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INDONESIA
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT
ISSN : 1412937X     EISSN : 2335262X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social, Engineering,
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT (E-ISSN: 2335-262X) is a bi-yearly publication of the Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS). It aims to communicate, disseminate and exchange information from studies in architecture and its interactions with environment.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 109 Documents
SMART GENERATIVE ALGORITHM (SMART GEN-A): 2D ARCHITECTURAL PHOTO CONVERTER TO BE THE DIGITAL 3D OBJECT Mufid, Muhammad Syifa’ul; Fredian, Yanu Andy; Jayadi, Jayadi; Qomariah, Nurul
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 10, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (880.788 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v10i1.a517

Abstract

All objects have various shapes and dimensions. When the three dimensional objects were captured by camera, the output will be two dimensional images although were captured from different angles, this will lead to some misperceptions for observer especially the one never seen the images before. To overcome these misperceptions, it was required a program which is capable of converting a two dimensional image in a digital three dimensional objects. However, conversion process takes a long time without standard measure of real objects to virtual especially for objects with different basic  form. The standard is the parametric box with parametric coordinate points to allow creating virtual objects with nearly the exact size of the original. The research uses Rhinoceros 4.0 and Grasshopper to generate the algorithm. The algorithm is designed based on the basic form of object (circle, triangle and square) by using the hierarchy logic of the water gallon. The result is the Smart Generative Algorithm (Smart Gen-A) which can re-create the 2D image into digital 3D and even give the nearly unlimited possible shape for architectural reconstruction.
TOWARDS ECO-URBAN SETTLEMENT: LEARNING FROM LOW-MID HOUSING VACANCY PHENOMENA IN THE CITY OF BEKASI Abadi, A. Adib
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 10, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.188 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v10i2.a508

Abstract

Eco-urban settlement is integrated concept of environment sustainability and urban settlement. As a dominant element in urban area, housing plays a critical role in producing sustainable settlement as it significantly influences physical environmental quality as well as social and economic productivity. The provision of decent housing therefore become strategic approach to produce such a strong urban community that will functions as an importance factor in enhancing urban sustainability. However, it is not a simple idea as housing decency is a conditional aspect with regard to heterogeneous needs and housing characteristics. In dealing with urban housing insufficiency, the Government of Indonesia has introduced a housing ownership program for low to mid income people. This strategy in some extent offers social, economic and environmental benefits and forms strong neighbourhood and communities that will be valuable capital for enhancing urban sustainability. However, this strategy does not present its incentives as it puts its orientation on quantitative measure rather than social aspect. This paper exposes the condition of low-mid income housing policy implementation in relation to eco-urban settlement process. The fact that about 40.2% of abandoned low-mid income houses in the municipality of Bekasi, in West Java, Indonesia indicates the importance of social dimension in dealing with sustainable urban settlement objectives. Regression analysis of data both at macro and micro levels discloses the correlation between low mid people needs and the abandonment. The result shows the importance of integrating social dimension into the housing provision strategy for effectively achievingeco-urban settlement goal.
THE IMPACTS OF THE TAMAN DAYU RESIDENCE DEVELOPMENT TO SELF-HELP HOUSING SURROUND IN EFFORTS TO CREATE ECOVILLAGE Aryanti, Erinda Dwi; Soemarno, Ispurwono; Silas, Johan
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v11i1.a498

Abstract

To respond to the rapid growth of residential area needs, the sub urban area become an alternative area of housing and business developments. The Taman Dayu, as a new residential developments in the middle of rural areas, assumingly brought several impacts to the human settlements. The things to consider is the impact on the self-help housing area nearby, whether the residential housing developments can assist the developments of the self-help housing area (kampung), or in contrary it will vanish the characteristics and life of rural settlements. This research describes the positive and negative impacts of the developments of The Taman Dayu Residence to rural settlements nearby. Furthermore, the potential concept which can be created by self-help housing will be formulated to create ecovillage. Exploratory methods is utilized with qualitative data analysis and presented descriptively by the consideration of progressing research which refers to the time sequence of The Taman Dayu Residence and settlement development nearby. The results of this research may give a positive and negative representation of a changes in residential environments, so as to the concept of potential optimization which is appropriate with existing conditions can be formulated by directing to the development of rural areas.
EVALUATION OF INDOOR COMFORT AND BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS RESIDENCE AT SAM RATULANGI UNIVERSITY IN MANADO, INDONESIA Sangkertadi, Sangkertadi
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 10, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (486.089 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v10i1.a522

Abstract

There is no information that the student residence of Sam Ratulangi University is especially designed energy-efficient. It is necessary to evaluate the design from the view point of energy conservation associated with the fulfillment of indoor comfort. Through this study, observation, measurements and calculations of comfort, ventilation, heat and lighting were performed to get information if the design follows the Indonesia standards on comfort and energy conservation. Questionnaires to residents were also conducted to obtain compliance response to the comfort standard. Air temperature, wind speed, humidity and lighting were measured, simultaneously with a questionnaire regarding the level of comfort to occupants. Scale of the thermal comfort in the room refers to the ISO-7748. The use of electronic devices such as computers, fan, TV, etc. are also recorded to determine the level of electrical energy consumption. The results generally indicate that there are differences in comfort perception between the level based on references and by the respondents. Overall, the design is not a type of energy efficient building even OTTV of the building envelope is 49.79 W/m2. Energy consumption of the rooms are in range of34 kWh/m2/year to 157 kWh/m2/year. 
INNOVATION FOR A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT Egmond, Emilia L.C. van de Wilde de Ligny
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 10, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.224 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v10i1.a513

Abstract

Despite the indisputable contribution of innovations to socio-economic development, the world has realized that many innovations and technologies have been a major cause of climatic change and resource depletion. This research aimed to identify how and whether innovation in construction contributes to achieve a sustainable built environment. An analytical framework -derived from literature studies on evidence and theories on innovation in manufacturing-was applied in Dutch construction. The study underpinned that sustainable construction requires innovative solutions which go beyond the traditional and generally accepted way of building. Government support appeared necessary for a regime shift to stimulate innovation for a sustainable built environment. Policies thus should be directed to tackle a major bottleneck in construction: knowledge, expectations and beliefs concerning innovation for sustainable construction.
APPLICATIONS OF PHOTOMODELER IN PORT AU PRINCE, HAITI Prawiro, Ridho; Potangaroa, Regan; Santosa, Happy Ratna
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1110.174 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v11i1.a503

Abstract

Innovation and technology is increasingly considered the bedrock of an innovative and smart society and its consequent settlement. Habitat II, held in Istanbul, Turkey in 1996, endorsed important changes in the approach to human settlements, acknowledging the need for guiding urbanization, rather than preventing it. In all 171 governments adopted the agenda and the need to equitably spread the benefits of economic growth, and to fulfill basic housing and employment requirements. Translating these goals into quantitative, measurable targets has seemingly been problematic for engineers and architects and moreover, the application of tech-nology as part of any innovative and smart settlement has been elusive. This paper looks at application of one innovative technology that has only developed recently using photographs to produce 3D drawings of the photographed area. It looks at several areas of application in post disaster reconstruction in Port au Prince Haiti from the January 12 2010 earthquake. While the method is not especially site specific, its application in such a devastated context would suggest portability to other settlement disaster and non disaster in both. The key conclusion from this design based research is the need for quality as an integral part of any post disaster reconstruction program but also as part of any sustainable, innovative smart settlement.
ACTIVITIES AND SPACE USE FOR ENABLING LOCAL ECONOMY IN COASTAL LOW INCOME HOUSING Septanti, Dewi; Post, Jouke M.; Egmond, Emilia van; Mohammadi, Masi
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 11, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (423.598 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v11i2.a493

Abstract

Many low income households are supported by Home Based Enterprises (HBE) for their income generation. However the settlements in coastal areas have physical problems related to the corrosive land and climate condition, as well as the possi-bilities of natural hazards such as flooding (ADB, 2003 : UNHABITAT 2003). The rapid growths of cities especially in developing countries (DCs) contribute to social problems, serious burdens for human health and the environment. In order to imp-rove the quality of human life in the coastal cities, some local government decided to remove some settlements to the inland area such as problems in some big coastal cities in Indonesia. In many cases, many resettlements of housing failed to meet community’s and user’s requirements. To reduce and avoid sustainability problems, it is necessary to have more insight and understanding of the used of space in coastal low income housing. This paper describes the use of communal spaces for daily activities which are indicating the lack of space available in coastal settlements in order to accomodate user’s needs.
HUMAN DIMENSION IN LOW INCOME SETTLEMENTS DEVELOPMENT Silas, Johan
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 10, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.623 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v10i2.a518

Abstract

The main reason of The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) agreed in thegeneral session of the UN in 2000 was to respond to the alarming situation ofpoverty experienced by a large number of people all over the world, from developing countries to developed countries seen after the 2007-2008 financialcrisis that not yet over, and no effective solution has yet to be found for the US and EU. Japan is still struggling very hard to revive their slumbering economy with no solution in sight. In overcoming poverty problem, simple financial intervention such as special grant given to the poor by the Indonesian government was not a solution rather to appease people from political sentiment cause by economic and financial problem after a certain political decision was made, such as increasing the price of vehicle fuel. Poverty can effectively be resolve if the poor can be freed from their burden, especially if the burden was caused by inability of government to fulfill their responsibility and duty as given by the constitution and laws. Next as important is the fact that people were given a wide possibility to achieve their live time goals of what they wanted to be. As most part of a city consist of housing and human settlements, it is extremely important to put the human dimension as focus for housing and human settlements development. This paper will draw and learn the lessons from the vast experience in rebuilding housing and human settlements after the mega disaster in Aceh and Nias (late 2004) as well as what the city governmenthas done in lowering the number of its citizens categorized as the poor. If Vitruvius postulates that architecture consist or aimed mainly in the excellence of the dimension of beauty, strength and function, than it is also important to include the human aspect as the fourth dimension. Housing and human settlements development is not a self standing endeavor but it is part of a wider intervention needed to resolve the poverty issues of people that has to struggle to make ends meet for their family.
MAN AND SUSTAINABLE LOW INCOME HOUSING Egmond, Emilia van; Mensah, Stephen Agyefi
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 10, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.123 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v10i2.a509

Abstract

The importance of concern for the human dimension in sustainable design and engineering solutions for housing is the issue discussed in paper. It is based on literature studies. Sustainable housing encompasses the provision of residential buildings in a simultaneous pursuit to well-balance three dimensions: (1) economic dimension; (2) ecological dimension; (3) social or human dimension. This implies the promotion of capabilities by which individuals can fulfill their needs in ways that best suit them; consistent with their socio-cultural values and affordability whilst not exhausting the natural environment. The housing backlog and the need for adequate housing especially for low income households is still high in many countries. To cope with housing problems, Low Income Housing projects were carried out throughout the world. The literature studies showed that the majority of research on functionality and adaptability of the houses to meet the requirements of individual households has taken place in advanced countries. Most studies tended to focus on technological issues being divorced from user demands, lifestyle and domestic activities. Further research onto the human dimension in design and engineering solutions for sustainable low income housing in DCs is evident.
INFORMALITY CONFLICT IN FORMALITY AT PUBLIC SPACE IN THE FORM OF OPEN SPACE, PEDESTRIAN AND STREET (A CASE STUDY: PANAKKUKANG AREA, MAKASSAR) Asriany, Sherly
Journal of architecture&ENVIRONMENT Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.117 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j2355262x.v11i1.a499

Abstract

The problem of use and interest at public space is very obvious in several areas or objects causing the conflict. The conflict arises due to the difference of use and difference of interest which also affects the level of policy making of the municipal government concerned. In the field of architecture and urban planning, problems in the use of ‘public space’ need serious attention from all of us because the use of public space involves many parties which have interest in it. In case of Panakkukang area, it has become a town problem hard to solve accurately because there are many people and a lot of interests involve in it. The problem of planning and architecture cannot solve the town problems arises. The use of open space (parks/yards/parking lot), pedestrian rood and motor vehicle is mixed up, disorder and causes many conflict. It is not only about mixed up use of public spaces, but the users and other parties have interest in socio-economic, socio-politic and socio-culturally. The result of the conflict in the use of public space has unavoidable effects such as disorder, insecurity, inconvenience, informality conflict in formality use of ‘space and conflict of interest’ from related parties. In this writing, there is a need to look at, observe and analyze the aspect of informality conflict in formality use and conflict of interest of public space comprising three kinds of spaces, those are: (a) open space (park, yard, and parking lot), (b) pedestrian road, and (c) vehicle road. And at this time discourse of informality in formality of public space becomes an important issue that much be put in the appropriate position. In observing and studying the problems mentioned above, the writer chose the case of Panakkukang area in Makassar.

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