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THEMES AND WRITING TECHNIQUES OF ‘JOURNAL OF AN ORDINARY GRIEF’ BY MAHMOUD DARWISH

Roshanfekr, Akram, Mousavi, Fahime

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

Today, writing biography in literature is accompanied by some advancement, namely autobiography. Mostly autobiographies  imply the purpose of the writer containing several writing types including historiography, counting the days, memory writing, reportage, story writing, or travel writing. They also use techniques such as dialogue and description in order to involve the reader in the course of his life events happened. This study employs a descriptive-analytic method to ‘Journal of an Ordinary Grief’ by Mahmoud Darwish for examining its autobiographical themes and techniques. The most important result of the current study is that seven different writing techniques were applied in ‘Journal of an Ordinary Grief’. Darwish used report writing and interview method in narrating interrogations, and in this way, he presented more information about the contact style of hostile forces and their oral literature for his work's reader access. It considers the development of content in describing his life events by which he has produced a social-political autobiography.

TRANSLATION SHIFT OF A TRANSITIVITY SYSTEM IN OBAMA AND TRUMP’S INAUGURATION SPEECH

Hidayat, Taufik Nur

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

The purpose of the study is to describe the process shift caused by applying certain translation techniques. The research used descriptive qualitative method by applying purposive sampling technique. The source of the data was text of Obama’s and Trump’s inauguration speech and its translation. There were 152 data in each inauguration speech. The data were the clause contained the process type in verbal group in English and its translation. The results of the research showed 10 data or 6.57 % in Obama’s inauguration speech and 7 data or 4.60 % in Trump’s inauguration speech which was changing or shifting in process type from original text into target text (Indonesia). It also showed that the translation techniques caused the shift, especially in verbal group.

PHONOLOGICAL LEVEL IN ALLAMA IQBAL’S POEM “THE BIRD’S COMPLAINT”: A STYLISTIC ANALYSIS

Syahputra, Fikry Prastya, Sari, Indah Permata, Sinar, Tengku Silvana

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

Allama Iqbal is one of some poet who declares himself as a fighter toward social arouse and problem in his country. Through his poet, he created a spirit to restrain against injustice in his country. This study aimed to analyze one of Allama Iqbal poet in the term of a phonological level. The theory used is a stylistic approach. It found that the poet used alliteration, assonance, consonance, rhyme scheme, and onomatopoeia as the phonological devices in stylistics. The phonological devices in the poem are used to create a good rhyme or musical in order to make the poem more beautiful when it is read loudly. Consonance is the most phonological devices applied in the poem, and the sound /n/ is the most consonance sound found in the poem. The assonance is in the second place with the sound /?/ and /?/ as the most assonance sound used in the poem. The alliteration found is sound /n/ and /s/ as the most alliteration sound found in the poem. In the rhyme scheme, the poem almost has the monotonous rhyme because almost all of the stanzas have the rhyme ‘aa,' but it also contains the rhyme ‘ab.'

THE HONORIFICS EXPRESSIONS IN INDIGENOUS LANGUAGE OF JAVA ISLAND ETHNICS WITH RELEVANCE INTO ENGLISH

Zaman, Mochamad Nuruz, Nababan, Mangatur Rudolf, Djatmika, Djatmika

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

This research is a sociolinguistics study by examining greetings and verbs that accommodate honorific expressions in addressee, referent, bystander, and entire honorifics categories. This study also focuses on novel drama genre and women's struggle in upholding justice by Okky Madasari, Entrok, 86, Maryam, Pasung Jiwa, and Kerumunan Terakhir. The used descriptive qualitative method is analysis model of Spradley known as ethnography methodology that is highly domain analysis of data sources. Addressee honorifics well integrates into all kinds of them; they are in a kinship of family and relative, second personal pronoun, non-kinship of general society, occupational, religion, and local custom, as well as a verb.Furthermore, referent honorifics develops in almost kinds of them, and they are kinship of family, second personal pronoun, non-kinship of general society, occupational, religion, and local custom, as well as a verb. While by-stander honorifics flies in a half part of them, they are kinship of relative, third personal pronoun, non-kinship of general society, occupational, religion, and local custom. However, absolute honorifics consistently synergies with one part of them, it is religion.

AT-TANGHIM BAINA AL-WADHIFAH AL-ADA’IYYAH WA AL-WADHIFAH AD-DALALIYYAH FI LUGHATA AL-ARABIYYAH WA YARUBA: DIRASAH TAQOBULIYYAH

Mahmoud Mukadam, Abdur-Rasheed

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

The research aims to study the existence of toning phenomenon in the Arabic language, to show how it performs its functions; to reveal a secret of the secrets of classical or classical Arabic language through the functional artistic beauty of toning, and to proceed in the treatment of this toning phenomenon through its function. The method used in this paper is the descriptive approach, which describes the language itself as an objective description through scientific data or samples obtained using the necessary research tools.

DIRASAH TAHLILIYYAH AL-BINA’IYYAH WAS SIMA’IYYAH AN AD-DHOLAM LINAJIB MAHFUDH

Ihsanudin, Ihsanudin

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

This study is aimed at examining az-Zalam short story by Najib Mahfudz because there are many language symbols that must be revealed to get meaning holistically. This research uses Robert Stanton's structural theory and C. Sanders Pierce's semiotic theory. This research involves the study of literature and employs a qualitative design by using descriptive analytical method. Based on the triadic concept of Pierce, Representament-object-intrepetant (ROI) the researcher gets the semiotic meaning of az-Zalam short story resulted from analyzing the symbols of the characters and the background of the story.

ASALIBU AL-ISTIFHAMI FI AL-LUGHATI AL-ARABIYYATI WA LUGHATI YARUBA-NIJERIYA: DIRASATUN TAQABULIYYAH

Akanni, Shittu Abdullahi, Adebisi, Aliy Abdulwahid

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

The research aims to study the contrast between the two languages with specific attempts at reviewing the interrogative methods and drawing on the differences. The objectives of the study were to: (I) identify the area of similarity and dissimilarity in both languages; (ii) analyze the usage of interrogative in both language and to what extent they are similar; (iii) explain where a Yoruba learner may face challenges in interrogative particles.  The adopted method is analytical and contrastive method and the major findings of the thesis include:  (i) the interrogative methods in both languages are similar, and as such, student will not encounter much challenge   in the course of learning both languages; (ii) there are significant differences in the use of the interrogative particles and adaptations in the studied languages. Arabic language possesses the quality of being composed of the variable and fixed elements but Yoruba language are mainly composed of fixed elements and this can pose a big challenge to students. The study concluded that there are no much gaps in interrogative methods of both languages, except in some cases of fixed and non-fixed elements in Arabic.

PSEUDO-BEAUTY: SEXUALITY IN INDAH HANACOâ??S THE CURSE OF BEAUTY (A STUDY OF CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS)

Farokhah, Fiqih Aisyatul, Habsari, Sri Kusumo, Mugijatna, Mugijatna

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 1 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

This article uses critical discourse analysis to uncover the discourse of pseudo beauty included the shape of the discourse and the reaction of sales promotion girl (SPG) which is represented in Indah Hanacoâ??s novel The Curse of Beauty. The design of the research is descriptive qualitative. Women wear thick makeup and attractive dress to cover their weakness, and they can be considered as beautiful women. Makeup makes the face more real than the reality thus it is mentioned as pseudo beauty. It makes SPG tries hard to become beautiful and sexy as a way of attracting the consumers. Most of them are trapped in the world of prostitution as the facilitator of sex tourism. SPG and prostitution seemingly become a stereotype that cannot be separated. They are tormented by a falseness and loneliness life in the halfway of hedonism. Capitalism makes them do not have a choice except being SPG which is a side job in sex tourism. These situations are caused by the pseudo beauty which gives them the curse as like represented by Indah Hanaco in her novel The Curse of Beauty.

PERSEPSI SUFISTIK LIRIK LAGU â??SUCI DALAM DEBUâ?? MELALUI ANALISIS STRATA NORMA

Rahman, Fauzi

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 1 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan untuk memberikan persepsi tentang nilai-nilai sufistik yang terkandung dalam lirik lagu â??Suci Dalam Debuâ?? karangan S. Amin Shahab, yang dipopulerkan oleh grup musik Iklim. Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah dengan melakukan kajian strata norma puisi dengan metode analisis isi. Strata norma puisi adalah suatu kajian yang menganalisis isi puisi dengan beberapa lapis norma antara lain lapis bunyi, lapis arti, lapis objek, lapis tokoh, lapis latar, dunia pengarang, lapis dunia, dan lapis metafisis. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa adanya makna lain dari lirik lagu â??Suci Dalam Debuâ??, bahwa telah terjadi munajat atau renungan yang dilakukan oleh tokoh Aku Lirik sebagai manusia kepada Allah swt. Pada bagian ini, tokoh Aku menyadari bahwa dirinya hanyalah manusia yang penuh dosa dan membutuhkan pertolongan serta petunjuk dalam menjalani kehidupan di dunia, agar dia bisa selamat di akhirat.

HEGEMONIC DISCRIMINATION AS SEEN IN ERNEST J. GAINESâ?? A LESSON BEFORE DYING

Irsyadi, Achmad Naufal, Dinurriyah, Itsna Syahadatud

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 1 (2018): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

The progress history of Black Africans in America remains a slice of the history of minority struggle in the world of inferiority. Racism becomes a brand topic in every sector of Blacks live in America. War and act of reformation as ways against racism are almost routinely done by Black Americans to reach their civil rights as Americans. Although the war against racism has ended, but racism atmosphere can still be felt, and it seems to have been felt by Ernest J. Gaines in his novel entitled A Lesson Before Dying. Therefore, this writing would like to analyze and describe hegemonic discrimination by White Americans. Hegemonic discrimination is a new phenomenon for Black Americans in the Southern. This theoretical foundation refers to the theory of Hegemony by Antonio Gramsci that is applied to see how discriminative hegemony is implemented smoothly and comfortably.