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Jurnal Psikologi
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Jurnal Psikologi adalah jurnal ilmiah di bidang ilmu psikologi yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM). Penerbitan Jurnal Psikologi bertujuan untuk memfasilitasi interaksi, diskusi, dan pemutakhiran gagasan dari para ilmuwan psikologi di Indonesia. Mulai tahun 2015, Jurnal Psikologi terbit tiga kali dalam setahun, yaitu bulan April, Agustus dan Desember. Perubahan frekuensi terbitan dilakukan untuk mempercepat penyebarluasan hasil-hasil penelitian dan untuk meningkatkan nilai manfaat hasil-hasil penelitian serta mempersingkat masa tunggu pembaca agar dapat mengikuti perkembangan penelitian dalam bidang psikologi khususnya di Indonesia.
Articles
552
Articles
Pengasuhan sebagai Mediator Nilai Anak dalam memengaruhi Kemandirian Anak dengan Down Syndrom

Suparmi, Suparmi, Ekowarni, Endang, Adiyanti, MG, Helmi, Avin Fadilla

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

 This study aimed to investigate that parental care as a mediator for the value of children influenced the independence of children with down syndrome (DS). The subject of research were 57 children DS who have an IQ score at least 25, living with parents, have no motor disorders, both on the hands or feet. The research method used quantitative method. The data analized with path analysis. Results of the study found that parental care was proven to be the mediator for the value of children in influenced the independence of children with DS. 

Aplikasi Model Rasch dalam Pengembangan Instrumen Deteksi Dini Postpartum Depression

Ardiyanti, Difa, Dinni, Siti Muthia

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

After giving birth, women will face a lot challange as a mother. That situation demands an adaptation process, so that it is risky for women to diagnosed postpartum depression (PPD) disorder. Late detection and treatment may endanger the lives of the mother and baby. This condition indicates that PPD is a serious long term mental health problem and related to mother-child safety issues. Unfortunately, in Indonesia, the postpartum depression detection tool has never been developed. This study developed an early detection tool of postpartum depression (PPD) using the Rasch model which considered having advantages compared to the classical test theory. The subjects were 78 women who had just given birth last 2-6 weeks. Based on the results of the analysis using Winsteps, 13 items of 17 items met the grain-model fit index, with an alpha reliability coefficient of 0,90. Overall, it can be concluded that this early detection instrument of postpartum depression has good psychometric properties. Hence, it can be used for an early assessment and research. 

Performa Inhibitory Control dengan Induksi Sing-a-Song Stress Test pada Dewasa Awal

Kurniawan, Akhmad, Kusrohmaniah, Sri

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Inhibitory control is able to control attention by inhibiting internal tendencies and external influences. Inhibitory control is controlled by dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex, that can be affected by stress variable. Sing-a-Song Stress Test (SSST) is a current method to induce stress that has never been practiced in study of inhibitory control. This study aimed to determine the effect of SSST against inhibitory control in early adult. Between subjects design was applied in this study. A number of 35 participants with age range from 17 to 21 years old were randomly assigned into experimental group (n = 17) and control group (n = 18). Inhibitory control was measured using Computerized Stroop Color-Word Test (CSCWT). Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) was used to conduct a manipulation check. Independent-Samples T Test explained no significant effect of stress on inhibitory control (t = -0,117; p > 0,05).

Pengaruh Adaptasi Waktu Administrasi yang disebabkan Penggunaan Lembar Jawaban Komputer terhadap Hasil CFIT 3 A dan 3 B

Saptoto, Ridwan

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Previous research showed difference in intelligence level caused by difference in answering method. This research aimed to adapt test time administered using computer answer sheet. Adaptation time was conducted by comparing time needed to give answer by making cross line and blackening answer dots using 2B computer pencil. Experiment method with two independent group design had chosen. Data analysis showed no difference in raw score between control group and experiment group in CFIT 3A (t = 1.045, p > 0.05), CFIT 3B (t = 0.368, p > 0.05), and CFIT 3A and 3B (t = 0.791, p > 0.05). Data analysis also found no difference in intelligence level between both groups in CFIT 3A (t = 1.063, p > 0.05), CFIT 3B (t = 0.470, p > 0.05), and CFIT 3A and 3B (t = 0.771, p > 0.05). Adaptation administration time did not change intelligence test results.

RTs across Dual Stimuli, Gender, GPA and Trialt-ype

Hartanto, Hartanto

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This psychophysics experiment of Eriksen Flanker Task experiment is built in four independent variables (stimuli, gender, GPA, and trial-type) with one dependent variable (RTs). CAF was also examined between stimuli arrow and letter. The data was analyzed using four-way ANOVA. The result revealed that 1) Arrow stimuli needed few RTs than letter stimuli (F value = 17.964, and p-value = 2.34e-05). 2) In gender, there was a significantly different effect of RTs between female and male groups(F value = 91.203, p-value = 2e-16 (p < 0.001). 3) In trial-type, incongruent trial required more RTs than congruent trial (F value = 144.569, p-value = <2e-16 (p < 0.001). 4) Arrow stimuli was more accurate than letter with t-value = 6.4099, df = 2220.5, p-value = 1.773e-10. The result found the differences between the stimuli were caused by horizontal and vertical attention, so were in trial-type with parallel and focus phase. Across gender,the male group has proven to be faster in both stimuli than the female counterpart. This RTs pattern suggest that in conflict flanker task research, people tend to show the same architecture processing. Therefore the finding is quite universal in several research.

Task Commitment pada Mahasiswa Suku Bugis yang Merantau

Ridha, Andi Ahmad

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

 Settled foreigner college students’ task commitment becomes an important issue due to the demands to commit to themselves and to complete academic tasks. This study uses a quantitatve approach and aims to perceive the effect of autonomy towards task commitment on college students of Bugis tribe setteled foreigner. The participants in this study are 96 college students of Bugis tribe. Data were collected using autonomy scale and task commitment scale. Results shows that autonomy is a contributive factor towards task commitment with an amount up to 39,1% and the remnant is followed by other factors. The Bugis tribe settled foreigner college students has a high task commitment with an amount up to 62.5% and moderate task commitment with an amount up to 37.5%. Autonomy in college students has an effect towards the degree of task commitment on the Bugis tribe college students.

Peningkatan Dukungan Sosial Orang Tua dengan Anak Skizofrenia melalui Solution Focused Therapy

Peristianto, Sheilla Varadhila, Lestari, Sri

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Intrusive parental behavior towards children with schizophrenia did not support effort to prevent recurrence and achieve a good quality of life. This research was aimed to improve parental social support through Solution Focused Therapy in order to recover the quality of life for children with schizophrenia. Six parents who had a child with schizophrenia participated to this quasi-experimental research using a pretest-posttest control group design. The Social Support Scale which adapted from Interpersonal Support Evaluation List was used to measure parental support. The participants were divided into experimental and control group. The result of this research showed difference on social support between experimental and control group. Giving Solution Focus Therapy to parents can improve the parental social support for children with schizophrenia. The improvement of parental social support was expected to preserve better quality life of children with schizophrenia in order to relapse prevention.

Peran Dukungan Sosial Keluarga, Atasan, dan Rekan Kerja terhadap Resilient Self-Efficacy Guru Sekolah Luar Biasa

Santoso, Elisabeth, Setiawan, Jenny Lukito

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the influence of social support from family, supervisor, and co-workers toward the resilient self-efficacy of SEN teachers in Surabaya. This study involved 94 SEN teachers from Special Educational Needs school in Surabaya. The study used social support measures and resilient self-efficacy scale. Multiple regression analysis showed that social support from family, supervisor, and co-workers significantly influenced SEN teachers’ resilient self-efficacy (F = 28,052; p<0,05). These supports gave effective contribution to resilient self-efficacy as much as 48,3% (R²=0,483). Hypothesis testing also showed that each source of support significantly influenced SEN teachers’ resilient self-efficacy. Therefore, social support from family, supervisors, and co-workers influenced the resilient self-efficacy of SEN teachers, whether they are given simul­taneously or separately.

Peningkatan Kemampuan Literasi Awal Anak Prasekolah melalui Program Stimulasi

Hapsari, Widyaning, Ruhaena, Lisnawati, Pratisti, Wiwien Dinar

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 44, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Stimulation program is a treatment by providing literacy packages containing guidebooks literacy activities, media literacy in children and socialization for mothers. The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of the stimulation program to improve literacy skills in preschoolers. The proposed hypothesis that stimulation literacy program effective in improving early literacy skills in preschool children. This research method using a quasi-experimental design with non-equivalent control group. Subjects were 30 children aged 3-5 years were divided into an experimental group and a control group. Based on the analysis by the non-parametric statistical test Mann-Whitney U, it was known that there were differences increase early literacy skills in the experimental group and control group. Qualitative analysis showed an increase in the literacy skills by observing changes in the measurement results. Results from this study is important as a new study in finding alternative methods of stimulating preschool children.

Well-Being Orang Tua, Pengasuhan Otoritatif, dan Perilaku Bermasalah pada Remaja

Sumargi, Agnes Maria, Kristi, Alfonza Nugrahaning

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 44, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The presence of behavioural problems in adolescents is influenced by their parents. This study aimed to examine the relationships between parental well-being and adolescents’ behavioural problems with authoritative parenting as a mediator variable. It was hypothesized that parental well-being influenced adolescents’ behavioral problems through authoritative parenting. Participants were 142 parents (fathers or mothers) of X and Y Junior High School students in Surabaya. They were asked to complete well-being scale (Pemberton Happiness Index) and parenting scale (Parenting Style and Dimension Questionnaire), and rate the levels of behavioural problems of their child using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. Simple mediation analyses showed that authoritative parenting mediated parental well-being and adolescents’ behavioural problems. Parents with higher levels of well-being tended to employ authoritative parenting style that resulted lower levels of adolecents’ behavioural problems.