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Balaba
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Balaba (Berita dan Media Komunikasi Loka Litbang P2B2 Banjarnegara) terbit 2 kali setahun (Juni dan Desember). Merupakan majalah ilmiah populer didistribusikan secara gratis terbatas di lingkungan Kementerian Kesehatan dan lembaga penelitian / perguruan tinggi ternama di wilayah Provinsi Jawa Tengah, DIY, dan Jawa Timur.
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Articles 207 Documents
IDENTIFIKASI AEDES AEGYPTI DAN AEDES ALBOPICTUS Rahayu, Diah Fitri; Ustiawan, Adil
Balaba Vol 9, No 1 Jun (2013)
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ABSTRAK. Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) adalah penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus Dengue yangditularkan oleh nyamuk . Kabupaten Banjarnegara merupakan daerah endemis reseptif DBD. Dari tahun ketahun kasus DBD cenderung meningkat, terutama di tahun 2009 - 2010. Vektor DBD di Kabupaten Banjarnegaraadalah Ae. aegypti dan Ae. albopictus. Ae. aegypti secara makroskopis terlihat sama seperti Ae. albopictus,namun perbedaannya terletak pada morfologi kepala (mesonotum) di mana Ae. aegypti memiliki gambar garisseperti kepala kecapi berbentuk dengan dua garis lengkung dan dua garis lurus putih sementara Ae. albopictushanya memiliki satu garis putih di mesonotum tersebut.Kata kunci: identifikasi, Ae. aegypti, Ae. albopictusABSTRACT. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a disease caused by the dengue virus transmitted by mosquito.Banjarnegara district is a Dengue receptive endemic area. From year to year the Dengue cases is likely toincrease, especially in 2009 - 2010. The main vector of dengue in Banjarnegara district is Aedes aegypti andAedes albopictus. Ae. aegypti morphologically look like with Ae. albopictus, but the difference lies in the headmorphology (mesonotum) where A. aegypti has a picture of the line like a lyre-shaped head with two curved linesand two white straight line while A. albopictus has only one white stripe on the mesonotum.Key words:identification, Ae. aegypti, Ae. albopictus
STUDI FAUNA TIKUS DAN CECURUT DI DAERAH DITEMUKAN KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN KLATEN, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Ikawati, Bina; Yunianto, Bambang; Ramadhani, Tri
Balaba Vol 7, No 2 Des (2011)
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ABSTRACTData obtained from Central Java Health Province Agency showed there were six districts of cities withleptospirosis problem. Leptospirosis cases in Klaten District was third sequence after Semarang City and Demak District.Research that had been done in Klaten focused in Jogonalan Sub district. In 2009-2010 leptospirosis cases found in outsideJogonalan. The aims of this research was to identifying of rats and suncus in leptospirosis area at Klaten district.This research was an observasional research using ecology study. Rat trapped and had been done in this researchfollowed by rat identification.Data were analyzed by simple statistic include tabulating, quantifying, multiplicationpresented in table or graph.Result of this research showed that from three study locations, trap success Kalikotes was showed highest (11,5%),while Wonosari and Gantiwarno was respectively 6,3% and 4,5%. Shanon Wiener Diversity Index was low(<1).Rattus tanezumi was the dominant species.Key words : rat ,suncus, leptospirosis, Klaten
EVALUASI PROGRAM PENGENDALIAN DAN PENCEGAHAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) DI SUMATERA UTARA TAHUN 2010-2012 Sitepu, Frans Yosep; Supriyadi, Teguh
Balaba Vol 9, No 1 Jun (2013)
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ABSTRAK. Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di SumateraUtara yang merupakan daerah endemis. Program pengendalian DBD diharapkan dapat memberikan informasitentang endemisitas dari suatu daerah, musim penularan dan perkembangan penyakit yang dapat digunakanuntuk menjadikan sistem lebih efektif dan efisien. Penelitian ini adalah sebuah studi deskriptif yang dilakukandengan mengumpulkan dan menganalisis data DBD dari tahun 2010-2012. Evaluasi mengenai cara pencegahandan program pengendalian DBD telah dilakukan. Cara pencegahan dan program pengendalian DBD diSumatera Utara antara lain: pengamatan epidemiologi yang dilakukan pada semua kasus DBD; penemuan danmanajemen kasus di Rumah Sakit, dokter pribadi dan perawatan kesehatan primer; perluasan dan peningkatanpartisipasi masyarakat, pengendalian vektor di daerah DBD, sistem peringatan dini dan pengendalianperjangkitan, kerjasama dari berbagi sektor, monitoring dan evaluasi. Program pengandalian DBD di SumateraUtara perlu ditingkatkan dengan menambah kerjasama lintas sektor dan program untuk mengoptimalkanprogram tersebut, merotasi insektisida untuk menghindari resistensi vektor.Kata kunci: evaluasi, program pengendalian DBD, Sumatera UtaraABSTRACT. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is still a public health problem in North Sumatera which is anendemic area. DHF control program is expected to result information about endemicity of an area, season oftransmission and disease progression that can be use to make the system more effective and efficient. It was adescriptive study by collecting and analyzing DHF data from 2010-2012. Evaluated had been done to the processof the DHF prevention and control program. The process of DHF prevention and control program in NorthSumatera such as: epidemiological surveillance conducted to all the DHF cases; discovery and management ofcases at hospitals, private physicians, and primary health care; extension and improvement of communityparticipation, vector control in the area of DHF, early warning systems and controlling outbreaks, partnerships /networks of multiple disciplines and sectors, monitoring and evaluation. DHF control program in NorthSumatera needs to be improved, increasing collaboration across sector and programs to optimize the program,rotate the insecticide to avoid resistance vectors.Key words: Evaluation, DHF Control Program, North Sumatera
PENGARUH EKSTRAK DAUN LEGUNDI (Vitex trifolia Linn) TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA Aedes albopictus Nastiti, Nia Sari; Husein, Achmad; ., Yamtana
Balaba Vol 7, No 2 Des (2011)
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ABSTRAKPengendalian Aedes albopictus penting dilakukan karena merupakan salah satu vektor penyakit yang mampumembawa dan menularkan virus Chikungunya. Di antara cara pengendalian yang perlu dikembangkan adalahpengendalian secara hayati, karena aman bagi manusia dan organisme lain serta ramah lingkungan. Pengendalian hayatiyang dapat digunakan adalah daun Legundi (Vitex trifolia linn). Vitex trifolia linn telah diketahui mengandung bahan aktifalkaloid, saponin, flafonoid. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak daun Vitex trifolia linnterhadap kematianlarva Aedes albopictus.Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment, menggunakan Post Test OnlyControl Group Design. Obyekpenelitian ini adalah 750 ekor larva Aedes albopictus instar IV yang berasal dari hasil penangkaran di Balai BesarPenelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit (B2P2VRP) Salatiga, Jawa Tengah. Ekstrak etanol daunVitex trifolia linn dibuat dari daun Legundi segar yang didestilasi dengan suhu 100oC sampai pekat. Setiap kelompokmedia (gelas) penelitian diisi 100 ml air sumur, dan ekstrak etanol daun Vitex trifolia linn dengan konsentrasi 2,5 %, 5 %,7,5 %, 10 %, 12,5 % dan 0 % (kontrol). Selanjutnya pada setiap media dimasukkan 25 ekor larva Aedes albopictus,penghitungan kematian larva dilakukan setiap jam ke 1, 2, 4, dan 24. Replikasi dilakukan sebanyak 5 kali.Hasil uji statistik dengan Oneway Anova diperoleh p=0,000, sehingga (p<0,05) artinya ada perbedaan yangbermakna, yaitu ekstrak daun Vitex trifolia linn dapat mematikan larva Aedes albopictus. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalahpenggunaan ekstrak daun Vitex trifolia linn dengan konsentrasi 12,5 % paling efektif terhadap kematian larva Aedesalbopictus.Kata Kunci: Ekstrak, daun legundi (Vitex trifolia linn), Aedes albopictus
POSTUR PADA WANITA HAMIL ., Paryono
Balaba Vol 8, No 1 Jun (2012)
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Pregnancy effects in changes on all body systems leading to a new balance women and maternal adaptation.Weight gain in pregnant women from both the uterus and breast development generally occurs at the front of the body, butwhen standing they were still able to maintain a posture that does not face. The purpose of this article is to examine thereasons why pregnant women do not fall to front and how the good attitude of the pregnant woman´s body.Materials and Methods: Material of this article are literatures related to pregnancy and the pregnant woman´s bodyp o s t u r e , a n d t h e y w e r e c o l l e c t e d b y l i t e r a t u r e ´ s s t u d y a n d l i t e r a r y s t u d y .Discussion: Increased abdominal distension that makes tilting the pelvis forward, decreased abdominal muscle tone andincrease weight gain in late pregnancy requires a readjustment spinal curvature. Woman´s center of gravity shifts forward.Lumbosakrum normal curve should be more curved and the curvature of the servikodorsal be formed to maintain balance.Assessment of anterior view, lateral and posterior body should include an understanding of the physical structures such asjoints and muscles as well as how the meridian pathways. To compensate for the anterior position of the enlarged uterus,lordosis shifting center of gravity to the back of the lower limbs. There is an increased sacroiliac joint mobility,sakrokoksigeal, and pubic joints during pregnancy, possibly due to hormonal changes. Individual assessments will berequired to determine the pattern of muscle for every person, especially for those who have musculoskeletal problems.Conclusions and Recommendations: The size of the stomach in a pregnant woman, then the gravity of the body changes.Body to be biased toward the rear, but this position makes your back hurt. Advice for pregnant women in order to maintainyour posture as follows: head upKeyword : Posture, Pregnancy, Women.
GAMBARAN DISTRIBUSI RABIES DI KABUPATEN SIKKA PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR 2004-2008 Mau, Fridolina; Desato, Yustinus
Balaba Vol 7, No 2 Des (2011)
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AbstractRabies has long been known as one of the major public healht problems in Sikka district, East Nusa Tenggara Province,Indonesia. Flores is an isolated preveiously rabies- free. It started with the importation of three dogs from rabies endemicSulawesi in September 1997. The rabies virus is present in the saliva of infected animals; all warm-blooded animals aresusceptible to rabies, and some may serve as natural reservoirs of the virus. Rabies is still a problem for world healthincluding Indonesia. Data of deathcase of rabies (lyssa) in Indonesia register 125 cases each year. Rabies in Indonesia is aserious health problem because almost fatal after clinical symptom of the disease with death rate of 100%. Since 2004 toDecember 2009 rabies spread to 24 provinces in East Nusa Tenggara Province. Number of cases due to bite of a mad dogwas 16.000 cases. The aim of this study is to know distribution of rabies casse and the main control measures isimmunizing dogs. Tipe of this study is cross sectional. The result of this study showed the improvement in the last five years(2004 until August 2008) of the occurences of dog bite in cases and human deaths highest in 128 cases (32,48%) incommunity health centers Waipare and population dog highest in Kewapante subdistrict 7213 (26,27%) although thecoverage of immunization was very low that was 2523 (10,77%) out of 6210 population. In average the dog bite casesoccurred in April.Key Word; Description, Distribution, Rabies
PEMERIKSAAN VIRUS DENGUE-3 PADA NYAMUK Aedes aegypti YANG DIINFEKSI SECARA INTRATHORAKAL DENGAN TEKNIK IMUNOSITOKIMIA MENGGUNAKAN ANTIBODI DSSE10 Widiastuti, Dyah; Umniyati, Sitti Rahmah; Wijayanti, Nastiti
Balaba Vol 8, No 1 Jun (2012)
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ABSTRACTDengue viruses, globally the most prevalent arboviruses, are transmitted to humans by persistently infectedAedes mosquitoes. The most important vector of Dengue virus is the mosquito Ae.aegypti, which should be the main targetof surveillance and control activities. Virologic surveillance for dengue viruses in its vector has been used as an earlywarning system to predict outbreaks. Detection of Dengue virus antigen in mosquito head squash usingimmunocytochemical streptavidin biotin peroxidase complex (SBPC) assay is an alternative method for dengue vectorsurveillance. The study aimed to develope immunocytochemical SBPC assay to detect Dengue virus infection in headsquash of Ae.aegypti. The study design was experimental. Artificially-infected adult Ae. aegypti mosquitoes of DENV 3were used as infectious samples and non-infected adult Ae. aegypti mosquitoes were used as normal ones. Theimmunocytochemical SBPC assay using monoclonal antibody DSSE10 then was applied in mosquito head squash todetect Dengue virus antigen. The results were analyzed by descriptive analysis. The immunocytochemical SBPC assaycan detect Dengue virus antigen in mosquito head squash at day 2 postinfection. There are some false positive resultsfound in immunocytochemical SBPC assay.Key Word: Dengue, immunocytochemistry, DSSE10
POPULASI TIKUS DAN PENGETAHUAN MASYARAKAT TENTANG TIKUS DAN PENYAKIT YANG DITULARKANNYA DI KECAMATAN BERBAH, KABUPATEN SLEMAN Pramestuti, Nova; Ikawati, Bina; Astuti, Novia Tri
Balaba Vol 8, No 1 Jun (2012)
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ABSTRACTLeptospirosis is a zoonotic disease transmitted by Leptospira bacteria by rats as the main reservoir. Cases of leptospirosisoccurred in several districts in Sleman. One of them is Berbah Sub-district with one case of leptospirosis in 2011. Thepurpose of this study to identify the biotic and abiotic environmental conditions, species of rodents captured in the studysite, trap success, and Leptospira bacteria in the blood serum and kidney of rats. The study was conducted in the JogotirtoVillage, Berbah Sub-district, Sleman District. As many as 150 traps had been used in 2 trapped indoor and 2 trappedoutdoor during 3 days. Measurements, observations environmental conditions and interviews about rats and rats diseasetransmission around leptospirosis cases. Rats had been trapped identified, blood and kidneys was taken to be examined inthe presence of Leptospira bacteria by using PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction). Data were analyzed descriptively intables and graphs. Biotic and abiotic environmental conditions favor transmission of leptospirosis. Rats spesies had beenfound were Rattus tanezumi, Suncus murinus, and R. tiomanicus with trap succes indoor as much 10.5% and outdoor asmuch 5.2%. People had less knowledge about rats and rats disease transmission.Keywords: rats, knowledge, Sleman
IDENTIFIKASI EKTOPARASIT PADA TIKUS DAN CECURUT DI DAERAH FOKUS PES DESA SUROTELENG KECAMATAN SELO KABUPATEN BOYOLALI (Hasil Survei bulan Agustus 2011) Maulana, Yusup; Rahma, Diah Ika; Raharjo, Jarohman; Djati, Anggun Paramita
Balaba Vol 8, No 1 Jun (2012)
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Plague is one of public health problem that can cause outbreak epidemic or that necessary guarded.Activity observed in humant and rodent activity in paste focus area should be done continuously to prevent outbreak.Rodent and human observation result in 2005 showed there were 11 patiens with a positive titer in the District of Selo.Examinations results in Rodent and it´s flea still foud positive bacteria at serologist or bacteriology test, it´s why Selo andCepogo District need to be guarded. The aimed of this research were to count the trap success rats, identifying species ofrats, identify diversity ectoparacites in mice , identify the species caught and count fleas General Flea Index on Rats, asplaque basic control efforts.Methods: A cross sectional study with collection of data using observation form and rat spot survey.Result and Discussion: Rat species found in Suroteleng Village, Selo Subdistrict, Boyolali District, were Rattus tanezumi(36.4%) and Rattus tiomanicus (27.3%) and Suncus murinus (36.4%). There were two species of ectoparacites werefound namely Stivalius cognatus and Xenopsylla cheopis. General Flea Index as much 3.36. Number more than standartof General Flea Index it mean that potential to spread disease to humans.Conclusions and Recommendations: Rat control efforts eraound the settlement needs to be improved, together withactive community participation.Keywords: ectoparacites, plague focus, rat.
ANALISIS PEMERIKSAAN LABORATORIUM PADA PENDERITA MALARIA Permadi, I GEDE Wempi
Balaba Vol 8, No 2 Des (2012)
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ABSTRACTMalaria is the disease initially in the area of the Marsh called the disease of freshwater marshes.Scientific research on malaria make progress in their important first in 1880, when a French army doctor workingin the military hospital of Constantine in Algeria named Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran observed parasites forthe first time, inside the red blood cells of people suffering from malaria. This paper outlines some of thediagnostic screening for malaria. Examination of the diagnosis of malaria as gold standard still not satisfactoryas found parasitic blood through thin blood test. Examination of malaria in outline there are three, namely formicroscopic examination examination serologis and examination of dna. 1. Microscopic examination is still astandard gold for enforcement the diagnosis of diseases malaria. 2. Examination serologis detection using anantibody; detection techniques antibody can not tell that infection ´ s going on but could have an antibody thatdetected is notching reaction immunologi of infection in the past. Meanwhile, with the technique of a spesificantigen can´t portray degrees parasitemia patients. 3. DNA (PCR) , more sensitive to a plasmodium but theweakness this technique is clear to financing costs and not all laboratory can do checking this.

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