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Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian (J – SEP) merupakan media ilmiah yang dikelola oleh Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Jember (Unej), memuat artikel tentang kajian – kajian sosial ekonomi pertanian yang diangkat dari hasil penelitian maupun kajian kritis. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian (J – SEP) diterbitkan setahun tiga kali (Juli, November dan Maret).
Articles
193
Articles
ANALISIS EKONOMI USAHATANI PADI DAN KELAYAKAN RUMAH TANGGA TANI DI DESA SAMBENG KULON KECAMATAN KEMBARAN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

Pratiwi, Chica Anditia, Gunawan, Dyah Setyorini, Istiqomah, Istiqomah

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the economic efficiency of rice farming and to measure the contribution of rice farming to total household income and to analyze the living standard of farm households in Sambeng Kulon Village, Kembaran Sub-district, Banyumas Regency. The study was conducted in Sambeng Kulon Village, Kembaran Sub-district, Banyumas District. There were 71 farm households selected by stratified random sampling. The analysis used to calculate the economic efficiency of rice farming is R/C ratio. The contribution of paddy farming to farm household income is obtained by dividing the income earned from rice farming by the total household income multiplied by 100 percent. The living standard is measured by calculating the farm household income divided by the number of dependents in order to get percapita income. This figure is then compared to the regency’s current decent living standard. The results of this study indicate that 1) rice farming in Sambeng Kulon village with an area of ​​≤ 0.5 Ha has a smaller profit (IDR2.718.580) compared with respondents who have land area> 0.5 Ha (IDR7.892.904), 2) the average contribution of rice farming income to farm households with landholding of  â€‹â€‹â‰¤ 0.5 Ha (54,96 percent) is lower than the contribution of rice farming income obtained by respondents with landholding of > 0.5 Ha (77,43 percent), 3) the average income earned by respondents from rice farming (IDR1.624.961,00) is sufficient to meet the average household consumption of IDR 1,379,441.00, and 4) of 71 respondents in Sambeng Kulon Village, 63 respondents live below the decent living standard; after being added with nonfarm income, this figure decreased to 55 respondents. The implication of this research is that the respondents are expected to increase the landholding to increase income earned from rice farming or earn additional nonfarm income so that they can meet household consumption.

DAMPAK PENETRASI TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DALAM TRANSFORMASI SISTEM PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN DI INDONESIA

Prayoga, Kadhung

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

The world today has entered to the era of information society connected in a virtual world. Not only in urban areas, this phenomenon is also commonly found in rural areas. Farmers in the village have begun to take advantage of their use of information technology to meet their needs. The result is a response from the government to develop an extension system based on the use of information technology called cyber extension. Based on this phenomenon, it takes a study of the effect of what is caused by the existence of cyber extension and the theory behind it. The approach used is qualitative approach using descriptive method and discourse analysis. The data used are secondary data collected through literature study method. From the discussion is known that cyber extension has given many changes in the social structure and culture of farming communities. Changes that there are moving towards the positive but there is also a precisely cyber extension causing changes to the negative direction. However, the change is not because of the reason because according to Castell, the growing information technology such as cyber extension is present in order to provide a positive effect for human life. While Bourdeau view cyber extension as an arena in which there is a fight capital owned by farmers and extension workers. So as to form a new habitus and give birth to a different social practice prior to the extension activities conducted in the virtual space. Key word: information technology, cyber extension, extension, agriculture

STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PENGELOLAAN HASIL HUTAN NON KAYU (HHBK) BUAH DURIAN DI ZONA TRADISIONAL, TAMAN NASIONAL MERU BETIRI, KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI

guntoro, dodit ari, purwantono, purwantono, Kholiq, Nur, Ananda, Alif Aulia

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

Traditional zone of Meru Betiri National Park (TNMB) has been enacted as a traditional used-area by community who had high dependency on natural resources for generations. Utilization of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) in TNMB in the form of durian was conducted on the area of 25ha spread over 12 blocks with the total number of at least 925 trees (ϕ of >150 cm). Several problems occurred in NTFP management such as: (a) conflict of interest between durian user group and local people, (b) no legacy of NTFP utilization group in TNMB, (3). Low price of durians and no processing durian products. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the internal and external key factors influenced the management of NTFP and to determine the effective strategies to strengthen the sustainable management. Analysis was performed using SWOT with matrix of internal and external factors. The results of this study showed that there were seven (7) factors of each factors of Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Treat influenced the NTFP management. In general, the conditions of NTFP management in traditional used- area in TNMB was in the position of internally strong and could be improved by developing potential opportunities and reducing the negative effects of potential threads.

DINAMIKA PERKEMBANGAN HARGA KOMODITAS CABAI MERAH (Capsicum annuum L) DI KABUPATEN JEMBER

nurvitasari, maya eka, Suwandari, Anik, Suciati, Luh Putu

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

Red chili prices in the market tend fluctuate over time. Development of red chilli in centers production included at Jember Regency continue to be made, but production still fluctuate and have not been able to meet market demand. Condition fluctuation production with uncertainty price needs to corrected immediately. Information of price and production need as solution to cope with fluctuation of red chili price. The research method used analytical descriptive method. Location chosen by purposive method at Jember Regency. The research used secondary time series data 2012 until 2016. Analytical tools used probability analysis and plot, trend analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis with double log model. The results showed that (1) production and prices red chili fluctuate every quarterly. The highest red chili price at farmers and consumers level occurred in the fourth quarter and the lowest in the second quarter. Red chili highest production in  fourth quarter and lowest in first quarter. (2) Trend production and prices of red chili on 2017 until 2018 fluctuated and increased. (3) Factors that significantly affect of red chili supply are red chili production in previous month and harvested area.

ANALISIS EFISIENSI PEMASARAN BAGLOG DAN JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH PADA UD AROMA JAMUR DI KABUPATEN LUMAJANG

Kusuma, Dadang Adi, Hani, Evita Sholiha, Rijal, Julian Adam

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

Demand for white oyster mushroom continues to increase because it has a good nutritional content. The increasing mushroom demand positively affects the needs of baglog and white oyster mushroom, causing many producers who work baglog and white oyster mushroom one of them is UD Aroma Jamur. Research conducted at UD Aroma Jamur aims to know: (1) marketing channel of baglog and white oyster mushroom; (2) marketing function of each marketing agency of baglog and white oyster mushroom; (3) the efficiency and marketing margin of baglog and white oyster mushroom. Location of research in UD Aroma Jamur is determined intentionally (Purposive Method). Sampling used is purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The data used are primary and secondary data analyzed by using margin analysis and marketing efficiency. The results of the study showed that: (1) The marketing channel of baglog consist of zero-level channel, one-level, two-level. The white oyster mushroom marketing channel consists of a zero-level, a two-level, three-level, and four-level: (2) marketing functions undertaken by marketing agencies of baglog and white oyster mushroom, is a function of purchasing, sales function, transport function, storage function, market information function, risk function, packaging function, and sorting function: (3) an efficient marketing channel  of baglog is a one level channel with marketing margin of Rp. 1,000 / baglog and profit share equal to 87,5% and efficiency value equal to 12,5%. The most efficient white oyster mushroom marketing channel is a two-tier channel with a marketing margin of Rp. 5.250 / kg and a profit share of 94.77% and an efficiency rating of 4.54%.

ANALISIS SALURAN DAN TINGKAT EFISIENSI PEMASARAN BERAS SEMI ORGANIK DI KECAMATAN RAMBUTAN KABUPATEN BANYUASIN

Arbi, Muhammad, Thirtawati, Thirtawati, Junaidi, Yulian

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

Kajian dilakukan terhadap 30 petani padi yang telah melakukan budidaya padi semi organik dan dipilih secara acak sederhana dari 95 petani padi semi organik di wilayah Desa Pangkalan Gelebak Kecamatan Rambutan Kabupaten Banyuasin. Selanjutnya dari tigapuluh responden ditelusuri alur pemasaran berasnya dengan menggunakan metode snow ball dan diperoleh sebanyak 2 orang pedagang pengepul dan 1 orang pedagang pengecer. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui saluran pemasaran beras semi organik dari tingkat petani sampai ke konsumen, mengetahui struktur pasar dan perilaku pemasaran beras semi organik yang terjadi, dan menganalisis besar tingkat efisiensi pemasaran dari setiap saluran pemasaran dan tingkat efisiensi pemasaran dari masing-masing lembaga pemasaran pada setiap saluran pemasaran beras semi organik di Desa Pangkalan Gelebak Kecamatan Rambutan Kabuapten Banyuasin. Kajian dirancang dengan metode survey, menggunakan kuisioner sebagai pedoman wawancara terhadap responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa saluran pemasaran yang terbentuk dari kegiatan pemasaran beras semi organik di Kecamatan Rambutan Kabupaten Banyuasin terdiri dari 2 (dua) saluran yaitu saluran 1 (petani-pengepul desa-pengepul besar-pengecer-konsumen) dan saluran 2 (petani-pengepul desa-konsumen). Struktur pasar yang terjadi termasuk dalam kategori pasar persaingan monopolistik karena konsumen, harga, produk, dan transaksi tidak dikuasai pihak manapun. Tingkat efisiensi pemasaran beras semi organik pada tiap saluran pemasaran yang terbentuk dikategorikan efisien.

ANALISIS DINAMIKA KELOMPOK SENTRA PENYULUHAN KEHUTANAN DAN PEDESAAN MANGGA DELIMA TAMAN NASIONAL KARIMUNJAWA

Yani, Diarsi Eka, Faridha, Idha

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 10 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

Comprehensive development is a management process combined with the socio-economic aspects of the community, especially in the buffer zone of the National Park area. The community can play a role in extension activities through Forestry and Rural Extension Center (SPKP) in order to encourage productivity’s enhancement and community’s autonomy through various productive activities undertaken. The research objectives are (1) identify individual characteristics, and (2) analyze the dynamics of SPKP Mangga Delima Karimunjawa National Park group. The research used census method in SPKP Mangga Delima, Kemujan village, Karimunjawa distrcts. The research used census method in SPKP Mangga Delima, Kemujan village, Karimunjawa districts. There were 16 respondents that are members of the group. Data analysis used frequency distribution and description. The findings of individual characteristic are mostly (56,25%) middle adult age (36-50 years old), formal education less than 9 years (62,50%), less good cosmopolitan (56,25%) participate in decision making (87,50%), and join member less than 5 years (62,50%). The findings for the dynamics of the group are most respondents consider the group objectives are good enough (50%) and good (50%), the group structure is good enough (56.25%), the group task function is good (81.25%), the coaching and group development is  good enough (81.25%), the group cohesiveness is good (62.5%), the group atmosphere is good (56.25%), the group tension is good enough (50%) and good (50%), the group effectiveness is good enough (50%).

ANALISIS EFISIENSI HARGA DAN BIAYA USAHATANI CABAI MERAH (CAPSIUM ANNUUM L) DI KECAMATAN WULUHAN KABUPATEN JEMBER

Nimah, Nihliatun, Hariyati, Yuli, Agustina, Titin

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 10 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

The productivity level of red chili in Wuluhan Sub-district in 2010 until 2015 has fluctuated. The level of productivity in red chili commodities in Wuluhan Sub-district is estimated to be influenced by several factors of production (fertilizer, pesticide, labor) and planting season. Some problems experienced by red chili farmers in Wuluhan Sub-district apart from productivity side of unstable but also from unstable selling price side. This research aims to determine (1) the influence of factors of production and planting season on productivity level of red chillies in Wuluhan Sub-district Jember District; (2) the efficiency of the price of the use of production factors at red chili farming in Wuluhan Sub-district, Jember District; (3) cost efficiency at red chili farming in Wuluhan Sub-district, Jember district. Location of research conducted by method of Purposive Method that is determination of research location done intentionally. Data collection methods used for primary data collection is the method of interview and questionnaire (questionnaire) while the data collection method used for secondary data collection is a documentation technique. The analytical tools used include: Cobb-Douglas production function, price efficiency and cost efficiency. The results showed that (1) production factors of pesticide, labor and planting season significantly affect productivity level; (2) The use of fertilizer, pesticide and labor production factor has not reached the price efficiency because the ratio between NPMxi and Pxi is more than one; (3) the use of cost is efficient, the business is run profitable and feasible to cultivate.

ANALISIS KELAYAKAN USAHA SARI BUAH BELIMBING DI KOTA BLITAR

Ibrahim, Jabal Tarik, Bakhtiar, Ary

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 10 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

Star fruit cultivation business has become one of the economic supports for people from Karangsari, Blitar. Number of star fruit production continuing to increase by years in which it becomes the background of people from Karangsari in making innovative products from star fruit star fruit. This study aims to determine the feasibility of star fruit juice business. The research was conducted at “Cemara Sari”, Self-Finance Agricultural Training Center and Rural (P4S), in Karangsari, Blitar. The location selection used purposive sampling technique by considering that Blitar is the center of fruit star fruit development in East Java. The allocation time for the study start from August to September, 2014. Star fruit extract business is considered financially feasible. It can be seen from the value of NPV by Rp 45.728.311, -; Net B / C = 4.09; gross B / C = 1.3; profitability = 7.3; and IRR by 89.13% Keywords: star fruit, star fruit extract, business feasibility.

KOMPETENSI PETERNAK SAPI POTONG PERANAKAN ONGOLE DALAM PEMBUATAN KOMPOS (STUDI KASUS PADA KELOMPOK TERNAK MEKAR KECAMATAN DAGANGAN KABUPATEN MADIUN)

Purwoko, Deha, Utami, Bekti Nur

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 10 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

This research aims to describe the level of competence of farmers in composting, and to draft extension and try out the implementation of counseling about composting in group of livestock of Mekar. The research was conducted in sub-district Dagangan of Madiun Regency. Selection of livestock group is done by purposive that is the only group of livestock that have made compost that is group of livestock of Mekar which is located in Kepet village. The research method used is case study with quantitative descriptive approach with scoring. The population is 44 people, the sample is based on the census. The results showed that: 1) the level of competence of farmers in composting is classified with the details of the competence of the preparation stage is low, the competence of the manufacturing process is low, and the competence of the storage stage is classified; and 2) drafting the extension plan based on the target and the purpose of extension so that the breeder know, understand and able to increase the C-Organic content and C / N Ratio on the compost according to the standard. Success shows the improvement of compost quality before and after counseling in accordance with the purpose of counseling.   Keywords: competence of breeder, livestock group of Mekar, draft extension, composting, extension