Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 23032960     EISSN : -
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan artikel hasil penelitian atau ulasan (literature review) tentang Budidaya Perairan (aquaculture). Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia diterbitkan dua kali setahun yaitu pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
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KEMATANGAN GONAD IKAN SEPAT MUTIARA (Trichogaster leeri Blkr) DENGAN PEMBERIAN PAKAN YANG BERBEDA ., Habibi; ., Sukendi; Aryani, Neti
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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The research was conducted from March to May 2013 in Bredding and Hatchery Laboratory of Fishery and Marine Science Faculty of Riau University. The aim of this research was to investigate suitable feed for the maturation of the gonads of sepat mutiara (Trichogaster leeri Blkr) reared with different feeding treatment such as Gonad Maturity Level (TKG), gonad maturation index (IKG), fecundity, egg diameter and egg maturation. The research method used was Completely Randomized Design (CDR) with three treatments and three replications. The treatment in this study were P1 (Tubifex sp), P2 (Shrimp pellet), P3 (Shrimp pellet + Vitamin E). The result showed that good feed for the maturation of the gonads was shrimp pellets + Vitamin E, reared for 42 days and the total fish reached TKG IV 29 tails , index gonad somatic 9,32 %, fecundity of  2646 eggs, egg diameter 0.70 mm. The temperature range from 26 – 280 C, pH 5 – 6, DO 4.0 – 5,0 ppm. Keyword: different feed, Gonad maturation, Trichogaster leeri Blkr
POTENSI PAKAN YANG MENGANDUNG SAMBILOTO (Andrographis paniculata) DAN DAUN JAMBU BIJI (Psidium guajava) UNTUK MENANGGULANGI BAKTERI Aeromonas hydrophila PADA IKAN BAUNG (Mystus nemurus) Lukistyowati, Iesje; Syawal, Henni
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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An effort to prevent  Aeromonas hydrophila diseases  in catfish (Mystus nemurus)  performed using antibiotic was less safety. Prevention using natural substances mix with fishmeal could overcome the problem. The study was conducted to investigate fismeal potential containing herb of Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata) and leaves of Jambu biji (Psidium guajava) with different dose given to fish aslong as 60 days. Treatment P1 (without sambiloto flour and jambu biji leaves), P1( 10 g of sambiloto flour + 10 g of jambu biji flour/kg of fish meal), P2 (20 g of sambiloto flour + 20 g of jambu biji flour/ kg of fish meal), P3 (30 g of sambiloto flour + 30 g of jambu biji flour/ kg of fish meal). After 60 days, infection of  Aeromonas hydrophila through intraperitonial with concentration of 108 cell/ml and dose of 0,1ml/fish was conducted. Result of study show that catfish feed with fismeal containing sambiloto  and jambubiji could increase survival rates and growth rates (P˂0,05), but fishmeal containing sambiloto and jambu biji leaves was not effective to privent diseases coused by Aeromonas hydrophila on catfish (Mystus nemurus).   Keywords : Andrographis paniculata, Psidium guajava, Aeromonas hydrophila, catfish (Mystus nemurus) 
TEPUNG KIAMBANG (Salvinia molesta) TERFERMENTASI SEBAGAI BAHAN PAKAN IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) ., Warasto; ., Yulisman; Fitrani, Mirna
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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The aims of this research was to examined the effect of fermented giant salvinia meal as feed ingrediant on growth, spesific growth rate, feed efficiency, and survival rate of tilapia. Research used completely randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were treatment with out used giant salvinia meal, and using 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% fermented giant salvinia meal in feed formulation. Results showed that the using 10% fermented giant salvinia meal in feed formulation provided the best result were weight growth 2.28 g, specific growth rate 1.45%, feed efficiency 69.54%, and survival rate 98.33%. As long the research, water quality was in optimum  range for tilapia were  temperature 25-290C,  dissolved oxygen 5.60- 7.95 mg.L-1, pH 6.6-7.1, and amonia 0.009-0.016 mg.L-1.   Keywords: Giant salvinia, fermentation, feed efficiency, tilapia
TOKSISITAS LIMBAH CAIR LATEKS TERHADAP KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP, PERTUMBUHAN DAN TINGKAT KONSUMSI OKSIGEN IKAN PATIN (Pangasius sp) Bosman, Ofan; Hukama Taqwa, Ferdinand; ., Marsi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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The purposes of this research are to determine the value of LC50 96 hours and sub lethal toxicity test of latex liquid waste against survival, growth and oxygen consumption rate of catfish. This research was held from April until June 2013 in Laboratory of Basic Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. The materials used for this research were latex liquid waste and catfish was a length of 11 cm ± 0.1 cm with a weight of 10 g ± 1 g as bioassay. This research used a completely randomized design (CRD) with seven treatments and  three replications. Treatment levels of lethal toxicity test were 0 mL.L-1 (A), 16.8 mL.L-1 (B), 18.8 mL.L-1 (C), 21.0 mL.L-1 (D), 23.5 mL.L-1 (E), 26.3 mL.L-1 (F) and 29.4 mL.L-1 (G). Treatment levels of sub lethal toxicity tests were 0% x LC50 96 hours (A), 0.5% x LC50 96 hours (B), 1% x LC50 96 hours (C), 6.25% x LC50 96 hours (D), 12.5% ​​x LC50 96 hours (E), 25% x LC50 96 hours (F) and 50% x LC50 96 hours (G). The result of this research showed that the of LC50 96 hours concentration of latex liquid waste for catfish is 24.5 mL.L-1. The results of sub lethal toxicity test indicated that latex liquid waste significantly affect the survival of catfish in the concentration of 25% x LC50 96  hours (F), while did not significantly affect on growth until concentration of 50% x LC50 96 hours  (G). Exposure time periode affects oxygen consumption rate was concentration from 0,5% x LC50 96 hours (B) until 50% x LC50 96 hours  (G) where the longer of exposure time would decrease the oxygen consumption of catfish.   Keywords: Latex Liquid Waste, Toxicity, Catfish
PERSENTASE PENETASAN TELUR IKAN BETOK (Anabas testudineus) DENGAN SUHU INKUBASI YANG BERBEDA Aprilianti Putri, Dwi; ., Muslim; Fitrani, Mirna
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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The aims of this study was to know the effect of different temperatures on the percentage of climbing perch eggs hatching. This study has been done from October 2012 to November 2012 at Fish Breeding Unit “Batanghari Sembilan” Indralaya. The implementation of this study include selection of the brood, rearing of brood stock, injection ovaprim, spawning, hatching eggs, larval rearing. The results  indicate that the most rapid hatching time obtained in P4 treatment (34° C) with a incubation time 964 minutes. Optimal incubation temperature to produce the maximum hatching percentage was 98.66% at a temperature of 34 oC. Water quality of medium were 31-340C for temperature, pH  6,7-7,6 and disolved oxygen 3,3-3,8 mg.L-1. Keywords : temperature, hatching percentage hatching time, water quality.
KUALITAS AIR, KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN PERTUMBUHAN BENIH IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) YANG DIPELIHARA DALAM MEDIA DENGAN PENAMBAHAN PROBIOTIK Hartini, Sri; Dwi Sasanti, Ade; Hukama Taqwa, Ferdinand
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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The aims of this research were to study the influence of probiotics on water quality of cultivation media, survival rate and growth of snakehead, and to determine the right concentration of probiotics to obtain the best water quality, survival rate and growth. This current research examined 6 treatments and each treatments was replicatet 3 times. The treatmens were randomized according to comletely randomized design.  The treatmens consisted of P0 (without probiotic addition), P1 (addition of 2.5 µl.l-1 week-1), P2 (addition of  5 µl.l-1 week-1), P3 (addition of 7.5 µl.l-1 week-1), P4 (addition of 10 µl.l-1 week-1) dan P5 (addition of 12.5 µl.l-1 week-1). The research was carried out for 30 days of maintenance in a tarp as a media container maintenance. From the research that has been done that the addition of probiotics in snakhead (C. striata)  maintenance media  obtained the best dose that is 10 μl.l-1 week-1.  Results of water quality measurements that include DO, temperature, pH, Ammonia, Nitrite and Nitrate in descriptive unreal influence.  But it gives a significantly different effect mainly on the total bacterial, survival rate (96.66%), with growth in the length of 1.3 cm and 0.27 g weight gain.   Key Word: Snakehead Larvae, Probiotics, Survival Rate, Growth
EFEKTIVITAS PENAMBAHAN ENZIM CAIRAN RUMEN DOMBA TERHADAP PENURUNAN SERAT KASAR BUNGKIL KELAPA SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU PAKAN IKAN ., Zuraida; Jusadi, Dedi; Priyono Utomo, NurBambang
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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Experiments to evalueate the hydrolysis of crude fiber in coconut cake meal (CCM) by sheep rumen liquor enzymes for basic material fish diet. In Experiment I, the sheep rumen liquor enzymes were added into the CCM at concentration of either 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, or 125 ml/kg of CCM, and incubated for the period of 0, 12, and 24 hours, respectively. The result showed that sheep rumen liquor enzymes could effectively reduced the fiber content of CCM, while its glucose concentration increased. It was found that the application of sheep rumen liquor enzymes at a dose of 125 ml in 1 kg CCM at a period of 24 hours was the most effective treatment to reduce the crude fiber content in CCM. The crude fiber content in this treatment decreased from 13.76% to 6.98%. Keywords: coconut cake meal, sheep rumen liquor, and crude fiber
KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP, PERTUMBUHAN DAN TINGKAT KONSUMSI OKSIGEN IKAN PATIN (Pangasius sp.) YANG TERPAPAR LIMBAH CAIR PABRIK KELAPA SAWIT Amalia, Resti; ., Marsi; Hukama Taqwa, Ferdinand
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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The current research aimed to know the lethal and sub-lethal toxicities of industrial  palm oil liquid waste on catfish. The reseach was carried out from May to June 2013 at Basic Fishery Laboratory, Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya. This research used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 7 treatment levels and three replications. At lethal experiment, treatment levels tested were without the addition of liquid waste (A), 13.18 mL.L-1 (B), 13.89 mL.L-1 (C), 14.63 mL.L-1 (D), 15.4 mL.L-1 (E), 16.21 mL.L-1 (F),  and 17.06 mL.L-1 (G). For sub-lethal, treatment levels tested were without the addition of liquid waste (A), 0.5% x 96-h LC50 (B), 1% x 96-h LC50 (C), 6.25% x 96-h LC50 (D), 12.5% x 96-h LC50 (E), 25% x 96-h LC50 (F), and 50% x 96-h LC50 (G). The result of probit analysis shows 96-h LC50 value is 14.12 mL.L-1, positive linier relationship between mortality and concentration of palm oil liquid waste was found (r = 0.98 **). For the result of  sub lethal concentrations of  palm oil liquid waste ≤ 1% x 96-h LC50 had no effect (p> 0.01) while concentration of ≥ 6.25% x 96-h LC50 had very significant effect on the survival, growth and oxygen consumption rate of catfish. Key words : Toxicity, Industrial  Palm Oil Liquid Waste, Catfish, 96-h LC50
KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP, PERTUMBUHAN DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) YANG DIBERI PAKAN BERBAHAN BAKU TEPUNG KEONG MAS (Pomacea sp) Hidayat, Deny; Dwi Sasanti, Ade; ., Yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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The purpose to know influence feed from golden apple snail flour for survival, growth, and feed efficiency of snake head (C. striata). There search used completely randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were AR 1 (0 % golden apple snail flour : 50 % fish flour), AR 2 (12.5 % golden apple snail flour : 37.5 % fish flour), AR 3 (25 % golden apple snail flour : 25% fish flour), AR 4 (37.5 % golden apple snail flour : 12.5% fish flour) and AR 5 (50% golden apple snail flour : 0 % fish flour). The parameters observed were survival rate, absolute weight growth, absolute length growth and feed efficiency.The results of this research showed that the highest survival ratewas 86.67 % (AR 4). The highest bsolute weight and length growth was 4.96 g and 0.9 cm (AR 5). Whereas, the highest feed eficiency was 29.45 % (AR 1). In observation histology of snake head found hemoragi and nekrosit hepatosit in all treatment, before treatment and AR 1, AR 2, AR 4 dan AR 5 found congesti at snake head, whereas fat degeneration at snake head before treatment.   Key words : Snake head, golden apple snail flour
POTENSI TANAMAN HERBAL SEBAGAI ANTIMIKROBIAL PADA IKAN LELE SANGKURIANG (Clarias sp.) Simatupang, Nora; Anggraini, Dwi
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
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ABSTRACT Motile aeromonad septicaemia (MAS) is caused by the bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila. The use of plant (natural materials) from herbal plants such as garlic, lime, turmeric and mengkudu can be as an alternative way to inhibit the activity of A. hydrophila by their active substances which have potency as an antibacterial and immunostimulant. The aim of this study was to analyze the potential of using a mixture of herbal plants to control of A. hydrophila in catfish sangkuriang (Clarias sp.). There were split in two kind of doses namely, preventive garlic;lemon 0,625% and turmeric;mengkudu 1,5%. The preventive treatment was given for two weeks before challenging test. The curative treatment was performed on one week after challenging test. Challenging test was carried out by intramuscularly injecting of 0,1 mL A. hydrophila (105cfu/ml) into the fish. The results of in vitro at doses of 5% of each extract showed antimicrobial. In the in vivo test, extracts of garlic and lime showed antimicrobial at a doses of 0.625%, while turmeric and mengkudu extracts effective inhibited in a doses of 1,5%. Key word: Herbal plants, antimicrobial, catfish sangkuriang 

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