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Journal of Islamic Architecture
Journal of Islamic Architecture (JIA) is a scientific publication for widespread research and criticism topics in Islamic architecture studies. JIA is published twice a year in June and December since June 2010 by International Center for Islamic Architecture from the Sunnah (CIAS), Department of Architecture UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. One volume of JIA is published in two year calendar.
Articles
111
Articles
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Eclecticism Style in the Architecture of Khedivian Cairo

Enab, Mohamed

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Eclecticism style is one of the European architectural styles that have appeared in the buildings of Cairo in 13-14 A.H / 19-20A.D, which means the trend toward consolidation of various models and buildings in the previous civilizations and merge them and out in one building. This style has known as quoted-style or trend in architecture or eclectic architecture. The research is an attempt to Inventory these buildings that are built on this architectural style. This research follows the historical approach to knowing the origin of this architectural style and how it moved and spread in Cairo architecture in 1314 A.H / 1920 A.D. Then follows a descriptive and analytical approach of examples of these buildings built on this style, and analysis its architectural and artistic elements. In the end, the research has reached some critical results. For example, the primary purpose of this quotation and transportation is to give historical and technical value to these monuments. But unfortunately,  the method of this quotation came in the wrong way. Thus losing the principle of unity and harmony that characterized the Islamic architecture, they unwittingly distorted the heritage value. These buildings became a collection of models that are not harmonious.

The Impact of Holy Kaaba Cubic Shape on The Incorporeal Space

Alhawasli, Hiba, Bemanian, Mohammad Reza

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

The Holy Kaaba is the house of God; the home of greatness secrets, wisdom and divine beauty, which is reflected in all his creatures. This study aims to find the role of the shape of holy Kaaba in producing such kind of spaces and discovering the characteristics possessed by its form which has an impact in creating such incorporeal space. In this study, scientific articles and research were used to achieve the rules of research theory with taking into account considering the position of Islamic theoretical and practical wisdom. In the process of creating works of art, architecture and joint issues with urbanization, and by using the rational method to find out, in the end, the study shows the space of Holy Kaaba is a sign of divine glory from visualization and embodiment material. The nature veil in this space shines the divine light in human conscience. Human perception of space is related to his knowledge of himself and the world. Human in the use of space is approaches to percepts the true meaning of it. His intellectual device with a personal intelligent device that space is created will be compatible. The holy Kaaba spiritual space makes human feel poverty in front of the richness of the homeowner. Also, a sense of peace and sustainability due to a connection felt with God and seeking to reach the perfection that has been formed by the cube-shaped of holy Kaaba.

INVESTIGATING THE ARCHITECT OF GRAND MOSQUE OF AL-MASHUN MEDAN, NORTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA – PART 1

Budi, Bambang Setia, Kemalasari, Jeumpa

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the architect of the Grand Mosque of Al-Mashun Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Four persons are alleged to be the architect of the mosque, which was built by the Sultan of Deli, Makmun Al-Rasyid Perkasa Alamsyah from 1906-1909. Their names are Adolf J. Dingemans, J.A. Tiendemans, Klingenberg, and Theo van Erp. All of them are Dutch. However, who was the real architect of the mosque remains uncertain. The four names are mentioned in many sources, but no evidence or argumentation is provided. The attributions will be critically examined to find out who is the most likely candidate. The method of this research was a critical review and descriptive analysis of all the collected information, and the interpretation of some physical evidence from the field survey. However, this research did not find who indeed the architect of the Grand Mosque of Al-Mashun Medan. The attribution still needs to carefully investigated because the more definite evidence is still required. It only found that the most convincing assumption is that the architect of the mosque is Theo van Erp.

TRACING THE ORIGIN OF JHAROKHA WINDOW USED IN INDIAN SUBCONTINENT

Zulfiqar, Zain

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

The Jharokha is a distinctive feature of the architecture of Indian Sub-continent of medieval times. The study of the built heritage features is a way to discover and know about the old culture and society. A Jharokha is an oriel window projecting from upper storeys of a building used in medieval Indian architecture. Jharokha window projecting from the wall face of the building in an upper storey overlooking a street, market or any other open space. This study aims to trace the origin of traditional Jharokha window used in Indian subcontinent. In order to do it, the available data and literature have been carefully reviewed and studied to draw inferences. This study shows that the trend of a protruding window similar to Jharokhas seems to be present in different regions with their regional architectural flavor. The Indian architecture has influenced by various empires, and a lot of external influences came to this region because of the trade route. The external and regional influences have been studied to investigate the Jharokha window origin and form. The 3rd century BC balconies in Mauriyan Empire seems to amalgamate with the windows of Islamic architecture and developed finally into a local window form in the shape of Jharokha. The style and features of Jharokha vary concerning the local material and techniques available. The different era and different regions adopted this window form according to their own needs and aesthetics.

EXTENDING TRADITION CONCEPT OF TAHFIDZ ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL DESIGN IN NGANJUK INDONESIA

Mubarok, Jalaluddin, Mutiara, Elok, Setiyowati, Ernaning

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

   Tahfidz Islamic boarding school is a traditional boarding school that focuses on learning Islam and Quran. Recently, the need for this kind of school for junior and senior high school is increasing in Indonesia. One of the cities that has a high demand for that kind of education is Nganjuk. Nganjuk has many traditional Tahfidz boarding schools that are already running for decades. The design of the existing tahfidz schools is not suitable for modern life, while people nowadays search the school in a contemporary design. There is a paradox in this statement that people want a modern design for a traditional education method. The extending tradition design approach is the appropriate answer to this problem. This study aims to find the proper design for tahfidz boarding school using extending tradition design approach. The method for this design approach used tradition as the basic idea for the design and modified it to be suitable for modern society. The concept of the design is a tradition of togetherness, the culture of continuity, and tradition of socializing. The idea is appropriate for the tahfidz and the Islamic tradition values in modern life.

THE INFLUENCE OF NATURAL IDEAS IN PROMOTING GENIUS LOCI (CASE STUDY OF SHEIKH LOTFOLLAH MOSQUE IN ISFAHAN)

Seirafian Baboldashti, Mahgol, Tabaeian, Seyedeh Marzieh, Shirvani Dastgerdi, Ahmadreza

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is one of the most beautiful and salient examples of Iranian architecture of the Safavid era, in Isfahan. Despite the scientific studies on the architecture of this mosque, its sacred and semantic concepts have been overlooked behind its hidden values. Therefore, the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque has been studied as a human-made place using the phenomenological approach to architecture, in order to understand the importance of inducing the concept of genius loci; and by examining each of the elements and comparing them to the ideas and components of place. The authors try to answer the question that what environmental qualities of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque build its genius loci? The research method used in this paper was phenomenology and information were gathered by library studies. The result of the research indicates that this Mosque has significant values, including semantic load, and there is a relationship between its elements and their material and semantic qualities created by concepts such as enclosure, span, and space. Thus, this integrated logical system confers Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque a genius loci which has been a meaningful quality of this space throughout the centuries and continues to remind the future generations of Iranian cultural identity.

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE IMPLEMENTATION OF VERNACULAR MOSQUE IN ACEH, INDONESIA

Bakri, Maysarah

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

As one of the build environment’s products, the existence of the building has a positive and negative contribution towards the surrounding. Along with the emerging of the environmental problems, the architecture sector offers the implementation of the sustainable architecture concept of each architecture object include the traditional and modern building. The application of this concept is the solution to solve the environment, social and economic problems which keep emerging. The aim of this concept is the improvement of the quality of those three aspects and the life of humanity itself. This research aims to find the implementation of sustainable architecture’s theory on the vernacular mosque in Aceh. Masjid Tuha, Indrapuri, Aceh Besar is the object of the research. The method is descriptive qualitative which describes the result of observation. The observation is based on the research instrument. The result shows that Masjid Tuha, Indrapuri, Aceh Besar applies 20 of 34 sustainable architecture’s indicators. The cultural conservation aspect implements the most numerous signs which mean the existence of the vernacular building itself is one concept of sustainable architecture. However, some other implementations need to be improved to get the best quality of execution.

front matter dec 2018

Setiyowati, Ernaning

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

Back matter dec 2018

Setiyowati, Ernaning

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

ECOMASJID: THE FIRST MILESTONE OF SUSTAINABLE MOSQUE IN INDONESIA

Hidayat, Eka Rahmat, Danuri, Hasim, Purwanto, Yanuar

Journal of Islamic Architecture Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Journal of Islamic Architecture
Publisher : Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maliki Malang

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Abstract

On November 11, 2017, MUI (Indonesian Council of Ulama), DMI (Indonesian Mosque Council) have launched the national program named eco masjid. Eco masjid is a program of sustainable mosque through efforts to preserve the environment and natural resources oriented to on aspects of idarah (management), imarah (prosperity activities), and ri’ayah (maintenance and facilities) which dominantly related to its building. In Indonesia, sustainable building principles are widely promoted by GBCI (Green Building Council Indonesia) and have been applied to various types of buildings. However, it has been realized that the study on the implementation of sustainable principle in the mosque is very rare. The research was carried out qualitatively by using direct observation on the pilot mosque to capture all implemented sustainable building principle. Based on the questionnaire to 44 participants which reflected 44 DKM (Dewan Kemakmuran Masjid), the result came up that applying water efficient faucet, using the LED lamp and sticker posting are the most achievable sustainable practices in the existing mosques. The authors suggest to all related bodies to determine the standard on how to assess the implementation of eco Masjid program