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e-Journal Pustaka Kesehatan
Published by Universitas Jember
e-Journal “Pustaka Kesehatan” merupakan jurnal elektronik ilmiah berISSN (ISSN: 2355-178X) yang menerbitkan artikel hasil penelitian di bidang kesehatan secara umum meliputi: Kedokteran, Kedokteran Gigi, Kesehatan Masyarakat, Farmasi, dan Ilmu Keperawatan. Artikel yang dikirim belum pernah dipublikasikan atau tidak dalam proses penerbitan dalam jurnal ilmiah lain. e-Journal “Pustaka Kesehatan” diterbitkan tiga kali dalam setahun, yaitu bulan Januari, Mei, dan September.
Articles
565
Articles
Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan dengan Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Glaukoma pada Klien Berisiko di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Jenggawah Kabupaten Jember (Correlation Between Knowledge Level and Prevention of Glaucoma Disease in Client is at Risk in the Area of Pu

Siswoyo, Siswoyo, Susuma, Latifa Aini, Rahayu, Santi

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Glaucoma was an eye disorder characterized by increased pressure on the eyeball, optic nerve opticatrophy and diminution of the visual field. Clients' knowledge towards glaucoma was important tohave such an early detection. It was done to avoid the blindness causes of glaucoma. The objectivesof this research were to analyze the correlation between knowledge with prevention efforts glaucomadisease in the area of Jenggawah clinical. This research was used in observational analytic designwith cross sectional approach. A total of 39 respondents obtained by purposive sampling technique.The data analysis that used was Spearman correlation test with significance level 0,05. The resultswas showed that the average value of knowledge level was 17.49 and the average at preventioneffort of glaucoma disease was 75.03. There was a significant relationship between the level ofknowledge with prevention efforts glaucoma disease (p value = 0.001, r = 0.600). There were astrong and positive correlation which means the higher in the level of knowledge that made a goodprevention of glaucoma disease. This study showed that the importance of providing knowledgeabout glaucoma disease to increase prevention of glaucoma disease in risky clientsKeywords: client is at risk, knowledge level, prevention of glaucoma disease

Hubungan Self Compassion dengan Stres Family Caregiver Orang Dengan Skizofrenia (ODS) di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Mumbulsari Kabupaten Jember (The Relationship between Self Compassion and Stress of Schizophrenia Family Caregiver in Puskesmas (PHC) Mumbulsa

Juwarti, Juwarti, Wuryaningsih, Emi Wuri, A`la, Muhammad Zulfatul

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Schizophenia is a mental illness shows psycological disorder, violent behavior, and inability self care.This has created a burden for family caregiver, financially, social, and psychological. The purpose ofthis study to identified the relationship between self compassion and stress of schizophrenis familycaregiver in Puskesmas (PHC) Mumbulsari Jember. The study used correlation study with the crosssectional approach. The sampling was counted 35 family caregiver using total sampling. Theinstrument used self compassion scale (?=0,89) and stres in family (?=0,977). The result showedthat the average self compassion of family caregiver was 71.31(26-104). While the average stress offamily caregiver was 18,74 (0-28). Bivariate analysis using pearson test showed that there was nocorrelation between self compassion and stress of schizophenia family caregiver in Puskesmas(PHC) Mumbulsari Jember. There was no correlation between stress of schizophenia familycaregiver and gender, age, education level, profession, relationship with schizophenia patient, andlong tending of family caregiver. This has showed that family caregiver covered stress and showed apositive self acceptance. Actually, family caregiver showed that noncompliance of patient recovery,many of them was not accompanying schizophenia patient to public health, and neglectingschizophenia patient. Counseling and health promotion should be enhanced psychological health offamily caregiver in treating schizophrenia patient in community through public health care serving.Keywords: Schizophrenia, stress family caregiver, self compassion

Hubungan Mode Adaptif Konsep Diri Berbasis Teori Callista Roy dengan Kemampuan Interaksi Sosial Anak Tunagrahita di SLB-C TPA Kabupaten Jember (The Correlation Between Adaptive Modes: Self Concept Based on Callista Roys Theory and Social Interaction Abil

Rofiqoh, Zuhrotul, Asmaningrum, Nurfika, Wijaya, Dodi

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Self concept is one of adaptive modes based on Callista Roys theory which very important formental deficiency influence integrity of mental in practice to had a good social interaction. The kind ofthis research is descriptive analytic by using study cross sectional. Method of collecting samplesusing total sampling and total of samples got are 35 respondents. Data was analyzed by chi-squareand the result of statistical test shows point p=0.000. Ha is accepted if Ho is rejected in which Ho isrejected if the point is p ? ?, 0,000 ? 0,05. The result of the statistic analysis is that there is significantcorrelation between adaptive modes: self concept based on Callista Roys theory and socialinteraction abilities to mental retardation children on SLB-C TPA at Jember Regency. OR (26.00),that means the respondents who had a positive self concept have 26.00 possibility to be had a goodsocial interaction abilities. The result of the research is positive self concept with good socialinteraction ability about 80%. Suggests for nursing in community to involve and increase their rolemodel as educator and care giver in attempt to share information by doing a counseling.Keywords: self concept, social interaction, mental retardation

Pengaruh Pijat Bayi Terhadap Bounding Attachment di Ruang Dahlia RSD dr. Soebandi Jember (The Influence of Baby Massage for Bounding Attachment in Dahlia Room Soebandi General Hospital Jember)

Wahyuni, Sri, Kurniawati, Dini, Rasni, Hanny

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Bounding attachment is very important for newborn to be adapted to the new environment. Motherstouch can help babies adapt to environmental differences between inside the womb and outside thewomb. How to improve the bounding attachment is early breastfeeding initiation, rooming in,kangaroo mother care for premature, and baby massage. The purpose of this research is todetermine the impact of baby massage to bounding attachment. The method of research was quasiexperimental with design of research pretest-post test with control group. This research is in Dahliaroom in dr. Soebandi general Hospital, with samples as 40 respondent with 20 people forexperimental group and 20 people for control group. The research use standard operationalprocedure of baby massage and quality of bounding attachment questionnaire. Take the sample bypurposive sampling. The results of research is give difference in average pretest-post test on theexperimental group of -7,35 whereas on the control group of -2,55. Statistic test result obtained the pvalue 0.001, this mean on the alpha 5% can be expressed there is influence of baby massage forbounding attachment. There are several factors that influence to the bounding attachment that isemotional health of parent, family support, the proximity and match of the parents and baby. Theresult of this research are recommended as the nursing treatment and to the public especiallymother postpartum.Keywords : baby massage, bounding attachment

Perbedaan Ukuran Gigi Molar Pertama Maksila dan Kaninus Mandibula Permanen Antara Mahasiswa Laki-laki dan Perempuan di FKG Universitas Jember Differences in Permanent Maxillary First Molar and Mandibular Caninus Size Between Male and Female Student in Fa

Phasa, Najla Irhamni, Apriyono, Dwi Kartika, Novita, Masniari

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Background: Mass disaster often happened in Indonesia. Sex identification is one of the important things for determining the identity of the victims. Sex can be identified based on the size of the teeth. Objective: to determine the differences of maxillary first molar and mandibular caninus tooth size between male and female student in Faculty of Dentistry University of Jember. Method: The sample of this study consisted of 34 tooth models of female and 6 tooth models of male that measured in mesiodistal and bucolingual width of maxillary first molar and mandibular caninus with a digital caliper. Data were analyzed using Independent T-test. Results and Conclusions: There were significant differences (p ? 0,05) of maxillary first molar and mandibular caninus size between male and female. Mesiodistal and bucolingual width of maxillary first molar respectively are 10.64 mm, 11.90 mm in males, and 10.16 mm, 11.16 mm in females. The mesiodistal and bucolingual width of mandibular caninus are 7.13 mm, 7.85 mm in males, and 6.66 mm, 7.08 mm in females. It can be concluded that there was a difference in size of maxillary first molar and mandibular caninus between male and female.   Keywords: sex identification, masiodistal width, bucolingual width, maxillary first molar, mandibular caninus  

Prevalensi Kebiasaan Buruk Sebagai Etiologi Maloklusi Klas I Angle Pada Pasien Klinik Ortodonsia RSGM Universitas Jember Tahun 2015-2016 (The Prevalence of Bad Habits as The Etiology of Angles Class I Malocclusion in Orthodontic Clinic Dental Hospital Je

Gupitasari, Arimbi, ., Herniyati, Ade Putri, Leliana Sandra Devi

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

  Background: Habit is a repetitive act that is done spontaneously and commonly occurs in childhood. A habit in the oral cavity that can cause malocclusion is called a bad habit. Bad habits can affect the dentofacial functions such as the process of chewing, talking, tooth occlusion, periodontal tissue, and esthetic. If bad habits continue after six years old, they can cause malocclusion. The etiology of malocclusions can be classified into general and local factors. Bad habit is one of the general factors that play a role in the occurrence of malocclusion. Kinds of bad habits are sucking the thumb/finger, pushing the tongue, biting the lips and nails, wrong swallowing habits, breathing through the mouth, and bruxism. Objective: To know the prevalence of bad habit and bad habit that mostly happened as etiology of Angles Class I malocclusion in patient of Orthodontic Clinic RSGM Jember University. Research Methods: This descriptional study with total sampling technique was conducted by identifying dental records and study models of Angles Class I malocclusion that caused by bad habit. Obtained data were tabulated and analysed so that conclusion could be made. Results and Conclusions: Prevalence of Angles Class I malocclusion caused by bad habits was 9.4% with the largest distribution in thumb/finger sucking (38,7%), in the age group 9-10 years (50%), and in the male gender (53,6%). Keywords: Prevalence of bad habits, etiology of Angles Class I malocclusion  

Hubungan Jenjang Pendidikan terhadap Perilaku Menjaga Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut Anak Tunagrahita di SLB Kota Sidoarjo (The Correlation between Education Level and Oral Health Behavior of Intelectual Disability Children in SLB Sidoarjo)

Julia, Dianita Rahmah, Endah Yani, Ristya Widi, Budirahardjo, Roedy

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Intellectual disability is a child who suffers from intellectual ability below average and tends to have retardation in intelligence, physical, emotional, and social. They are not independent enough in keeping their own health especially oral hygiene, it can affect their oral health behavior. Education that is one of external factors influences health behavior. Education and knowledge influence each other so that people are expected to have high education in order to be knowledgeable especially in terms of maintaining health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between education level and oral health behavior of children suffering from intellectual disability. This research was an observational analytic research with cross sectional approach. The subjects of this study were a number of children of SDLB, SMPLB and SMALB in SLB Sidoarjo, with total sampling as many as 115 students. The subjects were asked to fill out a questionnaire of knowledge and attitude how to brush teeth and performed the action as well. The collected data were analyzed by using spearman correlation test. The result of this research showed that correlation coefficient for education level with knowledge, attitude and behavior was > 0,05, so there was no relation between those variables. Meanwhile, the result of correlation coefficient of education with action was < 0.05, so there was correlation between those two. The conclusion of this research is there is no correlation between the level of education and oral health behavior of intellectual disability children in SLB Sidoarjo. Keywords: Mental retarded, dental health behavior, education level  

Efektifitas Penggunaan Pasta Biji Kopi Robusta Sebagai Pembersih Gigi Tiruan Terhadap Kekasaran Permukaan Resin Akrilik Heat Cured (The Effectivity of Robusta Coffee Bean Pasta as Denture Cleanser to Surface Roughness of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin)

Noviyanti, Afthin Maritta, Parnaadji, Rahardyan, Soesetijo, FX Ady

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Background: The most used denture base materials is heat cured acrylic resin. The disadvantages of acrylic resin are easy to absorb water and porosity that can increase surface roughness. The surface roughness can facilitate the attachment of microorganisms and accumulation of plaque. The cleansing of mechanical denture use electric toothbrush and denture cleanser paste. This paste uses natural materials from robusta coffee beans that decrease surface roughness. Objective: To determine the effectivity of robusta coffee beans paste as a denture cleanser to the surface roughness of heat cured acrylic resin.  Methods: This study was an experimental laboratory with the research design the post test only  control group design. Total sample of 36 samples in size (65 x 10 x 2,5) mm which consisted of 4 groups: control group without brushing, group A  brushed with electric toothbrush and a placebo paste, group B brushed with electric toothbrush and robusta coffee beans paste 25%, and group C  brushed with electric toothbrush and robusta coffee beans paste 50%. Brushing was done for 22 minutes, then measured the surface roughness of dentures. Results and Conclusions: Robusta coffee bean paste was less effective as a denture cleanser agent against the surface roughness of the heat cured acrylic resin. Robusta coffee beans paste 50% can be used as a denture cleanser.   Keyword: acrylic resin, electric toothbrush, robusta coffee bean paste, surface roughness  

Hubungan Tingkat Kebersihan Gigi dan Mulut dengan Karies pada Nelayan di Pesisir Pantai Watu Ulo Kabupaten Jember (The Relationship of Oral Hygiene Levels with Caries in Fishermen at Watu Ulo Coastal Jember District)

Anindita, Yona, Kiswaluyo, Kiswaluyo, Handayani, Ari Tri Wanodyo

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Background: Activity to cleanse and refresh the teeth and mouth is oral hygiene. Caries and periodontal disease will occure if not treating well, so they need to do the treatment to maintain the oral health. Fishermen usually sail in the afternoon and return in the next morning, sometimes they stay in the sea for a day. This situation causes the lack of attention of oral hygiene and increases the occurrence of dental caries. Researcher interests to analyze the relationship of oral hygiene levels with the caries of fishermen at Dusun Watu Ulo, Sumberejo Village, Jember District, East Java. This study performs oral hygiene examination using OHI-S index and caries examination using DMF-T index. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of oral hygiene with caries in fishermen at the coast of Watu Ulo Beach, Jember District. Methods: This observational analytic research was conducted by cross sectional approach. The method for sampling used Cluster Sampling. Results and conclusions :The average score of OHI-S fishermen at Watu Ulo coastal Jember District was 3.90 (bad category) and the average DMF-T index score was 3.10 (medium category). There was a weak relationship between oral hygiene with caries. Keywords: Oral hygiene, Caries, OHI-S, DMF-T, Fishermen.  

Potensi Ekstrak Buah Delima Merah (Punica granatum Linn) terhadap Penurunan Jumlah Koloni Streptococcus mutans (The Potential of Red Pomegranate Fruit Extract (Punica granatum Linn) on the Reduction Number of Streptococcus mutans colony)

., Kholisa, ., Purwanto, Hernawati, Sri

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Background:. Streptococcus mutans is a bacteria that initiates the formation of plaque on the tooth surface. S. mutans works by fermenting carbohydrates to produce an acidic atmosphere, so the plaque pH becomes low, this condition can lead to demineralization of enamel and dentin commonly called caries. One of alternative treatment to reduce the population of S. mutans by using herbal plants, namely red pomegranate. Red pomegranate contains flavonoids, tannins, and alkaloids as antibacterial. Objective: This study aimed to determine the inhibition of red pomegranate extract on growth of S. mutans. Materials and Methods: The method used is by counting the number of S. mutans using a colony counter. This method with 4 samples in each study group. The study group consists of 4 treatment groups (25%, 50%, 75% and 100% red pomegranate extract), positive control group (chlorhexidine), and negative control group (sterile aquades). Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis Test and Mann-Whitney test. Results and Conclusions: red pomegranate extract has the ability to inhibit the growth of S. mutans. The concentration of red pomegranate extract that has the greatest inhibitory effect on S. mutans growth is 100%. Keyword: Antibacterial, Streptococcus mutans, caries, red pomegranate fruit extract