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INDONESIA
AL KAUNIYAH
ISSN : 19783736     EISSN : 25026720     DOI : 10.15408/kauniyah
Core Subject : Science,
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi (p-ISSN: 1978-3736, e-ISSN: 2502-6720) is an Open Access Journal published by Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta, and established since 2007. Since 2016 Al-Kauniyah has established a collaboration with the Association of Lecturer in Biology and Biology Education throughout the State Islamic Higher University (PTKIN) in Indonesia. Until 2015, Al-Kauniyah covered environmental biology solely, but since 2016 the journal has been extended to cover the entire field of biological science (bioscience). By publishing biannually, on April and October, Al-Kauniyah is intended to communicate original researches and current issues on the subject of biology. Since volume 9 issue 1 April 2016, Al-Kauniyah had been changes the layout. This journal warmly welcomes contributions from scholars of related disciplines. Manuscripts can be submitted to AL-KAUNIYAH
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Articles 122 Documents
Aktivitas Antibakteri Kapang Endofit dari Tanaman Kina (Cinchona calisaya Wedd.) Zakiyah, Alfida; Radiastuti, Nani; Sumarlin, La Ode
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2690

Abstract

Endophytic microorganisms are microorganisms that live in the tissues of plant organ and not harm its host. One of them is the endophytic fungi. Endophytic fungi could produce the same compound as the host plant. The Plants produced alkaloids quinine that could potentially inhibit the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. This study aims to test the potential of endophytic fungi produced quinine as an antibacterial. The method used to test the antibacterial is a paper disc diffusion. Results of the analysis of data using one-way ANOVA showed that there are significant differences zona between the diametre of inhibitory of the endophytic fungi extract. Endophytic fungi M16 and M33 produced the greatest inhibition zone against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli 14.9 mm and 9.2 mm respectively.
Kualitas Mikrobiologis Udara di Salah Satu Pusat Perbelanjaan di Jakarta Selatan Pudjadi, Eko; Suciyani, Rima; Sahira, Innes Gania; Pikoli, Megga Ratnasari
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2691

Abstract

The airborne bacteria and fungi in parking building, playground and food court in Blok M Square, South Jakarta, were assessed in order to investigate air quality in one of the shopping center in Jakarta. The air sample was passed through plate count agar and potato dextrose agar using a single-stage multi-orifice Sampler SKC Biostage Standard. Results showed that average microbial concen-trations were 200.17, 101.17, 55, 33 CFU bacteria per m3, and 109.54, 37.69, 27.09 CFU fungi per m3 of air volume in the parking building, the children playground and the food court, respectively. The most dominating bacteria had characteristicsresembleairborne Bacillus subtilis, while the most dominating fungi wereidentified as Cryptococcus sp., Aspergillus spp., Penicillium sp. and Candida sp. The microbial concentrations were different significantly (α=0,05) inall the three areas. In addition, there were strong relationship and significant influence between the concentrations of bacteria and fungi to temperature, humidity and light intensity in in all the three areas based on Pearson correlation analysis. For today, there is no air quality standard specifically for shopping center, so the data were compared tocommon standards for indoor air quality. The concentration of bacteria and fungi met the standard regulated by TheMinistry of Health Republic of IndonesiaNo.1405/MENKES/SK/ XI/2002 about Environmental Requirements for Office and Industrial., i.e <700 CFU/m3, and acceptable according to World Health Organization (WHO) with 500 CFU/m3 as a normal condition. In any case, it is advisable to be aware ofthe spread of airborne bacteria and fungi in shopping centersthat are potentially pathogenic.
Komunitas Burung di Pulau Tidung Kecil Kepulauan Seribu Sukandar, Paskal; Winarsih, Ai; Wijayanti, Fahma
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2692

Abstract

Tidung Kecil Island had potential as bird’s habitat because the condition of forest better than Tidung Besar. Bird’s habitat in Tidung Kecil Island also had bad potential because of logging and burned in vegetation areal for build and for activity of tourism. Study about bird were very important because we could know the change that happened in one ecosystem. The purposed of this research was to know the variety of bird and usefully of vegetation as bird’s habitat in Tidung Kecil Island. This researched hold on January until March 2015 in Tidung Kecil Island, Thousand Island, Jakarta. This research carried out by combination of IPA (Index Point Of Abundance) method and transect method that divided into 9 point along transect. The result of researched were 29 species of bird from 19 family with IPA method and 31 species of bird from 20 family with Mackinnon list method. Composition of bird species include of 24 resident bird species and 7 migrant bird species. The number of variety species index was 2,39 (medium). Evenness index value was 0,7 (high). The number of species richness was 4,31(high). The species of tree that often used by bird was Casuarina equisetifolia (76,47%). The most used base of vertical level tree by bird in Tidung Kecil Island was level three. Conservation status in Tidung Kecil Island based on IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) were 100% (least concern). Based on Government Regulations No.7 year 1999, there were 7 species of bird that were protected. There were no species of bird that were protected by CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Spesies of Wild Fauna and Flora).
Optimalisasi Penggunaan Pupuk Kompos dengan Penambahan Effective Microorganism 10 (Em10) pada Produktivitas Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.) Elpawati, Elpawati; Dara, Stephani Dwi; Dasumiati, Dasumiati
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2693

Abstract

This research is aimed to determine the effect of growing media composition, the addition different concentration of EM10 fertilizer, and interaction between the composition of the growing media with different concentration of EM10 fertilizer on Zea mays growth and productivity. This research was conducted in Home Composting of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta from June until October 2013. This study used Random Grouped for Factorial Design 2 x 5 wth 3 repetitions. First factor was plant media dose (M), consist of two extents, M1 (compost:soil = 1:1) and M2 (compost:soil = 1:2). The second factor was fertilizer concentration (D), consist of five extents, DO (no fertilizer),D1 (Urea: 0,9 g, SP-36: 0,9 g, KCl: 0,45 g), D2 (10 ml EM10), D3 (15 ml EM10), and D4 (20 ml EM10). The obtained data was analyzed using Analysis of Varians(ANOVA) and Duncan test when there is a significant difference..The result showed plant media (M2) with ratio composition of compost and soil was 1:2 could increase the stem diameter at harvest time. 20 ml concentration of EM10 could increase the stem diameter’s growth (2.29 mm) at harvest time, similarly 15 ml EM10 could increase the cob’s productivity (1.66 cobs). The interaction of composition plant media and fertilizer concentration of EM10 did not influence corn’s growth and productivity.
Komunitas Kelelawar (Ordo Chiroptera) di Beberapa Gua Karst Gunung Kendeng Kabupaten Pati Jawa Tengah Tamasuki, Kamal; Wijayanti, Fahma; Fitriana, Narti
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2694

Abstract

The existance of bats in cave type with diverge managerial system are influenced abundance and species bats. This research was conducted from January to June 2012 that counting abundance and to identify bats at Gunung Kendeng Karst Area Pati Central Java. The bats were collected by using mist net and stalk net at flying track surrounding cave’s mouth of Pancur Cave, Serut Cave, Bandung Cave, Pawon Cave, Larangan Cave and Gantung Cave. Bats abundance at Pancur Cave amount  ±  484 bats, Serut Cave amount ± 1233 bats, Bandung Cave amount ± 715 bats, Pawon Cave amount ± 392 bats, Larangan Cave ± 23 bats and Gantung Cave ± 5 bats. The six species were collected from this research, such as Cyanopterus horsfieldii, Hipposederos larvatus, Hipposideros bicolor, Rhinolophus affinis, Murina suilla dan Miniopterus australis. The analyst result is used Diversity Index of Shannon-Wiennner showed the highest diversity at Pancur Cave (H=0,35054) and the lowest at Gantung Cave (H=0,13633). Similarity index of shannon Evenness is showed the highest similarity at Pancur Cave (E=0,50572) and the lowest at Larangan Cave (E=0). Domination index of simpson is showed the highest domination at Pancur Cave (C=0,06805)  and the lowest at Gantung Cave (C=0,00189). Hipposederos larvatus and Miniopterus australis are species that common and often founded during this research.
Uji Ekstrak Etanol Daun Pegagan (Centella asiatica L. Urban) terhadap Fertilitas Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus L.) Betina pada Tahap Praimplantasi Dzulfiqor, Yassir; Akbar, Budhi; Susilo, Susilo
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2695

Abstract

This study aims to test extract ethanol of leaves Pennywort (Centellaasiatica L. Urban) toward fertilitation of female white mice Sprague Dawley strain at the praimplantation. Parameters used implantation (IM), loss of gestation (KGE) and death of pasca-implantation (KPI) after 15 days pregnant.This research conducted from April 2014 in the biology laboratory of UHAMKA, East Jakarta. The sample used 24 rat that divided into four treatment, namely: control(D0), 125(D1), 150(D2 and 175 mgkg-1 bw(D3)with Complete Random Design.The results of data by paired samples test analysis obtained significant differences (p<0,05) between the control group ( D0 ) with the doses 150 mgkg-1 bb (D2) on the decline IM and an increase KGE.On the percentage the average KPI obtained influence is no real different ( p>0.05 ) in all treatment, but a tendency increased the KPI average percentage in the doses 175 mgkg-1 bw (D3).The conclution of this researchis the ethanol extract of leaves Pennywort can reduce the percentage of the average number on implantation (IM) and increase the loss of gestation (KGE) with an effective dose of 150 mgkg-1 bw. Then, the tendency to raise the post-death implantation (KPI) early stage at a dose of 175 mgkg-1 bw.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN OBAT PADA PLOT CUPLIKAN DI HUTAN TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG GEDE PANGRANGO, INDONESIA Fahrurozi, Irpan; Priyanti, Priyanti; Astutik, Sri
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2696

Abstract

Abstrak Hutan Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango (TNGGP) merupakan kawasan yang kaya akan keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan obat. Hal tersebut disebabkan tanah yang subur dan iklim mikro hutan tropis yang lembab di kawasan ini. Jenis-jenis tumbuhan obat yang beragam ini perlu dikaji potensi dan penyebarannya untuk menjaga kelestarian dan keberlanjutannya. Pengambilan sampel tumbuhan menggunakan metode kuadrat berukuran 2x2 m2, 5x5 m2, 10x10 m2, dan 20x20 m2 pada ketinggian 1400, 1500, dan 1600 meter di atas permukaan laut (m dpl). Tumbuhan diidentifikasi secara langsung menggunakan buku identifikasi tumbuhan obat dan jasa parataksonom. Metode wawancara dilakukan terhadap masyarakat lokal di sekitar hutan TNGGP yang memiliki pengetahuan tentang pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat. Data dianalisis secara kuantitatif dengan Excel 2007 dan dideskripsikan bagian tumbuhan yang dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku obat. Tumbuhan obat yang berhasil diidentifikasi sejumlah 45 jenis yang termasuk ke dalam 40 marga dan 29 suku. Suku dengan anggota terbanyak yaitu 4 jenis ditemukan pada Urticaceae, sedangkan suku lainnya beranggotakan satu hingga tiga jenis. Anggota suku Urticaceae diyakini dapat digunakan dalam pengobatan demam, batuk, mata, organ vital wanita, dan anti kanker. Bagian tumbuhan yang banyak dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku obat adalah daun (42%) dibandingkan akar, batang, bunga, dan buah. Tingkat keanekaragaman tumbuhan obat tergolong sedang (1≤H’≤3). Kekayaan jenis tumbuhan berperawakan herba tergolong tinggi (R’>5), pancang dan pohon tergolong sedang (R’=3,5─5), dan tiang berkategori rendah (R’<3,5). Informasi tentang potensi tumbuhan obat di hutan TNGGP diharapkan dapat dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat sekitar kawasan pada khususnya dan mendukung upaya konservasi agar tetap terjaga kelestariannya.  Abstract Mount Gede Pangrango National Park stores tremendous of medicinal plants due to soil fertility and humid microclimate of tropical forest. This diversity and distribution need to be further explored to maintain its sustainability.  The method of measurement used vegetation analysis by applying quadratic sample plots as follows: 2x2 m2, 5x5 m2, 10x10 m2, and 20x20 m2 on the elevation of 1400, 1500, and 1600 meters above sea level.  Plant identification was referred to literature and parataxonomist. Meanwhile, utilization data were collected by interview technique to the local people who are knowledgeable about medicinal plants. The quantitative data was analyzed by Excel 2007. At least about 45 species belonged to 40 genus and 29 families. The most numbers found was Urticaceae and it is convinced to cure fever, cough, eye diseases, woman vital organ, and anti-cancer. The most frequently used part is the leaves (42%), followed by root, stem, flower and fruit. The diversity of those medicinal plants was categorized as moderate (1≤H≤3). Meanwhile, herbaceous possessed the highly rich index (R’>5), boundary pole and tree R’=3.5─5, and bar R’<3.5. This finding is supposed to be useful for local people in supporting conservation sustainably. 
Fitoplankton sebagai Bioindikator Saprobitas Perairan di Situ Bulakan Kota Tangerang Maresi, Sinta Ramadhania Putri; Priyanti, Priyanti; Yunita, Etyn
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i2.2697

Abstract

Industry, homes activites, and aquaculture around situ or lake could contaminate and affect the water quality. This study aimed to determine the diversity of phytoplankton and water pollution level in Situ Bulakan Kota Tangerang based on saprobite index. The research was conducted on December 2014 until March 2015 at Situ Bulakan Kota Tangerang. Observations were made based on 4 points sampling with three repetitions for one day that could represented existing condition. Sampling sites in this study were at inlet flow, middle, outlet, and alleged utilized areas such as floating fish net. The result showed  26 species of phytoplankton from four classes, namely 9 species of Cyanophyceae, 4 species of Bacillariophyceae, 11 species of Chlorophyceae, and 2 species of Euglenophyceae with moderate diversity index (H = 1.77─2.05). Monoraphidium sp. was a species dominated in Situ Bulakan Kota Tangerang which was found 215 individuals. So it can be said as saprobite bioindicator. Saprobite index in Situ Bulakan Kota Tangerang showed moderate to severe contaminated with α-mesosaprobic (0.14).
Uji Antifungi Ramuan Tradisonal Madura “Subur Kandungan” Savitri, Evika Sandi
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i1.2698

Abstract

Jamu herb Madura "Kandungan Subur" for womens reproductive health widely consumed to overcome the problem of reproduction. Some species are used traditional ingredients "Lush content" is Curcuma longa, Curcuma zedoria, Centella asiatica, Foeniculi dulcis; there has been no scientific studies and standardization adequate to ensure the safety and usefulness. To answer these problems, need to be screened early stage potential medicinal plants used in herbal Madura is an analysis of potential medicinal plants such as antifungal and phytochemical content contained. The extraction of active compounds with maceration, test active phytochemical compounds with the test reagents. Antifungal test includes a minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum killing concentration. Compounds contained in the herb "Fertile Content" are flavonoids and alkaloids.  Ethanol extract of 70% and 100% can inhibit the growth of fungi at a concentration of 1%.
Aplikasi Effective Microorganism 10 (Em10) untuk Pertumbuhan Ikan Lele Sangkuriang (Clarias gariepinus var. Sangkuriang) di Kolam Budidaya Lele Jombang, Tangerang Elpawati, Elpawati; Pratiwi, Dianna Rossyta; Radiastuti, Nani
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v8i1.2699

Abstract

The catfish is a fish that is widely cultivated and consumed in Indonesia. The Catfish growth depand on by the availability of food and water quality. EM4 and EM10 are an example of liquid biofertilizer. The addition of EM4 in the fish pond can help the growth of the fish and maintain of the water quality. While the test of EM10 has not been done on fishery fields. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of EM10 fertilizers on of sangkuriang catfish (Clarias gariepinus Var. sangkuriang) growth and water quality. This research was conducted in February-March 2014. Research using completely randomized design with 7 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments tested were control (A), EM4 10 ml (B), EM4 20 ml (C), EM4 30 ml (D), EM10 10 ml (E), EM10 20 ml (F), and EM10 30 ml (G ). Analysis of data were using ANOVA followed by Duncan test if there is a real effect (á¾± = 0.05). EM10 fertilizers at concentration of 20 ml could affect to the specific growth rate on catfish in 7 days maintenance, the concentration of 10 ml at 14 days of villa maintenance and the concentration of 30 ml at 28 days of maintenance. EM10 fertilizers can affect the weight growth of catfish. Fertilizer EM10 can maintain the temperature of the water.

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