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Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT (E-ISSN: 2335-262X) is a bi-yearly publication of the Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS). It aims to communicate, disseminate and exchange information from studies in architecture and its interactions with environment. The journal explores the following areas: Architectural theory, history, and design Architectural science and technology Housing and settlement Landscape architecture and urban design Please contact us for order or further information at: email: iptekjournal@gmail.com or mjliptek@its.ac.id Fax/Telp: 031 5992945 Editorial Office Address: LPPM Baru ITS Building 3rd floor, ITS campus, Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia.
Articles
103
Articles
LOCAL ORIENTATION WISDOM ON THE BUGIS TRADITIONAL HOUSE LAYOUT IN TOSORA VILLAGE, WAJO

Naing, Naidah ( Architecture Study Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Muslim Indonesia. ) , Hadi, Abdul Karim ( Civil Engineering Study Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Muslim Indonesia. ) , Djamereng, Asdar ( Economics Study Program, Economy Faculty, Universitas Muslim Indonesia. )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

Tosora village in Wajoregency-South Sulawesiis the village of the former capital of Wajo Kingdom in the 16th and 17th centuries, which still maintainsthearhitecture of Bugis traditional suspended house. The existence of the historic sites such as oldmosques, fortresses, Geddong and the natural conditions surrounded by rivers, rice fields and lakes is important in the tradition of building Bugis houses in Tosora. The orientation of the layout and house direction in these traditional settlements is various, so the researchaimed to revealthe guidelines used by Tosora peoplein determining the orientation of Bugis Traditional houses either based on tradition or other influencing factors.Theresearch methodology usedqualitative methods with the Case Study Approach. Theresearch wasdescriptive and used the analysis method of Discovering Cultural Themes. The results showed that traditionally, the orientation ofBugis house layout was the direction of thehousesbased on the East wind, the position of the sun on the house and the position of the moons light into the house. In addition, the orientation is determined by the layout of Bugis house in Tosora which is influenced by the existence of the historic sites (old / ancient mosques and squares) and the location ofthehouses from rice fields(workplaces) for easy accessibility. The moon symbol as a factor that influences the orientation of the house is different from thatin other settlements in Indonesia.

DEVELOPMENT AND SHELTER CHALLENGES OF SMALL ISLANDS: PLANNING WITH A PRO-POOR PERSPECTIVE

Das, Ashok ( Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

This paper explores why and how small island developing states (SIDS) in the Asia-Pacific region should adopt pro-poor policies to overcome development related affordable housing challenges. It first outlines SIDS’ common development challenges—small size, remoteness, greater exposure to economic and environmental shocks, and brisk urbanization. In a globalized world, SIDS’ developmental and geographic constraints make providing equitable shelter harder. Developing Asia’s rapid urban growth and simultaneously widening urban inequality offer hope and sound caution alike for SIDS, whose potential and propensity to attract global investment are unique. Tourism-based economic development is poised to accelerate the private sector’s influence on SIDS’ land and housing markets. This paper presents the cities of Honolulu (USA), Surabaya (Indonesia), and Dili (Timor Leste) as cases that exemplify, respectively, the advanced, intermediate, and early stages of a possible development continuum for SIDS. Utilizing secondary literature, primary qualitative field-research, news media sources, and observations, it demonstrates that despite common developmental challenges SIDS’ diverse governance models and institutional capacities preclude definitive solutions. Instead, it argues for tailored yet flexible policy responses informed by multiple pro-poor principles—inclusivity, affordability, alternative forms of tenure security, and innovative design and construction. Sensitive, context-appropriate adaptation of innovative policy tools that have proven effective in fraught contexts elsewhere (especially, transfer of development rights, inclusionary housing, land pooling/sharing, participatory slum upgrading, and community benefits agreements) can guide SIDS to expand pro-poor shelter provision.

BIOCLIMATIC ADAPTATION OF TYPICAL HOUSES IN KAMPONG’S SURABAYA

Hendra, Failasuf Herman ( Department of Architecture,Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama Surabaya ) , Antariksa, Antariksa ( Department of Architecture,Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama Surabaya ) , Nugroho, Agung Murti ( Department of Architecture,Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama Surabaya ) , Leksono, Amin Setyo ( Department of Architecture,Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama Surabaya )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

Architecture of an ancient house in Kampong’s Surabaya is one of the folk architecture creations in urban areas that grow and follow dynamics of urban development. In some of the city areas, this architecture is still sustainable for living space of city residents, especially for lower and middle class. Kampong as city villages has a high adaptability to development within the city so that it can adjust to future conditions efficiently. Cultures living in kampong require an appropriate strategy in associating with various limitations. However, limitation does not make a typical house in kampong uncomfortable and unlivable. Bioclimatic adaptation can be one of the strategies in development of typical ancient houses in kampong. It seems that typical ancient house in Surabaya City is influenced by tradition and style of Javanese, Colonial and Modern Architecture. Bioclimatic strategy is a design approach that considers the relationship of architecture to climate, biology, technology, in order to obtain comfort and energy efficiency. The form and performance of ancient house architecture in Surabaya City with a bioclimatic approach with occupant spatial interaction is an interesting topic for this study. This study is a descriptive research that using field studies. A method of description to explain the interaction between the building and its occupant that creates architecture of residential houses and its transformation.Bioclimatic adaptation as a design strategy allows a unique form architecture, climate responsive and environmentally friendly. Facade engineering and building envelopes, eco-friendly building materials, vegetation and water elements, saving energy with smart technologies.

INHABITANT’S SENSE OF PLACE IN THE CONTEXT OF TOURISM KAMPUNG

Nur Ramadhani, Annisa ( Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya ) , Faqih, Muhammad ( Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya ) , Hayati, Arina ( Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

Kampung improvement program in Surabaya is considered successful in enhancing the qualty of housing and settlement-based on sustainable development. Recently, several kampungs develop based on tourism thematic (Thematic Tourism Kampung Programme) that adopts cultural conservation value both tangible and intangible. The development of this tourism kampung has a positive purpose to improve the socio-economic prosperity of its people. On the other hand, there is a change of function and meaning of the kampung from an urban kampung to a tourism kampung. It means that the kampung settlement becomes more accessible to the public visitors, ie tourists who want to visit and feel the experience of place within the kampung. In this case, the changes that occur have affect both kampung’s dimensions physically and non-physically, because sense of place is closely related to the level of community participation and the sustainability of a development. This paper aims to enrich the model of sense of place in the smaller context which is tourism kampung development in developing county through an approach based on an in-depth literature review of relevant studies and official documents of institutions. The main dimensions and elements have been identified to measure community’s sense of place level in tourism kampung. The different theories of sense of place are reviewed to show the need of a shared definition of what constitutes a sense of place, its features, and its performance in the specific context (tourism kampung). The result of this research explain that variables of sense of place consist of form, activity, and meaning which has sub variable namely place attachment and bonding. Furthermore, the identified variables will be used to form a questionaire in the next sense of place study especially in the tourism kampung context.

CONCEPT OF FEMALE DORMITORY BEDROOMS BASED ON STUDENTS’ PREFERENCE AND ADAPTATION

Yusuf, Mimin Aminah ( Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember ) , Hayati, Arina ( Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember ) , Faqih, Muhammad ( Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

In Indonesia, type B non-affiliated organization Pesantren is represent private boarding school which is managed by organizationl or non-organizational Islamic institution. The Pesantren buildings are commonly not well designed and depended on institution’s preference. This paper investigates the bedroom design of the student’s dormitory based on student’s preferences and adaptation as reference the concept design. Bedroom is the smallest environmental scale of pesantren, yet it has great influence on accommodating student’s daily needs. Moreover, the bedroom dimension in Pesantren’s dormitory has limited area with higher occupant density compared to other dormitories. This study uses case study strategy supported by quantitative and qualitative methods. Six Pesantrens is chosen to determine bedroom’s design typology that is examine in 500 respondents in Sunan Drajat pesantren with questioner to identify student preference. After preference is known, adaptation be investigated. The result shows that almost all standards in typology of architectural elements are not available in pesantren. In this study, the typology used is based on existing observation in six Pesantren. Thus, the preference result is not ideal preference but potential preference. This study indicates that the need for student is influenced by security, privacy, personal space, territory, crowding and density. The suitability of student preference on bedroom size, number of occupant and bedroom wide per-student in their dormitory is very low, hence student has high adaptation. The type of adaptation that student used is by reaction, by adjustment and by withdrawal. The generated concept is room wide (student per square meter), arrange tool and furniture, room use space, room-wide based on a number of occupants, and mezzanine concept.

NATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF INDIGENOUS INDONESIAN CULTURE AS REFERENCE IN RE-DESIGNING TOURISM AREA

Suryawan, Wawan Ardiyan ( Department of Architecture, FADP Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember ) , Permatasari, Ainiyah Intan ( Department of Architecture, FADP Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

Mount Bromo has been well known nationally and even internationally has stunning natural beauty and unique culture of its inhabitants. Both of these have proved able to attract many local and foreign tourists to visit, so its impact also could be felt directly on the economy improvement of local communities and also for the states foreign exchange from the tourism sector. The uniqueness of Tengger culture can be regarded as a national treasure that has been maintained by the Government sustainably. An idea that is proposed as an effort to help its preservation is to adopt the concept of Ubud Culture Village in Bali. It is considered the most suitable to be applied because it will not only absorb tourists, but also maintain the authenticity of local culture, especially the function and architectural form of traditional buildings of the Tengger tribe that must also be preserved.

HOLMES St. FORENSIC LAB & EDUCATION CENTER (IDEA OF INTERIORITY THROUGH THE TRAIL OBSERVATION)

Alaydrus, Rahmania ( Department of Architecture, University of Indonesia, Jl. Margonda Raya, Beji, Pondok Cina, Depok City, and 16424, Indonesia )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

Humans are the most important thing in a space experience. Two important aspects of public space are the feelings of comfort and discomfort. That comfort or discomfort kind of feeling in the public space, are obviously inseparable from the acts of crime. Through such approaches, I undertake this studies and a research for design, to identify the sequence of trails autopoietic processes, holistically, when human come up against their discomfort, and in their existential space. So, that specific and particular boundary from the trail will come up as identity. Identity of the past turns out into such an idea to be designed. When the segments are legible as segment-by-segment, the processes will be holistically identified as a whole story. When the presence of a trail becomes a boundary, therein the trail will appear as the interiority.

THE ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS OF PORCH AND VAULT IN PANTAI BAHARI FISHING VILLAGE

Nadjmi, Nurul ( Housing and Environmental Design, Architecture Study Program, Faculty of Engineering, Hasanudin University ) , Asrul, Fadhillah Khairani ( Undergraduate student, Architecture Study Program, Faculty of Engineering/ Hasanudin University )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

Pantai Bahari is one of the fishing villages in Bangkala Subdistrict, Jeneponto Regency, South Sulawesi Province, located in a coastal region where the community works as fishermen. The residents are still tightly holding their belief and respecting their customs, namely by living in traditional indigenous Bugis Makassar stilt house, with its philosophy of portraying the Underworld, the Middle world, and the Upper world over. The people also make some improvements over their house; one of them is against the function of porch and the space under the house (vault) that are perceived to depict ‘the Underworld’. There are some factors influencing the emergence of additional functions of the porch and the vault. A single case study method was employed in this research involving Pantai Bahari fishing village. To analyse the data, both qualitative and quantitative methods were used. The results show several factors causing the additional functions of porch and vault, and the family structure, economic needs, the lack of areas to accommodate events, and the needs for mobility.

KAMPUNG DEVELOPMENT TOWARD SMART CITY

Nasution, Tanti Satriana R. ( Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111 ) , Setijanti, Purwanita ( Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111 ) , Dinapradipta, Asri ( Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111 ) , Mahendra, Angger Sukma ( Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111 ) , Firmaningtyas, Susetyo ( Laboratory for Housing and Settlement, Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111 ) , Yaqin, Muhammad Ainul ( Laboratory for Housing and Settlement, Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111 )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

The city of Surabaya that formed from maritime activities to lead to trade and industrial activities will form settlements in the form of kampung. Kampung became an important part in the development of a city because this area became a place to grow and move most of the middle class population and below. However, the rapid development of the city of Surabaya towards the modern has resulted in the existence of the kampung in Surabaya increasingly recessive. Long-lived kampung like Kampung Kaliasin, pressed by the development of urban and socio-economic mobility, are experiencing worsening kampung conditions. The pressure from the surrounding environment is great. Not only social and economic issues, but also environmental issues (climate, sanitation, a forestation, etc.) are salient. The Surabaya City Government is attempting to address the problem through the concept of Smart City Surabaya. The question to be addressed here is how the development of the urban kampung, for example Kampung Kaliasin, is to proceed in the direction of Smart City Surabaya. The method used is descriptive and qualitative. The variables to be studied are aspects of smart city covering Smart Government, Smart Economy, Smart Life, Smart Living, Smart People, and Smart Mobility. These are analyzed in relation to the readiness of the city to develop toward Smart City Surabaya.

HOUSING CHARACTER IN THE BORDER BEACH AREA OF CAMBAYYA

Asmal, Idawarni ( Architecture Departement, Engineering Faculty, Hassanudin University, Indonesia ) , Amri, Nurmaida ( Architecture Departement, Engineering Faculty, Hassanudin University, Indonesia )

Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

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Abstract

Cambayya is one of the areas in the Makassar city that has slum dwellings located on the water. The houses appears sporadically due to various community problems, such as the high price of land in the Makassar city and difficult to reach by the lower classes and the desire to live near the workplace. As a result, people are looking for low-cost dwellings, although not for rationing, poor sanitation conditions, and lacking facilities and infrastructure. The purpose of this research is to know the physical and non physical character of the residence located in the area starting directly adjacent to the water body up to  the Barukang road. The method used is the mix use method. In the housing study is divided into 3 zones, The first zone is in the dwelling above the water body, the 2nd zone in the dwelling above the coastal border and, the 3rd zone is in the dormitory adjacent to the main road of the area. The data is collected through the results of field observations in depth on the physical condition of the dwelling and the community. Medium data are measured through closed questionnaires submitted randomly to communities in each zone. The result obtained is the occupancy in each zone is different because of the influence of occupation, land ownership, and location of establishment.