Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 23032960     EISSN : -
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan artikel hasil penelitian atau ulasan (literature review) tentang Budidaya Perairan (aquaculture). Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia diterbitkan dua kali setahun yaitu pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
Articles 109 Documents
PENGARUH KADAR PROTEIN PAKAN TERHADAP PENAMPILAN PERTUMBUHAN, KEMATANGAN GONAD DAN FEKUNDITAS IKAN KATUNG (Pristolepis grooti Bleeker) MATANG GONAD PERTAMA Alawi, Hamdan; Aryani, Netty; Asiah, Nur
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT The effect of three protein levels of commercial diet on the growth performance, gonad maturation and fecundity of first maturity of Indonesian leaffish (Pritolepis grooti) was conducted in 54 liters recirculation aquaria system for 10 months rearing period. Eight-week-old artificial spawned  Indonesian  leaffish katung (Pristolepis grooti Bleeker)) fry with an average weight (SD) of 0.560(0.116) g were fed  5% BW three times a day with commercial diets 18, 28 and 38% Protein.  Fish fed on 38%  protein diet showed better growth and feed conversion ratio than those fed on 28 and 18% diets. Males matured earlier than females: the firstmature males were recorded when they were 5 months old, whereas the females matured after 6 month rearing period. The mean percentage of mature female fish rose with increasing feed protein level. It was also found that the percentage of mature fish rose with the increasing fish age and size. More than 70% males matured at the age of 6 months in all diet. After 10 months rearing period, the percentage of matured female fed on 38% protein was 100% while those fed on 16% protein was 25%. Smallest size at spawning of males and females was 8.5 cm (23 g) and 13 cm (65 g), respectively, and dietary protein levels influenced the size of fish at first maturity. It was found that  the protein level significantly effected the gonado somatic index (GSI). Fecundity increased with increasing dietary protein level. The relative fecundity (eggs /g or cm female) was higher at the higher  dietary protein level.   Keywords : Dietary Protein; Growth; Gonad Maturation; Fecundity; Indonesian leaffish Pristolepis grooti
SINTASAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN IKANPATIN SIAM (Pangasianodon hypopthalmus) AKIBAT RESPON FISIOLOGIS YANG BERBEDA PADA BERBAGAI TINGKAT KALSIUM MEDIA Wyrantika, Cynthia Putu; ., Yulisman; Fitrani, Mirna
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JARI (JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT Soybean meal is plant protein sources that often used in fish feed. However, availability of soybean meal still depend on imports. Therefore, need an alternative to reduce dependence on soybean meal. Tofu waste can be used as alternative plant protein source. The aim of this research was to determine the best percentage of  fermented tofu waste meal in feed formulation for optimal growth and feed efficiency of catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) juvenile. This research was conducted at Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University on August to October 2014 and the feed proximate analysis conducted in Laboratorium Bioproses, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya. The method of this research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 3 replications, consist of A (commercial feed), B (0% fermented tofu waste meal : 20% soybean meal), C (5%  fermented tofu waste meal : 15% soybean meal), D (10% fermented tofu waste meal : 10% soybean meal), E (15% fermented tofu waste meal : 5% soybean meal), F (20% fermented tofu waste meal : 0% soybean meal). The result showed that the use of fermented tofu waste in the feed had not signifficant on the growth of weight and length, specific growth rate, feed convertion ratio, feed efficiency, and survival rate of catfish juvenile for each treatment. The best result was obtained by treatment D which used  fermented tofu waste meal 10%.   Keywords : Pangasius hypophthalmus, fermented tofu waste, soybean meal, feed efficiency, growth
EFEKTIVITAS TEPUNG BUAH MAHKOTA DEWA (Phaleria macrocarpa) UNTUK PENGOBATAN INFEKSI BAKTERI AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA PADA IKAN LELE SANGKURIANG Muntari, Sri; Sasanti, Ade Dwi; Hukama Taqwa, Ferdinand
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT The aim of this research was to examine Phaleria macrocarpa fruit powder mixed on feed in order to cure infected sangkuriang catfish by A. hydrophila. The advantage of this research was as an alternatives method using Phaleria macrocarpa fruit powder to cure sangkuriang catfish infected by A. hydrophila. This research was conducted on Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. Determination of hematocrit and total leucocytes were conducted in UPT Klinik Sriwijaya University, Indralaya from October until November 2014. This research was  designed based on Complete Randomized Design with six treatments and three replications. The fish was infected by A. hydrophila with density of 2.2.106 cfu.mL-1 using injection method. The catfish has been reared for 31 days and fed with pellet enriched  with 0 %, 1.2 %, 2.4 %, 3.6 % and 4.8 % Phaleria macrocarpa fruit powder. Feeding frequency was three times a day. The parameters observed on this research were injury diameter, the percentage of cured fish, hematocrit concentration, total leucocytes, survival rate, growth, feed efficiency and water physical and chemical properties. The result showed that the addition of P. macrocarpa fruit powder on feed was effectively cured the infection caused A. hydrophila revealed by decreasing of injury diameter. The best treatment was the addition of 2.4 % P. macrocarpa. This treatment could increase hematocrit concentration and total leucocytes, gave the highest results on survival rate (95 %), absolute weight growth (22.4 g), absolute length growth (5.38 cm) and feed efficiency (77.9 %).     Keywords : Aeromonas hydrophila, catfish, infection, treatment, P. macrocarpa
PEMANFAATAN AIR KELAPA (Cocos nucifera) UNTUK MASKULINISASI IKAN GUPPY (Poecilia reticulata) Dwinanti, Sefti Heza; Putra, M. Hanggara; Sasanti, Ade Dwi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2018): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT               Masculinization is a method of  sex reversal technique that can direct sexuality from female to male. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of coconut water on masculinization in guppy by immersion administration. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with three treatments and three replications. After 12 days post spawning, female guppies were immersed for 8 hours.The concentrations were : 0%(P0), 20% (P1), and 40% (P2). The parameters were observed including percentage of male, survival rate and water quality (thermal, pH and kalium concentration). Baby guppies were reared until sex can be determined which were 42 days of culture. The result showed that the percentage of male guppy fish was 54.44% (P0), 77.78% (P1) and 90.00% (P2). The survival rate of  larval during maintenance was 100% for all treatments. Water quality during maintenance was 27.0-28.40C for temperature and 6.38-7.20 for pH. To sum up, this experiment proved that coconut water can be used for masculinization by immersed pregnant female broadstock and it produced 90% male when immersed with 40% of coconut water. Keywords : Coconut water, guppy (Poecilia reticulata), masculinization
PENGARUH LAMA WAKTU PEMBERIAN PAKAN YANG MENGANDUNG BUAH MAHKOTA DEWA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN IMUNITAS IKAN LELE YANG DIINFEKSI Aeromonas Hydrophila Suryati, Lili; Sasanti, Ade Dwi; Amin, Mohamad
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2017): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT          One of the bacterial diseases that attacks freshwater fish is Motile Aeromonas Septicemia (MAS) caused by Aeromonas hydrophila. The aim of this research is to know the effect of different feeding time duration that contain Phaleria macrocarpa flour to prevent of A. hydrophila. Research was conducted from September until November 2016 on Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University and Laboratorium UPT Klinik Kesehatan. The research designed based on Completely Ranomized Design (CRD) with four treatments and three replications. Clarias sp. was given feed treatment for 14 days (P1), 21 days (P2), and 28 days (P3). Feed treatment in the form of flour Phaleria add to commercial feed as many as 1 gram from 100 grams of commercial feed. The parameters observed on this research were total leucocytes,  hematocrit concentration, growth, prevalence, and survival. The result showed that the addition of P. macrocarpa flour on feed was to prevent infection caused A. hydrophila revaled by decreasing of prevalence of fish. The addition of Phaleria macrocarpa flour  for 21 days is the best treatment, seen from the increasing total leucocytes and hematocrit concentration and produse survival of 86,67% and prevalence value of 32,68% after injected by A. hydophila bacteria.Keywords: Aeromonas hydrophila, Clarias sp., Phaleria macrocarpa
MODIFIKASI MEDIA SPIRULINA PLATENSIS SEBAGAI UPAYA PEMANFAATAN AIR LIMBAH BUDIDAYA IKAN LELE Widyantoro, Hendro; Wijayanti, Marini; Dwinanti, Sefti Heza
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2018): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to determine the best fertilizer compotition that was made from technical fertilizer and waste water of cat fish farming. This experimental was conducted at Aquaculture Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. It used complete randomized design (CRD) method which had five treatments and three replications, the waste water from catfish pond (P0), waste water from catfish pond + 25% technical fertilizer (P1), waste water from catfish pond + 50% technical fertilizers (P2), the waste water from catfish pond + 75% technical fertilizers (P3), the waste water from catfish pond + 100% technical fertilizers (P4). The results showed that the best maximum density of S. platensis was P3 about 3.98 g l-1, and growth rate was equal to 2.80% day-1. The most significant parameter of water quality was ammonia which decreased until 82.78%. Besides, it was more beneficial than others based on Return Cost Ratio (R/C ratio) and Benefit Cost Ratio (B/C ratio) which were 3.66 and 2.66 respectively. Keywords: Spirulina platensis, waste water pond of catfish, modified  media
PREVALENSI, KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN PERTUMBUHAN IKAN PATIN YANG DIBERI PAKAN MENGANDUNG DAUN JAMBU BIJI (Psidium guajava) DAN DIINFEKSI Aeromonas hydrophila ., Matrilesi; Sasanti, Ade Dwi; ., Muslim
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT In fish cultivation, Aeromonas hydrophila could couse desease epidemic with mortality rate of 80-100% for 1-2 weeks. The purpose of research was to know the effect of addition of guava leaf in feed to prevalence, survival rate and growth of pangasidae which infected by A. hydrophila. The research was conducted on August- September 2015 in Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan and UPT. Klinik Kesehatan, Sriwijaya University. The research used Completed Randomized Design (CRD) with  six treatments and three replications, there were fish fed commercial feed and infected by A. hydrophila, fish fed by commercial feed with addition of guava leaf powder 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, 3.5% and infected. The result of the research showed the addition of guava leaf to feed has a significant effect to prevalence and survival rate of pangasidae, but has n’t have significant effect to growth of pangasidae. The treatment on P1 has the best result with prevalance 42.22%, survival rate 75%, absolute weight 6.34 g and absolute length 2.41 cm. Keywords : Aeromonas hydrophila, Bacteria infected, Guava leaf, Pangasidae
KONDISI PERAIRAN SUNGAI DI OGAN ILIR BERDASARKAN PARAMETER FISIKA KIMIA Harmilia, Elva Dwi; Khotimah, Khusnul
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2018): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT The research had been done on February, March, May and April 2018 with purposive sampling method. The purpose of this research was to know condition of Ogan river waters which based on Physic and chemistry parameters. In taking sampling water was done at four stations which are desa Indralaya Mulya, desa Tanjung Seteko, and desa Muara Penimbung Ilir (Part of kecamatan Indralaya) and desa Suka Merindu (part of kecamatan Pemulutan Barat). Sampling water had been analyzed with insitu (in the field of the research) and exsitu (in laboratory). The physic parameters were brightness, turbidity, depth, DHL and TDS. The chemical parameters were: pH, DO, alkalinitas, NO2, NO3, dan NH3.  Result of the research showed that when dry weather the score of DO, pH, alkalinitas, and Nitrat become higher on May than on Februari, March, and June. Water condition of Ogan river was moderately polluted dan low fertility rate in dry weather but it still can be used for people daily used, but for fishing cultivation it only can be used for fishes which have high tolerance with bad water condition. Keywords : Physic-Chemical Parameters, Water quality, Ogan River
PENAMBAHAN SARI BUAH BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi) PADA PAKAN UNTUK MENGOBATI IKAN LELE SANGKURIANG (Clarias sp.) YANG DIINFEKSI Aeromonas hydrophila Agustina, Herdia; Sasanti, Ade Dwi; Wijayanti, Marini
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2017): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT Motile Aerhomonas Septicemia (MAS) is one of bacteria diseases which is often attack freshwater fish. Motile Aerhomonas Septicemia (MAS) or hemmorage septicemia caused by bacteria A. hydrophila. The aim of this reserch examine Averrhoa bilimbi juice mixed on feed in order to effect sangkuriang catfish by A. hydrophila. The research was conducted at September until October 2016 in Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sriwijaya and Laboraturium UPT Klinik Universitas Sriwijaya. Method of the research uses Completely Ranomized Design with six treatments and three replications. This research was conducted for 25 days of rearing. The catfish given feed mixed A. b          ilimbi juice about 150 mL.kg-1 (P1), 200 mL.kg-1 (P2), 250 mL.kg-1 (P3) dan 300 mL.kg-1 (P4) with frequency was three times a day. The parameters of this reserch is wound diameter, the percentage of cured fish, hematocrit, growth, food convertion ratio, survival rate, and chemical properties (temperature, pH, DO and ammonia). The results showed that the addition of A. bilimbi juice at P1 be obtained the percentage of cured fish was 64.47% and survival rate was 71.11%. P2 be obtained the percentage of cured fish was 68.89% and survival rate was 73.33%. P3 be obtained the percentage of cured fish was 72.53% and survival rate was 80.00%. P4 be obtained the percentage of cured fish was 95.40% and survival rate was 95.56%. P4 with dose 300 mL.kg-1 feed is the best treatment bacterial A. hydrophila infection of hematocrit was 32%, the percentage of cured fish was 95.40%, and survival rate was 95.56%. Water quality parameters during maintenance is still in a state of optimum range. Keywords: Aeromonas hydrophila, Sangkuriang catfish, Averrhoa bilimbi juice.
MASKULINISASI IKAN CUPANG (Betta splendens) MENGGUNAKAN MADU ALAMI MELALUI METODE PERENDAMAN Siregar, Annisa; Syaifudin, Mochamad; Wijayanti, Marini
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2018): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT This research aims to determine the effect of natural  honey to male percentage of betta fish by masculinization. This researchwas conducted at FisheriesBasic Laboratory,  Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University on January– February 2018. This research  usedcompletely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment in this research was4 day of betta fish larvae  that submersed in 5 ml/L  natural honey with different immersiontime.The treatmentconsisted of P0 (without natural honey), P1 (12 hours of immersion), P2 (16 hours of immersion), P3 (20 hours of immersion),and P4 (24 hours of immersion). The observed parameters were post-immersion survival percentage, percentage of male betta fish, post- rearing survival percentage and water quality. The result showed the percentage of male betta fish was 47,50 % (P0), 66,35 % (P1), 73,51% (P2), 75,37 (P3), and 85,14 % (P4). Water quality during maintenace were temperature 27,4-28,8 oC, pH 5,3-5,8, DO 3,43-3,59 mg/L and amonia 0’001-0,002 mg/L. Treatment of P4 (24 hours of immersion) indicatedthe best treatment with larval survival percentage andmale percentage were 90.00% and 85.14% respectirely. Keywords : Betta fish (Betta splendens), masculinization,natural honey

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