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Articles
Eugene O‟neill‟s Duality of Structure Reflected on All God’s Chillun Got Wings

Nufiarni, RIzki

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

In Gidden‘s Structuration theory, the most important concept is duality of structure, where agent and structure affects each other and have equally important position. This article is written to find out the duality of structure in Eugene O‘Neill drama entitled All God‘s Chillun Got Wings. The analysis is trying to examine the drama as one of O‘Neill‘s power to change the structure that he has. The analysis unit for the structure is taken from the the literature about the social background in American society in the late 19 th century and early 20 th century, while the analysis unit for the agent is taken from O‘Neill‘s drama as a reflection of the action in which O‘Neill implemented his power. Therefore, it is concluded that O‘Neill duality of structure can be observed through his action in the drama to change the structure which shaped him as an agent. Some of his actions has resulted in an unintended consequences which will become an unacknowledged condition of actions for another action.

Character Value in Kampong Sala Legend and its Relevancy as Teaching Materials at School

Hetami, Fatma, Sukoyo, Joko, Widodo, Widodo

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The research is aimed at preserving the story of Kota Sala Legend. It used qualitative approach. The data were derived from caretakers, the elderly, the artists from Surakarta Palace, and the public figures, as well as from books and articles by using documentation and interview techniques. The data were analyzed by using qualitative descriptive method into several steps as the following: (1) Conducting interview and observing the documents, (2) Collecting and arranging the data into a complete story, (3) Analyzing its character values, and (4) Analyzing its relevance as a teaching material. The results indicate that (1) the oral tradition of Kampong Sala Legend can be documented into a pictorial story book in three languages: Javanese, Indonesian, and English; (2) The story consists of character values such as religious, honest, discipline, hard-working, creative, solicitous, and responsible; (3) The story is very relevantly used as teaching materials at school especially in the subject of Bahasa Jawa and Bahasa Indonesia.

Literary Traces of the Qur`an in Its English Translations

Taufiqurrohman, Taufiqurrohman

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Based on many researches have been done, the Qur‘an uses literary methods in conveying the messages. This research uses different perspective in proving such conclusion by using English translations of the Qur‘an written by four authorized Qur‘an translators. The researcher uses Hermeneutics and Aesthetics to find the literary substantiations of English translations of the Qur‘an. Of course there will be random verses of the Qur‘an that would be choosen to be analyzed. Both analysis devices say that English translations of the Qur‘an have literary traces that signify the Qur‘an as a literary masterpiece, such as not only in owning different dictions and layers of meaning but also in owning aesthetic process and poetic texts.

Merging English into Sport in Aerobic Exercise Based on Content-Based Instruction

Suraya, Fatona, Ali, Mohammad Arif, Anggita, Gustiana Mega, Kalisa, Pasca

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

A research on merging English into Sport in Aerobic Exercise based on Content-Based Instruction (CBI) was conducted related to the need of the aerobics instructor who can lead the class in English especially with the present of Asean Economic Market in the end of 2015. The problem being evaluated in this paper was ―is there any difference influence between CBI learning model and conventional learning model to the aerobics instructor performance in English? The aim of this research is to evaluate the different influence between CBI learning model and conventional learning model to the aerobics instructor performance in English. 20 students of Semarang State University and Wahid Hasyim University were grouped into 2 groups. One is CBI group and the other ones is conventional group. The treatment was conducted for 6 weeks, 12 meetings. The result showed that the significant score for CBI group is 0,005<0, 05, meaning H1 is accepted. Therefore there is a significant difference between those who have been taught using CBI to those who have been taught using conventional learning for the aerobics instructor performance in English.

Interactive Teaching: Activities and the Use of Technology in EFL Classroom

Anggeraini, Yentri

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

A variety of technologies are all around us in our homes, offices, and schools. Today, students are familiar with number of applications of computer network technology such as multimedia, email, electronic journals, databases, World Wide Web, chat, blog, audio social media and video conferencing etc. Technology plays a positive role in promoting activities and initiatives of the students in English classroom. Interactive teaching and technology put the emphasis on communication, interaction, and discussion between teachers and students as well as the positivity of teachers and students in the teaching and learning process. The fact that by providing technology and applying interactive teaching can make the students be active and creative so that the teacher should know how to provide the technology in teaching and learning process. The aim of this paper is to explore some activities in interactive teaching and provide how to apply them in EFL classroom by providing the use of technology such as digital storytelling, podcast, clipped students, conversation analysis from YouTube, apposite arguments, and Powtoon.

Linguistic Deviation in Rhyme of Poems in Lewis Carroll‟s Through The Looking-Glass

Romala, Almira Ghassani Shabrina

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

One of the identities of a poem is reflected by its author‘s style of writing, including the use of rhymes. How each specific kind of rhymes formed by particular words marks the characteristics of poems, and likewise those in Lewis Carroll‘s Through the Looking-Glass. Therefore, this research aims to delineate the kinds and functions of rhymes and to explicate how Lewis Carroll forms the rhymes from linguistic deviation as his style of writing poems in Through the Looking-Glass. This research applied descriptive qualitative method. The data were taken from poems in Through the Looking-Glass novel. The data were collected by note-taking and phonetic transcription technique. The data were then analyzed to classify the kinds of rhyme and their functions and also to identify the linguistic deviation the author uses to form the rhymes. Lewis Carroll exploits various kinds of rhyme in Through the Looking-Glass, e.g. alliteration, assonance, consonance, euphony, cacophony, eye-rhyme, half-rhyme, perfect rhyme, internal rhyme, end rhyme, masculine rhyme, and feminine rhyme. Those rhymes are utilized to unite the poems, to reinforce and emphasize the author‘s intended meaning, to explain the implied sense and feeling, to clarify the imagery for the readers, to visualize the atmosphere of the poems, and also to achieve the poetic and musical functions. Moreover, in forming those rhymes, he employs phonological deviation, lexical deviation, grammatical deviation, semantic deviation, dialectal deviation, and deviation of historical period as his style of writing poems in Through the Looking-Glass novel.

A Discourse Analysis of German Fairy Tale “Rapunzel” Written by the Brothers Grimm

Syam, Andi Tenrisanna

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The objectives of this study are to describe the kinds of information in Rapunzel and to describe deixis, grammatical and lexical cohesion of Rapunzel. This study belonged to the qualitative study that was focused on the concrete phenomenon of the written materials. The technique of data collection was the writer observing the features that occur in the fairy tale then taking it to note. The writer found that: (1) title can be expounded by a short clause, phrase, or sentence, (2) the aperture is expounded by a clause, sentence, or paragraph, (3) the stage is expounded by a sentence or paragraph containing descriptive clauses, clauses with past completed action and identification clauses or noun phrase, (4) the author used third person pronouns she and he; (5) some nouns or pronouns were omitted in the second of coordinate clauses; (6) there were 64 sentences used additive conjunction and 10 sentences used comparative conjunction but, however, the conjunction neither…nor, or and if is only used once; (7) the authors only repeated the words will and hair; (8) the authors used words bird and cat in which they are a hyponym of animal; and (9) the synonyms words are grief, misery, heard, listen.

The Portrayal of a Black Woman‟s Perseverance in Zora Neale Hurston‟s Short Story Entitled Sweat

Asmarani, Ratna

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

This paper aims to analyze the perseverance of the black female protagonist portrayed in the short story entitled Sweat written by Zora Neale Hurston. The perseverance is used by the black female protagonist to face the domestic violence done by her abusive husband. The concept of perseverance and domestic violence are used to analyze the life of the black female protagonist. The combination of library method with its close reading, qualitative analysis, and contextual literary method focusing on intrinsic and extrinsic elements are used. The result shows that the perseverance applied by the black female protagonist enables her to survive the domestic violence leading to her freedom from her abusive husband who dies because of his own evil plan actually directed to his wife.

The Rendering of Ideology in the English-Indonesian Translation of Brontё‟s Jane Eyre

Shofa, Khalida Ash, Yuliasri, Issy, Mujiyanto, Yan

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

This study deals with the rendering of ideology found in the English-Indonesian translation of Brontё‘s Jane Eyre. The main objective of this study is to investigate the rendering ideology in Brontё‘s Jane Eyre from English into Indonesian which is realized in the vocabulary and grammar choices used by the translator in translating ideology in Jane Eyre from English into Indonesian. It used descriptive qualitative approach. Moreover, Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) proposed by Fairclough (1989) is used as the framework of the study. The data obtained were taken from ‗Jane Eyre‘ by Charlotte Brontё and it is translated by Lulu Wijaya entitled Jane Eyre. The unit of analysis of the study was ideological content including word, phrase, clause, sentence, and paragraph contained in Jane Eyre and its translation.The results showed that there are 120 ideologically loaded-data which is categorized into Ideology. They are ideology as tacit assumptions, beliefs and value systems. Meanwhile, there are 32 (27%) data which are not lexically equivalent in the Indonesian translation. Thus, the remaining data represent the ideology of the source text in the same way. Based on those findings, the writers concluded that most of the ideologically-contested words, nominalizations, and voices are rendered into Indonesian. There are no ideological differences between the source text and its translation. Furthermore, the translators mostly expressed ideology of the source similarly by means of selecting similar lexical choices. It means that translator‘s ideology in the source text and their translation in the target text reach ideological equivalent.

Henry Fleming against his cowardice in The Red Badge of Courage

Purwanto, Bambang, Aimah, Siti

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 13, No 1 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Language is a means of communication in Literature. People can understand and analyze any story by using language. They can also find out the content of story from different country. Readers can also compare story from one country to another country. They can also translate story from different country with their own mother tongue. One example is The Red Badge of Courage. We can get many lessons and ideas from this American novel. It is a war novel, which focus on American Civil War. Henry Fleming is one of main characters in the novel. Regarding to the history of Civil War, we still have many questions from the content of it. How about the main character‘s dreaming in civil war? Can his bravery influence to his friends? What is the moral value from this war novel? People can get many imaginations and lessons from the main character, Henry Fleming. Descriptive qualitative is a method in discussing this novel. Reading, understanding, and analyzing are the necessity things to do. The idea and opinions from novel and reference books are sources in getting idea. We can take this novel is as a zero to hero novel regarding to the main character‘s activities. All soldiers in his troop surprise when they see a brave-heart person, Henry Flaming. Furthermore, Henry shows that he can beat his cowardice to be a brave man. His wound is a proof of being a hero in his troop. His questions of being a brave soldier show up after he beats all trials in civil war. Self-confidence in Henry Flaming is a way to show that a soldier must have bravery in leading a troop.