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Journal of Islamic Architecture
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Journal of Islamic Architecture (JIA) is a scientific publication for widespread research and criticism topics in Islamic architecture studies. JIA is published twice a year in June and December since June 2010 by International Center for Islamic Architecture from the Sunnah (CIAS), Department of Architecture UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. One volume of JIA is published in two year calendar.
Articles
111
Articles
Historical timber as a sustainable material, Studies about Islamic architecture in Egypt

Said, Dalia Shebl

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Wood is an old – modern material, It was and still used in a wide range in a various purposes as construction, decoration and remains the most popular material all over the world, The research provides an overview of the role of  timber as an important heritage element which forms the main characters and distinguishes features of many historical buildings in Islamic architecture and used widely in many applications, it had been played a great role in construction and structure of buildings, besides that it had been used in a beautiful purpose in different places whether indoors or outdoors use . The research presents the case studies of historical timber in different types of building in Islamic architecture which constructed from more than 1400 years ago, although the historical timber in old buildings exposed to many disasters and faced quite numbers of problems as a result of natural phenomena, man-made, humidity, and termites but it still stands proudly as a great sustain materials. The research shows how he use of timber in historical buildings as sources of inspiration and living evidence of ways of sustainable building practices the types of deterioration which appeared clearly an effect on the statue of historical timber, for that the research introduces some recommendations in the light of ICOMOS international charter “ Principles for the Preservation of Historic Timber Structures 1999” that Emphasizes the necessity of taking a serious steps and clear strategy to save our heritage elements

INTEGRATION OF REVEALED KNOWLEDGE INTO DESIGN THINKING: AN URBAN DESIGN STUDIO EXPERIMENT

Maharika, Ilya Fadjar

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Integration of human knowledge principle has been widespread in the world of Islamic education, including in Indonesia. Partially seen as an attempt to build a school of thought of architecture education, the principle opens the discussion on the discursive level of design thinking. This paper reveals an explorative effort to translate the idea into a class experiment in an architectural design studio. This class experimental research uses a content analysis of students’ reflective writing who involve the design process that deliberately begins with the introduction of revealed knowledge (Arabic: wahy) in Architectural Design Studio 7 at the Department of Architecture, Universitas Islam Indonesia. In conclusion, it has formulated a dynamic and multi-dimensional construction of design thinking based on the integration of knowledge

MAINTAINING OR NEGOTIATING IDENTITY: THE SOCIO-POLITICAL DYNAMICS OF COMMUNITY MOSQUES IN MALANG, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA

Putrie, Yulia Eka, Martokusumo, Widjaja, Budi, Bambang Setia

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

The contemporary dynamics of mosque development in Indonesia is closely related to the socio-political dynamics of various Islamic groups or organizations such as Nahdlatul Ulama, Muhammadiyah, etc. A great number of mosques in Indonesia have been built by Muslim communities affiliated to one of these Islamic groups. In this case, mosque architecture can be considered as one means of expression of the communities’ specific identities which derived from their particular perspectives on the ideal picture of a mosque. However, there is also another case where a mosque is built by a heterogeneous Muslim community. In this context, the image of an ideal mosque becomes the object of negotiations among the diverse affiliated members. This paper discusses to what extent these socio-political dynamics affect the identity representation of community mosques in Malang, one of the regions in East Java where the dynamic interactions among various Islamic groups take place. The result shows that the attempts to represent identity in the community mosques are related to the socio-political dynamic of the Muslim communities. In the mosques of the specific groups, some architectural elements, such as the iconographic ornaments and colors, the spatial arrangement, and the specific features are maintained to represent their specific identities. However, in the mosques of the heterogeneous Muslim communities, these elements are negotiated and challenged by the community members. These negotiations could result, whether in the mutual understanding and tolerance, or in the space claim attempts by the dominant group through the domination of the activity systems, the role restrictions, and the physical control over the mosque.

ARCHITECTURAL POLYGLOSSIA IN PUBLIC BUILDING FACADES OF LATE OTTOMAN PERIOD

Sener, Mehmet, Bayraktar, Neslihan Türkmeno?lu

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

The 19th century was a period of significant transformations in Ottoman architecture in terms of the professionalization of discipline and the actualization of new construction technologies and architectural styles. The basic reason for this situation was the changing politics of Ottoman rulers that was based on the aim of achieving westernization in every aspect of life. In this context, an architectural medium has occurred especially in public building constructions where western based design approaches dominated the architectural production. Whereas, public buildings having different architectural characteristics than this westernization based architectural production, were also constructed in different peripheries of the empire. It is argued in this article that public buildings with polyglossia architectures were built in those regions that were generally concentrated on the facades and had architectural qualities different than the public building constructions executed mostly in İstanbul and other central cities of the empire. In this framework, the characteristics of these polyglossia observed on public building facades that contributed to the formation of architectural diversities in the empire are aimed to be examined. These polyglossia approaches that didn’t transform into stabled architectural styles are evaluated within the framework of the design components and constructional elements applied on the buildings.        

INTEGRATING ISLAMIC DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR ACHIEVING FAMILY PRIVACY IN RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE

Babangida, Hamza, Katsina, Halima Sani

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Islamic Design Principles (IDP) are general guides in the context of the Islamic legal system (Sharia) abstracted for application in the management of the existing Muslim built environment and which could be used for the designing new buildings. Accordingly, they were developed from various Sharia sources among which include the Qur'an and the Hadith, as primary sources. The aim of this paper is to identify Islamic Design Principles which apply to architecture and to use same to demonstrate how they could be applied to achieve family privacy in residential design of the Muslim faithful. The research methodology involved literature search on extant works which identified Islamic Principles and their relevance to residential architecture on one hand and documentation of floor plans of existing houses designed for and occupied by Muslims in Nigeria. A four bedroom duplex among the documented houses was used to demonstrate how family privacy could be achieved using the Islamic Design Principles (IDP) at various design stages such as spatial rearrangement, reorientation, and reconfiguration of functional spaces without compromising global design criteria. In the redesigned floor plans, the design elements that were integrated include those which affected bedrooms, living rooms and other spaces for family interactions to reflect family privacy needs. Overall, the outcome of this paper adds to our understanding of the role the Islamic Design Principles (IDP) could play in no distant future on novel design approaches that support the use of new structural forms, shape and design elements which provides to privacy needs of Muslim faithful as well as satisfy universal design requirements. This paper will find practical implication if it is used as theoretical as well practical support to professionals in designing residences which address specific spiritual values of residents  

Front Matter June 2018

Setiyowati, Ernaning

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Back Matter june 2018

Setiyowati, Ernaning

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

UNIVERSAL DESIGN AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN MASJID NEGARA, MALAYSIA

Utaberta, Nangkula, Niya, Mahsa Dabbagh, Sabil, Azmal Bin

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 4, No 4 (2017): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Malaysia to become seeks to become a fully developed country by 2020. Among nine central challenges demonstrated in the body of the “Vision 2020” is “the challenge of establishing a fully caring society” (WAWASAN 2020). Along with developed societies overcoming such dysfunctional built environments has become under consideration in Malaysia as well to remove barriers and provide equal access of people with disabilities (PWDS) to all public services. Notwithstanding practical steps taken, there are still dissatisfactions from the members of public toward public buildings which cause restriction in PWDS daily life. Previous studies has also raised claims against inaccessibility of mosque buildings as well.  In order to realization of a barrier-free built environment for a huge portion of Malaysia population, this research aimed to investigate accessibility and usability of Malaysian mosques for PWDS. Masjid Negara was selected for the purpose of this study. The most recent revision of available Malaysian Standard of MS 1184:2014, “Universal Design and Accessibility in the Built Environment - Code of Practice”, became the reference in this study. A comprehensive evaluation checklist was constructed for the purpose of a systematic observation including 162 checkpoints under 22 items of accessibility.

The Characters and Meaning of Third Place in Historical Urban Space of Iran

Ebrahimi, Ahad Nejad, Gherehbeiglu, Minoo, Farshchian, Amir Hossein

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 4, No 4 (2017): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Third place is the interface between work and life and due to the direct connection with urban development. It is a valuable space for attending the community in which one attends voluntarily, informally, and regularly or irregularly. There are such places in urban areas of Iran where people are able to attend in order to do social and religious activities and it seems like that the architectural nature of such spaces has some similarities and differences with the definition of third place. The research question is, “what are the features of third place in pre-modern cities of Iran and are the features in accordance with the definition of third place?”. This is a developmental research conducted via the interpretive-historical method. The findings indicate that third place is commonplace in Iranian Cities and some architecture types like public, religious and residential spaces have fundamental similarities with the definitions of third place In Iranian Historical cities, but there are also some differences due to culture, religion, and climate in each region. Third places have widely exited in most applications and religious relations, rituals, and beliefs which demonstrate that brotherhood and communion have significantly influenced the formation of this place. The main issue in this regard is the firm presence of religion and strong ethnocultural ties which have affected the constituents of third place as components like the constant presence of water, creation of special, simple, and defined spaces, respect to adults and providing special furniture for them, and focusing on geometry and aesthetic proportions.

The Negative Effects of the Separation Wall on the Architectural and Urban Heritage of Al-Quds

Mahmoud, Amira Mersal

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 4, No 4 (2017): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

The destruction of archaeological sites leads to big loss at the local and regional levels and any interruption to the past will have a negative impact on the present and the future. The preservation and protection of archaeological sites consists an economic, cultural and heritage impact for the nations. This study aims mainly to review the factors threating the destruction of archeological sites with an attempt to find the methods that reduce the threat and preserve what is left of the Palestinian remains. In additions, it includes an analytical study of the direct and indirect of the separation wall on the archeological sites in Al-Quds (Al-Quds 2020). The most important of these threats to the architectural heritage is the danger of the separation wall (The Al-Quds envelope). The study recommended the need for intensified efforts by concerned Palestinian authorities and institutions, especially the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities to face the wall and its negative effects on archaeological sites on one hand and to put the protection and preservation of archaeological sites within their priorities on the one hand. Others, because of the economic and cultural importance of these sites, which affect the identity of the architecture.