEEDLING SEED ORCHARD OF Acacia mangium Willd. AT CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA : IMPLICATIONS FOR INCREASING GENETIC GAIN AND SEED PRODUCTION Nirsatmanto, Arif
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

As part of multiple-population breeding scheme using sub-lining system, a composite seedling seed orchard of was established at Central Java, Indonesia. The orchard comprises a combination of the best 40 plus tree families selected from four sub-lines in the first-generation of Acacia mangium progeny trial. The design of orchard is randomized complete block laid-out as four line tree-plot of six replications with a spacing of 2 x 4 meter. Variation among sub-lines and families within sub-line, andgenetic parameters for height, dbh and volume were investigated at age of 24 months. The aim of this study was to investigate genetic variation for growth traits in a composite seedling seed orchard and todiscuss the implication for increasing genetic gain and seed production. In general, trees derived from two sub-lines of Papua New Guinea (PNG) provenance showed better growth than those from Far North Queensland, Australia (FNQ). Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among sublines and families within sub-line for height, dbh and volume. Variation of the traits among families within sub-line accounted for 1.1% to 5.0%, and trees within family 43.8% to 65.8%. Heritability varied from 0.044 to 0.201 for individual, 0.060 to 0.229 for within-family and 0.098 to 0.383 for family. Withinfamily selection promoted high genetic gain for all traits, ranging from 1.3% to 4.4%. In order to increase genetic gain and seed productivity, it is recommended that:(1) the best plus trees included in the orchard should be selected based on their progeny test, (2) the design of plot size should be single treeplot, (3) the final density of seed trees should be twice greater than the number of trees intended forseed collection, which is about 300 trees per hectare.
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AFFORDED BY THE EXTRACT FROM RARU BARK TO INHIBIT ACTION OF ALPHA- GLUCOSIDASE ENZYMES Pasaribu, Gunawan; Syafii, Wasrin; Darusman, Latifah K.
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

Raru (Shoreabalanocarpoides Sym) signifies one of the tree species that grows widespread in Sumatra Island.  Its bark portion is commonly used by local villagers as additional ingredient mixed to nira (sugar palm juice).  This addition is intended to make the juice more durable and also to enrich its taste after the juice is previously fermented to become traditional toddy beverage or the so-call “tuak”.  Local villagers believe that raru bark can reduce the level of blood sugar. As the relevance, the research was conducted to confirm that the extract from raru bark could afford its biological activities to inhibit alpha-glucosidase enzyme through its characterization, quantification, and isolation of its boactive compound. The extraction was performed using two methods (i.e.reflux and maceration techniques). Result revealed that the bark extract obtained from both techniques contained polyphenol compounds: flavonoid, saponin and tannin. Further, raru-bark extract from the reflux and maceration techniques could inhibit the action of alpha glucosidase enzymes on carbohydrate substrate ( i.e. p -nitrophenil-α-D-glucopyranose), at respectively 90.67% and 97.33%. Meanwhile, the inhibition activities afforded by the patented drug as a control (i.e. glucobay) equaled to 97.05%.  Assesment using UV-VIS spectroscopy, showed that the maximum spectrum of bioactive compound in the extract was at the wave length of 288.6 nm. Scrutiny using FTIR spectroscopy could identif y the presence of aromatic groups in the compound, containing -OH, C-H, C=C, C-O and C-H bond types. Analysis using GC-MS exhibited that the compound had molecular weight of 390 with molecular structure as C20H22O8. Ultimately, data analysis scrutiny with the aid of NMR judged the most plausible compound as bioactive was 4-Glucosyl-3, 4’, 5-trihydroxystilbene.
AN OPTIMUM DESIGN FOR SEEDLING SEED ORCHARDS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC GAIN: AN INVESTIGATION ON SEEDLING SEED ORCHARDS OF Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell Leksono, Budi; Kurinobu, Susumu; Ide, Yuji
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 6, No 2 (2009): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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