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ULUL ALBAB
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ISSN : 18584349     EISSN : 24425249
ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam (ISSN 1858-4349 and E-ISSN 2442-5249) is the journal published biannually by Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic studies, with special reference to Islamic law, Islamic education, Islamic politics, society, Islamic philosophy, Quran and hadith, and theology. Ulul Albab has been accredited by The Ministry of Research Tecnology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (SK Dirjen Penguatan Riset dan Pengembangan Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan Tinggi No. 48a/E/KPT/2017). The languages used in this journal are Indonesia, English and Arabic.
Articles
247
Articles
BUSINESS BEHAVIOR OF TARIQA FOLLOWERS IN INDONESIA: The Relation of Religion, Sufism, and Work Ethic

Djakfar, Muhammad

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

In Islam, people know a teaching and mystical practice called sufism. Its main objective is to purify oneself (tazkiyat al-nafs) to get closer to God. Time-wise, sufism can be mapped into orthodox and neo-sufism. Teaching substance-wise, it is classified into akhlâqî and falsafî sufism. So far, commoners and academician such as Max Weber believe that sufism followers behave asceticly, live an austere life, have no capitalistic spirit, and so forth. This false perception obviously needs a correction for people understand the behavior of tariqa followers as an organized sufism community among society. In Indonesia, tariqa followers include Sadziliyah and Shiddiqiyah. The basic question is if they live an austere life so they do not have to contribute to the economic life of nation. Result study shows that according to Sadziliyah people, wealth has spiritual, economic, and social meaning by centralizing business activities in houses and market. Meanwhile, Shiddiqiyah followers consider that wealth has spiritual, economic, social, cultural, and preached meaning in various efforts. Therefore, both tariqas teach a balance between spiritual (worship) and material obligations, ukhrâwiyah and dunyâwiyah obligations as taught by neo-sufism. In addition, it shows a relationship among religion, sufism, and work ethic.

PEMIKIRAN TEOLOGIS KAUM SALAFÎ: Studi atas Pemikiran Kalam Ibn Taymiyah

Washil, Izzuddin, Fata, Ahmad Khoirul

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

In the field of kalam (Islamic theology), some major themes, like attributes of Allah, will of Allah and human freedom, or Quran as words of Allah, have become debate topics between thought schools of kalam in Islam. Because of the complexity of those topics, the debate becomes eternal, without an agreed end. Among those thought schools of kalam in Islam involved in the debate is salaf school, held by Ibn Taymiyah. In his opinion, the school is the right one because it quite conforms to Quran and sunna. By way of thought (manhaj) of salaf school, Ibn Taymiyah also takes part in explaining those major themes in his works. In the case of the will of Allah and human freedom, for example, he doesn’t agree with the Qadarite school’s thought and the Jabarite school’s thought although in this he hasn’t yet stretched out a convincing explanation. This essay will analyze the way of thought (manhaj) of salaf school and Ibn Taymiyah’s opinion about those major themes, especially in his book Majmû‘ al-Fatâwâ.

EPISTEMOLOGY OF ḤUḌÛRÎ IN SUHRAWARDÎ AL-MAQTÛL’S ḤIKMAT ISHRÂQIYAH

Habib, Zainal

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

The epistemological thinking of ḥuḍûrî in Ḥikmat al-Ishrâqiyah Suhrawardî has provided a new direction for the development of Islamic knowledge. In the ontological perspective, the idea of illumination provides an understanding that there is an extensive range of realities, stretching indefinitely, which ultimately leads to the understanding of essentialism. Suhrawardî's success in bringing forth this illuminative thinking entails his profound mastery of philosophy and Sufism, as well as his high intelligence in formulating Islamic thought. The only solution to the problem of developing knowledge according to Suhrawardî, lies in the reality of ḥuḍûrî  (knowledge with presence), in which there are many dialogues about 'subjects who know' or 'I am performative'. In this concept, oneself knows itself through the science of ḥuḍûrî (knowledge with presence), which is existentially identical to the form of 'oneself' itself.

METODE DAN PENDEKATAN PEMBUKTIAN WUJUD TUHAN: Studi Pemikiran Muhammad Iqbal dan Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

Maftukhin, Maftukhin, Khamami, Akhmad Rizqon

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

This article examines the approach of Muhammad Iqbal and Bediuzzaman Said Nursi in proving the form of God. Their approaches come in the mindset of the invasion of atheism and the philosophy of materialism. Both thinkers use different approaches. While Iqbal uncovered arguments of God from the aspect of epistemology and offered arguments for religious experience, Nursi used the teleological argument utilizing the development of science. Nursi used the form of God arguments inherited from earlier scholars to strike at the attacks of atheism and materialism. Whereas Iqbal used a philosophical approach learned from Western scientists. On the other hand, when Iqbal uncovered from an aspect of philosophy, Nursi used simple language to appeal to ordinary people by presenting teleological arguments in the form of stories, dialogues, analogies, arguments for natural order, and impossible arguments. These two thinkers use a different approach, but both of them use science as the basis of their arguments. Nursi used the latest findings of science in his day to reinforce the arguments he raised, while Iqbal used the epistemology of science to manifest God.

THE SOCIOLOGY OF KNOWLEDGE: A Preliminary Analysis on The Sociological Approach to The Development of Islamic Religious Scıences

Latief, Mohamad

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

This paper attempts to descriptively explore the exposition on the sociology of knowledge as a new branch of sociology. This description aims at proposing the basic understanding of the nature of the discipline and further introducing its possible application for the rejuvenation of Islamic religious sciences. It is due to the fact, however debatable, that these sciences are sometimes discerned so rigid, absolute, and unproductive; so that the application of the method becomes inevitable. Within this context of applying the sociology of knowledge to develop Islamic religious sciences, the paper critically discloses fallacy in that the method generates ideological premises of pluralism, relativism, and liberalism. The demanding application thus poses intellectual challenges against the Muslim community.

ANALISIS SUFISTIK KONSEP SUKSMA SEJATI DALAM AJARAN PAGUYUBAN NGESTI TUNGGAL, PANGESTU

Kolis, Nur

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

Pangestu as one of the Javanese spiritual streams has unique characteristics of thought. The concept of the Suksma Sejati as the basic teachings of Pangestu mentioned in Serat Sasangka Jati has in common with the concept of Nûr Muḥammad in tasawuf. The similarity lies in the concept of God, nature, and man, all of which expressed in relation to each other. The concept of the Suksma Sejati and Nûr Muḥammad have concluded that the nature and its content are the locus for the manifestation of God. While the perfect human is the perfect manifestation of him. In addition, Pangestu also states that the Suksma Sejati is the same as Christ. However, in Serat Sasangka Jati there is no conclusion that the Suksma Sejati is the Lord Christ to worship. This study shows that Pangestu has an understanding in consistent with tasawuf's thinking. In Pangestu comprehension, the Suksma Sejati is “a part of God,” but according to Nûr Muḥammad, the Suksma Sejati is the creation of God as a conductor between servant and God. Although its position is the same as Christ, but he remains a servant who is not worthy of worship.

POLEMIK HARUN NASUTION DAN H.M. RASJIDI DALAM MISTISISME ISLAM

Syakur, Abdus

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

Harun Nasution is known as a pioneer of academic Islamic studies in Indonesia, including the study of Islamic mysticism. However, H.M. Rasjidi criticized Harun Nasution. H.M. Rasijidi by assuming his views deviate from Islamic teachings. Based on this polemic, this paper focused on two main topics. First, the problem of legitimacy of Islamic mysticism. Second, al-ittiḥâd. This paper used a descriptive-analysis method with reference to the works of Harun Nasution and H.M. Rasjidi as primary data. Then, the data is compared by referring to supporting references to analyze their views further. This paper shows two conclusions according to the focus of this paper. First, H.M. Rasjidi considers that Islamic mysticism is not in accordance with Islamic teachings, because it emphasizes the aspects of influence from outside Islam. While, Harun Nasution viewed mysticism as an important aspect of Islam, because it was considered to have a strong source from the al-Qur’ân dan Ḥadîth. Second, Harun Nasution views that al-ittiḥâd is the main goal of Islamic mysticism which philosophically describes the bond of servants to God. While, H.M. Rasjidi rejects the concept of al-ittiḥâd and is deemed deviating from Islamic teachings because it is considered to equate God with beings.

EPISTEMOLOGI TAFSIR SUFI PERSPEKTIF ESOTERIK-FENOMENOLOGI

Putra, D.I Ansusa

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 19, No 2 (2018): Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

This paper is a comprehensive study of sufi epistemology through interpretations of natural phenomena. The study of the triagle causality relationship between God, humans, and nature can be a binocular for studying the sufistic epistemology globally. In sufistic studies, studying natural phenomena is one way to reach the essence of God. Whereas the existence of God can be studied through His signs. This paper uses an approach from a theological scholar, Patrick Masterson, who concusively found a new approach that accommodates esoteric and exoteric dimensions simultaneously. The author considers this approach feasible to use to understand the sufistic epistemology, especially those related to natural phenomena.

WAKTU DALAM PERSPEKTIF AL-QURAN PADA AYAT-AYAT QASAM

Anam, Khoirul

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 8, No 2 (2007): Islamic Studies
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

Worldly life is usually related to time and space. The concept of time is central to the Holy Qur'an. That is why, Allah vows using several time-related concept like Ashr, Subh, Dhuha, uiil, Nahar. Using library review method, this research attempts to discover the meanings behind those above-mentioned terms. It uncovers that  dawn: time before sunrise which is enlightening moment for anybody to wake up from lengthy sleep in order to prepare self to seek out Allah's bounty. Dhuha, when the sun is about. to rise to shine the world which can be meant a beginning of lifelihood so that anybody should welcome it with great joyfulness. Nahar, a mid day time when the sun shines fully and the men conduct their daily activities seeking His bounties. Ashar, end of the day when people start taking a rest from their daily activities. Lail, i.e night time after the sun has completely set when people relax after doing their job. It is when tranquility and peacefulness prevail human' s lifelihood which are of great of magnitude for development and the growth of their spiritual and physical well-being.

ANALISIS PENGARUH INFLASI DAN TINGKAT SUKU BUNGA SBI TERHADAP OBLIGASI SYARIAH MUDHARABAH DAN IJARAH DI INDONESIA

Yuliana, Indah

ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 9, No 1 (2008): Islamic Studies
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

In some recent years, Islamic financial and economy grows rapidly. This evidence can be proved by the growth of Syariah Financial Institution (LKS) in Indonesia that reached to 70 % . This phenomena was contradictory to Conventional Financial Institution that reached only one digit rate of average growth. One of the booming instruments in Islamic financial is syariah obligation. In general, this obligation which is offered by Emiten over subscribe. It become the alternative source of funds while the investors already sick and tired with the conventional financial portfolio products. Activities in capital market influenced by macro economy condition in a country. If the macro indicator stable, capital market activities would be stimulate. There are many indicators of macro economy used for calculate the national growth, such as the inflation and interest rate level. The purpose of this research is to knowing how the inflation and SB! interest rate level influences the syariah obligation return Mudharabah and Ijarah in Indonesia simultaneously. Population in this research is syariah obligation return Mudharabah and ljarah level in Indonesia. The instrument used in this analysis is double linear regression. The results of this research are (1)Both inflation and SBI interest rate level significantly influences syariah obligation return Mudharabah (2) Both inflation and SBI interest rate level were not significantly influences syariah obligation return Ijarah.