TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English
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The Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology (JICLT) is a peer-reviewed free open-access scholarly journal dedicated to furthering the understanding of international commercial law and technology. It is published by the International Association of IT Lawyers (IAITL). The journal is a quarterly publication in online formats. By publishing on-line, a scholar’s research is made available more quickly and is available to those who do not have access to a well stocked research library. Submitted articles are reviewed anonymously and are subjected to a rigorous editorial process. The journal aims to stimulate research and become a major publication which will provide an opportunity for academics, practitioners and consultants from different backgrounds to discuss the significant legal developments in commercial law and diverse aspects of information technology. We invite authors to submit original manuscripts for consideration ranging from full articles to book reviews.
Articles 253 Documents
On Examining Communicative Tasks in Second Language Acquistion

Golda J. Tulung ( Sam Ratulangi University, Manado )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 2 (2008)
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Studies of second language acquisition (SLA) suggest that communicative tasks can provide the conditions and processes that may facilitate second language learning.  Attempting to understand how communicative tasks may promote SLA, this article examines communicative tasks in second language learning by (1) defining and categorizing tasks, (2) providing theoretical rationale for tasks with respect to meaningful oral exchanges or interaction generated from tasks, and (3) discussing how the linguistic and interactional characteristics of the exchanges may differentially promote learners language acquisition.

The Effect of Word Meaning Deriving Strategy Instruction: The Case of EFL Students in Taiwan

Chin Min Lin ( National Teaching Institute of Technology )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 2 (2008)
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This study intends to find out the effect of teaching word meaning deriving strategies to EFL Students in Taiwan. The subjects were one class of the first year students attending a junior college in Taiwan. They were given a pre-test, which contained a passage, 10 vocabulary test items and 10 strategy questions. The researchers then began a two-month experiment. During the experimental period, the researcher, who was the instructor of the subjects, taught word meaning deriving strategies to students. The post-test, which was exactly the same as the pre-test, was given at the end of the experimental period. The results show significant differences of students correct guessing rates and the strategy choice between the pre-test and the post-test. This suggests that it is worthwhile teaching EFL students word meaning deriving strategies.

The Exploration of Factors Triggering Foreign Language Anxiety: Learners’ Voice

Ardi Marwan ( Politeknik Negeri Pontianak )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 2 (2008)
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This article presents the findings of a study looking at the factors which learners believe have contributed to their anxiety in their foreign language learning. A questionnaire with a three-point Likert scale was developed and used as the means for data collection. Descriptive analysis of the data, focusing on mean scores, was carried out using SPSS software. The results indicate that most learners experienced foreign language anxiety in their learning. Factors such as lack of preparation, lack of confidence and fear of failing the class have been the major contributors to learners fo-reign language anxiety.

Vocabulary Constraint on Texts

C. Sutarsyah ( FKIP Universitas Lampung )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 2 (2008)
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This case study was carried out in the English Education Department of State University of Malang. The aim of the study was to identify and describe the vocabulary in the reading text and to seek if the text is useful for reading skill development. A descriptive qualitative design was applied to obtain the data. For this purpose, some available computer programs were used to find the description of vocabulary in the texts. It was found that the 20 texts containing 7,945 words are dominated by low frequency words which account for 16.97% of the words in the texts. The high frequency words occurring in the texts were dominated by function words. In the case of word levels, it was found that the texts have very limited number of words from GSL (General Service List of English Words) (West, 1953). The proportion of the first 1,000 words of GSL only accounts for 44.6%. The data also show that the texts contain too large proportion of words which are not in the three levels (the first 2,000 and UWL). These words account for 26.44% of the running words in the texts.  It is believed that the constraints are due to the selection of the texts which are made of a series of short-unrelated texts. This kind of text is subject to the accumulation of low frequency words especially those of content words and limited of words from GSL. It could also defeat the development of students reading skills and vocabulary enrichment.

ESL Learners Use of English Modals in Narrative Compositions: Syntatic and Semantic Accuracy

Malachi Edwin Vethamani ( University Putra Malaysia ) , Umi Kalthom Abd Manaf ( MARA Headquarters ) , Omid Akbari ( Imam Reza University, Iran )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 2 (2008)
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This study investigated use of modals in two written tasks by Form 4 Malaysian secondary school ESL learners. The aim was to investigate the use of English modals at the syntactic and semantic levels from data made available by the EMAS Corpus.   The research design comprised a qualitative technique through discourse analysis supplemented with some descriptive statistics derived from a concordancer. The concordancer identified modals used by the students at the form 4 level. The research findings showed that two modals not stipulated in the syllabus, would and shall, were also found in the narrative compositions. The secondary school English language syllabus indicated varied meanings to the modals, but it was found that students repetitively used only a few of the same modals for these various functions. It was concluded that there were some inadequacies in the syllabus that led to the problems encountered by ESL students.  In order to circumvent the problematic items identified in the study, and to further improve the teaching and learning of modal auxiliaries among ESL learners, several recommendations are proposed.

Impact of English Instruction at The Elementary Schools on The Students Achievement of English at The Lower Secondary School

Sri Rachmajanti ( State University of Malang )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 2 (2008)
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The current study is intended to examine the effect of time of learning, English teachers characteristics, teaching and learning process characteristics, socio-economic context and students characteristics in the teaching of English at the elementary schools on the students achievement of English at the first year of lower secondary school. Two kinds of research designs were implemented, an ex post facto and a tracer study. Therefore, the data were collected in two ways in order to (1) discover the students English achievement at the lower secondary school and (2) observe the prior English instruction at the elementary school. The study adopted the statistical analysis of multiple regressions. The subjects consisted of 172 students who obtained the English instruction at the third and fourth grades of the elementary school, 172 students parents, and 31 English teachers in the five (5) sub districts of Pemerintah Kota Malang. The students were to do the communicative English test and fill out two kinds of questionnaires; whereas, the teachers were interviewed. The students parents had also to fill out a questionnaire on their perception on the English instruction at the elementary school. The finding shows that there is an impact of the teaching English starting at the fourth grade of elementary school on the students achievement of English at the first year of lower secondary school

The Implementation of English Team Teaching at a Senior High School in Malang

Dina Puspita Rini ( SMP Negeri (Junior High School) 2 Randuagung, Lumajang ) , Utami Widiati ( State University of Malang ) , Sri Widayati ( State University of Malang )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 2 (2008)
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This descriptive-qualitative case study was conducted to describe the implementation of English team teaching at SMA Negeri (Senior High School) 2 Malang in terms of the objectives, the shared responsibilities among teachers, perceptions of the teachers and students, and factors influencing the implementation. Four English teachers and 106 students of Year 10 and Year 11, selected using a purposive random sampling technique, were involved. The data were collected through interviews and questionnaire. The findings show that the reasons for implementing team teaching were the adequate number of English teachers, empowerment in the subject they taught, and forming bonds among teachers and students. Different types of shared re-sponsibilities were found among the teachers. Additionally, both the teachers and the students had positive perceptions concerning the effectiveness of team teaching. In-stead of having difficulties, all the teachers saw the existence of supporting factors in their implementing team teaching.

Patterns of SAC Utilization and the Sine Qua Non of the Self-Propelled Development of Students’ English Proficiency

Furaidah ( Universitas Negeri Malang ) , Suharmanto ( Universitas Negeri Malang )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 1 (2008)
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This article reports on a study intended to find out the patterns of the Self Access Center (SAC) utilization by students of  the English Departments, State University of Malang, and to  explore the most effective pattern in developing students English proficiency as well as students learning autonomy. The study involved 207 students of various years. The data were collected through questionnaires, observations, and interviews. Analyses of the students responses to the questionnaires resulted in the findings that the more advanced the students were, the less frequently they utilized the SAC; that the students proficiency was improving along with classes; and that the students were autonomous in their learning. In addition, the study also found out that the materials and activities need to be periodically updated in order for the SAC  to better serve the learning needs of the more advanced students. 

The Teaching of EFL Vocabulary in the Indonesian Context: The State Of The Art

Bambang Yudi Cahyono ( Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang ) , Utami Widiati ( Universitas Negeri Malang )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 1 (2008)
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There has been extensive literature on the teaching of vocabulary of English as a foreign language (EFL vocabulary) in the Indonesian context. However, a comprehensive analysis on the teaching of EFL vocabulary in this country has been a rare endeavour. This article aims to underpin various issues of the teaching of EFL vocabulary and relate them to a wider context of second/foreign language vocabulary teaching and review results of research as well as current practices of EFL vocabulary teaching and learning in the Indonesian context. It is expected that this article could provide an outline of the teaching of EFL vocabulary and some recommendations for future research and practices

Russian Perceptions of U.S. Lawyers as a Lingual-Cultural Type

Evgenia Gulyaeva ( Academy for Public Administration, Volgograd )

TEFLIN Journal: A publication on the teaching and learning of English Vol 19, No 1 (2008)
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This article introduces the reader to the theory of a lingual-cultural personality and lingual-cultural types in particular. A lingual-cultural type is a generalized image of personalities whose behavior and values significantly influ-ence the culture in general and is a representative of ethnic and social variety of the society. The type of an American Lawyer is being analyzed, because in the United States of America, unlike any other country, the role of a lawyer has a pervasive shared understanding. The author examines how lawyers are repre-sented in US popular culture, specifically exploring presentations in legal and crime fiction. She also analyzes results from a survey of 100 Russian students, exploring their perceptions of the lingual-cultural type of US lawyers

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