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Articles
DEUS VERSUS OHIRUME DALAM CERPEN KAMIGAMI NO BISHOU: BENTURAN BUDAYA ANTARA BARAT DENGAN JEPANG

Fadli, Zaki Ainul

IZUMI Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Bahasa dan Kebudayaan Jepang, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

(Title: Deus Versus Ohirume in Kamigami No Bishou: Cultural Clash Between West and Japan) The Kamigami no Bishou short story is one of the most famous Japanese literary works, Akutagawa Ryuunosuke. Kamigami no Bishou was created by Akutagawa in 1922 which tells the meeting of Organtino, a Christian missionary in Japan with an old man who was the embodiment of one of Japans ancient gods. The purpose of this article is to reveal how the clash of cultures between the West and Japan was reconstructed in Kamigami no Bishou short stories. To achieve this goal, the following steps are taken. First, an explanation of the terms contained in the Kamigami no Bishou Short Story. Second, explained the actions of two figures in the short story that are in opposition to the Greimas models official scheme because this scheme can make it easier to understand the actions and motivations of the characters. Third, the analysis of one of the short story structural elements is a theme with the aim of understanding the essence and purpose of the entire short story. Fourth, further explanation about the reconstruction of Western versus Japanese cultural clash which is explained by the presentation of binary opposition. After going through all four stages, it was concluded that the reconstruction of cultural clash in Kamigami no Bishou short stories was presented by Akutagawa in a conversation between the Organtino character and the old male character. Through a dialogue centered on Deus versus Ohirume carried out by Organtino figures and old male figures, Akutagawa indirectly wanted to convey the message that Japanese tradition and culture would not be destroyed due to influences from foreign cultures that entered. 

PENGGUNAAN PARTIKEL ILOKUSI NE DAN YO DALAM TUTURAN BAHASA JEPANG

Wiyatasari, Reny

IZUMI Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Bahasa dan Kebudayaan Jepang, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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(Title: Use of Illocutionary Particle in Japanese Language). The purpose of this study is to explain the use of illocutionary particles ne and yo, the pragmatic meaning generated from a speech and how the influence of the existence of each of these particles in a speech. Because ne and yo are pragmatic rather than semantic and this nature only occurs in verbal interactions, this article takes data from data sources, such as Japanese dramas and Japanese short stories. The data was collected using the observation method through recording and note-taking techniques, and then analyzed using contextual method.From the results of data analysis it was found that ne particles are used when  a) request confirmation or ensure information, b) request or seek agreement, c) soften speech, and d) marking the feelings felt by the speaker. While yo particles are used when  : a) confirming the question to get a response or reason, b) marking that information (statement) is something new for the listerner, c) emphasizing or affirming a matter/action intended by the speaker in his speech, d) marking speech means encouraging, e) marking utterances that contain expressions of the feeling of the speaker, and f) marking the urge to take action.

PROSES PENYERAPAN KATA BAHASA INGGRIS KE DALAM BAHASA JEPANG: (KAJIAN FONOLOGI GENERATIF TRANSFORMASIONAL)

Muslihah, Muslihah

IZUMI Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Bahasa dan Kebudayaan Jepang, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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(Title: The Analysis of Loan Words of English Language Transformed into Japanese Language (Study of Generative Transformational Phonological) The aims of this research are to explain the phonological processes and phonological rule in loan words of English language into Japanese language through generative phonological studies. This research used qualitative descriptive method. The research data are taken from Japanese dictionary loan words. The result shows eight phonological processes and phonological rules in the process of transformation English language to Japanese. (1) the process of adding segment /u/ at the end of the words (2) segment additions /o/ at the end of the words (3) segment additions /u/ in the middle of words  (4) segment additions /o/ in the middle of words (5) substitution of phoneme /l/ to /r/, (6) substitution of phoneme /v/ to /b/, (7) segment additions /i/, (8) substitution of phoneme /t/ to /c/. The transformation of phonological processes on the loan words of English language into Japanese language affected by the internal factor.

MAKNA KONSEPTUAL KATA KERJA DERU DALAM ASAHI SHINBUN EDISI 42435 DAN 42437

Kurniawan, Eko

IZUMI Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Bahasa dan Kebudayaan Jepang, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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(Title: Conceptual Meaning of Verb Deru in Asahi Shinbun Issue No. 42435 and 42437) This study aims to assess information about the conceptual meaning of verb deru in Asahi Shinbun issue no. 42435 and 42437. Research based on the theory of Kindaichi (1988) for analyzing conceptual meaning of verb deru in many contexts and theory of Bunkacho (1981), Matsuura (1994) for comparing. This is a kind of qualitative research. The method used in this research is the descriptive analysis. Source of data in this study is Asahi Shinbun issue no. 42435 and 42437. While the data in this study are sentences containing verb deru that represent in many contexts. Data collection technique which used is observing method. The results showed, conceptual meaning of verb deru in Asahi Shinbun are based on the theory of Kindaichi (1988) and  theory of Bunkacho (1981), Matsuura (1994) for comparing: go out, give argument, enter, go forward, appear, go to office or attend, published, cause, do, answer telephone, follow, experience, have/has, reported, deported and known.

IDIOM ??SARU?? SEBAGAI REFLEKSI KONSEP PEMIKIRAN MASYARAKAT JEPANG TERHADAP MONYET

Yogyanti, Devita Widyaningtyas

IZUMI Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Bahasa dan Kebudayaan Jepang, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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(Title: Idiom ??Saru?? as a Reflection of Japanese People Thinking Concept Towards Monkey ). This research is an anthropological linguistic study that is conducted by examining the idioms that use the word "saru" (monkey) as the object of study. This study aims at analyzing the basic concepts of peoples thought about the word "saru" (monkey) through the use of its idioms. The researcher collected the data of the idioms that use the word "saru" through literature studies that cover the literature containing Japanese idioms and interviews of Japanese people living in Yogyakarta. The focus of this research is the correlation between literal meaning and metaphorical meaning in idioms that contain the word "saru". The correlation of the meaning is traced using a diachronic perspective to see the concept of Japanese peoples thought towards monkeys. According to the results of the study, the researcher found 11 idioms that use the word "saru", namely Sansaru, Sarugi, Sarugutsuwa, Sarushibari, Sarutsunagi, Sarujie, Sarugashikoshi, Sarumane, Sarushibai, Saruboo, and Saruni. From the relationship between the literal meaning and the metaphorical meaning of the 11 idioms, the result shows that Japanese people have 3 concepts towards monkey, which are as a holy and sacred animal, as an animal that possesses the magical power to make something quiet, and as an animal resembling the human being.

Bisnis Dalam Masyarakat Jepang

Patria, Maharani Ratna

IZUMI Vol 4, No 1: JUNI 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

this journal explains customs in doing business with Japanese. Japanese has several unique etiquettes which is unknown by westerns. Those customs are important to explain, to avoid missed perception between Japanese and western businessman. This journal also gives some tips for those who don??t really understand Japanese, so that they can adapt with them. This journal explains some Japanese way of life that are applied in their way of doing business. Japanese way of life explanations are highly expected understood so that one understands Japanese behave in doing bussines. For instance: TQM, kaizen, and kaisan are just some of Japanese way of life that is explained simply in this journal.

KANIKOSEN (KOBAYASHI TAKIJI) ??BACAAN LIAR? TAHUN 1920-AN DALAM RENTANG SEJARAH JEPANG

Rustam, Muhammad Reza

IZUMI Vol 5, No 1: Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This paper describes a dynamics proletarian literature and its relationship with Kanikosen   novel by Kobayashi Takiji, including; the institution, ideology, production, and figures associated to narration used by Marxism theory posed by the author as one of the Japan "wild literatures" in the 1920s. This paper aims to usher the readers to the narrative of the Japanese proletarian literature and illustrates the Japanese proletarian literary map development. The form of ??wildness? obtained by author is a social class conflict in literary texts such as in the Kanikosen   story. Like an empirical reality, text construction, especially characterizations, background, and language style reflecting a dynamics of everyday social life. Intimidation, exploitation, deception, torture, suffering labor on one side and on the other side, the accumulation of profits, accumulating capital individually, and the arbitrariness of employers conducted by the owners of capital, reflected brightly by Kobayashi Takiji.

RESTORASI KENMU (1333-1336): EKSPERIMEN POLITIK KAISAR GO-DAIGO

Lestari, Eka Marthanty Indah

IZUMI Vol 5, No 1: Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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This article describes the Kenmu Restoration and several important historical events that happened around that time. Kenmu Restoration or Kenmu no Shinmei is a historic period in Japan from 1333 to 1336. This restoration marks 3 year period between the fall of Kamakura Bakufu and the rise of Ashikaga Bakufu. The essence of Kenmu Restoration as the political experiment by Emperor Go-Daigo is to give the same opportunity for nobleman and army to run the government. However, this idea cannot be realized as there was conflict between nobleman and army. The nobleman assumed that the political power must be returned to the Emperor and nobleman has right to control the government. On the contrary, army who fought to return the authority of Emperor also demanded the compensation, position in the government. Therefore, Kenmu Restoration at last failed. Ashikaga Takauji, the follower of Emperor Go-Daigo, was angry when the Emperor refused to appoint him as Shogun. As the result, Ashikaga Takauji sent his troops to destroy Emperor Go-Daigo. It indicates the rise of Ashikaga Bakufu.

BENTUK KIGO PADA HAIKU DAN ISI SINDIRAN PADA SENRYU OLEH MAHASISWA SASTRA JEPANG UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA

Dewi, Fitriana Puspita, Worobroto, Elizabeth, Andayani, Santi

IZUMI Vol 5, No 1: Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

In the Japanese literature, poetry has its own type and form, including Haiku and Senryu with 5-7-5 syllabic structure. Another prominent characteristic of Haiku is the topic concerning beauty of nature and the elements like Kigo or Kisetsu no Kotoba (the words marking the seasons) in which it shows the closeness of Japanese people with nature. Senryu has humorous and witty elements, including satire and the story about people; it does not describe season at all. Therefore, cultural background and social condition of society will affect content and form of the satire. This research aims to analyze the form of kigo in haiku and the content of satire in senryu, written by students of Japanese Literature in Brawijaya University. This research used qualitative descriptive methodology. The research shows the result that kigo ame and kigo taiyou are the most frequently used forms.  In senryu, the contents of satire are love, student life, and physical depiction.

FENOMENA SHOUSHIKA DI JEPANG : PERUBAHAN KONSEP ANAK

Widiandari, Arsi

IZUMI Vol 5, No 1: Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The focus of this study is the shoushika  phenomenon or decrease in the number of births that occurred in Japan from the perspective economic household in raising children. The research data was collected from several sources of statistical data  published by the Japanese government, Family Income and Expenditure Survey, and National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. Recently the delay of childbearing of young married couple is said to reason  of fertility decline. The high cost of children is said to be one of the causes of this delay. This paper will focus on the persistent low birthrate in Japan and the change of utility of children in Japan??s family.  This paper show that there??s a transition from traditional family to modern family that influence change of children utility from good utility become comsumption utility. The transition to consumption utility related to Japanese family expenditure especially what family give to their children.