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Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
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Articles 84 Documents
KAJIAN BISNIS SOSIAL PEDAGANG PERANTARA DALAM UPAYA PENGEMBANGAN HORTIKULTURA DI JAWA BARAT Rani Andriani, Anne Charina, Gema Wibawa Mukti,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Currently, 90% of Indonesian small scale agribusiness actors arebeing faced to the global market era. They are also facing a fast growthrate of global market and the market segmentation phenomenon whichexpects positive changes and adaptations in the agricultural supply chain.The method that used in this study is case study. The study location wasbeing selected based on its potential of horticulture product.The study showed that currently the traders have changed theirbusiness pattern from a “pure business” to a business which relies more onthe partnership with the farmers. This phenomenon was being emerged bythe consumer demand which expects the continuity of supply.From the “Social Business” aspect point of view, generally thetraders do the partnership system because of their needs of continuity ofsupply from the farmers, not based on helping the farmers. The result ofweighting showed the total score placed between 28-32,5 which means itcan be categorized as a semi-social business.Overall, the study showed that currently the changes are happeningin the traders business pattern, thus, it gives hopes to the agriculturaldevelopment in Indonesia especially for horticulture products of smallscale stakeholders.Keywords: Global market, traders, horticulture, social business.
EKSTERNALITAS MODEL ECO-SETTLEMENTS DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS) HULU CIMANUK (STUDI KASUS KAMPUNG MUARA, DESA SUKAWARGI, KECAMATAN CISURUPAN,KABUPATEN GARUT, JAWA BARAT) ., Deddy Ma’mun dan Noresya Ezmira
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Kampung Muara which is the upstream of Cimanuk watershed is oneof the areas experiencing environmental degradation caused by land use.In response to these problems, the Research Institute for HumanSettlements devised a model of eco-settlements as an upstream ofwatershed development. This research aims to determine the externalitiesrised from the implementation of eco-settlements model. The techniqueused for this research is case study, while design used is a descriptivemethod that is supported by primary and secondary data. The result of thisresearch shows that, the implementation of eco-settlements model canprovide external economy and lead to external diseconomy. Externaleconomy generated from tangible benefit and intangible benefit. Tangilblebenefits received by the community improvement of water quality andadditional income for the community. Intangible benefits gained from theimplementation of eco-settlements model is the presence of erosioncontrol, reduce risk of flooding, the formation of informal institutionPokjamas Hikmatul Jama’ah, and knowledge improvement of the trainingprocess, particularly in the operation of the technology. Externaldiseconomy of the implementation eco-settlements model is the emergenceof dependence on government support.Keyword: External Economy and Extenal Diseconomy, Eco-settlements,Watershed.
EFISIENSI PEMASARAN CABAI MERAH MELALUI PASAR LELANG SPOT DI KABUPATEN KULONPROGO, YOGYAKARTA Jamhari, Ebban Bagus Kuntadi,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Red Chili is a seasonal product which is close to price fluctuation.Price fluctuation is one of market phenomenon that oftentimes has to befaced by horticulture farmer. About main problem that always faced isbargaining position by farmer is low, price information isn’t transmitted verywell, not good on quality and the long of distribution chain. Inefficiency onmarketing system will get crescent other wising to strengthen farmer’sbargaining position. One of the efforts which can be done by the farmer tostrengthen bargaining position is using Spot Auction Market System.The objectives of the research are: 1). Knowing how long thedistribution channel of red chili between through and not through spotauction market, 2) Knowing marketing efficiencies of red chili betweenthrough and not through spot auction market, 3) Describes about spotauction market of red chili.The method of this research is descriptive analytic method. Thisobservational location determined by purposive method. Sampling method inthis research used by multistage random sampling. The first objectiveanalyzed by use descriptive analysis, meanwhile second objective analyzedwith monopoly index (MPI).The result of this research are the distribution channel on red chilithrough spot auction market was farmer sells to collecting trader and thancollecting trader sells to wholesalers and wholesalers sells to retailer andfinally retailers sells to consumers. Index monopolizes between red chilimarketing through auction market is as big as 1,51. Its mean that red chilimarketing through spot auction market is efficient based on monopoly index.Keyword : Pasar Lelang, Rantai Pemasaran, Efisiensi Pemasaran
ANALISIS RISIKO PADA USAHA PENANGKAPAN KEPITING BAKAU DI KECAMATAN SUNGAI KUNYIT KABUPATEN PONTIANAK Imelda, Imelda
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

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Abstract

The aims of this research was : (1) to determine the level ofincome on crab fishing activities, (2) to determine the risk of cost, the riskof production, and the risk of income from crab fishing activities. Researcharea was determined by purposive in sub district Sungai Kunyit with theconsideration that sub district of Sungai Kunyit as the center of fisheriessector in West Borneo Province and most of the people work as afisherman. Analysis that implemented in this research was cost and incomeanalysis and coefficient of variation analysis (CV).The results show that the crab fishing activities in Mendalokvillage sub distric of Sungai Kunyit is profitable for the fisherman withlevel of income is Rp. 9.531.357,-/year. The risk of cost in crab fishingactivities caused by the variance of fixed cost and variable cost. Ther riskof production in crab fishing activities caused by the variance of catchcrabs, the limited of facilites and capital. The risk of income caused by thevariance of catch crabs and the difference of selling price in the in the levelof traders (retailers, traders and wholesalers.Key words : analysis of risk, crab fishing activities, income.
DAMPAK PENERAPAN PUNGUTAN EKSPOR CRUDE PALM OIL TERHADAP KINERJA AGRIBISNIS KELAPA SAWIT DAN PENDAPATAN PETANI INDONESIA ., Maswadi
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Crude Palm Oil (CPO) is a strategic commodity in the economy ofIndonesia. CPO industry also plays an important role in the internationalmarket. The rate of growth of production of CPO is the highest among thecategories of oil consumed. Even a CPO has predicted will pass trade oilfor soybeans at most in the world market be trading.The current Government had new instruments in international tradeactivities, i.e. the export levy of dilegalisasi on September 10, 2005 withthe publication of legislation No. 33 of 2005. Broadly speakingstakeholders agribusiness palm national associate substance of the purposeand size of the export levy rate as well as benchmark price export withbenefit dimension, justice and legal certainty. After looking closely atlegislation of the export levy in the perspective of the development of oilpalm industry, there are 2 national article that needs to be understood indepth. The second chapter is chapter 2, about the purpose and article 3paragraph 5 and 6, of the size of export the levy rate and export benchmarkprices. Both articles still contain questions like: "whether its value hasbeen considering concrete benefits for all palm oil stakeholders national,meet the sense of justice and legal certainty in their implementation?".The review of this paper aims to discuss about the purpose of theapplication of the export levy and export benchmark prices taking intoaccount its benefits for all stakeholders to the national burden of palm oil,which must be borne by the stakeholders and legal certainty, and theirimpact on the performance of the agribusiness palm and farmer income inIndonesia.Keywords : Crude Palm Oil, Export Levy, Indonesia
PENDAPATAN DAN RISIKO PENDAPATAN USAHA TANI PADI DAERAH IRIGASI DAN NON IRIGASI DI KABUPATEN BANJAR KALIMANTAN SELATAN Ani Suryantini, Muzdalifah, Masyhuri
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the income and revenue risk from rice farming inirrigated and non irrigated land are also factors that influence it. The hypothesisadvanced is that (1) factors that affect revenue and revenue risk rice farming inpaddy fields are irrigated and non irrigated land area, the price of seed, fertilizerprices, wage labor, the price of seeds, irrigation areas and varieties, (2 ) rice farmincome risk in irrigated land is lower than non-irrigated land. Data obtainedthrough interviews with 80 randomly simple rice farmers. The method used ismultiple linear regression analysis model with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) andthe analytical coefficient of variation (CV). The results showed that the area ofland, the price of urea, ponska price, the price of pesticides, and irrigation areadummy effect on income. While the risk is influenced by the land revenue, theprice of seed, the price of urea fertilizer, fertilizer prices ponska, pesticide pricingand superior varieties of variables. Income risk in the area of irrigated ricefarming was smaller than non-irrigated areas with kofisien variation of 0.83 and0.89.Key words: revenue, risk, rice, irrigated and non irrigated area.
STRATEGI PEMASARAN DURIAN SANGGARAN (Duriozibethinus M.) DI KECAMATAN MATESIH KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR DENGAN METODE COMPETITIVE PROFILE MATRIX (CPM) Mukminatin, Sukma Ningrum; Harisudin, Mohd
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

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Abstract

This research aims to identify critical success factor of internal and external, to formulate strategies alternative and to determine priority of Durian Sanggaran marketing strategy in Matesih Sub-District Karanganyar District. Research’s basic method is analytical descriptive method. Determination of Matesih Sub-District as the location of the research decided by purposive (on purpose). The type of data used are the primary data and secondary data. Data analysis methods used (1) Competitive Profile Matrix (CPM) to identify critical success factors, (2) SWOT matrix to formulate an alternative marketing strategy Durian Sanggaran, and (3 ) QSPM to determine priorities Durian Sanggaran marketing strategy. The analysis showed that (1) The first ranking of local durian in Matesih Sub District based on the Competitive Profile Matrix analysis is Durian Sanggaran with a total score of 2.909 (2) The Alternative strategies can be applied in the marketing of Durian Sanggaran in Matesih Sub-District Karanganyar Regency are: modify the product, make improvements durian stall traders, and forge partnerships with governments and financial institutions. (3) Priority strategies that can be applied in the marketing of Durian Sanggaran in Matesih District Karanganyar Regency is improving the durian stall traders.
IDENTIFIKASI DAN INVENTARISASI USAHA AGRIBISNIS DI SEKITAR KAWASAN HUTAN KECAMATAN SEJANGKUNG KABUPATEN SAMBAS KALIMANTAN BARAT RAKHMAD HIDAYAT, ABDUL HAMID A. YUSRA,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aims of this research were: (1)to determine the types of existing agribusiness around forest areas, (2)to determine the agribusiness system that goes around forest areas (3)To determine the factors that affect the farm income communities around the forest areas in sub district Sejangkung.The results showed that (1)Traditional and semi subsistance farming activities that carried out by the forest communities is food crops (rice)and poultry. Commercial farming is rubber and coconut. (2) The style farming communities around the forest areas still hereditary, traditional, using family labor, own capital and marketed their crops to middlemen or directly sold to the market sub-district or district level.(3) Revenue farmingcommunities around the forest are included in the category of lower middle income. The lowest income level is Rp. 500.000/month and the highest is Rp. 3.000.000/month, with an average total income is Rp. 1.436.667/month.Based on the results of the regression analysis, the factors that affect farm income are land area and capital. Factors that not affect the farm income are age, level of education, family size, farming experience, and labor.Keywords: Agribusiness, Community around forests, Farmers income
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KARAKTERISTIK DENGAN PERSEPSI PETERNAK TERHADAP INSEMINASI BUATAN PADA SAPI POTONG KELURAHAN TUAN-TUAN KECAMATAN BENUA KAYONG KABUPATEN KETAPANG Dewi Kurniati, Khairul Umam, Novira Kusrini,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (57.109 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/j.sea.v1i3.4362

Abstract

Abstrak Hubungan Antara Karakteristik dengan Persepsi Peternak Terhadap Inseminasi Buatan pada Sapi Potong di Kelurahan Tuan-Tuan Kecamatan Benua Kayong Kabupaten Ketapang, di bawah bimbingan Dr. Novira Kusrini, SP, M.Si dan Dewi Kurniati, SP, MM. Besarnya potensi sumberdaya alam yang dimiliki Indonesia memungkinkan pengembangan subsektor peternakan sehingga menjadi sumber pertumbuhan baru perekonomian Indonesia. Salah satu komponen dari subsektor peternakan yang memiliki banyak manfaat dan berpotensi untuk dikembangkan di Indonesia adalah agribisnis sapi potong. Salah satu Kabupaten di Kalimantan Barat yang menjadi pengembangan program Inseminasi Buatan (IB) yaitu Kabupaten Ketapang. Populasi ternak sapi potong Kabupaten Ketapang Kecamatan Benua Kayong berjumlah 5074 ekor termasuk di dalamnya Kelurahan Tuan-Tuan yang memiliki potensi dalam penerapan program inseminasi buatan. Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut, penggunaan teknologi ternak dengan Inseminasi Buatan sangat membantu dalam peningkatan produktifitas ternak sapi potong Penelitianini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persepsi peternak sapi potong terhadap inseminasi buatan, serta menganalisis hubungan antara karakteristik dengan persepsi peternak. Metodeanalisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survei dengan menggunakan skala likert dan Korelasi Rank Spearman dari karakteristik dengan persepsi peternak. Penentuan responden dilakukan secara acak sederhana dengan jumlah responden yang diambil sebanyak 33 orang peternak yang menggunakan IB. Data primer diperoleh melalui teknik wawancara berdasarkan kuisioner, dan data sekunder diperoleh dari kantor desa, kantor kecamatan dan instansi terkait. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : (1) persepsi peternak terhadap inseminasi buatan termasuk kategori baik (87,88%); (2) terdapat hubungan yang cukup erat, signifikan dan searah antara umur dengan persepsi peternak terhadap inseminasi buatan dengan rs = 0,352. Terdapat hubungan yang sangat lemah, tidak singnifikan dan searah antara pendidikan formal (rs = 0,099), pengalaman beternak (rs = 0,098) dengan persepsi peternak terhadap IB. sedangkan anggota keluarga memiliki hubungan yang sangat lemah, tidak signifikan dan tidak searah dengan persepsi peternak terhadap IB (rs = -0,157). Kata kunci: Persepsi peternak, Inseminasi Buatan.
ANALISIS EFISIENSI SALURAN PEMASARAN IKAN LELE DI DESA RASAU JAYA 1 KECAMATAN RASAU JAYA KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA Imelda, Dani Apriono, Eva Dolorosa,
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 1, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Agribusiness Department, Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tanjungpura

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Abstract

Abstract This study aims to determine the level of efficiency in the marketing channel catfish every marketing agencies. The method used is a survey method. Sampling was conducted with a random sample of respondents is simple. The number of samples in this study were 32 respondents catfish farmers while the sample population was taken marketing agency comprised of three retailers, 1 traders and 2 wholesalers. There are three marketing channels used in the Village pembudidaya Rasau Jaya Jaya District 1 District Rasau Fort Wayne to market catfish produced, ie (1) Pembudidaya-Retailer-Consumer, (2) Pembudidaya-Big Trader-Retailer-Consumer, (3) Pembudidaya-collectors-Great Traders-Retailer-Consumer. The entire marketing channel catfish has been efficient, but when seen from the comparison of margins and the farmers share of the marketing channel I was most marketing channels efiesien. The marketing function is generally performed by a marketing agency involved in the marketing process is a function of exchange catfish and physical function. The cultivation of catfish farmers in the village do Rasau Jaya 1 is efficient to do, is seen from the value of the comparison between the reception and the R / C ratio of the total cost. Keywords: Efficiency of marketing, the marketing function, profit.