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Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 212/P/2014. Jurnal yang terbit bulan Juni dan Desember ini, berisi kajian seputar tasawuf, pemikiran Islam, tafsir sufi, hadîth sufi, maupun fiqh sufi.
Articles
142
Articles
Membaca Pemikiran Bediuzzaman Said Nursi tentang Signifikansi Agama dan Identitas Bagi Kemajuan Sosial

Hamsah, Ustadi

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

Identity is the basic principle of the society. The search for identity and effort to build and defend identity is the fundamental struggle for society. Theoretically, the prosperous society depends on the strength of its identity. The society can achieve the social advancement, extraordinary ethos, and creativity because of their strong identity. This article attempts to explain how identity and self-capability contribute to the social advancement. This explanation refers to the thought of the modern gigantic Turkish thinker, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. Exploring the construction of Said Nursi’s concept of Islamic identity and self-capability in developing society, especially in social prosperity and economic progression, this paper attempts to explain the foundation of social and individual prosperity. According to Said Nursi, the development of culture and civilization will be established by powerful identity which constructed by awareness of collective personality (şahs-ı manevi). The powerful identity, therefore, bases on the spirit of self-capability that will raise a progress and development. Referring to Said Nursi, this basic foundation of self-capability developed through three principles, namely self-interest versus self-sacrifice, extravagance versus frugality, and greed versus contentment. Then, by practicing and applying these three values, the prosperity and development can be achieved.    

Dualisme Identitas Peranakan Arab di Kampung Arab Gresik

Mahzumi, Fikri

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

The article attempts to ethnographically describe struggle of identity among the Arabian offspring in Indonesia in the post Reformation Era. As the descendants of the Hadrami migrants who have born in Indonesia, the Arabian offspring deal with two interrelated identities; between their responsibility to preserve the traditions of their ancestors and becoming a wholly recognized citizen of Indonesia. The debate about nationalism among the Arabian-Hadrami people appeared prior to Indonesia’s independence revolution. Anti-colonialism movements in this period had raised solidarity and solidity among the Indonesian people. This situation indubitably urged the Arabian-Hadrami people to reformulate their concept of nationalism. As a part of their nationality commitments, the Arabian Hadrami people have subsequently founded two organizations, i.e. Jamiat Khair (est. 1901) and Jamiyat al-Islah wal-Irsyad al-Arabiyah (est. 1915). In 1934, Abdurrahman Baswedan also founded Persatuan Arab Indonesia, which played pivotal role in cultivating Indonesian nationalism among the Arabian-Hadrami people. In the post Reformation Era, however, the issue of nationalism of the Arabian offspring has never been re-discussed. Employing ethnographical approach this study observes the ways the Arabian offspring, in Kampung Arab (the Arabic Town) in Gresik, compromise and negotiate with two challenges they face at once; as the heirs of Hadrami traditions and as a part of Indonesian citizens.  

Pergulatan Sosioreligius di Tengah Arus Perubahan Ekonomi pada Masyarakat Kampung Inggris Pare Kediri

Subakir, Ahmad

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

The establishment of educational institutes which mainly focus on English language course at Kampung Inggris (the Village of English) of Pare-Kediri plays pivotal role in the process of transformation of the local society especially in socio-religious and economic aspects they deal with. This article attempts to reveal socio-religious characteristic of the society at the Kampung Inggris along with their work ethos. The change of economic aspect has led to encounter of socio-religious aspect and the work ethos within the society as a result of the establishment of the English language courses coupled with the advent of outsiders who take the course. Employing socio-economic approach the study scrutinizes the dynamic of socio-religious aspect which grows as a consequence of the economic change. To get the necessary data and information, I use a panel of methods, which comprises interview, observation, and documentation. The discussion will focus on the socio-religious problems faced by the residents of the Kampung Inggris and their work ethos. The study finds that there has been a substantial change among the local society. The agrarian society at the Kampung Inggris has now transformed into capitalistic one. The transformation has subsequently affected their religious pattern from organic-religious to mechanic-religious.

Dinamika Hubungan Islam dan Lokalitas: Perebutan Makna Keislaman di Madura

Hamdi, Ahmad Zainul

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

The discussion about Islam and local culture has resulted in a number of monumental academic works. The relation of Islam and the Javanese culture along with its dynamics have frequently colored intellectual debates in the field. Among the din of such fascinating academic debates, Islam Madura has been nearly neglected as an uninteresting academic discourse to observe. It has been argued that Madura is viewed as a “back door” of Java. It implies that observing Java means observing Madura automatically. This study seeks to raise the issue of contestation over the meaning of Islam within the relational context between Islam and the local culture of Madura society. Based on field research conducted under the light of Beatty’s multi-vocality concept, the study finds that Islam Madura is a communal identity, but it defines nothing about the Madurese Muslim community in general. Although each group acknowledges Islam as a shared identity, every individual and group, or sub-group, will have no a common understanding about the meaning of Islam. Islam has, certainly, unified all the Madurese people within a common perspective of mankind, God, and worldly matters, but this identity represents no one and does not specifically define any conception of anyone. The meaning of Islam Madura has been, therefore, endlessly knitted within compromising and synthesis process.

Kajian atas Wacana Tasawuf dan Keutuhan Sosial Ernest Gellner

Riyadi, Abdul Kadir

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

This article seeks to scrutinize the thought of Ernest Gellner particularly his idea of tasawuf and its relation to social cohesion. He has raised a number of questions concerning the relation of Islam and tasawuf with modernity, which attract the attention of other scholars in the field. By modernity he means secularism, industrialism and national-ism. Motivated by secular and orientalist ideals, Gellner seems to have no ground in the “normative” aspect of Islam. This study finds that he is equally not consistent. In the first instance, he tends to argue that Islam must be excluded from modernity because it is not in conformity with it. Then he speaks of what he calls higher Islam and lower Islam, the former being in line with modernity while the latter is not. With regard to this distinction, he urges that Muslim society undergoes what he calls a “transition” from the lower to the higher Islam if it is to join the modern society and be part of the “cohesive world”. The lower Islam should be left out because it teaches magic and encourages poverty. By bringing up this distinction, and not sticking to the consistent paradigm, Gellner’s thought on Islam and tasawuf vis-à-vis modernity is—it may be judged—dichotomous and even perplexed.

Kesepadanan Tekstual dan Ideologi Penerjemahan Arab-Jawa dalam Kitab Sharḥ al-Ḥikam

Anis, Muhammad Yunus

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

This study attempts to elaborate textual equivalence of the Arabic translation and the Javanese translation in Ibn ‘Aṭā’ Allah al-Sakandarī’s masterpiece, al-Ḥikam. Within the first stage, the texts in this book will be studied from a number of linguistic aspects which are connected to lexical forms and phraseological feature. Every language is semantically assumed as possessing specific characteristic in terms of its lexical and phraseological features. The Sufis, in this case, will have particular inclination in their language expression. The lexical and phraseological features become, among others, a measure-ment of mystical language which covers compositional and unitary meanings. To comprehensively understand the mystical life explained in al-Ḥikam we need, therefore, to deeply study such lexical and phraseological features. The second stage will focus on the ideology of translation of al-Ḥikam. This sort of ideology will provide us information on the relation of the Indonesian Islamic texts and—along with their potential integration with—scholars around the world. The study finds that the ideology of translation has been founded on foreignization method and domestication method. These two methods have played a pivotal role on how particular texts of Sufisme are produced and consumed by the Indonesian Muslim society.

Kearifan Muhammadiyah di Sumatera Utara dalam Merespons Isu Radikalisme

Rasyidin, Al, Nasution, Hasnah

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

Radicalism and terrorism have anxiously attracted the world community. Ironically, the terms have been labeled to Islam and the Muslims. This article focuses on how does Muhammadiyah as one of the Indonesian largest Islamic organizations respond to the issue of radicalism in Indonesia? Based on field research where the data is gathered through interview, observation, and documentary study, the research puts emphasis on the responses of Muhammadiyah toward the idea and movement which attempt to establish Islamic state; its responses to the Western countries and the unbelievers; its interpretation of jihad as an obligatory war against the unbelievers; and its idea on legalization of suicide bombings. The study indicates that Muhammadiyah, particularly in the North Sumatera, rejects any radical movement along with its ideology in Indonesia. Muhammadiyah sees that NKRI (The Unity State of the Republic of Indonesia) has been an ideal model of state and it is a blessing of God that must be preserved and protected. Muhammadiyah condemns anyone who justifies violent acts and commits murder and suicide bombings in the name of religion. Muhammadiyah also asserts that radicalism is a threat toward world peace and it has no correlation with the Islamic teachings.

Pengalaman Paramadina sebagai Rumah Pengetahuan Berbasis Nilai-nilai Ketuhanan, Tradisi Hikmah, dan Ilmu Pengetahuan

Sabri, Muhammad, Ikhsan, Muh, Wekke, Ismail Suardi

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

This article describes Paramadina University, a higher educational institution in Indonesia, which cannot be separated from its leader as well as the founder of its initial idea, i.e. Nurcholish Madjid. The existence of Paramadina University is, therefore, more closely related to the establishment of Nurcholish Madjid’s genial ideas who attempted to link the idea of ​​Islam-Modernity-Indonesia. Since its initial inauguration in 1994, Paramadina University has carried out basic insights aimed at building a scientific society based on divine values and wisdom of humanity. It also encourages the values of pioneering souls to break through the borders of knowledge. Employing qualitative approach, this article aims at further analyzing the model of modern religious tradition developed by Paramadina University. The study affirms central position and role played by this higher educational institution both in Indonesia and the Islamic world in general. This centrality appears, especially, when we link the ideas of Islamic universalism, spatial-temporal of indonesianess, along with responses toward the life of the contemporary society which seems to be not only complex but also moves quickly escorting the breath of the age.

Universalitas Islam dan Lokalitas Budaya dalam Bingkai Islam Nusantara

Fikri, Ishom Fuadi

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

Islam has both universal and particular dimension, where the universality of Islam is reflected in the maqāṣid al-sharī‘ah, i.e. public benefits, whereas the Islamic particularity deals with practical aspects of the Islamic law in the human life, including local cultures. This means that the presence of Islam does not aim to eliminate the human’s cultures, rather it serves as a universal value which is able to permeate and accommodate various local cultures. The universality of Islam and the cultural locality should not be in, somehow, an opposite way. Instead, they should be in a dialectical and even an affirmative relation. Employing deductive-descriptive method this article aims to reveal the discourse of Islam Nusantara on the aspects of universality of Islam and the cultural locality in Indonesia. Islam Nusantara is a sociological term for the manifestation of the universality of Islam which has been absorbed into the particularity of local cultures in Nusantara. The article will further argue that the encounter of Islam and the local cultures in Indonesia has created a uniquely indigenous model of understanding, comprehension, and practice of the Islamic doctrines. The notion of Islam Nusantara should, therefore, make the Indonesian Muslims able to synergize Islam and nationalism within a frame called ‘Indonesia and diversity’.

Muhammad Thalib, Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia, dan Tafsir Ayat-ayat Penegakan Syariat Islam di Indonesia

Kurniawan, Anwar, Aminuddin, Ahmad

TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 8 No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia (MMI/The Indonesian Mujahedeen Council) is an Islamic organization, which demands the implementation of sharī‘ah in Indonesia. Muhammad Thalib, the leader of MMI, is a figure who also concerns on the Quranic interpretation. He frequently interprets the Quranic verses on his works within political nuance in relation to MMI’s ideology. This article aims to identify Thalib’s interest and the extent of his ideological tendency. His published works in a number of media are the main source of the data elaborated in this article. This article argues that Thalib’s interpretation of the Quranic verses comprises two political interests. Firstly, the interpretation attempts to convince the reader to believe that the implementation of sharī‘ah is undoubtedly urgent. Secondly, sharī‘ah seems to be perceived as the main objective, colored with political nuance, and it has been reduced for this main purpose in order to make Muslims “find” God. In other words, Thalib’s interpretation of the Quranic verses puts sharī‘ah as a means of political maneuver. It seems that through his interpretation Thalib attempts to challenge, while at the same time protects himself from, his opponents.