JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM
ISSN : 19786301     EISSN : 23556994
The Journal of Indonesian Islam (printed ISSN 1978-6301 and online ISSN 2355-6994) is a refereed academic journal published biannually by the Post­gra­duate Program (PPs) and the Institute for the Study of Religion and Society (LSAS), the State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya (SK Rektor No: In.03.1/HK.00.5/SK/408/P/2006). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies in an Indonesian context, with special reference to culture, politics, society, eco­no­mics, history, and doctrines. It cordially invites contributions from scholars of related disciplines.
Articles 211 Documents
CONTROVERSIES SURROUNDING THE ACEH’S SULTANAHS: Understanding Relation between Islam and Female Leadership

Umam, Saiful ( the State Islamic University (UIN) of Syarif Hidayatullah - Jakarta )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.1-23

Abstract

The history of Aceh Sultanate in 1641-1699 might be an exception of the Islamic history in general. While the history of Islam is generally male-dominated, Aceh which had strong Islamic credentials was once ruled by four female rulers consecutively during the period of six decades. How did Muslim women become rulers of an Islamic kingdom despite Islamic teaching “prohibiting” them from taking a leadership position? How did people react to this fact? How did the queens rule the kingdom and survive despite opposition? Despite notions of some historians that the queens’ periods were the weakening time of the sultanate, the existence of female rulers is a proof of the continuing position of women in the public sphere even in an Islamic state. The presence of influential aristocrats, the division of Aceh into three powerful sagis, and the support of `ulama>’ are main contributing factors to the rise and establishment of female rulers in Aceh. The administrative structure of the sultanate and its Islamic character suggest the development of moderate Islam that made women leadership in Aceh possible. The opposition to female rulers in Aceh which the succession of rulers was hereditary was more politically and economically-motivated than religious.

CONTESTATION BETWEEN STATE LAW AND ISLAMIC LAW IN LEGAL PRACTICES AMONG INDONESIAN MUSLIMS

Naily, Nabiela ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sunan Ampel - Surabaya )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2012.6.2.417-422

Abstract

BOOK REVIEW:Book title:Modernization, Tradition and Identity; The Kompilasi Hukum Islam and Legal Practice in the Indonesian Religious Courts Author:Euis NurlaelawatiNo. of Pages:297Year:2010Publisher:ICAS/ Amsterdam University Press

أضواء على ماهية الشريعة الإسلامية بإندونيسيا و كيانها و تأسيسها و تجديدها و تنميتها و مستقبلها

Miri, Muhammad Jamaluddin ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sunan Ampel - Surabaya )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2012.6.2.391-416

Abstract

This paper attempts to explain the existence and institutionalization of Islamic law in Indonesia. The first part of this writing explores the existence of Islamic law which is perceived in two big periods, the pre-independence period and the post independence period.  In the following part, the author focuses the dynamics of post-independence period by showing momentum in 1970 when the state officially  acknowledged religous court as a separate entity to become  one of  fully sovereign courts in the judiciary.  The main argument of the paper is that the state policy has allowed a room for Islamic law to emerge and exist, although the religious court at that  time only dealt with civil law in the area of family law for indonesian muslims. Institutionally, Islamic law has been recognized as a sub-system in the national law system. Furthermore, society’s awareness of the Islamic law is developed significantly due to the role of Muslim intellectuals and Muslim scholars who actively promote society’s awareness of the law.

ISLAMIC PARTIES AND THE POLITICS OF CONSTITUTIONALISM IN INDONESIA

Mukrimin, Mukrimin ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai - Gorontalo )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2012.6.2.367-390

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia by exploring how Islam is used by political parties to shape the politics. The study shows that Islamic politics is a complementary in both nationhood and statehood in Indonesia. From the early days of the new-born nation-state, Muslims in Indonesia had played significant role in shaping the nation; nonetheless, they have never dominated the political power. Fragmentation among Muslims themselves and internal political parties is among the reason why religious (Islamic) parties failed in bringing religious identity to the state arena. Political subordination-inclusion-ignorance-confrontation is the circular game that features Islamic politics in Indonesia. The debatable issue on shari‘ah law, which is frequently used by Islamic parties, always becomes the core problem of the relation between Islam and the state. Even though Islam has played an important role in colouring the Indonesian politics, its existence remains complementary.

THE NATURE OF RADICAL ISLAMIC GROUPS IN SOLO

Wildan, Muhammad ( the State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Kalijaga - Yogyakarta )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.49-70

Abstract

Radical Islamism is a challenging new pheno­menon in the modern world, including Indonesia. Solo presents an especially interesting case because of the dispropor­tionate nature of the radical Islamic groups that have emerged here especially that of the Front Pemuda Islam Surakarta (FPIS) as well as other vigilante groups in the city. This paper will explore and map out the nature of Islam in Solo and asks what triggers the the emergence of the radical groups here. Dramatic changes at the national level have made Solo more politically conducive for radical Islamic groups, but this is not the only reason why they have flourished. In addition, historical and sociological factors may help such groups to emerge. Hence, the dominance of the abangan group (the nominal Muslims) and the intensity of dakwah (preaching) conducted by some Islamic groups has given rise to the ‘instant’ Muslims who see Islam as the ultimate solution to their problems. The call for jihād and the application of sharī‘ah laws are among the contentious political style that the groups propagated. It is these issues that the paper is interested to investigate.

CONTEMPORARY FATAWA OF NAHDLATUL ULAMA: Between Observing the Madhhab and Adapting the Context

Riza, Achmad Kemal ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sunan Ampel - Surabaya )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2011.5.1.35-65

Abstract

Fatwa in the circle of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) remains showing reminiscent of classical period of Islamic jurisprudence. It uses madhhab and taqlid with the employment of classical jurisprudence texts. Being identical in certain crucial features, the NU’s version of fatwa, however, is different from classic fatwa in various aspects. Fatwa is collegial, binding and modern. This last aspect remains debatable within the NU. While senior ulama‘ resist the reintroduction of ijtihad in the process of fatwa issuing as a tradition which should be preserved, certain younger ulama‘ in the organization urges the employment of ijtihad to keep up with the demand of modern context. Senior ulama‘ of the NU maintain that taqlid and madhhab is the very essence of their commitment to Islamic law, whereas the younger ulama‘ assert that such attachment will only result in the abandonment of Islamic law altogether by Muslims, especially the NU members. This article shows that dynamic with special reference to what is happening in East Java, the traditional stronghold of the NU.

GENDERED CAREER PRODUCTIVITY AND SUCCESS IN ACADEMIA IN INDONESIA’S ISLAMIC HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Kholis, Nur ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sunan Ampel - Surabaya )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2012.6.2.341-366

Abstract

Career advancement in Indonesian academia is nationally regulated. It, theoretically, provides equal opportunities for men and women to be productive and successful. The purpose of this study is to analyze gender effects on academic career productivity and success. Seven-hundred and fifty questionnaires were distributed randomly to eight Islamic Higher Education Institutions in seven provinces, from which 220 (Men = 57.7%, and Women = 42.3%) respondents returned the questionnaires with an analyzable quality. Descriptive and multivariate analyses are employed for analyzing and presenting the results. The paper argues that women in Islamic Higher Education Institutions are less productive in terms of publications, hold lower academic rank and leadership positions, and earn significantly less than men. It further argues that Islamic Higher Education Institutions should provide specific empowerment for women by, for example, providing support for their continuing education, professional development, and career opportunities.

MYSTICISM IN BATIK INDUSTRIAL RELATION: The Study of Trust Achievement on the Survivability of Small-Medium Batik Industry at Pekalongan City

Kanafi, Imam ( Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Kudus ) , Susminingsih, Susminingsih ( Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Kudus )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2012.6.2.323-340

Abstract

Relationship between economy and religion had been known for long time ago as it was found in Max Weber’s books “The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit of Capitalism” and “The Protestant Sects and The Spirit of Capitalism”. This paper examines the extent to which mysticism practices have been conducted among the employers and employees of Batik Industries in Pekalongan City. It argues that mysticism has an important role to reinforce the social capital and make the industry survive, especially to face many problems related to productivity, motivation, trust as well as wage issues. By practicing mystics and religious traditions, like dhikiran, manakiban, hawl and muludan, people have spiritual force which has an important role both for personally and professionally in the work place, especially to maintain the relationship between employees and employers. Also they could be stronger when faced the changes and challenges of business and their industry can survive.

UNDERSTANDING RELIGIOUS VIOLENCE IN INDONESIA: Theological, Structural and Cultural Analyses

Salehudin, Ahmad ( the State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Kalijaga - Yogyakarta )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.15642/JIIS.2012.6.2.305-322

Abstract

Lately Indonesia is facing a lot of tremendous experience about religious violence. Indonesian Islam which is previously assumed as peaceful religion is suddenly changing to be frightening religion. The destruction in some places such as Bali Bombing, JW Marriot Bombing, and Sampang riot in some places Islam is the trigger of religious violence. This paper discusses the repetition of religious violence in Indonesia especially after New Order era. The writer argues that religious violence in Indonesia is as natural disaster, historical process in human evolution and as close experience that presenting and relating to human history. It may be caused by political condition and the response to economic injustice. In doing so, it is kind of social acceleration toward the process of change and also being a factor of the emergence of new agenda. This is because every disaster, including religious violence, requires an adjustment and a new formulation of the functions that have been damaged.

ISLAMIC BEAUTY: Socio-Semiotic Analysis of Facial Foam and Body Lotion Advertisement

Afriani, Susi Herti ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Raden Fatah - Palembang )

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 6, No 2 (2012): December
Publisher : the State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel, Surabaya - Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

This paper attempts to answer how Islamic Women define the concept of beauty in Ponds advertisement white beauty facial foam and body lotion on television. This study uses a socio-semiotic approach described through three aspects of social context, namely field, tenor, and mode. It argues that Ponds’ definition of a beauty only refers to physical standards, that is, women who have white skin and use both Ponds White Beauty Facial Foam and Foam Body Lotion. Further, television through Ponds advertising is considered as a commercial institution that supports the main idea of capitalism. However, Islamic women consider beautiful physically and spiritually. It suggests that the beautiful women are those who obey and surrender to Allah SWT. In short, Islamic women do not agree with the meaning of beauty resulted from Ponds White Beauty Facial Foam and Ponds Body Lotion advertisement. Rather, beauty consists of both body and, more importantly, soul.

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