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Sains Tanah
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Core Subject : Science,
Sains Tanah adalah jurnal yang dikelola Program Studi Ilmu Tanah Fakultas Pertanian UNS Solo yang melibatkan Editor dan Mitra Bestari dari institusi atau lembaga yang terkait. Sains Tanah mempublikasikan hasil penelitian dan telaah dalam bidang Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi serta bidang-bidang lain yang berkaitan, meliputi: Fisika dan konservasi tanah, Kimia dan kesuburan tanah, Biologi tanah, Mineralogi klei, Keharaan tanaman, Pedogenesis, klasifikasi dan survei, Pemupukan, Reklamasi dan remidiasi tanah, Agroklimatologi, Lingkungan
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Articles 179 Documents
ANALISIS PENGGUNAAN LAHAN PERTANIAN DI KAWASAN LINDUNG DAS SAMIN UNTUK MITIGASI BENCANA LONGSOR DAN BANJIR Sudaryanto, Robertus
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 7, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v7i1.51

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the protected areas Samin watershed which use for agriculture. Research done by interpretation of the Rupa Bumi Indonesian Map, Aerial Photos and Google Earth, continued by the field observation. From this study were concluded that the protected area with slope > 45% majority have used by agriculture, while the soil is dominated by Alfisol and Andisol,which have easily eroded and prone to landslides. Most of local protected areas (rivers basin) had disfunction and it is dominated by Entisol.The mentioned cause Samin watershed gristle of floods, dryness dan landslide disaster. Suggested to the local government to consider the revitalization of the protected areas Samin watershed. Keywords: agriculture, disaster mitigation, flood, landslide, Samin Watershed
KAJIAN MACAM PUPUK ORGANIK DAN DOSIS PUPUK P TERHADAP HASIL KACANG TANAH (Arachis hypogaea L.) Dl TANAH ENTISOL Sumarno, Sumarno; Hartati, Sri; Widijanto, Hery
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 1, No 1 (2001)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v1i1.86

Abstract

The aim of the study was to know the affect of organic fertilizer kind and dosage of P fertilizer to yield of peanut(Arachis hypogxa L) on entisol. The research was carried out at Colomadu, Karanganyar from September 1999 to January 2000. The field research design was factorial arranged in Completely Randomized Block Design, consist of two factors : organic Fertilizer and Dosage ofP fertiilizer. The first factor was kind of organic fertilizer: bokhasi (O1), animal manure (O,) and fine compost (O3). The second factor was dosage of P fertilizer consist of four doses: without P fertilizer (P0), 50 kg SP-36 /ha (P1), 100 kg SP-36 /ha (P2) and 150 kg SP-36 /ha (P3). The study indicated that the kind of organic fertilizer non significant to soil pH, available Pemegang, height of plant, total of fill pod, total of empty pod, weight of fresh pod of plant and weight of 100 seeds and significant to fresh weight of plant, weight of fresh pod of plot, weight of dry pods of plot and weight of seed of plant. Bokhasi indicated better affect than animal manure and fine compost. P fertilizer incraesed weight fresh pod of plot and weight of dry of plot.
Emisi Gas Metana dari Beberapa Varietas Padi pada Tanah Sawah Tadah Hujan Vertic Endoaquepts Wihardjaka, Wihardjaka
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 4, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

N/A
PEMETAAN KUALITAS TANAH PADA BEBERAPA PENGGUNAAN LAHAN DI KECAMATAN JATIPURO KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR Primadani, Prasti; Utomo, Sudjono; Supriyadi, Supriyadi
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 7, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v7i2.40

Abstract

This research was conducted on January-August 2008. Used Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) that arranged in factorial with two factors. The first factor was 3 levels of inorganic fertilizer dosage i.e.: without inorganic fertilizer (A1), urea dosage 150 kg.ha-1, SP-36 dosage 75 kg.ha-1, KCl dosage 50 kg.ha-1, and ZA dosage 50 kg.ha-1 (A2), urea dosage 300 kg.ha-1, SP-36 dosage 150 kg.ha-1, KCl dosage 100 kg.ha-1, and ZA dosage 100 kg.ha-1 (A3). And second factor were 3 levels of quail manure dosage i.e.: without quail manure (O1), quail manure dosage 3 Mg.ha-1 (O2); quail manure dosage 6 Mg.ha-1 (O3). Statistical analysis that used was F test or Kruskal-Wallis test, Duncan Multiple Range (DMR) test at 5% in level, and Correlation test. The research result showed that the highest P uptake efficiency, agronomy efficiency, and the grain dry weight was achieved on 50% of inorganic fertilizer recommendation dosage (urea dosage 150 kg.ha-1, SP-36 dosage 75 kg.ha-1, KCl dosage 50 kg.ha-1, and ZA dosage 50 kg.ha-1) and 6 Mg.ha-1of quail manure treatment (A2O3) in mount of 38.83%, 30.40%, and 6.22 Mg.ha-1 respectively. P uptake efficiency in that treatment was increased as much 13.83% than the same treatment in session I. Generally, the grain dry weight on season II lower than season I. The significant decrease in mount of 2,33 Mg/ha-1 found on treatment of inorganic fertilizer present in 50% of recommendation dosage (urea dosage 150 kg.ha-1, SP-36 dosage 75 kg.ha-1, KCl dosage 50 kg. ha-1, and ZA dosage 50 kg.ha-1) and 3 Mg.ha-1 of quail manure treatment (A2O2). Keywords: quail manure, inorganic fertilizer, uptake efficiency, the dry grain weight paddy
KERAGAMAN DAN LAYANAN EKOLOGI MAKROFAUNA EPIGEIK PADA PERTANAMAN WORTEL (Daucus carota L.) YANG DIBERI BERBAGAI IMBANGAN PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK Dewi, Widyatmani Sih; Handayani, Putri; Sumani, Sumani
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 5, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v5i2.74

Abstract

Recently ecological services by macrofauna diversity to sustainable production function of agroecosystem got a lot of attention. Epigeic macrofauna is diverse of macrofaunas which their life and activities are on the land surface, act as decomposer, litter transformer, and`predator, so they are important to keep ecosystem stability. Inorganic fertilizer usage continually on carrot crop without organic fertilizer can reduce soil macrofauna diversity. Improvement can be done by the use of organic and inorganic fertilizer equally. The aim of this research was to measure epigeic macrofauna diversity and their ecological services to carrot production by giving some proportions of organic and anorganic fertilizer. The research conducted in the end of December 2007 in a farmer field in Tawangmangu. It use RAKL (Random Completly Block Design) with single factor treatment. The treatment was fertilizer type usage proportion of organic and inorganic fertilizer. They were composed of 9 proporsition composition as follows: control, 50% inorganic fertilizer, 100% inorganic fertilizer, 50% organic fertilizer, 50% organic fertilizer added by 50% inorganic fertilizer, 50% organic fertilizer added by 100% inorganic fertilizer, 100% organic fertilizer, 100% organic fertilizer added by 50% inorganic fertilizer, 100% organic fertilizer added by 100% inorganic fertilizer. 100% inorganic fertilizer were composed of Urea 150 kg ha-1, SP 36 200 kg ha-1, and KCL 100 kg ha-1. 100% dosage organic fertilizer was 20 tons ha-1. To recognize the treatment effect is done by F test and close relationship among variables tested by corelation analysis. The result showed that organic and inorganic fertilizer proportion didn’t significant to diversity, population dencity and biomass epigeic macrofauna, but affected to β caroten content of carrot. Hymenoptera was dominant macrofauna in carrot crop. Macrofauna function to increase β caroten of carrot is indirect. Key words: fertilizer proportion, epigeic macrofauna, β caroten, Hymenoptera, ecological service
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MULSA DAN PUPUK KANDANG TERHADAP PRODUKSI UMBI BAWANG MERAH DI DATARAN TINGGI BIMA Zairin, M; Poniman, Poniman
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 3, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v3i2.109

Abstract

TITTLE : THE EFFECT OF MULCH AND MANURE ON SHALLOT PRODUCTION WITH WELL IN UPLAND BIMA . Abstract : N/A
PENGARUH BEBERAPA METODE STERILISASI TANAH TERHADAP STATUS HARA, POPULASI MIKROBIOTA, POTENSI INFEKSI MIKORISA DAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN Cahyani, Vita Ratri
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 6, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v6i1.65

Abstract

The present study was aimed at elucidating the effectivity of soil sterilization methods and the effect on nutrient status, population of microbiota, potential infectivity of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (VAM) and plant growth. The experimental design was Completely Randomized Design with single factor treatment. Inceptisol with VAM propagules was used for the experiment. The treatment of soil sterilization methods consisted of 8 levels with 4 replications: P1 (control, no sterilization), P2 (oven sterilization), P3 (autoclave sterilization), P4 (steam sterilization), P5 (methyl bromide sterilization), P6 (formaldehyde sterilization with cover), P7 (formaldehyde sterilization no cover), and P8 (burning sterilization). Data analyzed using Analysis of Variance and followed with Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) with 5% of significance level. The results showed that the effectivity of total sterilization (to kill bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes) was demonstrated by burning, autoclave and steam sterilizations. The effectivity of selective sterilization (to only kill fungi) was demonstrated by formaldehyde sterilization with cover. Soil sterilization methods affected soil nutrient status with a variety of nutrients and intensities. Soil sterilization treatments affected the plant growth of soybeans. The plant growth was better in control. The exception was observed for autoclave sterilization which increased plant growth. The potential infectivity of VAM and nodulation were suppressed totally by burning, autoclave and steam sterilizations, followed by formaldehyde sterilizations with and without cover. Keywords: effectivity, nutrient status, plant growth, potential infectivity of Mycorrhiza, soil sterilization method
PENGARUH BAHAN ORGANIK TERHADAP POPULASI Aspergilhis flavus PADA BEBERAPA JENIS TANAH Sudadi, Sudadi; Setyorini, Endang
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 2, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v2i1.100

Abstract

The objective of the research was to study the effect of soil type and organic matters applied on the growth of innoculated Aspergilus flavus. Considering the caracleristics of soil and organic matter source types, the organic carbon content total nitrogen content. C/N ratio and pH of the soil were analized. The research design used was completely randomized block design with two factors, namely soil type (regosol, grucmosol and latosol) and organik matters applied (control; manure and straw). Treatment replication was considered as variation source of block. It was indicated that there was signcant effect (P < 0,05) of soil type on the growth of the fungsi. Latosol tended to give higher growth than regosol and grumosol. Though no significant effect of organics matters indicated, the fungsi showed better growth with application of straw. It seemed the result had nothing to do with the carbon and nitrogen content of the soil. They might be caused by other factors that should be studied further
FIKSASI GUMUK PASIR (SAND DUNES) SECARA VEGETATIF UNTUK MENGHINDARKAN KERUSAKAN SUMBER DAYA ALAM DI SEKITARNYA (Studi Kasus di Pantai Selatan Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta) Sudaryanto, Robertus; Purwanto, Holly
Sains Tanah Vol 3, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

N/A
PENGARUH BAHAN ORGANIK DAN PUPUK FOSFOR TERHADAP KETERSEDIAAN DAN SERAPAN FOSFOR PADA ANDISOLS DENGAN INDIKATOR TANAMAN JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccharata strurt) Minardi, Slamet; Syamsiyah, Jauhari; Sukoco, Sukoco
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 8, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v8i1.25

Abstract

This research purposes was to find out the effect of the kinds of organic sources and P fertilizer to the availability and absorption of phosphor in Andisols and to find out kinds of organic sources and P fertilizer dosage that can give the highest of availability and absorption of phosphor in Andisols. This research was conducted in Green House and Chemistry and Soil fertility Laboratory of Agriculture Faculty of Sebelas Maret University from June 2005 until January 2006. This research used Factorial Randomized Complete Design with two factors. The first factor was P0 (without P fertilizer), P1 (100 kg/ha P2O5) and P2 (100 kg/ha P2O5), the second factor consist of B0 (without organic matter), B1 (Gliricida sepium 10 ton/ha), B2 (rice stalk 12 ton/ha) and B3 (manure 14.25 ton/ha). They are 12 treatments that be repeated three times. Data were analyzed with F-test or Kruskal-Wallis test 1% and 5% was used to know the effect of treatment on experimental result. Duncan multiple range test 5% is used for comparing inter-treatment. For finding out the relation between primary dependent variable and secondary dependent one it is used correlation test. The result of research shows that the organic matter and P fertilizer appliances have very significant effects to the availability of phosphor in Andisols and the absorption of P by the plant. The rice stalk appliance 12 ton/ha with P fertilizer 100 kg/ha P2O5 (P2B2) gives the highest availability of phosphor; that is 24.67 mg/kg. The highest absorption of P can be found at the manure appliance 14.25 ton/ha and P fertilizer 100 kg/ha P2O5 (P2B3); that is 2.24 mg. Keywords: Andisols, available-P, organic matter, P fertilizer

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