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Jurnal Psikologi
Jurnal Psikologi adalah jurnal ilmiah di bidang ilmu psikologi yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM). Penerbitan Jurnal Psikologi bertujuan untuk memfasilitasi interaksi, diskusi, dan pemutakhiran gagasan dari para ilmuwan psikologi di Indonesia. Mulai tahun 2015, Jurnal Psikologi terbit tiga kali dalam setahun, yaitu bulan April, Agustus dan Desember. Perubahan frekuensi terbitan dilakukan untuk mempercepat penyebarluasan hasil-hasil penelitian dan untuk meningkatkan nilai manfaat hasil-hasil penelitian serta mempersingkat masa tunggu pembaca agar dapat mengikuti perkembangan penelitian dalam bidang psikologi khususnya di Indonesia.
Articles
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Articles
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Faktor Determinan Perilaku Konservasi Energi dalam Skala Rumah Tangga dan Sektor Transportasi pada Konsumen Produk Elektronik Ramah Lingkungan dan BBM Non-Subsidi

Zein, Rizqy Amelia, Alfian, Ilham Nur

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Excessive energy consumption is the main cause of high emissions in our atmosphere, so that energy conservation remains a vital issue in combatting climate change. This research aimed to investigate determinant factors that supported conservation behaviour of green electronic products and non-subsidised petrol consumer. Energy conservation behaviour can be explained by two dimensions; psychological dimension, which is pro-environmental values and attitudes; and positional dimension, which is socioeconomic status. The research was conducted using social survey design by employing a combination of paper-based and online questionnaire. Involving 143 respondents, this research came into conclusion that key determinant factor which influenced energy conservation behaviour in household sector is external motivation or reducing household energy costs, so that it can be categorized as rational decision. Meanwhile in transportation sector, intrinsic motivation and pro-environmental values were important determinant factors that enticing energy consumption behaviour. Therefore, energy conservation behaviour in transportation sector is determined by internalfactors, so that it is mentioned as an idealistic decision.

Kepribadian dan Self-Regulated Learning

Rosito, Asina Christina

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

There were few studies in Indonesia that had investigated the importance of personality in learning. This hypothesis of this study was there would be significance effect of the dimensions of personality based on Big Five Personality Traits Model on self-regulated learning. This study involved 342 college students. The instrument used were Big Five Personality scale and self-regulated learning scale. The result showed that 28,9% were categorized in extraversion type, 19% were categorized in conscientiousness, 17,5% in agreeableness and 14.9% were categorized in openness. Analysis of regression showed that there is significant effect of personality on self-regulated learning (R= 0,627; R2 = 39,3%; F= 43,43; p-value <0,001). Further analysis showed that between five dimen­sions of personality, only conscienstiousness and openness that have spesific contribution on self-regulated learning. It is important then to explore the most effective strategy to improve personal characteristics such as eager to learn new things, work hard and discipline

Alexithymia pada Sampel Non Klinis: Keterkaitannya dengan Gaya Kelekatan

Rahmawati, Ike Meriska, Halim, Magdalena S

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulty identifying, describing, and experiencing feelings internally. Along with other circumstances, a high level of alexithymia and insecure attachment style may increase potential of mental health problems. A cross-sectional empirical design was used to examine mean level of alexithymia in non clinical samples and the association between alexithymia and attachment styles. Participants (N= 95) were recruited using convenience sampling. Variables were measured using Indonesian versions of Torronto Alexithymia Scale 20 and Attachment Style Questionnaire. Result showed the prevalence of Alexithymia was higher compared to some other studies with non clinical samples. Positive correlations were found between alexithymia and several attachment styles, and a negative one found with secure attachment styles. At domain level, the results provided interesting cues related to culture and emotion. Clinical implication of this study was cultural influence in individuals needs to be included in clinical observations.

Peran Kearifan (Wisdom) terhadap Kecemasan menghadapi Kematian pada Lansia

Dinakaramani, Smita, Indati, Aisah

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The development of individuals ends with the last step of being an elderly. Throughout their journey, they accumulate experience which results in the wisdom. A wise elder is often described having a good judgement, empathy, and the ability to accept change in their life including the acceptance of death as just another phase of life. The aim of this study is to find out the role of wisdom towards death anxiety among the elderly. The hypothesis of this study is “Wisdom has an role towards death anxiety”. This study uses an adaptation of the Death Anxiety Scale (DAS) and the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS) as measuring instruments. This study analyze 130 elderlies between 60 and 85 years old that don’t stay in retirement homes. The data is analyzed using simple linear regression technique. The result of this study shows wisdom has a role towards elderly death anxiety by 14.3%.

Keterlibatan Orang Tua terhadap Keterampilan Sosial Siswa Berkebutuhan Khusus di Sekolah Dasar Inklusif

Mangunsong, Frieda Maryam, Wahyuni, Citra

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the relationship between parental involvement and social skills of students with SEN in inclusive elementary primary. It also examines student factors, namely gender, types of disability, and level of impairment that can affect student’s social skills. Participants were 365 parents of students with Special Educational Need (SEN) in inclusive elementary school. Parental involvement was measured using the Family Involvement Questionnaire. Students' social skills assessed using the Social Skills Improvement System. This research uses quantitative method and correlational non-experimental design. The results showed that parents' involvement was significantly related to the social skills of students with SEN. It means that the more parents are involved in the education, the higher the social skills of the children will have. In regards to demographic variables, only gender of children that can affect children’s social skills.  

Iri di Situs Jejaring Sosial: Studi tentang Teori Deservingness

Armalita, Rani, Helmi, Avin Fadilla

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study examines the deservingness theory of envy over success stories post in the social media. The hypotheses are that there is a difference in; (1) the level of deservingness on posting stories of success gained through high effort (KUT) with success gained through low effort (KUR), (2) the level of envy over KUT and KUR posts, and (3) there is an influence of deservingness toward envy over KUT and KUR posts. A total of 214 undergraduate students became a subject of this research. The measurement of envy (y1) and deservingness (y2) over success post (x) used the scenario method. We used MANOVA-RM as the analysis technique to explore the envy and deservingness scores on KUT and KUR. MANCOVA-RM analysis was used to determine the effect of deserving­ness to envy. The findings suggest that envy increases when subjects are exposed to KUR post because of low deservingness.

Depression Tendencies, Social Skills, and Loneliness among College Students in Yogyakarta

Fauziyyah, Alya, Ampuni, Sutarimah

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This research aimed to examine the role of social skills in depression among college students through the mediation of loneliness.  As many as 645 college students in Yogyakarta (Male = 180, Female = 465) participated in this study. Social skills was measured using Social Skills Scale, depression was measured using Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and loneliness was measured using UCLA Loneliness Scale version 3, which were adapted into Bahasa Indonesia. Regression analysis with simple mediation model showed that, as expected, social skills negatively contributed to depression with the mediation of loneliness. This means that lower social skills were associated with higher loneliness and in turn contributed to increasing tendency towards depression among college students. Additional analysis found that levels of social skills, loneliness, and depression differed among college students in different years, with students in the fifth years and after being lower on social skills and higher on loneliness and depression. Furthermore, it was shown that 51% respondents were indicating depression symptoms which levels varied from mild to severe.

Validasi Struktur Internal Alat Ukur Refleksi Diri Adaptif melalui CFA

Bahiyah, Siti, savitri, setiawati intan

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Adaptive self reflection could be done if people could react positively when analyze negative experienced by reflecting emotions, allowing theself to reconstruct the feelings and meaning of the experience rather than recounting what has happened and what is perceived or avoiding it (self-distancing). The purpose of this study is to developed adaptive self reflection questionnaire by validating internal structure some of scales that have the same relation with adaptive self reflection construct. This study used a quantitative approach with Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) method involving 100 respondents in the trial and 306 respondents in the next test. The Adaptive self reflection questionnaire that produced in this study consisted of 15 items that measure three dimensions, namely theemotional reactivity, thought content, and avoidance. The Adaptive self reflection questionnaire proved to be valid and reliable (CR = 0.80). The test results proved that the measuring adaptive self reflection questionnaire meet the unidimensionality assumption. 

Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) dan Communication Apprehension (CA) pada Remaja Tunagrahita Jenjang SD di SLBN Salatiga

Sunusi, Happy Cahyani, Soetjiningsih, Chr. Hari, Kristijanto, A. Ign.

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

 The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of PECS on verbal communication skills skills of adolescent tunagrahita and test the difference of anxiety verbal communication adolescent tunagrahita based on gender. Experimental design for verbal communication skills used Analysis of Covariance with Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) based on 6 phases of pre and post test. The subjects of this research was seven elementary students. Data collection used the Measure of Elementary Communication Apprehension (MECA) questionnaire and be analyzed using Covariance Analysis, verbal communication anxiety pre and post test analyzed by Wilxocon and the difference verbal communication anxiety by sex analyzed by Mann Whitney U. The results of this study show that PECS can improve verbal communication skills and affect verbal communication anxiety in elementary school adolescent with intellectual disability and also differ based on sex

Efektivitas Pelatihan Pemberian Dukungan Sosial pada Walinapi dengan Metode Bermain dan Permainan Peran

Sahrah, Alimatus, Yuniasanti, Reny

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 45, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The skills of prisoner coaching to provide social support by walinapi in every penitentiary need to be improved. This experimental study aims to determine the effectiveness of social support training using the Game method and the Role Play method in improving the ability to make Social Support welfare against prisoners in the Penitentiary of Yogyakarta. The research subject was 20 prisoners guardian, consisting of 9 men and 11 women. Social Support Training with Game and Role Playing Methods is a treatment to enhance the welfare social support capabilities of prisoners. Training Effectiveness is measured by evaluation of reactions, evaluation of learning and behavioural evaluation. Measurement of social support capabilities is done before and after training using a scale based on 5 aspects of social support. The research data analysis uses independent t-test and pair comparison t-test techniques. The results of the study show that, (1) social support training is effectively improving the ability to support social welfare of the prisoners; (2) there is no difference in effectiveness between social support training using the game method and the role play method.