Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 23032960     EISSN : -
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan artikel hasil penelitian atau ulasan (literature review) tentang Budidaya Perairan (aquaculture). Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia diterbitkan dua kali setahun yaitu pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
Articles 45 Documents
SINTASAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN IKAN PATIN SIAM (Pangasianodon hypopthalmus) AKIBAT RESPON FISIOLOGIS YANG BERBEDA PADA BERBAGAI TINGKAT KALSIUM MEDIA

ani, Muliani mul

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2013): VOL 1 NO 1. 2013
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ABSTRACT Calcium is one of macromineral  that needed by fish for  physiological processes such as osmoregulation, enzyme regulation, ossification and cell permeability. This study aimed to determine the optimum concentration of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) at 3 ppt salinity of media and evaluated the effects of adding calcium to physiological conditions and the affect to the survival rate and growth of catfish. The study was conducted in two stages; the first stage was determined the optimum concentration of calcium, the second stage was evaluated  the effect of calcium on the physiological condition of fish. Randomized completely design with 4 treatments and 3 repitations (A. 3 ppt + 0 mg/L CaCO3, B. 3 ppt + 50 mg/L CaCO3, C. 3 ppt + 100 mg/ L CaCO3, D. 3 ppt + 150 mg/L CaCO3) were used in this study. The results showed that the salinity of media with the addition of calcium can reduce levels of osmotic performance, oxygen consumption, and blood glucose levels, and it can increase the feed efficiency and daily growth rate. Treatment C (3 ppt + 100 mg/L) showed the best physiological condition among other treatments.   Keywords : Calcium; Salinity; Catfish; Pangasianodon hypopthalmus

PERTUMBUHAN DAN EFISIENSI PAKAN IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) YANG DIPUASAKAN SECARA PERIODIK

Sri Mulyani, Yeni ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , ., Yulisman ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , Fitrani, Mirna ( Universitas Sriwijaya )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The aims of this research were to know the effect of periodical starvation on growth, survival rate, and feed efficiency of tilapia. The experimental fish weight was 8.945±0.185 g. Research used completely randomized design with five treatments and three replications. The treatments were fish subjected one day starvation and one day refeeding (P1), fish subjected one day starvation and two days refeeding (P2), fish subjected one day starvation and three days refeeding (P3), fish subjected one day starvation and four days refeeding (P4), fish subjected one day starvation and five days refeeding (P5) and fish fed daily (control). Fish were fed three times a day at 08.00 am, 12.00 pm, 05.00 pm using at satiation method. The results showed no significant differences in growth, survival rate and feed efficiency were observed at each treatments and control. This research showed that the best periodical starvation for growth, feed efficiency and survival rate of tilapia was P3. As long as the research, water quality was in optimum range for tilapia were  temperature 27-29oC,  dissolved oxygen 3.73-4.99 mg.L-1, pH 6.8-7.3, and ammonia 0.003-0.012 mg.L-1.   Keywords: Starvation, growth, feed efficiency, tilapia

PENGARUH SALINITAS TERHADAP PENETASAN TELUR IKAN JAMBAL SIAM (Pangasius hypohthalmus)

Heltonika, Beny ( Universitas Riau )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT Salinity have effect on eggs hatching of Cat Fish, Pangasius hypohthalmus.  This research was begin from August to October 2005 at the laboratory of hatchery, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Riau University, this researchs were studied to know effect of salinity on eggs hatching of cat fish, and to know the optimum Salinity on eggs hatching of cat fish in range salinity ( 0 ‰, 2 ‰, 4 ‰ and 6‰).  This research used 12 incubation aquaria (614  eggs/aquaria), with capacities 34.22 litre of salinity water.  This research used experimental methode and complette random design with 3 time replay.  Result of experiment was showing, if salinity have effect on eggs hatching of cat fish, Pangasius hypohthalmus.  Eggs of cat fish still can tolerate the salinity until 6 ‰.  Eggs incubated at 4 ‰ salinity showed the best hatching rate (89.10).  The qualiy of water during the researched about 28-31 OC in hatching temperature, 26-29 OC in survival rate, pH 6.58-7.60 and Dissolve Oxigen 6.3-7.4 ppm.  Range of salinity in every treatment, for salinity 0 (0-0.2 ppt), salinity 2 (1.8-2.0 ppt), salinity 4 ( 3.6-4.0 ppt) and salinity 6 (5.7-6.0 ppt).   Keywords:  Eggs,  Pangasius hypohthalmus, Salinity

PEMELIHARAAN LARVA IKAN KATUNG (Pristolepis grooti Bleeker) DENGAN PEMBERIAN PAKAN AWAL BERBEDA

Alawi, Hamdan ( Universitas Riau ) , Ariyani, Netti ( Universitas Riau ) , Asiah, Nur ( Universitas Riau )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The Indonesian Leaffish,  Pristolepis grooti   is one of  endangered  species found in  some river   system in Indonesia. The demanded and good culture candidate species  for which  the development of larval raring techniques are needed for large scale. A study was conducted to assess the effects  of different type of feeds   on growth and survival rate of the larva for  35 days rearing period. The experiment was designed on completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments, each with 3 replications. Four different feeds were tested, viz. AR (Artemia nauplii), TB  (tubificid worms),  WF (Water Flea, Daphnia and Moina) and BE (Boiled chicken egg yolk). Induced bred larvae (10-day old) were reared in 20 liters glass aquarium with a recirculation water system  During the experimental period the larvae were fed to satiation three times a day.  The water quality variables such as temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, free ammonia, were found within acceptable limit of larval rearing. The larvae fed tubificid worms had significantly highest (P<0.05) growth (percent length gain (423.3±37.3), percent weight gain (13905.5±567.6), specific growth rate (14.1±0.1) and survival (63.3±16.1) followed by Artemia nauplii and  water Flea  and  boiled chickedn egg yolk. Therefore, tubificid worms may be suggested for feeding Indonesian leaffish larvae up to stockable size. Keywords: Pristolepis grootii, feed type, growth and survival, larval rearing

DAMPAK USAHA PERIKANAN BUDIDAYA TERHADAP KONDISI LINGKUNGAN DAN SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT PADA LAHAN PASANG SURUT KABUPATEN BANYUASIN PROPINSI SUMATERA SELATAN

Dwi Putri, Tike ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , Putro Priyadi, Dwi ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , ., Sriati ( Universitas Sriwijaya )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to analyze the business impact of aquaculture on water quality conditions and socio-economic communities in Cinta Manis Lama Village District of Banyuasin I Banyuasin district. This research was conducted in Cinta Manis Lama Village Subdistrict Banyuasin I Banyuasin district, in March to May 2012.The results show refers to the South Sumatra Governor Regulation 16 of 2005, the results of water quality analysis that is on standard quality parameters including temperature (280C-310C), COD (0.32 mg/l-3.87 mg/l) and ammonia (0.00198 mg/l-0.22280 mg/l). While under the quality standard parameters include pH at Station 4 (5.0 and 5.5), DO at Station 4 (4.88 mg/l and 5.02 mg/l), BOD5 at all observation stations (3.09 mg/l-4.82 mg/l) and total phosphate at all observation stations (0.03546 mg/l-0.19980 mg/l). The results also show that the aquaculture business is conducted in Cinta Manis Lama village can increase the percentage increase in income of at least 22.22% to 250% and also improve relations/social interaction.   Keywords: aquaculture, water quality, socio-economic

KONVERSI PAKAN, LAJU PERTUMBUHAN, KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN POPULASI BAKTERI BENIH IKAN GABUS (CHANNA STRIATA) YANG DIBERI PAKAN DENGAN PENAMBAHAN PROBIOTIK

Agustin, Ruli ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , Sasanti, Ade Dwi ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , ., Yulisman ( Universitas Sriwijaya )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The aims of this research were to study the effects of probiotics on feed conversion, growth rate, survival rate of snakehead fry, bacterial populations in fish snakehead fry and also to measure the best concentrate of probiotics for growth rate, feed conversion, survival of snakehead fry and bacterial populations on fish snakehead’s intestine. This study use  completely randomized design with different levels of probiotic treatments that consisted of six treatments and three replications. The treatments were P0 (without probiotics), P1 (2.5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P2 (5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P3 (7.5 ml. Kg-1 feed), P4 (10 ml. Kg-1 feed) and P5 (12.5 ml. Kg-1 feed).Base on the research of probiotics EM-4 on the fish snakehead fry, the feed conversion value is not significantly affected by giving probiotik. lowest feed conversion value is 1.11 and the highest feed conversion value of 1.55. Growth rate, of the highest growth rate of 3.71 %/day 2.14 %/day is the lowest weight. The highest growth of length is 1.93 %/day and the lowest is 1.74 %/day.  Meanwhile, Highest survival value by 40% and the lowest was 13.3%. In the bacterial population, there were addition of bacterial population Lactobacillus sp. and  decrease the populations of Aeromonas sp. and Pseudomonas sp.   Keywords: probiotics, feed conversion, population bacteria, growth and survival rate

PERBEDAAN JUMLAH KROMOSOM IKAN GABUS (Channa Striata) DARI RAWA DATARAN RENDAH, DATARAN TINGGI DAN PASANG SURUT

Saputra, Wahyu Angga ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , ., Muslim ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , Sasanti, Ade Dwi ( Universitas Sriwijaya )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The aim of this research is to determine the chromosomes number of snakehead fish (Channa striata) from floodplain area, highland swamp, and tidal land. The research has done on December 2013 until January 2014 at Laboratorium Pengembangbiakan dan Genetika Ikan, Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fishries and Marine Science, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan dan Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Study Program of Aquaculture, Agriculture Faculty, Sriwijaya  University and Laboratorium Fisiologis Hewan, Mathematics and Natural Science Faculty, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya. The research was conducted by means of direct observation and analyzed descriptive through making preparations chromosome squash methods. The results showed no difference in diploid (2n) chromosome number of snakehead fish floodplain area as much ranges 40-42, highland swamps ranges 36-40 and tidal land ranges 38-40 and it can be concluded that the chromosomes amount of snakehead fish           between 36-42.   Keywords : Channa striata, Chromosome, Floodplain area, Highland swamp, Tidal Land

PENGARUH SALINITAS TERHADAP DAYA TETAS TELUR IKAN BAUNG (Hemibagrus nemurus Blkr.)

Hadid, Yanal ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , Syaifudin, Mochamad ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , Amin, Mohamad ( Universitas Sriwijaya )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to know the best salinity of eggs hatching period, the hatching percentage, the hatching rate, the percentage of normal larva and survival rate of baung fish larva (Hemibagrus nemurus Blkr.) until it 2 days age.   This research was conducted at Balai Benih Ikan of Gandus sub-district, Palembang, South Sumatra Province in February 2008. This research used the Complete Random Design with four different salinity treatments as like S0 (control), S1 (2 ppt), S2 (4 ppt), and S3 (6 ppt) by each three replications. Parameter observed the hatching period, the hatching percentage, the hatching rate, the percentage of normal larva, the survival rate of larva 2 days age, and  water quality. This result of the research showed that the salinity influenced evidently on the hatching capability of Baung Fish Eggs. The salinity 6 ppt had fastest time for the hatching period with of hatching time was 21.73 hours then hatch entirely after 29 hours. The best salinity for the hatching percentage (85,33%) and the hatching rate  (21.37 fish per hour) was 2 ppt. The control had the highest value (95.05%) for the percentage of normal larva. The salinity of 2 ppt had the highest value (82.59%) for the life of larva on age of 2 days. This measure of water quality is temperature (27.5 oC-28 oC), pH (7.00-7.12), DO (6.0-6.5 mg.L-1), and NH3 (0.05-0.09 mg.L-1).   Keywords: Hemibargus nemurus, salinity, egg hatching percentage

PEMANFAATAN SARI BUAH PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) UNTUK PENINGKATAN VITALITAS PASCALARVA UDANG VANAME (Litopenaeus Vannamei) SELAMA MASA ADAPTASI PENURUNAN SALINITAS

Hukama Taqwa, Ferdinand ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , ., Marsi ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , Praja, Adias ( Universitas Sriwijaya )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The purposes of this research were to increase vitality of white shrimp postlarvae during adaptation time to salinity decrease with the addition of papaya juice, and to assess the physical and chemical properties of water during their adaptation. The research was conducted in October 2011 at the Laboratory of Aquaculture, Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University.  The research used a completely randomized design in order to evaluate the effect of a various papaya juice concentration. The concentrations used were without papaya juice addition (P0), addition of papaya juice equivalent to 15 ppm K+ (P1), addition of papaya juice equivalent to 30 ppm K+ (P2), addition of papaya juice equivalent to 45 ppm K+ (P3), and addition of papaya juice equivalent to 60 ppm K+ (P4). Each treatment was repeated 3 times. The results of this current study showed that the addition of papaya juice equivalent to 15 ppm (P1) in media that used to decrease salinity was concluded as the best treatment, and gave the survival rate of 65.56%, glucose level of 156.67 mg.dL-1 and oxygen consumption rate of 4.807 mg O2.g-1.hour-1. The physicsal and chemical properties of media used for adaptation were still within a tolerable range for white shrimp postlarvae, except pH tent to be lower than the criteria.   Keywords : vitality, papaya, white shrimp, adaptation, salinity

TOKSISITAS DAN IMUNOGENISITAS PRODUK EKSTRASELULER Streptococcus agalactiae TIPE NON-HEMOLITIK PADA IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus )

Dwinanti, Sefti Heza ( Universitas Sriwijaya ) , ., Sukenda ( Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , Yuhana, Munti ( Institut Pertanian Bogor ) , M Lusiastuti, Angela ( Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Tawar Sempur )

Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JARI
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ABSTRACT The aim of this research was to analyse the toxicity and immunogenicity of ECP of non-hemolytic S. agalactiae and to evaluate ECP as a material vaccine for prevention of S. agalactiae. Toxicity to tilapia was detected in the ECP. There was a chronic  mortality pattern which was shown after post ECP injection. By intraperitoneal injection into young tilapia (± 20 g), the median lethal dose were calculated at 633,9 µg/kg bodyweight for isolate 3 and 685,4 µg/kg bodyweight for isolate 5. Cytopathic effects of ECP to tilapia’s lymphocytes were observed during 0, 30, 60 and 180 minutes. A mixture of ECP caused nuclear granulation and cytoplasmic streaming after 60 minutes. Using immunodiffusion analysis, precipitate line was demonstrated against tilapia anti-ECP sera, and there was bio-specific type anti sera against for each isolate. The ECP vaccine effective to protect tilapia from S. agalactiae was injected intraperitoneally (IP) at 2 x 105 CFU/ml. Tilapia vaccinated with ECP from isolat 3 which protein  283 µg/kg bodyweight had a RPS value 60%.  Tilapia vaccinated with ECP from isolat 5 which protein 408 µg/kg  had a RPS value 68%.   Keywords:  toxicity, immunogenicity, extracellular products, Streptococcus agalactiae, tilapia