Articles
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Articles
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PREFERENCEOF FARMERâ??S RISK AND ECONOMICEFICIENCY OF TOBACCO FARMING IN KLATEN REGENCY

Wardani, Nia Susilo, Darsono, Darsono, Sutrisno, Joko

Agribusiness Review Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Agribusiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Tobacco is one of commodity of subsector of plantation and importanttrading in the world including Indonesia. The risk in the agrobusiness oftobacco needs to be considered because generally it brings loss which issuffered by the farmer. Efficient agrobusiness will encorage the use of factorsof production in optima, and then give maximum benefit for the farmer.Thisresearch aims to know preference of behaviour as decision maker against therisk, economic efficiency and the influence of preference of the farmer againstbenefit which is gained in agrobusiness of tobacco in Klaten regency. Basicmethod of the research used is analitical descriptive method. Data analysistechnique used is utility function and function of benefit of Cobb-Douglas.Theresult of the research showed that the the great part of tobacco farmer inKlaten regency behave neutral risk. The price of factors of production is thefee of labor and the price of manure from animal waste and the input is thatthe large of the the ricefield has influence to the level of benefit , while theprice of seed, manure of ZA and pesticide has unreal influence to the level ofbenefit. The result of analysis of economic showed that the agrobusiness oftobacco performed in Klaten regency has been in efficient. From theestimation of function of benefit is known risk of preferrence has no realinfluence against the benefit.Keywords: tobacco, risk, efficiency,benefit function of Cobb-Douglas

DEMAND ANALYSIS OF SWEET PURPLE POTATO AS RAW MATERIAL OF CHIP SNACK INDUSTRY IN KARANGANYAR DISTRICT

utami, dyah damar, supardi, suprapti, sutrisno, joko

Agribusiness Review Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Agribusiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Karanganyar have a superior product in the form of Purple Sweet Potatoes are used as raw materials of industry. The purpose of the research to determine the demand, knowing the factors that affect demand, and the elasticity of demand to know Purple Sweet Potato as a raw material in the agro-industry Karanganyar. The basic method used descriptive analysis. Intentional retrieval research sites in Karanganyar and using primary data. Based on F test all variables freely together significantly affect demand Purple Sweet Potato agro-industry as a raw material. Based on the results of t-test and production targets SME revenue from raw materials Purple Sweet Potato significantly, while the price of Purple Sweet Potato, Sweet Potato Yellow, White Sweet Potatoes, Cassava, Oil prices did not significantly affect demand Purple Sweet Potato Agroindustri As Raw Materials in Karanganyar. UKM income elasticity is positive indicates that the Purple Sweet Potatoes are normal goods ( inelastic ), meaning that if incomes rise, the demand for UKM owners Purple Sweet Potato chips as raw materials will increase.Keywords : Demand, Purple Sweet Potato, Industry, Karanganyar.

ANALISIS PENERAPAN GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP)/STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE (SOP) DAN PENGENDALIAN MUTU MANGGA GEDONG GINCU DI KABUPATEN CIREBON, JAWA BARAT

rosita, dina, darsono, darsono, marwanti, sri

Agribusiness Review Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Agribusiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Cirebon Regency is one production center of Gedong Gincu mango having beenexported abroad such as Singapore, Hong Kong and Middle East Countries. The problem facedby the mango farmers in Cirebon Regency is the low production volume of Gedong Gincumango qualifying the criteria of export market quality. The objectives of research were to findout the application of GAP/SOP to Gedong Gincu mango farming, the factors affecting theapplication of GAP/SOP, to find out the quality control in GAP/SOP application, the type ofquality deviation, and to identify the cause of quality deviation in Gedong Gincu mango inCirebon Regency. The fundamental method employed was descriptive analytical one. Theresult of analysis showed that the application of GAP/SOP to Gedong Gincu farming inCirebon Regency had not been implemented optimally yet by the farmers. Considering theresult of multiple linear regression analysis, it could be found that the factor mostly affectingthe application of GAP/SOP to Gedong Gincu mango farming in Cirebon Regency wasgovernment assistance, partnership with businessmen, and business scale. The p control mapindicated that the proportion of Gedong Gincu mango defect in Cirebon Regency, during 3harvest periods: beginning, peak, and end of grand harvest, was stated as uncontrolledbecause there was still data point beyond the lower control line. The farmers belonging togroup 1 had less defect proportion than those belonging to groups 2 and 3. It indicated thatthe higher the application of GAP/SOP, the higher was the quality of Gedong Gincu fruitproduced. The most dominant problems causing the quality deviation in Gedong Gincumango were fruit sap and fruit fly. The factors causing fruit sap were low awareness ofharvesting SOP and the lack of socialization from the farming illuminator, while the factorsaffecting the fruit fly problem were awareness of pest and disease control, the lack ofsocialization from the farming illuminator, not suitable on using of fruit fly trap, the lack offield sanitation and too much of rainfall.Keywords : GAP/SOP application, Quality Control, Gedong Gincu Mango, Cirebon

ANALISIS EFISIENSI RANTAI PASOK JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN

mulyani, sri, rahayu, endang siti, kusnandar, kusnandar

Agribusiness Review Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Agribusiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

As centers of corn in Central Java Province, Grobogan District is one of the potential development of corn. The purpose of this research are: (1) Knowing the corn supply chain management in Grobogan; (2) Knowing the factors, actors, goals and alternative management scenarios to establish an efficient corn supply chain in Grobogan; (3) to analyze the performance of each members of the supply chain in order to improve the efficiency of corn supply chain performance in Grobogan. This study used a descriptive method of analysis. The study was conducted in Grobogan with sampling sample/respondents expert by 5 respondents selected by judgment sampling method with consideration of effectiveness, that the expert is the most appropriate because it has the information and understanding of the corn supply chain management.Further sampling is done randomly farmers were 60 respondents from the four subdistricts were selected purposively sampled and traderâ??s sample performed with the snowball method (snowball sampling) include village collector traders (8 DMU), subdistrict collector traders (13 DMU) and district collector traders (5 DMU). The study consisted of 3 stages and each stage requires respondents and different analysis tools. The first stage (to determine the mechanism of supply chain) using quantitative descriptive analysis, the second stage (to determine alternative scenarios of efficient corn supply chain) using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) with the Expert Choice 11 software, then the third stage (to determine the performance of each member of the supply chain to improve the efficiency of corn supply chain performance) using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with DEAP 2.1 software.

ANALISIS FINANSIAL EKSPLOITASI KARET MENGGUNAKAN STIMULANSIA GAS DI PT PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA IX (PERSERO) KEBUN BATUJAMUS.

wijayanto, ali, supardi, suprapti, darsono, darsono

Agribusiness Review Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Agribusiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Saveral objective of this research were ( 1 ) Find rubber plant by exploitation system with gas stimulant and scrapping stimulant system, ( 2 ) find about the ratio of production per tapper exploitation system gas stimulant and scrapping stimulant system, ( 3 ) find the financial feasibility and scrapping stimulant. Location of the research in PTPN IX Kebun Batujamus / Kerjoarum Karanganyar afdeling Polokarto Planting Year 1982. Necessary data in this research is a secondary data. Data were analyzed using different test and financial analysis. The results of the research that: (1) the productivity of rubber land use gas system stimulant statistically significantly different and higher than the scrapping system stimulant, (2) productivity per rubber tappers use a gas system stimulant statistically significantly different and higher when compared to stimulant scrapping system, (3) analysis of financial exploitation of the rubber on the location of the research are: the exploitation of rubber NPV is positive, stimulant gas use per hectare of 39,799,865 and the use of stimulant scrapping per ha of 29,798,793, IRR rubber exploitation either use gas or use a stimulant stimulant scrapping its value > 15%, which means that there is greater than the interest rate applicable, Net B / C ratio of the exploitation of rubber using gas or using stimulant stimulant scrapping> 1 which means the value is feasible, the benefits received will be greater than the costs, while the value payback period using the rubber exploitation and use of stimulant stimulant scrapping gas has a value <12 were significant capital invested will be returned before the project period ends so that means a decent runKata kunci: Karet, Stimulansia gas, Analisis Finansial.

Struktur dan Distribusi Pendapatan Rumah Tangga Serta Strategi Kebijakan Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Petani Jagung di Lahan Perhutani di Kecamatan Tanggungharjo Kabupaten Grobogan Provinsi Jawa tengah

Wibowo, Muhammad Nur ( Program Studi S2 Agribisnis )

Agribusiness Review Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Agribussiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk 1) mengetahui struktur dan distribusi pendapatan rumah tangga petani jagung peserta pesanggem dan bukan peserta pesanggem di lahan Perhutani, dan 2) merumuskan strategi kebijakan untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan petani jagung peserta pesanggem. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode diskriptif analitis. Struktur pendapatan menggunakan analisis persentase sedangkan untuk analisis distribusi pendapatan dengan Gini Indeks serta strategi kebijakan dengan analisis SWOT. Rata-rata pendapatan petani jagung peserta pesanggem pada tahun 2012 dari hasil usahatani jagung sebesar Rp. 11.126.270.- dan dari non usahatani jagung sebesar Rp.2.475.670 dengan struktur pendapatan 81,80% dan 18,20%. Sedangkan rata-rata pendapatan petani jagung bukan peserta pesanggem dari hasil usahatani jagung sebesar Rp. 6.854.300.- dan dari non usahatani jagung sebesar Rp. 2.421.800.- dengan struktur pendapatan 73,89% dan 26,11%. Nilai Gini Index (GI) lebih besar dari 0,5 artinya distribusi pendapatan petani jagung termasuk tingkat ketimpangan tinggi. Pemerintah memberikan pinjaman dengan bunga rendah, melaksanakan pelatihan keterampilan di bidang lain untuk mengantisipasi kehilangan lapangan pekerjaan.Kata kunci: Pendapatan, struktur dan distribusi pendapatan, peningkatan kesejahteraan.

ANALISIS EFISIENSI PEMASARAN SAYURAN WORTEL DI SUB TERMINAL AGRIBISNIS (STA) KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

Cahyono, Wayan ( program studi magister agribisnis )

Agribusiness Review Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Agribussiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Penelitian tentang analisis efisiensi pemasaran sayuran wortel di Sub Terminal Agribisnis (STA) Kabupaten Karanganyar bertujuan untuk mengetahui marjin pemasaran dan farmerâ??s share serta efisiensi pemasaran sayuran wortel di STA Kabupaten Karanganyar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tentang analisis efisiensi pemasaran yang bersifat deskriptif dengan analisis yang meliputi: marjin pemasaran, farmerâ??s share, efisiensi operasional dan efisiensi harga.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, pemasaran sayuran wortel di STA Karanganyar belum efisien.Perubahan harga wortel di tingkat pengecer tidak ditransmisikan dengan baik terhadap perubahan harga di tingkat petani. Kata kunci: efisiensi pemasaran, wortel, marjin pemasaran, farmerâ??s share

Analisis Usahatani Jagung di Kabupaten Grobogan Provinsi Jawa tengah

Nedi, Benekditus ( Program Studi S2 Agribisnis )

Agribusiness Review Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Agribussiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) untuk mengetahui besarnya biaya produksi, penerimaan,pendapatan dan B/C Ratio usahatani jagung di Kabupaten Grobogan Propinsi Jawa Tengah, (2) mengetahui kombinasi dan pengaruh penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi dan (3) mengetahui tingkat efisiensi ekonomi tertinggi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode diskriptif. Petani responden berjumlah 120 orang yang berasarl dari 4 Kecamatan dan 8 Desa, dipilih secara purposive. Besarnya biaya produksi, penerimaan dan pendapatan petani serta efisiensi berupa B/C ratio. Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor produksi yang mempengaruhi produksi dianalisis dengan uji F dan uji t. Efisiensi ekonomi tertinggi (EE = 1). Rata-rata pendapatan perusahatani sebesar Rp. 3.801.805, B/C Ratio 2,74. Faktor-faktor produksibersama-sama berpengaruh nyata terhadap produksi dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95 %.Faktor produksi yang paling berpengaruh nyata yaitu luas tanam dengan nilai koefisien regresi linier berganda yang paling tinggi (0,560). Sedangkan penggunaan faktor produksi seperti luas tanam, pupuk SP36 dan pestisida belum mencapai efisiensi ekonomi tertinggi. Sedangkan tenaga kerja dan pupuk urea tidak efisien.Kata Kunci: Usahatani Jagung, faktor produksi, efisiensi ekonomi

Analisis Peramalan Produksi Karet di PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (Persero) kebun Batujamus Karanganyar

Hargianto, Agus ( Program Studi S2 Agribisnis )

Agribusiness Review Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Agribussiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Karet merupakan salah satu komoditas perkebunan unggulan yang memberikan kontribusi besar terhadap ekspor nonmigas. Peningkatan ekspor karet yang cukup signifikan dari volume ekspor tahun 2002 sebesar 1,496 juta ton (senilai USD 1038 juta) meningkat menjadi 2,35 juta ton (senilai USD 7330 juta) pada tahun 2010 telah memberikan kontribusi secara signifikan pada pertumbuhan ekonomi masyarakat perkebunan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah 1) Mengetahui faktor produksi yang paling berpengaruh terhadap produksi karet, 2) Mengetahui produksi karet di PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (persero) kebun Batujamus di masa akan datang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif analitis. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah regresi berganda OLS dengan dummy dan analisis peramalan dengan ARIMA. Hasil analisis regresi menunjukkan persamaan regresi tidak mengandung gejala multikoliniear, heterokedatisitas, autokorelasi sedangkan faktor produksi secara simultan berpengaruh terhadap produksi karet dan Faktor produksi total HKO, jumlah pohon, dummy teknologi sadap dan dummy sistem sadap paling berpengaruh terhadap produksi karet. Model ARIMA terbaik pada peramalan produksi karet adalah model ARIMA (2,1,1) dengan estimasi parameter R2-squared sebesar 93.20, nilai AIC sebesar 25.64, nilai SIC sebesar 25.84 dan probability signifikan mendekati nol. Hasil peramalan produksi tahun 2012 sebesar 1.445.420 kg (Tw I), 1.499.831 kg (Tw II), 1.076.796 kg (Tw III), 1.023.051 kg (Tw IV). Tahun 2013 sebesar 1.400.326 kg (Tw I), 1.472.397 kg (Tw II), 1.124.476 kg (Tw III), 1.023.051 kg (Tw IV) dengan hasil pengukuran kesalahan peramalan dengan parameter MAPE sebesar 1,37, MAD sebesar 380,5, MSE sebesar 5.194.584.081dan MPE sebesar 0.01. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah secara parsial faktor-faktor produksi berpengaruh kuat terhadap produksi karet di Kebun Batujamus. Faktor yang berpengaruh sangat kuat terhadap produksi adalah faktor total HKO, jumlah pohon, dummy teknologi sadap dan dummy sistem sadap. Analisis peramalan produksi menunjukkan bahwa produksi diprediksi dari tahun 2012 sampai 2013 cenderung meningkat dari tahun ke tahun dengan tingkat kesalahan peramalan kecil. Kata kunci : Faktor produksi, Produksi Karet, Regresi berganda, ARIMA

Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Petani dalam Menentukan Pembelian ke Toko Saprodi di Kabupaten Blora

Kurniadi, Sasono ( Program Studi S2 Agribisnis )

Agribusiness Review Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Agribussiness Review
Publisher : Agribusiness Review

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Abstract

Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kuantitatif. Lokasi penelitian terletak di toko saprodi Kabupaten Blora. Dengan tahapan pelaksanaan, membuat kuesioner, mengumpulkan data, cooding, analisis data, dan menyimpulkan dari hasil penelitian. Hasil penelitiannya adalah a) Variabel pelayanan (X3) memiliki nilai tingkat signifikansi yang paling tinggi yaitu sebesar t hitung 2,571 terhadap pembelian. b) Hasil Uji Simultan menunjukkan bahwa nilai F hitung sebesar 129,087 sedangkan nilai F table sebesar 3,94. Dapat dikatakan bahwa Harga, Produk, Pelayanan, Promosi dan Lokasi secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap pembelian (Y). c) Hasil Uji determinasi bahwa R2 adalah 0,867. Hal ini berarti 86,7% variasi Pembelian (Y) dapat dijelaskan ke lima variabel independen Harga, Produk, Pelayanan, Promosi dan Lokasi. Sedangkan sisanya (100%-86,7% = 13,3%) dijelaskan oleh sebab-sebab lain diluar dari variabel independen. Strategi pemasaran berdasarkan analisa SWOT yang digunakan adalah a) SO Strategis, mengoptimalkan faktor kekuatan yang terdiri dari pelayanan, kelengkapan produk dan variasi pilihan harga dalam strategi pemasaran untuk memperbesar target penjualan. b) WO Strategis, meminimalkan biaya promosi dan meningkatkan pelayanan untuk mengurangi biaya operasional. c) ST Strategis, meningkatkan variasi dan jenis produk, meningkatkan mutu pelayanan, dan menjaga adanya variasi tingkatan harga diberbagai pilihan produk untuk meminimalisir ancaman eksternal yaitu adanya promosi besar-besaran oleh kompetitor, khususnya yang menggunakan strategi Multi Level Marketing. d) WT Strategis, meningkatkan pelayanan dalam bentuk penyuluhan lapangan secara berkala, guna menjaga loyalitas konsumen.Kata Kunci: Perilaku, Konsumen, Pembelian