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INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya
Published by Universitas Stikubank
ISSN : 14123363     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 193 Documents
RECOGNIZING SPEECH ACTS OF REFUSALS Soepriatmadji, Liliek
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 4, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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Abstract

This article discusses how a speaker should recognize refusals of requests in English. The choices of whether or not uttering refusals or the selection of expressions to be used in uttering the refusals could disrupt or maintain the interaction with language in progress. Therefore, a discussion on related theories needs to be presented in this article in the effort as to provide insights of significant aspects in uttering refusals of requests. It is a descriptive discussion that it only presents arguments on speech acts of refusals by reviewing its related theories. Speech Acts of Refusals  ( SARs ) may gain much attention in the discussion since it is the central focus of the discussion. Conversational Principles and Face Threatening Acts of Politeness Theory are also touched because they also help the speaker to think of how to utter refusals of requests. Thought Patterns, on another side, culturally and pragmatically color the manner a speaker should utter refusals of requests in a given cultural context. Finally, the discussion also presents the degree of sensitiveness to social status, social distance and gender between the interlocutors in expressing refusals since those factors influence the choices of expressions of refusals.Key words: Speech Acts of Refusals  ( SARs ) , Conversational Principles, FTA in Politeness Theory, Thought Patterns.
COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING: HOW IS IT REALIZED IN THE CLASSROOM? Rustipa, Katharina
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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Abstract

Communicative language teaching is aimed at enabling learners to communicate in the target language. It is a replacement of audio-lingual or grammar translation that is justified unable to make the learners to communicate in the target language. The communicative approach has dominated English language teaching worldwide. Language was no longer seen as abstract grammatical rules, but of having applications in social contexts. There is a change of role of the teacher and the students. Formerly, the teachers play a role as a model. Today, with the communicative methodology, he has new roles as facilitators and monitors. The students must take part actively in the classroom activities which are designed to make the students interact each others. Key words: CLT, CBI, TBI, communicative competence, fluency, accuracy, facilitator, monitor, language function, speculation, jigsaw/sequencing, ranking & rating, matching
CONSTRUING HOW PEOPLE INTERACT WITH LANGUAGE Soepriatmadji, Liliek
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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There are three strands of meanings believed to be communicated in every single utterance uttered by a speaker Hallidays (1994). This article, therefore, tries to explain how a speaker’s inner or outer world of experience, one of the three strands of meaning, is interpersonally negotiated. The metalanguage used to construe an interaction with language will be explained in detail. A sample analysis is also provided to accompany the construal of how interpersonal interaction with language occurs.   Key words: metafunctions, interpersonal meaning, interaction with language, role in exchange.
BELAJAR SENDIRI QUESTION WRITER Purwanto, Sugeng
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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Abstract

Makalah ini bertujuan menguraikan langkah-langkah penggunaan Question Writer sebuah piranti lunak (Software) gratis  yang dapat digunakan untuk membuat soal ujian yang dapat diakses siswa secara online. Dalam makalah ini akan dijelaskan mulai dari download software gratis hingga langkah-langkang pembuatan soal pilihan ganda, menyimpan dalam file, dan meng-upload ke dalam bentuk html sehingga dapat ditempel dalam blog. Siswa dapat mengakses dan mengerjakan soal; jawaban akan langsung terkirim ke inbox email guru.   Kata Kunci: question writer, free software, download, upload
ACCELERATING ENGLISH PROFICIENCY FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS THROUGH INTEGRATED SKILLS Widyaningrum, Agnes
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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Abstract

English is a compulsory subject in Indonesia. The paradigm in teaching English is started at a very young age. Teaching English for young learners in Indonesia is challenging becuase the teachers have to adopt and adapt English and Indonesian cultures through the curriculum and other instruments used in teaching. Besides teaching materials, the teachers also asked to foster the students’ mastery in using English so that they can produce graduates who have good English competency. In line with the increasing demand of the graduates who are able to use English fluently, the policy makers are trying to improve better national curriculum in order that the school can apply it and keep it on the right track.   Key words: competency, teaching instruments, curriculum
Freudian Psychology: an Analysis on Catherine Barkley in Ernest Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms Yulistiyanti, Yulistiyanti
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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Abstract

A Farewell to Arms is one of Hemingway’s works which uses battle field as setting. This novel is full of humanism message which depict social problem people have. The social problem, war depicted causes personal problem for people represented by one of Hemingway’s character, Catherine Barkley. Sigmund Freud contributes to find out the personal problems which form ego self-defense mechanism. There are five ego self-defense mechanism; repression, projection, reaction-formation, fixation, and regression. The five ego self-defense mechanisms are found in this novel.   Key words: ego self-defense mechanism, repression, projection, reaction-formation, fixation, regression.
STUDENTS’ MASTERY IN SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT Sutomo, J
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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The aim of the research was to identify the subject-verb agreement errors in the students’ descriptive writings. This study discussed the reasons for the productions of subject-verb agreement errors in students’ writings. A total of 25 writings were collected from the second semester students of Faculty of Language and Cultural Studies of University of Stikubank Semarang in the academic year 2009-2010. The average number of clauses of each writing was 40. The researchers took 20 clauses (50%) from each writing as samples, so there were 500 clauses to be analyzed. The frequency of errors was identified through the analysis of the students’ descriptive writing. The findings of the study showed that there were 124 errors (24.80%) in subject-verb agreement produced by the students in their descriptive writings. From the findings of the study, the researchers summarized that the errors produced by the students were due to the L1 (Indonesian language) interference whereby the students transferred and translated their L1 into L2 (English language).  Other reason for the error production was errors whereby the students could not apply the rule of the subject-verb agreement appropriately in their writings. The results of the study showed that the students still need more instruction and practice in using subject-verb agreement in their writings. Keywords: descriptive writing, subject-verb agreement, clauses
AN EMPERICAL CRITIQUE OF AMERICAN LIBERAL DEMOCRACY IN GLOBAL ERA AFTERMATH 9/11: AN AMERICAN STUDIES APPROACH Murwantono, Didik
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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This paper is by no means a comprehensive account of liberal democracy or more accurately, American liberal democracy in global era aftermath 9/11. In fact, it is intended to be more suggestive than comprehensive in getting any deep meaning of American Studies approach though it is characterized by more American Studies framework than controversy issues in details.  In short, it is a brief note on American Studies, mainly on the subject of democracy, one of the American traits and values. American Studies itself is an international studies in studying America and its people with typical canon of interdisciplinary discipline and synthesis of knowledge Key words: American Studies, interdisciplinary approach, synthesis of knowledge, international studies
Critical Discourse Analysis An Introduction to Major Approaches Ahmadvand, Moslem
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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Abstract

Meaning is not a monolithic construct; it is a multidimensional and slippery concept with amazing complexity. Understanding the silent meaning of a text, be it spoken or written is a highly-needed skill in the modern era, for the exposure to information and media is so vast that one can never be sure of the validity of the surrounding information. Critical Discourse Analysis along with other related disciplines attempts to reveal hidden meanings, that is, the ideological loads of the discourse. This paper tries to review the origins of CDA and introduces some of the influential theoretical schools on it. Although these approaches differ in terms of the theoretical foundations and analytic tools, they share three concepts of critique, power, and ideology. This article emphasizes two major points. One is the dialectic relation between society, culture, politics, and language that this complex relation requires multidisciplinary research. The other is the fact that CDA cannot be taken as theory due to its tendency to adopt an eclectic approach in the analysis of the data.   Key words: critical discourse analysis, critical linguistics, ideology, text, power.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GRAMMAR CORRECTION TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ WRITING Hartono, Hartono
Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Bahasa dan Budaya Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Stikubank (UNISBANK) Semarang

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There has been a hot debate concerning the effectiveness of feedback provision especially grammatical feedbacks in second language writing.  The proponents of feedback provision argue that it can help students recognize their linguistic shortcomings.  If a teacher points out to a student a grammatical error he has made, and provides -indirectly or directly- the correct form, the student will then understand the mistake he has made, learn from it, and his ability to write accurately will improve.  The opponents, on the other side, argue that the practice is ineffective and harmful and that it should be abandoned.   It make no difference who the students are, how many mistakes are corrected, which mistakes are corrected, how detailed the comments are, or in what form they are presented, the corrections have no effect.  This research was aimed at finding out the effectiveness of feedback from the perspective of the students and the pre and post writing tasks.  Forty students participated as respondents.  They were the students of Writing 4 course at College of Language of Sultan Agung Islamic University.  The participants in the research wrote essays and the teacher provided feedbacks for the grammatical errors found in the essays. At the end of the experiment, questionnaire of Likert-scale type inquiring their perception about the provision grammatical feedbacks were distributed. The data were analyzed descriptively. Their pre and post task writing scores were also compared statistically.   Keywords: grammatical feedback, effective, second language writing

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