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Azyumardi Azra
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INDONESIA
STUDIA ISLAMIKA
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Education,
STUDIA ISLAMIKA (ISSN 0215-0492; E-ISSN: 2355-6145) is a journal published by the Center for the Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta. It specializes in Indonesian Islamic studies in particular, and Southeast Asian Islamic studies in general, and is intended to communicate original researches and current issues on the subject. This journal warmly welcomes contributions from scholars of related disciplines. STUDIA ISLAMIKA, published three times a year since 1994, is a bilingual journal (English and Arabic) that aims to provide readers with a better understanding of Indonesia and Southeast Asia’s Muslim history and present developments through the publication of articles, research reports, and book reviews from Indonesian and international scholars alike. STUDIA ISLAMIKA has been accredited by The Ministry of Education and Culture, Republic of Indonesia as an academic journal (SK Dirjen Dikti No. 56/DIKTI/Kep/2012).
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Articles 561 Documents
The Missing Minister of Religion and the PSII: A Contextual Biography of K.H. Ahmad Azhary Fogg, Kevin W.
Studia Islamika Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.348

Abstract

This article provides a contextual biography of K.H. Ahmad Azhary, who was appointed as the Minister of Religion in the first Amir Sjarifuddin cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia in 1947. The life of this man provides insight into Islamic activity in South Sumatra and its connections with the Middle East, as well as with the rest of Indonesia. Most importantly, the examination of Azhary’s appointment to the Indonesian cabinet — to a position that he was never able to hold — shines light onto the circumstances of the exit of Partai Sarekat Islam Indonesia (PSII, Indonesian Islamic Union Party) from Masjumi. Contradictory evidence about the reasons for the exit as presented in PSII and Masjumi sources are evaluated in light of Azhary’s appointment and inability to join the cabinet. The article finds that PSII’s rhetoric about initiative from the provinces to split from Masjumi was probably based on truth.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.348 
Buddhism in Muslim Indonesia Steenbrink, Karel
Studia Islamika Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.346

Abstract

This article presents an overview of various ways in which Buddhists and Muslims have lived together in Indonesia since the arrival of Islam about 1200. It tells how Buddhism has slowly disappeared and become a religion for mainly the Chinese who, until the late 19th century, have often converted to Islam. This article analyzes the role of three key figures in the recent government–supported revival of Buddhism. These figures are the Chinese–Indonesian monk Ashin Jinarakkhita, the Balinese lay devotee and government official Oka Diputhera, and the Chinese–Indonesian businesswoman Sri Hartati Murdaya. They have tried to accommodate Buddhism to the Muslim–dominated nationalism of modern Indonesia. The result of the past five decades is that Buddhism has obtained a modest but safe position in independent Indonesia.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.346 
Kitab Berladang: A Portrait of Hybrid Islam in West Kalimantan Amin, Faizal
Studia Islamika Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.349

Abstract

Kitab Berladang is a manuscript from Putussibau, located in the interior of West Kalimantan. The text describes the ritual practices of the Muslim–Dayak community in rice cultivation activities. The dynamic mixing of elements from traditional culture of the Kapuas Hulu people and the teachings of Islam has resulted in a hybrid form of local Islam. Kitab Berladang, which provides a portrait of the diversity of the Muslim–Dayak community in West Kalimantan, outlines a hybrid character of Islam that can be seen in three domains. Firstly, in how the structure of the ritual of swidden cultivation retains the traditional procedures and also utilizes verses from the Holy Qur’an and Hadith. Secondly, in the incorporation of vocabulary and terminology from the local language with Arabic. Thirdly, in the reinterpretation of the symbols that were originally derived from legends and myths about rice in the community’s system of traditional beliefs, along with Islamic concepts derived from the tradition of theological and mystical thought.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.349 
Al-Ḥaqīqah al-Muwāfaqah li al-Sharī‘ah: al-Taṣāluḥ bayn al-Taṣawuf wa al-Sharī‘ah bi Nusantara fi al-Qarn al-Sādis ‘Ashr al-Mīlādī Suryaningsih, Iin
Studia Islamika Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.350

Abstract

This article discusses the reinterpretation of waḥdat al-wujūd doctrine among Muslims of the archipelago, using the sharī‘ah approach in Sufism as suggested by Al-Būrhanpūrī (d.1620) in his work al-Haqīqah al-Muwāfaqah li al-Sharī‘ah. This work is one of the commentaries (sharḥ) from al-Tuḥfah al-Mursalah ila rūḥ al-Nabī SAW, that invited much debate among Muslims of the archipelago. Al-Būrhanpūrī’s detailed interpretation of waḥdat al-wujūd doctrine proved that the essence of the concept did not contradict the basic principles of Islam as contained in the Quran and Hadith. Al-Būrhanpūrī  interpreted the concept through explanations that adjusted to the audience’s competence, utilizing oral language carefully in revealing spiritual experience not easily explained, as well as employing the bases of sharī‘ah. Al-Haqīqah al-Muwāfaqah has provided the information about the explanations of interpretation tradition among the archipelago sufis.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.350 
Jadwal A‘māl al-Aḥzāb al-Islāmīyah fī Indonesia al-Mu‘āṣirah: Bayn al-Sharī‘ah wa al-Dīmūqratīyah Tasman, Tasman
Studia Islamika Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.351

Abstract

This article discusses the responses of the proponents of political Islam toward the downfall of New Order regime and in creating political power at grassroots level. This trend has been marked by the demand to include those ‘seven words’ of the Jakarta Chapter of 1945 into the constitution. This aspiration has been represented by three major Islamic parties: United Development Party (PPP); the Crescent Star Party (PBB); and the Justice Party (PK). However, this political Islam aspiration has also been expressed by Muslim–based parties, namely the Nation’s Awakening Party (PKB) and the National Mandate Party (PAN). These two parties represent Indonesia’s largest Muslim organisations, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah respectively. PKB and PAN do not have agendas to implement Islamic sharī‘ah. The two parties consider that, theoretically, a relation between Islam and politics exists but not in the formal sense of a governmental system.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.351 
Islamisasi Jawa Azra, Azyumardi
Studia Islamika Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.352

Abstract

Bookreview: M.C. Ricklefs, Islamisation and Its Opponents in Java: A Political, Social, and Religious History, c. 1930 to the Present (Singapore: NUS Press, 2012, xxi+575 halaman)This work of Ricklefs is the last in a trilogy and follows Mystic Synthesis in Java: A History of Islamisation from the Fourteenth to the Early Nineteenth Centuries (2006), and Polarising Javanese Society: Islamic and Other Visions c. 1830–1930 (2007). The three works comprehensively discuss the Islamization of Java since the 14th century. Observing the process and dynamics of Islamization in Javanese society during the centuries up until the contemporary era, Ricklefs concludes that Javanese Muslims have surpassed the difficult times of the early spread of Islam, the era of Dutch and Japanese colonialism, the messy government of Soekarno, the totalitarian government of Soeharto, and contemporary democratic period. Undergoing various changes, Javanese Muslims have become an outstanding example of increased Islamic religiosity. The three works dispute the assumption of many scholars that a large part of Javanese–Muslim society is abangan, or nominal, Muslim.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.352
A Textual Approach to Understanding Nusantara Muslims Fathurahman, Oman
Studia Islamika Vol 20, No 1 (2013): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.353

Abstract

The Islamic Manuscripts Unit (ILMU) at Pusat Pengkajian Islam dan Masyarakat (PPIM, Center for the Study of Islam and Society) at Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN, State Islamic University) Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta, in co-operation with the Masyarakat Pernaskahan Nusantara (Manassa, Indonesian Association for Nusantara Manuscripts), held a short course program on the methodology of philological research with the topic ‘Accumulating Various Perspectives: A Textual Approach to Understanding Nusantara Muslims’. This program, funded by the Directorate of Islamic Higher Education at the Ministry of Religious Affairs, took place from July–September 2012 at UIN Jakarta.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.353 
Gender Awareness in Islamic Education: The Pioneering Case of Indonesia in a Comparison with Pakistan Kull, Ann
Studia Islamika Vol 19, No 3 (2012): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i3.354

Abstract

This article analyzes the development of gender awareness in Islamic education in Indonesia and Pakistan in general, and the inclusion of a gender perspective in particular. The current situation in Islamic education is a result of larger national contexts, not least concerning the factors focused upon in this study — educational reform, intellectual milieu, female student enrollment, political development and women’s rights movements. Traditionalist ulama and scholars educated in the Middle East have in both countries similarly questioned the Islamic knowledge and legitimacy of reformist scholars — women and men alike — and these opponents have been more influential in Pakistan than in Indonesia. The Indonesian gender regime in Islamic education is no longer fully male– dominated, and the patriarchal content in Islamic educational material is occasionally questioned and exchanged. However, in Pakistan the impact of women on the prevailing male–dominated gender regime and patriarchal content in Islamic education is at best seminal.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i3.354 
Denial, Trivialization and Relegation of Pluralism: The Challenges of Managing Diversity in Multi–religious Malaysia and Indonesia Ibrahim, Azhar
Studia Islamika Vol 19, No 3 (2012): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i3.355

Abstract

This article attempts to discuss the various societal responses to religious diversity and pluralism in Malaysia and Indonesia. Its focus is on the Muslim–majority nations of Indonesia and Malaysia, where the idea of religious pluralism among Muslims has taken various shapes. While the state’s management of pluralism is so far characterized by politics of expediency and accommodation to ensure stability, law and order, and harmony, it is the societal or community responses that matter most. Advancing and nurturing the ideas of religious pluralism in social and religious discourse requires commitment in persistency and planning. This, in turn, calls for the need to know how the ideas of pluralism and religious diversity have been understood in society. The challenge of nurturing a substantive pluralism in society warrants recognition and support. This can be made in the realms of theological discourse, political will, educative approach, as well as institutional supportDOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i3.355 
Indonesia’s Democratic Venture: History, Practice and the Challenge Ahead Effendy, Bahtiar; Pertiwi, Mutiara
Studia Islamika Vol 19, No 3 (2012): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i3.356

Abstract

This article discusses the democratic transition in Indonesia since 1998 until the end of the brief leadership of President Habibie, including previous analysis of the history and practice of democracy in Indonesia since 1945. The transfer of power from Soeharto to Habibie happened on May 21, 1998. In the 18 months of his leadership, Habibie was able to carry out important efforts in setting a foundation for democratic transition. Public freedom, freedom of the press, freedom of expression, and free speech were among Habibie’s achievements in opening the way for the process of democratization to continue. In the midst of the threat of the country’s collapse during that transition period, Habibie was relatively well able to defend the integrity of the Indonesian nation-state. His successors gained advantage from what had been put in place by Habibie. However, they have faced a number of problems, such as the procedural biases within democratic practice, incompatibility of presidential governance with the presence of many political parties, and gaps between the structure and function of high state institutions.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v19i3.356 

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