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Language Circle
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Articles 360 Documents
ANALYSING THE GRAMMAR OF CASUAL CONVERSATION: ENACTING ROLE RELATIONS Hapsari, Intan Permata
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

This article offers an overview of the conversation analysis (CA) method and its theoretical and practical applications for qualitative social scientific research. The article also discusses the methods analytical contributions and methodological applications based on the grammar of casual conversation offered by Eggins and Slade (1997). For illustration, analyses of data fragments are presented, using English language from telephone conversation recorded from one of radio programs. The recorded conversation was taken from the English Program at RCT FM radio on Sunday. The analyses try to describe and explain how language enables us to initiate and sustain casual talk. The article highlights CAs unique insights into the way social processes, relations, and identities are constructed and experienced at the level of everyday interaction, and draws attention to some of the ways in which the method can be of benefit to social scientists from a variety of disciplines. Key words:
DEVELOPING STUDENTS’ RETELLING STORY ABILITY THROUGH COLLABORATIVE LEARNING TECHNIQUES Farida, Diana
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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The ability of speaking English has become very important in this global era. To facilitate junior high school students to gain the competence, English teachers employ various techniques to reach the goal with the curriculum as the guideline. The research was conducted by employing two Collaborative Learning (CL) techniques – Think Team Share and Chain Work.  The objectives of this study are (1) to investigate to what extent CL can enhance the ability of the VIII A students of SMPN 2 Semarang to retell stories and (2) to investigate that CL can develop manner of the VIII A students of SMPN 2 Semarang to retell stories. The research was conducted through Action Research with two cycles. Each cycle consists of planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The results of the research can be concluded as follows: (1) CL techniques implemented during the research – Think Team Share and Chain Work – had successfully developed students’ retelling story ability. Before the research, students’ speaking average score is 72.26, and at the end of the research it is 82.30. The score has exceeded the speaking passing grade, 76. Before the research, 69% of the students gained the passing grade, while - at the end of the research- 88%. This proved that the two techniques had developed students’ retelling story ability to the extent of 19%. (2) Based on the second requirement of the research, the two CL techniques could not successfully develop students’ manner in retelling stories to 85%. Before the research there are 16 (62%) students who could retell stories in appropriate manners, while – at the end of the research – there are 20 (77%) who could do so.   Key Words: retelling story ability, collaborative learning techniques
RE-APPRAISING THE ROLE OF PHILOSOPHICAL BASES FOR TEACHING ENGLISH REFLECTED IN THE CURRENT CURRICULUM IN INDONESIA Widhiyanto, -
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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This article discusses the philosophical bases of the current curriculum—School-Based Curriculum, which is considered as the simplified version of the previous—Competency Based Curriculum. The aim of this discussion is primary to re-visit the theories that teacher may have overlooked. It also deals with possible application of the theories in the real teaching and learning of English. Hopefully, this may contribute to the understanding of the current curriculum better.   Keywords: curriculum, communicative competence, systemic functional linguistics, ZPD, literacy education
TENSE SHIFT AND RHETORICAL FUNCTION IN THE ABSTRACT SECTION OF SCIENCE JOURNAL BY NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS Suharno, -
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

Abstract is an important part of scientific work for both seminar presentation  and journal publication in national or international level.  Every writer is obliged to write an abstract for his/her publication.  The aim of this study was to examine a number of abstracts in English scientific papers by non-native speakers (Indonesian lecturers).  The study was focused on the linguistic and organizational features (i.e. tense shift and rhetorical function). The research results show that a number of abstracts in the data do not conform to the principles of abstract writing, that is some abstracts do not contain complete moves. In addition, the rhetorical shift is not always followed by the tense shift.   Key words: abstract, tense shift, rhetorical function, move analysis
L’ANALYSE SEMIOTIQUE DE LA NOUVELLE LES YEUX DE SOIE DE FRANÇOISE SAGAN (SEMIOTIC ANALYSE IN FRANÇOISE SAGAN’S THE EYES OF SILK) Syaefudin, Mohamad
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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This writing aims to reveal that behind women’s weakness and tenderness there is an invisible power that can overturn men’s domination. While care seems more effective to get women’s love and respect, men tend to rely on domination. This, in fact, does not always work. Semiotic is a kind of analysis used to uncover the meaning of signs in a text. In literature this analysis serves to show different types of meaning. In this novel, there is a couple - Jerome and Monica, and their friend - Stanislas. Jerome dominates and excels in everything. He spends time hunting wild animals and doing man’s other sports. Monica is a housewife who is thirsty of her husband’s attention. She makes an affair with Stanislas, her husband’s friend. One day Jerome takes Monica, Stanislas and another woman to deer-hunting. Later he finds out that there is something between her wife and Stanislas. Driven by jealousy, he decides to kill them both. The writer used semiotic analysis because there are many signs of syntagmatic and paradigmatic meanings to discover. Key words: sémiotique, littérature
POLITENESS IN COMMUNITY PRACTICE Indrawati, -
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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THE POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF PESANTREN LITERATURE TO SUPPORT A RELIGIOUS TOURISM TOWARDS A CREATIVE INDUSTRY Faridi, Abdurrachman
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Pesantren’s literature is a cultural treasure which exists in Indonesia. Pesantren’s enchantment can be viewed from many sides; i.e. environment, education, teaching, human, even customs and arts. These conditions provide a variety of potential to be optimized. The aim of this study is to expose the potential and model of pesantren’s literature to support religious tourism as a creative industry. The result of this study is to optimize the potential development strategy of pesantren’s literature and to support religious tourism as a creative industry. Pesantren’s literature is used as one of religious tourism attractions that brings the economic life towards a creative industry, and to create other economic activities beneficial for the grassroots’ level.   Keywords: pesantren’s literature, religious tourism, creative industry
TEACHING MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCES IN ENGLISH IN PILOT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD HIGH SCHOOLS IN INDONESIA Setyorini, Andras; Sofwan, Ahmad
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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One of the ways to improve the quality of education in Indonesia is by initiating the program called Rintisan Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional (Pilot International Standard School-ISS). This program provides grants to selected schools to implement the teaching and learning process to comply with the international standards as in the developed countries. Some subjects, including Mathematics and Sciences are taught by using English as a medium of instruction in the classroom. Textbooks for these subjects have been prepared in both Indonesian and English. However, the teachers are not yet ready to conduct the teaching and learning activities in English, so there seems to be some problems in the classroom due to the lack of English proficiency among the teachers. With respect to this issue, the school can adopt Content-Based Instruction in which the students would learn the language as a by-product of learning about real-world and encourage the collaboration between subject matter teachers and English language teachers.   Key words: International Standard School, Mathematics, Sciences
TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH AN OBSERVATION IN IMMERSION CLASSES BASED ON THE DOCUMENTS AND TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESSES Bharati, Dwi Anggani Linggar
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 4, No 2 (2010): April 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Immersion program, the learning and teaching process conducted in English, has become a new trend in Indonesia nowadays in which almost every school is trying to conduct it. However, not many of the schools can do that program for it requires professional teachers, not only being able to teach in English well but also able to  prepare  the documents, making lesson plan, syllabus and media,  needed for the program. Professional teachers are badly required for the immersion classes for they play an important role in succeeding the program. Therefore, it is worth investigating to see whether the real condition of the teachers is as it is expected or not and finally, conclusions and suggestions can be put forward for the betterment of the program. Based on the observation done by the writer, it was found out that mispronunciation, misspelled, grammar mistakes, wrong diction, and some other linguistic feature problems often happened in the classroom activities. Besides, other problems were also found in the development of teaching documents, syllabus, lesson plan, and media. The development of those documents was not in line with the school- based curriculum, ignoring the level of difficulty as stated in the Bloom Taxonomy revised by Anderson. The objectives, the indicators, the evaluation formulations were still on surface and incomplete. In this paper the writer tries to show the complete result of her observation dealing with the real condition of the teachers’ competence in their teaching and learning process in English as well as their competence in developing the documents and finally give some suggestions for increasing their competence, especially in preparing their teaching documents.   Key Words: immersion class teacher, professionalism, teaching documents, teaching   and learning process
DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON ADVERTISEMENT Sukrisno, Alim
Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 4, No 2 (2010): April 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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This article is concerned with the analysis of discourse on advertisement. The aim of this discussion is to try to make sense of an advertisement from the point of view of linguistic construction, meaning, and its textuality. Results of the discussion indicate that in order to be called a text the observed advertisement should be analyzed by means of elliptical operation. As soon as the elliptical clauses and sentences of the advertisement are established, the meaning or intention of the advertisement can be derived. Unless the truths of the messages conveyed by the advertisement are clarified, ambiguities will still remain that will affect the understanding and response of the readers or potential buyers. As a material for discourse analysis, however, the advertisement is a very interesting thing to be talked about.   Key words: advertisement, ellyptical, ambiguity

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